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Full Bibliography by Date

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1840
Badlam, A. “A Cunning Device Detected.” Times and Seasons Vol. 1, no. 3: January 1840: 47.

Contains an interview with Solomon Spaulding’s widow, Matilda Davidson, and daughter, Mrs. McKinistry, concerning the Spaulding manuscript’s connection with the Book of Mormon. The wife and daughter saw little resemblance between the two documents, thinking there may have been a similarity in some names.

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain. The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star: Vol. 1, 1840-41. 12 monthly issues. Manchester; Liverpool: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain, 1840.
Davidson, Matilda Spaulding. “The Mormon Bible.” The Family Magazine 7 (1840): 38-39.

The wife of Solomon Spaulding, Matilda Spaulding Davidson, provides reasons why Spaulding wrote Manuscript Found. She believes that the Book of Mormon is built on Manuscript Found and that Sidney Rigdon had access to the manuscript left by Spaulding at the printing office of Mr. Patterson sometime between the years 1812 and 1816.

Haining, Samuel. Mormonism Weighed In the Balances of the Sanctuary and Found Wanting. Douglass, England: For the Author by Robert Fargher, 1840.

Claims that the Bible is sufficient, inerrant, and infallible. The Book of Mormon adds to God’s word, when this is strictly forbidden by scripture. For the author, it is “the Bible, the whole Bible, and nothing but the Bible” The Book of Mormon also contradicts many statements found in the Bible and is full of many ridiculous anachronisms.

Howe, Eber D. History of Mormonism. Painesville: Howe, 1840.

A reprint of Howe’s 1834 Mormonism Unvailed.

Livesy, Richard. An Exposure of Mormonism Being a Statement of Facts Relating to the Self-Styled “Latter-Day Saints,” and the Origin of the Book of Mormon. Manchester, New York: William Shackleton and Son, 1840.

An early polemical tract against Mormonism that accepts uncritically E. D. Howe’s book Mormonism Unveiled.

Morrish, William John. The Latter-day Saints and the Book of Mormon. A Few Words of Warning from a Minister to His Flock. Ledbury, England: J. Gibbs Jr., 15 October 1840.

An argument against the LDS and the Book of Mormon, warning people against the movement. Explains the contents of the Book of Mormon.

Morrish, William John. The Latter-day Saints and the Book of Mormon. A Few Words of Warning from a Minister to His Flock. Ledbury, England: J. Gibbs Jr., September 1840.

As a minister concerned to protect his congregation against “all erroneous and strange doctrines, contrary to God’s word,” the author tells the popular Spaulding-Ridgon story as the explanation for the Book of Mormon. The Book is a deception, and its doctrines are contrary to the true Gospel.

Pratt, Orson. A Interesting Account of Several Remarkable Visions, and of the Late Discovery of Ancient American Records. Edinburgh: Ballantyne and Hughes, 1840.
Keywords: Angel Moroni, Early Church History, First Vision, Prophecy, Restoration, Revelations, Smith, Joseph, Jr., Translation
Pratt, Orson. A Interesting Account of Several Remarkable Visions, and of the Late Discovery of Ancient American Records. Edinburgh: Ballantyne and Hughes, 1840.
Keywords: Angel Moroni, Early Church History, First Vision, Prophecy, Restoration, Revelations, Smith, Joseph, Jr., Translation
Pratt, Orson. Interesting Account of Several Remarkable Visions and of the Late Discovery Of Ancient American Records. Edinburgh: Ballyntyne and Hughes, 1840.

Discusses the history of the American continent from the time of the tower of Babel to the present (1840). Also deals with the rise of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and the coming forth of the Book of Mormon.

Pratt, Parley P. Plain Facts, Showing the Falsehood and Folly of the Rev. C. S. Bush (A Church Minister of the Parish of Peover): Being a Reply to His Tract against the Latter-Day Saints. Manchester: W. R. Thomas, 1840.

Rebuttal to Rev. Bush’s publication “Plain Facts, Showing the Falsehood and Folly of The Mormonites or Latter-day Saints” Pratt confirms the Church’s belief in the Bible as the word of God, but stresses that God is a God of continuous revelation. He denies that Emma Smith had signed a document stating that the Book of Mormon was false. The doctrines in the Book of Mormon are pure and holy. Whatever the medium upon which the scriptures are written or by what man of God they are recorded, their principles are the same.

Pratt, Parley P. “The Mormonites.” Times and Seasons Vol. 1, no. 3: January 1840: 45-46.

A response to an article by Matilda Davidson. The LDS scripture is not called the “Mormon Bible” (as if to replace the well-known Bible), it is called the “Book of Mormon” The Book of Mormon corroborates the Bible. Pratt refutes Sidney Rigdon’s connection with the Spaulding manuscript.

Smith, Don Carlos, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 1, no. 3: January 1840, pp. 33-48. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1840.
Swartzell, William. Mormonism Exposed, Being a Journal of a Residence in Missouri from the 28th of May to the 20th of August, 1838. Pittsburgh: the author, 1840.

Contains sensational lore concerning Joseph Smith and the plates and a section on “the Golden Bible” in the appendix.

Taylor, John. Answer to Some False Statements and Misrepresentations Made by the Rev. Robert Heys, Wesleyan Minister, in an Address to History Society in Douglas and its Vicinity, on the Subject of Mormonism. Nauvoo: Penrice and Wallace, 1840.

Argues against false statements made regarding the coming forth of the Book of Mormon and the idea that Sidney Rigdon had altered the Spaulding manuscript to produce the Book of Mormon.

Taylor, John. Calumny Refuted and the Truth Defended, Being a Reply to the Second Address of the Rev. Robert Heys, Wesleyan Minister the Wesleyan Methodist Societies in Douglas and its Vicinity. Nauvoo: Penrice and Wallace, 184?.

Through the employment of biblical scriptures, Taylor answers Rev. Heys’s complaints about “Mormonism” Heys argues against Mormon doctrines: the Book of Mormon does not possess equal authority with the Bible; little children are incapable of sin; all without the law are alive in Christ; immersion is the proper mode of baptism; it is a mockery before God to baptize little children.

Unattributed. A Few Plain Words About Mormonism Showing That Latter-Day Saints Are No Saints at All, Proved By Extracts from Their Writings. London: John Wright Steam Press, Bristol, 184?.

Finds that the Bible is the word of God. The Book of Mormon is found lacking, indeed an imposture. Provides some relevant statistics about the book, its claims, and its story using extracts from its text. Compares these extracts with biblical ones to show that the Book of Mormon is absurd and ridiculous, pointing out atrocities from the book.

Winchester, Benjamin. The Origin of the Spaulding Story, Concerning the Manuscript Found. Philadelphia: Brown, 1840.
Winchester, Benjamin. The Origin of the Spaulding Story: Concerning the Manuscript Found; with a Short Biography of Or. P. Hurlburt. Philadelphia: Brown, Bicking, and Gailpert, 1840.

Presents the story of Solomon Spaulding and his manuscript. Discusses the role of Hurlburt in the story.

Smith, Don Carlos, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 1, no. 4: February 1840, pp. 49-64. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1840.
Times and Seasons. “Psalm-124th.” Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 18: July 15, 1841.
Times and Seasons. “Extract from the Book of Mormon.” Times and Seasons Vol. 1, no. 4: February 1840.
Smith, Don Carlos, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 1, no. 5: March 1840, pp. 65-80. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1840.
Times and Seasons. “Extract from the Book of Mormon.” Times and Seasons Vol. 1, no. 5: March 1840.
Unattributed. “Books!!!” Times and Seasons Vol. 1, no. 9: July 1840: 139-40.

Announces that copies of the Book of Mormon are available after a long shortage and big demand for them.

Smith, Don Carlos, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 1, no. 6: April 1840, pp. 81-96. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1840.
Smith, Don Carlos, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 1, no. 7: May 1840, pp. 97-112. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1840.
Pratt, Parley P. “Neglect of the Old Testament.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 1, no. 2, June 1840, 28—30.
Pratt, Parley P. “Discovery of an Ancient Record in America.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 1, no. 2, June 1840, 30-37.
Smith, Don Carlos, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 1, no. 8: June 1840, pp. 113-128. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1840.
Pratt, Parley P. “Extract from the Book of Mormon.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 1, no. 3, July 1840, 55-61.
Pratt, Parley P. “The Apocryphal Book of Enoch.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 1, no. 3, July 1840, 61—63.
Smith, Don Carlos, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 1, no. 9: July 1840, pp. 129-144. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1840.
Unattributed. “Extract From The Book of Mormon.” Times and Seasons Vol. 1, no. 5: March 1840: 66-68.

An extract from the Book of Mormon concerning the dispersion and gathering of Israel (1 Nephi 22).

Millennial Star. “Book of Mormon.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 1, no. 4, August 1840, 76-77.
Pratt, Parley P. “Interesting Discoveries.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 1, no. 4 (August 1840): 101-3.

Two articles on archaeological discoveries from Athenaeum and the Manchester Guardian. Asks if it is any more astonishing that plates hidden by Moroni should be preserved than that relics in America and England should survive to be discovered centuries after they were used.

Smith, Don Carlos, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 1, no. 10: August 1840, pp. 145-160. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1840.
Improvement Era. “Book of Mormon.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 1, no. 5, September 1840, 113-17.
Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 1, no. 11: September 1840, pp. 161-176. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1840.
Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 1, no. 12: October 1840, pp. 177-192. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1840.
Improvement Era. “Opposition to the Book of Mormon.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 1, no. 7, November 1840, 185-187.
Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 1: November 1, 1840, pp. 193-208. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Times and Seasons. “Extract From the Prophecy of Enoch.” Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 1: November 1, 1840.
Times and Seasons. “The Prophecy of Enoch.” Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 1: November 1, 1840.
Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 2: November 15, 1840, pp. 209-224. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 3: December 1, 1840, pp. 225-240. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 4: December 15, 1840, pp. 241-256. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
1841
Berry, John. Plain Facts Against the Latter Day Saints. Cheshire, England: Altrincham, 1841.

A lecture demonstrating that the Book of Mormon contradicts the Bible. Sees problem with Lehi’s teaching that without the Fall there would have been no posterity. Argues that water baptism by immersion is not necessary for salvation.

Davies, Richard. Mormonism Unmasked: Being a Statement of Facts Relating to the Self-Styled “Latter-day Saints” and the Book of Mormon. Burnley: J. Clegg, 1841.

In this tract the author sets about to prove that Mormonism is false and that the Book of Mormon is “a silly fabrication of falsehood and wickedness” States that the Book of Mormon story is fictitious and believes that it represents a plagiarism of Solomon Spaulding’s Manuscript Found.

Harris, William. Mormonism Portrayed: Its Absurdities and Errors Exposed. Warsaw, IL: Sharp & Gamble, 1841.

Tract exposing the absurdities of Mormonism. Pages 4-14 discuss various anachronisms in the Book of Mormon.

Orr, Adrian Van Brocklin. Mormonism Dissected, or, Knavery “on Two Sticks,” Exposed. Bethania, PA: Reuben Chambers, 1841.

A polemical tract against Mormon interpretations of biblical prophecy supportive of the Book of Mormon. Author asserts that the Book of Mormon contradicts the Bible.

Parsons, Tyler. Mormon Fanaticism Exposed. Boston: Printed for the Author, 1841.

A polemical work against the Book of Mormon and Mormonism based upon a debate between the author and a Mormon named Nickerson. Contradictions with the Bible and a plethora of anachronisms and absurdities are identified. The Gadianton robbers are seen as Freemasons. The Spaulding theory is advanced as “proof” that the Book of Mormon is a fraud. Testimonies of the witnesses are discredited.

Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 5: January 1, 1841, pp. 257-272. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Thompson, Charles B. Evidences in Proof of the Book of Mormon Being a Divinely Inspired Record. Batavia, NY: D. D. Waite, 1841.

Three parts. Sets forth evidences to prove the Book of Mormon’s truthfulness to benefit those embarking on missionary work, for the encouragement of those who had just joined the Church, and to correct false doctrine concerning the Book of Mormon’s “real intent and character” Discusses scriptural accounts of the scattering and gathering of Israel, the sign of the record of Joseph, and America as a land of promise. Refutes allegations made against the Book of Mormon and issues a warning to the inhabitants of America.

Thompson, Charles Blancher. Evidences in Proof of the Book of Mormon. Batavia, NY: D. D. Waite, 1841.

This book meets the need for the publication of a work setting forth the evidences in proof of the truth of the Book of Mormon, first, for the benefit of the young Elders and Priests who are just commencing in their ministry, second, for the benefit and encouragement of those who have just embraced the faith, and thirdly, to correct the public mind in reference to its real intent and character. [From Preface]

Keywords: Book of Mormon, importance of; Book of Mormon; Gathering; Book of Mormon, historicity
Unattributed. The Mormons, or, Knavery Exposed. Philadelphia, PA: E. G. Lee, 1841.

Devotes several pages to the role of Martin Harris in the coming forth of the Book of Mormon.

Unattributed. “Modern Superstition—The Mormonites.” Visitor of Monthly Instructor (1841): 61-64, 153-56, 237-39.

Early British diatribe against Mormonism, lamenting the receptiveness of Britons to the Church. Tells about Moroni’s visit, the first scene at the Hill Cumorah, the manner of translation, the loss of the 116 pages, the role of Martin Harris, and the theory of the Spaulding manuscript. Relies heavily on the Episcopal Recorder in Philadelphia.

Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 6: January 15, 1841, pp. 273-288. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Improvement Era. “Opposition to the Book of Mormon.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 1, no. 10, February 1841, 263-4.
Improvement Era. “Book of Mormon.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 1, no. 12, April 1841, 299-301.
Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 7: February 1, 1841, pp. 295-310. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Times and Seasons. “The Book of Mormon.” Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 7: February 1, 1841.
Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 8: February 15, 1841, pp. 311-326. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Unattributed. “Letters from the West.” Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 8: February 15, 1841: 322-24.

Reprint of an article from the Upper Mississippian that relates some aspects concerning the Book of Mormon. Says that Joseph Smith found brass plates and was instructed by the Lord to employ people to translate them. The translation contained a prophecy about the condition of the Latter-day Saints, including their persecutions in Missouri. The Times and Seasons editor notes that some of the views about the Book of Mormon in the article are off quite “widely from the mark”

Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 9: March 1, 1841, pp. 327-342. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Winchester, Benjamin. “Introduction to the Subject of the Book of Mormon.” The Gospel ReRector 1 (1 March 1841): 98-105.

An examination of the prominent objections to revelation and the Book of Mormon. The Book of Mormon is the work of God and has overcome opposition, and those who are earnest seekers of truth have embraced it as an instrument in the hand of God.

Cowdery, Oliver. “O. Cowdery’s Letters to W. W. Phelps Letter #1.” The Gospel Reflector 1 (15 March 1841): 137-40.

Recalls his cherished relationship with the prophet Joseph Smith and tells of his gratitude to have been a part of the translation of the Book of Mormon.

Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 10: March 15, 1841, pp. 343-358. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Times and Seasons. “The Book of Mormon.” Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 10: March 15, 1841.
Times and Seasons. “The Testimony of Three Witnesses.” Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 10: March 15, 1841.
Times and Seasons. “The Testimony of Eight Witnesses.” Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 10: March 15, 1841.
Winchester, Benjamin. “History of the Ancients of America and Also of the Book of Mormon.” The Gospel ReRector 1 (15 March 1841): 124-37.

Recounts the Book of Mormon story and tells of the coming forth of the plates with the Urim and Thummim. It is not new to find sacred instruments deposited in the earth—in the apocrypha Jeremiah hid the ark of the covenant in Mt. Nebo. The plates were hidden from view just as Moses was not allowed to show the tablets of stone to everyone.

Winchester, Benjamin. “The Claims of the Book of Mormon Established—It Also Defended.” The Gospel ReRector 1 (15 March 1841): 105-23.

The American continent was once inhabited by an enlightened people as ancient relics and archaeologists have testified. The author quotes Priest, Davis, Boudinot, and others who believe the aborigines of America belong to the house of Israel. The Book of Mormon gives an account of the destruction of the once enlightened people of the American continent. Its purpose is to clarify false doctrine, to bring people to the Holy One of Israel, to gather the lost ones of Israel, and restore the truth to the earth.

Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 11: April 1, 1841, pp. 359-374. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 12: April 15, 1841, pp. 375-390. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain. The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star: Vol. 2, 1841-42. 12 monthly issues. Manchester; Liverpool: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain, 1841.
Pratt, Parley P. “Reply to the Anthenaeum: Being An Exposition of the Ignorance and Folly of Men Who Oppose the Truth.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 2, no. 1 (May 1841): 1-5.

Response to an article in the Edinburgh Intelligencer (7 April 1841), which accused the Book of Mormon of being “a pretended revelation” Pratt calls the Book of Mormon “a marvelous work and a wonder” Defends against the accusation that the Book of Mormon is a forgery of Spaulding’s manuscript.

Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 13: May 1, 1841, pp. 391-406. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Wandell, Charles W. “Letter.” Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 22: September 15, 1841: 544-45.

Missionary letter sent to the Times and Seasons. Includes an excerpt of a statement by Charles Anthon, who describes the characters given to him by Martin Harris, with the intention of discrediting the LDS story about him. The author then cites works by Humboldt, Raffinesque, and Stephens to argue that Anthon’s description unwittingly coincides with inscriptions found in Latin America.

Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 14: May 15, 1841, pp. 407-422. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 15: June 1, 1841, pp. 423-438. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Unattributed. “Mormonism.” The Christian Reformer 8 (June 1841): 286.

Calls the Book of Mormon “a religious romance in the style and phraseology of scripture” Believes Solomon Spaulding wrote the Book of Mormon.

Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 16: June 15, 1841, pp. 439-454. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Smith, Don Carlos, and Ebenezer Robinson. “American Antiquities-More Proofs of the Book of Mormon.” Vol. 2, no. 16: June 15, 1841: 440-42.
Pratt, Parley P. “Present Condition and Prospects of the American Indians, Lamanites.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 2, no. 3 (July 1841): 40-42.

The Book of Mormon prophesies that the Lamanites will be no longer persecuted but nourished by the gentiles beginning in 1830 when the Book of Mormon was published. In fulfillment of that, the United States government has apportioned an area of gathering for all the Indians; the tribes were paid money and given provisions at the expense of the United States.

Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 17: July 1, 1841, pp. 455-470. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Times and Seasons. “The Beauty of the Writings of the Prophet Esdras,old-test.” Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 17: July 1, 1841.
Unattributed. “The Book of Mormon and the Mormonites.” Athenaeum, Museum of Foreign Literature, Science, and Art 42 (July 1841): 370-74.

Writes against the Book of Mormon. Quotes part of Nephi’s vision and identifies the “great and abominable Church with the ‘Church of Rome’” Sees Nephi’s compass as an anachronism. The Greek Christ is a title, not a proper name. Greek culture was not mixed with the Semitic that early. Has problems with the name “Jesus” and “Alpha and Omega” Accepts the Spaulding theory.

Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 18: July 15, 1841, pp. 471-486. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Unattributed. “Dialogue on Mormonism: Book of Mormon.” Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 18: July 15, 1841: 472-74.

Imaginary dialogue between an “Elder Pierce,” “Mr. Matthews” and “Mr. Roberts” on Book of Mormon topics, including the visit of Jesus in 3 Nephi. Examines why the Indians apparently had no traditions confirming the Book of Mormon.

Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 19: August 2, 1841, pp. 487-502. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 20: August 16, 1841, pp. 503-518. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Millennial Star. “Dialogue on Mormonism.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 2, no. 5-6 (September/October 1841): 69-71, 81-83.

Fictitious dialogue about the beliefs of the LDS church. During the dialogue an Elder of the Church explains the contents of the Book of Mormon.

Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 21: September 1, 1841, pp. 519-534. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 22: September 15, 1841, pp. 535-550. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Unattributed. “Books.” Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 21: September 1, 1842: 908-9.

Speaks of the methods in which ancient books were bound. Books consisting of tablets, plates, metal, or wood were made of leaves bound with rings at the back. Flexible materials were sewn in long sheets and rolled around a stick, like a scroll. That the Book of Mormon was similarly bound is evidence of its authenticity.

Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 23: October 1, 1841, pp. 551-566. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Times and Seasons. “Death Warrant of Jesus Christ.” Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 23: October 1, 1841.
Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 24: October 15, 1841, pp. 567-582. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 1: November 1, 1841, pp. 577-592. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Cowdery, Oliver. “Rise of the Church: Letter VIII.” Times and Seasons Vol. 2, no. 13: May 1, 1841: 391-97.

Oliver Cowdery, in a letter to W. W. Phelps, describes how the plates were buried and how Joseph received them.

Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 2: November 15, 1841, pp. 591-606. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Thompson, Charles B. “Evidences in Proof of the Book of Mormon.” Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 5: January 1, 1842: 640-44.

Excerpts from a book by the same title. Compares descriptions of ancient American fortifications with comparable fortifications in the book of Alma. Discusses the Gadianton robbers and the visit of Martin Harris to Dr. Mitchel.

Pratt, Parley P. “Wholesale Conversion of Methodists to Infidelity.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 2, no. 8 (December 1841): 114-15.

Replies to several objections to the Book of Mormon listed by a minister, including that God commanded Nephi to kill Laban, that 3,000 Lamanites were killed in a battle and only seventy Nephites, that in John 17:4 Jesus says he had finished all that he was sent to do but the Book of Mormon attributed to him further duties. Pratt chides the minister for rejecting the Bible while trying to discredit the Book of Mormon.

Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 3: December 1, 1841, pp. 607-622. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 4: December 15, 1841, pp. 623-638. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1841.
1842
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain. The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star: Vol. 3, 1842-43. 12 monthly issues. Manchester; Liverpool: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain, 1842.
Clark, John A. Gleanings By the Way. Philadelphia: Simon & Carter, 1842.

A polemical attack on Mormonism. The 1841 Anthon denial is recounted. The author espouses the Spaulding theory for the origin of the Book of Mormon. Enumerates various anachronisms in the Book of Mormon, such as the idea of a church before the time of Christ, modern teachings among the Nephites, the term “Christians,” and the New Testament language in the Book of Mormon.

Himes, Joshua Vaughn. Mormon Delusions and Monstrosities. A Review of the Book of Mormon and an Illustration of Mormon Principles and Practices. Boston: Joshua V. Himes, 1842.

A polemical work attempting to discredit Mormonism and in particular the Book of Mormon. The first section reproduces Alexander Campbell’s 1831 work, Delusions. The writer favors the Spaulding origin of the Book of Mormon.

Pratt, Orson. An Interesting Account of Several Remarkable Visions, and of The Late Discovery of Ancient American Records. New York: Joseph W. Harrison, Printer, 1842.
Keywords: Early Church History, Prophecy, Restoration, Revelations, Smith, Joseph, Jr., Translation, Vision
Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 5: January 1, 1842, pp. 639-654. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Turner, J. B. Mormonism in All Ages, or the Rise, Progress, and Causes of Mormonism with the Biography of Its Author and Founder Joseph Smith, Jr. New York: Platt and Peters, 1842.

Pages 149-222 of this work deal critically with the Book of Mormon. Author is consigned to condemn both book and author to the flames. Joseph Smith’s character is discredited and the testimony of Book of Mormon witnesses is dismissed. Turner shows how the book contradicts the Bible and contains absurdities and anachronisms. It plagiarizes the New Testament and is unworthy of the belief of any reasonable human being.

Unattributed. Mormonism Exposed: In Which Is Shown the Monstrous Imposture, the Blasphemy, and the Wicked Tendency of That Enormous Delusion, Advocated by a Professedly Religious Sect, Calling Themselves “Latter Day Saints”. New York: N. Y. Watchman, 1842.

Made up of quotations of Mormon writings that are being kept hidden from the public. Equates Joseph Smith with Mohammed and reveals the “bloody nature” of Mormons. Joseph Smith pretended to find the Book of Mormon in earth. He wrote the Book of Mormon for the purpose of making money. This fact is attested to by Martin Harris.

Unattributed. “The Mormonites.” The Monthly Review 159 (1842): 190-213.

A polemic that states that the Book of Mormon “by no means is made up of a series of skillfully constructed pieces, nor even of individual forgeries cunningly concocted. The workmanship must appear spurious to any person who brings a small share of scholarship or of critical knowledge to test it. In short, it is a clumsy affair altogether, which can only in its present shape impose upon the ignorant, the illiterate, and the most credulous”

Unattributed. “American Antiquities.” Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 18: July 15, 1842: 858-60.

Presents a comparison of many of the metals, animals, and plants mentioned in the Book of Mormon with similar things found in the United States.

Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 6: January 15, 1842, pp. 655-670. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Snow, Erastus, and Benjamin Winchester. “An Address to the Citizens of Salem (Mass.) and Vicinity.” Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 1: November 15, 1841: 578-84.

Part of an open letter proclaiming the message of the Restoration. Shows the Book of Mormon to be a fulfillment of prophecy. Addresses the objection concerning the anathema of adding to the book of Revelation. Quotes Parley P. Pratt regarding the Book of Mormon as a record of ancient America.

Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 7: February 1, 1842, pp. 671-686. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Robinson, Ebenezer, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 8: February 15, 1842, pp. 687-702. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Pratt, Parley P. “Ruins in Central America.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 2, no. 11 (March 1842): 161-65.

A book review of Stephen’s Incidents of Travel that includes comments concerning archaeology and the Book of Mormon.

Smith, Joseph, Jr., ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 9: March 1, 1842, pp. 703-718. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Times and Seasons. “The Book of Abraham.” Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 9: March 1, 1842.
Smith, Joseph, Jr., ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 10: March 15, 1842, pp. 719-734. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Times and Seasons. “The Book of Abraham.” Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 10: March 15, 1842.
Smith, Joseph, Jr., ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 11: April 1, 1842, pp. 735-750. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Smith, Joseph, Jr., ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 12: April 15, 1842, pp. 751-766. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Smith, Joseph, Jr., ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 13: May 1, 1842, pp. 767-782. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Unattributed. “Facts Are Stubborn Things.” Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 22: September 15, 1842: 921-22.

Comments on and quotes from Stephen’s Incidents of Travel in Central America. It is claimed that the Toltecs were of the house of Israel, a concept that is seen as corroborating the existence of Nephites and Lamanites.

Smith, Joseph, Jr., ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 14: May 15, 1842, pp. 783-798. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Times and Seasons. “The Book of Abraham.” Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 14: May 16, 1842.
Smith, Joseph, Jr., ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 15: June 1, 1842, pp. 799-814. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Smith, Joseph, Jr., ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 16: June 15, 1842, pp. 815-830. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Smith, Joseph, Jr. “Traits of the Mosaic History Found among the Azteca Nations.” Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 16: June 15, 1842: 818-20.
Pratt, Parley P. “Editorial Remarks.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 3, no. 3 (July 1842): 44-47.

Various verses from Isaiah 29 are applied to the Book of Mormon. Refers to the work as a “record of the house of Joseph”

Smith, Joseph, Jr., ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 17: July 1, 1842, pp. 831-846. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Pratt, Parley P. “A Letter to the Queen of England (Queen Victoria).” Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 2: November 15, 1841: 591-96.

A missionary proclamation including an account of the origin of the Book of Mormon and its purpose. Quotes from 1 Nephi, concerning the “great and abominable Church”

Smith, Joseph, Jr., ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 18: July 15, 1842, pp. 847-862. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Smith, Joseph, Jr., ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 19: August 1, 1842, pp. 863-878. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Smith, Joseph, Jr., ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 20: August 15, 1842, pp. 879-894. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Millennial Star. “Letter to the Editor.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 3, no. 5 (September 1842): 86-88.

A report of George J. Adams’s lectures on the Book of Mormon delivered in Boston, wherein Adams uses standard biblical proof texts in his defense of the Book of Mormon.

Smith, Joseph, Jr., ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 21: September 1, 1842, pp. 895-910. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Unattributed. “A Catacomb of Mummies Found in Kentucky.” Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 13: May 1, 1842: 781-82.

The discovery of mummies in Kentucky recalls the Hebrew practice of embalming. Author suggests that this practice was brought to ancient America by the Hebrews because, according to the Book of Mormon, the native Americans are descendants of Hebrews.

Smith, Joseph, Jr., ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 22: September 15, 1842, pp. 911-926. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Taylor, J. “Stephens’ Works on Central America.” Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 22: October 1, 1843: 346-47.

It is helpful to compare Stephens’s writings on Central America with the Book of Mormon, for his works help to verify the Book of Mormon.

Unattributed. “Extract From C Thomason’s Proclamation and Warning.” Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 6: January 15, 1842: 657-59.

A proclamation to the inhabitants of America that Jesus Christ has appeared to the forefathers of the Indians, that God inspired Columbus to discover America, and that America became a free land “to prepare the way for the coming of the Book of Mormon” A warning for the same inhabitants to repent and believe in the words of Jesus Christ as presented in the Book of Mormon.

Smith, Joseph, Jr., ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 23: October 1, 1842, pp. 927-942. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Times and Seasons. “Zarahemla.” Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 23: October 1, 1842.
Unattributed. “History of Mormonism.” Christian Reformer 9 (October 1842): 627-33.

A reprint from The Southern Quarterly Review, April 1842, declaring Mormonism a religious fraud and folly. “One Joe Smith,” while digging for something else, dug up gold plates that were a record of the “lost chronicles of several kings of Israel” This inflammatory article alleges that Joseph Smith spread falsehoods. The growth of the new religion is alarming and poses a threat to the uneducated religious community.

Smith, Joseph, Jr., ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 24: October 15, 1842, pp. 943-958. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 1: November 15, 1842, pp. 1-16. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 2: December 1, 1842, pp. 17-32. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Unattributed. “Extract From Stephens’ Incidents of Travel in Central America.” Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 22: September 15, 1842: 911-15.

Using extracts from the writings of Stephens, these articles suggest that the archaeological and historical observations of Stephens in Central America provide evidence that the Book of Mormon contains the truth.

Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 3: December 15, 1842, pp. 33-48. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1842.
Times and Seasons. “Nebuchadnezzar’s dream.” Times and Seasons Vol. 3, no. 3: December 1, 1841.
1843
Caswell, Henry. The Prophet of the Nineteenth Century: or the Rise, Progress, and Present State of the Mormons, or Latter-day Saints. London: J.G.F. & J. Rivington, 1843.

Desires to reveal the fraudulent nature of the Mormon religion. Chapter 2 discusses Solomon Spaulding and the Spaulding Manuscript. Chapter 3 is an account of the publication of the Book of Mormon. The appendix features a summary of the contents of the Book of Mormon with interjections by the author.

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain. The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star: Vol. 4, 1843-44. 12 monthly issues. Manchester; Liverpool: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain, 1843.
Cowdery, Oliver. “O. Cowdery’s First Letter to W. W. Phelps.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 3, no. 9 (January 1843): 152-54.

A letter written to W. W. Phelps from Norton, Medina County, Ohio, Sabbath evening, September 7, 1834. Cowdery writes of his irst meeting with the prophet and his immediate work began as scribe for Joseph Smith for the translation of the Book of Mormon. Then he writes of the manifestation of the angel to give the Aaronic Priesthood.

Page, John E. The Spaulding Story Concerning the Origin of the Book of Mormon, Duly Examined, and Exposed to the Righteous Contempt of a Candid Public. Pittsburgh: Author and Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.

Argues against the idea that Sidney Rigdon borrowed the Spaulding manuscript, altered the manuscript to fit his purposes, and used Joseph Smith to publish it as the Book of Mormon.

Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 5: January 16, 1843, pp. 65-80. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Unattributed. A Brief Account of the Discovery of the Brass Plates Recently Taken from a Mound Near Kinderhook, Pike County, Illinois. Nauvoo, Ill: Taylor and Woodruff, 1843.

A photograph and brief account of the Kinderhook plates.

Winchester, Benjamin. “History of the Priesthood: In Defense of the Doctrine and Position of Latter-day Saints.” Philadelphia, PA: n.p., 1843.

Analyzes the history of the priesthood from the “beginning of the world to the present time” Chapter seven provides evidence for the authenticity of the Book of Mormon by presenting a brief summary of its content, its purpose, the biblical prophecies that pertain to it, and the positive results that come from reading it.

Smith, Joseph, Jr. “Correspondence.” Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 13: May 15, 1843: 194.

A letter to the editor written by Joseph Smith in rebuttal to the allegation that the word “Mormon” was translated from a Greek word. Joseph interprets the word “Mormon” to mean “more good” He attests that the language from which the plates were translated was Reformed Egyptian. He reaffirms the divine intervention of God in the translation process.

Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 6: February 1, 1843, pp. 81-96. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 7: February 15, 1843, pp. 97-112. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 8: March 1, 1843, pp. 113-128. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 9: March 15, 1843, pp. 129-144. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 10: April 1, 1843, pp. 145-160. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 11: April 15, 1843, pp. 161-176. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 12: May 1, 1843, pp. 177-192. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Spencer, Orson. “Letter of Orson Spencer.” Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 4: January 2, 1843: 49-59.

Thoughtful description of the dynamics of the author’s conversion. After hearing negative things about the Book of Mormon, Spencer studied the book and was converted to Jesus Christ.

Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 13: May 15, 1843, pp. 193-208. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 14: June 1, 1843, pp. 209-224. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Taylor, John. “Ancient Records.” Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 12: May 1, 1843: 185-87.

An account of the discovery of the Kinderhook plates—six brass plates held together by a ring. R. Wiley discovered them in a mound and hoped that Joseph Smith would be able to decipher them and that they would prove the authenticity of the Book of Mormon.

Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 15: June 15, 1843, pp. 225-240. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 16: July 1, 1843, pp. 241-256. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Smith, Joseph, Jr. “The Constitutions of the United States and Illinois—Nauvoo Charter and Municipal Court—Writ of Habeas Corpus.” In Journal of Discourses, Volume 2. 1855, 163–169.

An Address by President Joseph Smith, Delivered on the evening of his arrival from Dixon, June 30, 1843, in the Grove, near the Temple, Nauvoo; about eight thousand people having hastily assembled, under the most intense excitement, in consequence of the attempt of Sheriff Reynolds, of Jackson County, Missouri, to kidnap him to Missouri, by preventing him from obtaining a writ of Habeas Corpus. Reported By: Dr. Willard Richards and Elder Wilford Woodruff.

Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 17: July 15, 1843, pp. 257-272. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 18: August 1, 1843, pp. 273-288. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 19: August 15, 1843, pp. 289-304. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 20: September 1, 1843, pp. 304-319. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 21: September 15, 1843, pp. 320-335. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 22: October 1, 1843, pp. 336-351. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 23: October 15, 1843, pp. 352-367. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Taylor, John. “Ruins Recently Discovered in Yucatan Mexico.” Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 1: November 15, 1842: 15-16.

Reports of ruins of temples, castles, and pyramids adorned with reliefs and frescos. Many of the buildings were oriented eastward and possessed walls that were finished with a hard composition like concrete. It was thought that these ruins were archaeological evidences of the Book of Mormon.

Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 24: November 1, 1843, pp. 368-383. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 4, no. 4: January 2, 1843, pp. 49-64. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1843.
1844
Adams, George J. A Lecture on the Authenticity and Scriptural Character of the Book of Mormon. Boston: J.E. Farwell, 1844.

The following lecture was delivered by particular request to crowded audiences, in the town hall of Charlestown, on Sunday Evening, February 4th, and on Wednesday Evening, February 7th. The reporter submits his sketches to the public, because the subject is important, and may lead to investigation that will drive prejudice from the minds of many sincere inquirers after truth. It has been generally supposed that the Latter Day Saints, commonly called Mormons, hold the Mormon Bible - as it is falsely called - as their only rule of faith and practice, disregarding the Scriptures of Truth, contained in the Old and New Testaments. This error has prevailed because the people will not listen to the truth. Slanderous tongues and lying lips have been busy against the book. But it stands immoveably fixed on the Rock of Ages, and the gates of hell, and opposition of the sectarian world cannot prevail against it. If the doctrine is of men, it will come to nought, but if God is its author, it must prevail.

Keywords: Ancient America, Anthon Transcript, Anthon, Charles, Apologetics, Archaeology, Doctrine, Prooftext, Urim and Thummim
Adams, George J. Letter to John Tyler. New York: Calhoun, 1844.

Letter of George J. Adams addressed to John Tyler, President of the United States, describing a revolution that is to take place in the United States. Adams utilizes Book of Mormon scriptures and other references within the letter.

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain. The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star: Vol. 5, 1844-45. 13 monthly issues. Manchester; Liverpool: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain, 1844.
Cowdery, Oliver. “Letters by Oliver Cowdery, to W.W. Phelps on the Origin of the Book of Mormon and the Rise of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.” Liverpool: Thomas Ward and John Cairns, 36 Chapel Street, 1844.

WE have frequently been solicited to publish, in pamphlet form, the following letters of OLIVER COWDERY, addressed to W. W. PHELPS. We at last avail ourselves of the opportunity to do so, being fully assured that they will be read with great interest by the Saints generally; while from the peculiar work on which they treat, togEther with the spirit of truthfulness in which they are written, not forgetting their style as compositions, we have no doubt but that many of the honest-hearted may, by their perusal, be led to a further examination of those principles, the origin of which is therein set forth. It will be understood that Brother PHELPS wrote answers to these letters which generally contained some questions upon the subject treated of, accounting for the style in which they are written.

Keywords: Aaronic Priesthood, Angel Moroni, Authority, Cowdery, Oliver, Early Church History, Gold Plates, Hill Cumorah, Prophecy, Prophet, Revelation, Smith, Joseph, Jr.
Cowdery, Oliver. “Letters of Oliver Cowdery to W. W. Phelps on the Origin of the Book of Mormon, and the Rise of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.” Liverpool, England: n.p., 1844.

Seven letters (ca. 1839) containing testimony concerning Cowdery’s scribal work for Joseph Smith during the translation of the Book of Mormon and other items of historical interest. Joseph’s own narrative includes an account of the place and manner in which the records were deposited, the box that held the plates, his attempts to take the plates without authorization from the angel, and the angel’s warning.

Cowdery, Oliver. “Letter IV.” In Letters by Oliver Cowdery, to W.W. Phelps on the Origin of the Book of Mormon and the Rise of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 17-21. Liverpool: Thomas Ward and John Cairns, 36 Chapel Street, 1844.
Keywords: Angel Moroni, Early Church History, Gold Plates, Revelation, Smith, Joseph, Jr., Vision
Cowdery, Oliver. “Letter VI.” In Letters by Oliver Cowdery, to W.W. Phelps on the Origin of the Book of Mormon and the Rise of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 25-31. Liverpool: Thomas Ward and John Cairns, 36 Chapel Street, 1844.
Keywords: Angel Moroni, Early Church History, Prophecy, Restoration, Revelation, Smith, Joseph, Jr.
H., M. W. “Some New Books: The Mormons.” The Sun ([month unidentifiable] 7, 1844?).

Gives a short account of Joseph Smith: his family history, the first vision, and the coming forth of the Book of Mormon. Claims that the Book of Mormon’s origin lies in the Spaulding manuscript.

Hunt, James Henry. Mormonism; Embracing the Origin, Rise and Progress of the Sect, With an Examination of the Book of Mormon. St. Louis: Ustick and Davies, 1844.

Early polemical work written against Mormonism and the Book of Mormon. Discusses each of the Three Witnesses. Claims that names like “Nephi,” “Lehi,” and “Maroni” (sic) end in the Latin “I” Assumes primal authorship belonged to Solomon Spaulding. Includes a chapter on the credibility of the Book of Mormon.

Kidder, Daniel P. Mormonism and the Mormons. New York: Lane & Tippett, 1844.

A polemical attack on Mormonism. The Book of Mormon is discussed on pages 11-60, 253-330. The Spaulding theory is espoused by the author. The testimony of the Book of Mormon witnesses is discounted. The Book of Mormon shows clear evidence of being plagiarized from the Bible. The author finds the direction of desert travel by Lehi’s family somewhat absurd. Anthon’s 1834 denial is recounted and various other anachronisms are discussed.

Kirk, Thomas J. The Mormons and Missouri. Chillicothe, MO: J. H. Darlington, 1844.

The early nineteenth- century confiict between the Mormons and the Missourians is treated. Writing about the Book of Mormon, the author believes that the book is “no idle scheme, nor production of a fanciful moment but required considerable research, and no ordinary degree of sagacity” Kirk produces a brief overview of the Book of Mormon story in the appendix.

Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 5: March 1, 1844, pp. 448-463. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Taylor, John. “Ancient Ruins.” Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 1: January 1, 1844: 390-91, 744-48.

Supports the case that archaeology proves the truthfulness of the Book of Mormon. Cites as an example the ruins of ancient cities, castles, and temples lying near Santa Fe, Texas.

Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 6: March 15, 1844, pp. 464-479. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 7: April 1, 1844, pp. 480-495. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 8: April 15, 1844, pp. 496-511. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 9: May 1, 1844, pp. 512-527. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 10: May 15, 1844, pp. 528-543. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 11: June 1, 1844, pp. 544-559. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Smith, Joseph, Jr. “Character and Being of God—Creation—Salvation of the Dead—The Unpardonable Sin—Resurrection—Baptism of the Spirit, Etc.” In Journal of Discourses, Volume 6. 1859, 1–11.

A Discourse by President Joseph Smith, Delivered at the Conference held near the Temple, in Nauvoo, April 6, 1844. Reported By: W. Richards, W. Woodruff, and W. Clayton.

Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 12: July 1, 1844, pp. 560-575. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Times and Seasons. “Dissertation Upon Christ’s Parable of the Laborers and the Vineyard.” Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 8: April 15, 1844.
Times and Seasons. “The Manner in Which the Ancient Christians Were Calumniated.” Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 8: April 15, 1844.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 13: July 15, 1844, pp. 576-591. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 14: August 1, 1844, pp. 592-607. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 15: August 15, 1844, pp. 608-623. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 16: September 2, 1844, pp. 624-639. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 17: September 15, 1844, pp. 640-655. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 18: October 1, 1844, pp. 656-671. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 19: October 15, 1844, pp. 672-687. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 20: November 2, 1844, pp. 688-703. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Taylor, John. “Ancient Ruins in Texas.” Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 15: August 15, 1844: 622-23.

Supports the case that archaeology proves the truthfulness of the Book of Mormon. Cites as an example the ruins of ancient cities, castles, and temples lying near Santa Fe, Texas.

Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 21: November 15, 1844, pp. 704-719. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Times and Seasons. “The Ten Virgins.” Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 16: September 2, 1844.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 22: December 1, 1844, pp. 720-735. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 23: December 15, 1844, pp. 736-751. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 1: January 1, 1844, pp. 384-399. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 2: January 15, 1844, pp. 400-415. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 3: February 1, 1844, pp. 416-431. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
Times and Seasons. “New and Interesting Discoveries in South America.” Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 22: December 1, 1844.
Taylor, J. “Ancient Ruins.” Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 23: December 15, 1844: 744-48.

The immense ruins in Central America should dispel any doubts that the Book of Mormon records the history of ancient civilizations of America.

Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 4: February 15, 1844, pp. 432-447. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1844.
1845
Brotherton, Edward. Mormonism: Its Rise and Progress. Manchester: L. and S. Smith, 1845.

A tract against Mormonism. Pages 20-36 deal specifically with the Book of Mormon, arguing against the witnesses, the use of modern phrases and King James style English, contradictions with the Bible, and various anachronisms and absurdities. Criticizes the Mormon use of biblical prophecy to support the Book of Mormon and provides alternative interpretations for such prophecies.

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain. The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star: Vol. 6, 1845. 12 semimonthly issues. Manchester; Liverpool: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain, 1845.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 5: March 15, 1845, pp. 832-847. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
Unattributed. Facsimile of the Plates Discovered in Pike Co., Illinois. New York: The Prophet, 1845.

Sets forth the story of the discovery of the six bell-shaped plates of brass containing inscriptions, now known as the Kinderhook plates. Also shows facsimiles of the plates.

Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 6: April 1, 1845, pp. 848-863. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 7: April 15, 1845, pp. 864-879. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 8: May 1, 1845, pp. 880-895. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 9: May 15, 1845, pp. 796-911. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
Brannan, Samuel. “Another Evidence of the Book of Mormon.” The Prophet Vol. “L” (8 March 1845): 1.

Compares the story of the brother of Jared and his family with a Scythian/ Phoenician historical account that possesses similar elements, i.e., building a tower, the confusion of tongues, and a family whose language was preserved.

Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 10: June 1, 1845, pp. 912-927. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 11: June 15, 1845, pp. 928-943. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
Pratt, Parley P. “The Bible and the Book of Mormon Contrasted.” The Prophet 1 (12 April 1845): 2-3.

The Book of Mormon is superior to the Bible since the Book of Mormon is more simple and definite in its prophecies and doctrines. Nevertheless the Bible should be used as a companion record to the Book of Mormon despite its flaws and loss of plain truths.

Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 12: July 1, 1845, pp. 944-959. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 13: July 15, 1845, pp. 960-975. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 14: August 1, 1845, pp. 976-991. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
Taylor, John. “Another Witness for the Book of Mormon.” Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 9: May 15, 1845: 906-7.

Suggests that the ruins of a wall of earth discovered in Michigan is evidence that an extinct race built the wall.

Times and Seasons. “Another Witness for the Book of Mormon.” Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 9: May 15, 1845.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 15: August 15, 1845, pp. 992-1007. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 16: November 1, 1845, pp. 1008-1023. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 17: November 15, 1845, pp. 1024-1039. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 18: December 1, 1845, pp. 1040-1055. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
Times and Seasons. “Twenty Fourth of Mathew [Matthew].” Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 13: July 15, 1845.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 19: December 15, 1845, pp. 1056-1071. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
Woodruff, Wilford. “Transatlantic Antiquities.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 6, no. 4 (1 August 1845): 56-57.

A testimony that the Book of Mormon’s divine truth will one day overwhelm the learned of the world with the Lord’s power.

Woodruff, Wilford, and Thomas Ward. “The Book of Mormon.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 6, no. 5 (15 August 1845): 65-70.

Missionary-oriented essay. Justifies the existence of extra-biblical scripture. Explains the roles of the descendants of Joseph in America, using Genesis 48. Shows similarities between Israelite and Indian sacrificial customs. Refers to the “sticks” of Ezekiel 37; also discusses the relevance of Isaiah 29 and Psalm 85. Bears testimony of the part the Book of Mormon plays in the Restoration.

Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 5, no. 24: January 1, 1845, pp. 752-767. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 1: January 15, 1845, pp. 768-783. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 2: February 4, 1845, pp. 784-799. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 3: February 15, 1845, pp. 800-815. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 4: March 1, 1845, pp. 816-831. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1845.
1846
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain. The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star: Vol. 7, 1846. 12 semimonthly issues. Manchester; Liverpool: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain, 1846.
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain. The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star: Vol. 8, 1846. 11 semimonthly issues. Manchester; Liverpool: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain, 1846.
Priest, Josiah, and Thomas Ward. “American Antiquities.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 7, no. 5 (1 March 1846): 67-71.

Tells of ancient American Indian ruins that show remnants of several large cities. This, as well as other American antiquities, helps support the Book of Mormon. Joseph Smith did not get his idea “to write” the Book of Mormon from this evidence because it did not come out until after the Book of Mormon was published.

Priest, Josiah, and Thomas Ward. “American Antiquities.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 7, no. 6 (15 March 1846): 85-87.

Millennial Star editor quotes writings by Josiah Priest and others concerning mounds found in the U.S., and then quotes excerpts from the book of Alma dealing with Moroni and his fortifications.

Improvement Era. “Evidence of the Book of Mormon.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 7, no. 7, April 1, 1846, 110.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 20: January 1, 1846, pp. 1072-1087. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1846.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 21: January 15, 1846, pp. 1088-1103. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1846.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 22: February 1, 1846, pp. 1104-1119. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1846.
Taylor, John, ed. Times and Seasons Vol. 6, no. 23: February 15, 1846, pp. 1120-1135. Nauvoo, Illinois: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1846.
1847
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain. The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star: Vol. 9, 1847. 24 semimonthly issues. Manchester; Liverpool: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain, 1847.
Shaw, W. E. “Address to the Book of Mormon.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 9, no. 3 (1 February 1847): 44.

A nine-stanza poem dedicated to the Book of Mormon. The ninth stanza summarizes the entire poem: “Now I behold thee, open to my gaze, The Stick of Ephraim sent in these last days, To warn the nations, gather Israel in, Bring Christ to earth, and make an end of sin”

Spencer, Orson. “Seventh Letter of Orson Spencer to the Rev. W. Crowel A. M.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 9, no. 17 (1 September 1847): 258-62.

Discusses the Book of Mormon within the context of the establishment of the Latter-day kingdom of God, citing Isaiah 29 as a prooftext. Responds to perceived weaknesses in language by writing that “an uninspired man might as well attempt to originally compose the Old and New Testament” as the Book of Mormon.

1848
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain. The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star: Vol. 10, 1848. 24 semimonthly issues. Manchester; Liverpool: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain, 1848.
Pratt, Orson. “Was Joseph Smith Sent of God?” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 10, no. 16-19 (15 August; 1, 15 September; 1 October 1848): 247- 51, 257-60, 273-78, 289-93.

Pratt states that the Book of Mormon was revealed through Joseph Smith, that it contains the everlasting gospel and the writings of the tribe of Joseph. Explains Ezekiel 37:18-21 and Isaiah 29. Book of Mormon explains that America is the land of promise of Joseph. Thousands and tens of thousands of witnesses have accepted the Book of Mormon and witness concerning its truthfulness.

Improvement Era. “More Evidence to Establish the Divine Authenticity of the Book of Mormon.” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 10, no. 22, November 15, 1848, 341-43.
1849
Campbell, Alexander. Mormonism Weighed in the Balances and Found Wanting: Being an Analysis of the Internal and External Evidences of the Book of Mormon. London: Arthur Hall, Virtue, 1849.

Associates Joseph Smith with false Jewish messiahs and Christian impostors. Gives an overview of the Book of Mormon, claiming the presence of several anachronisms. Calls the Book of Mormon a “romance” Says the Nephites believed in the doctrines of the Calvinists and Methodists. Makes negative comments about Lehi and Mormon. Argues that if the Bible was of God, the Book of Mormon could not have had the same author. Takes issue with the testimony of the Three Witnesses.

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain. The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star: Vol. 11, 1849. 24 semimonthly issues. Manchester; Liverpool: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Great Britain, 1849.
Flanigan, J. H. Mormonism Triumphant! Truth Vindicated, Lies Refuted, the Devil Mad, and Priestcraft in Danger!! Being a Reply to Palmer’s Internal Evidences against the Book of Mormon. Liverpool: R. James, 1849.

A systematic response to William Palmer’s polemical tract. Contains documentary evidence from Sidney Rigdon that he had nothing to do with the Spaulding manuscript. Examines the language of the Book of Mormon, allegations of internal contradictions, and Book of Mormon inconsistencies with the Bible.

Palmer, William Rees. Mormonism Brie y Examined. London: Briscoe, 1849?.

Criticizes the Book of Mormon by writing that the Book of Mormon contradicts itself, falsifies its own prophecies, and “destroys its own theology” It contains “bad grammar, bad arrangement, bad taste, and bad material”

Palmer, William Rees. The External Evidences of the Book of Mormon Examined. London: Briscoe, 1849.

Vindictive tract addresses the testimony of the witnesses to the Book of Mormon and the part played by Professor Anthon. Refers to the Book of Mormon as a “mutilated romance” Accepts the Spaulding explanation.

Palmer, William Rees. Two Pahute Indian Legends: “Why the Grand Canyon Was Made” and “The Three Days of Darkness,” External Evidences of the Book of Mormon Examined. London: Bristol, 1849.

The Indian legend “Why the Grand Canyon Was Made” tells of the great shaking and trembling of the earth that came after many generations and created the Grand Canyon. The account sounds very much like 3 Nephi 10:9-10. “The Three Days of Darkness” tells that at the time of the death of Shinob, younger God of the Pahute Indians, they could not light a fire. Later Shinob came back to life. This legend sounds like the account in the Book of Mormon in 3 Nephi 8:17- 23. This work is reviewed in P.213.

Sexton, George. A Portraiture of Mormonism, or Animad Versions on the Doctrines and Pretensions of the Latter- day Saints. London: W. Strange, 1849.

Two polemic lectures. Considers Joseph Smith to be an impostor. Tells about the origin of the Book of Mormon and comments on its feasibility or lack thereof.

Pratt, Orson. “Reply to a Pamphlet, Printed in Glasgow, Entitled ‘Remarks on Mormonism’” The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 11, no. 6, 7, 9 (15 March, 1 April, 1 May 1849): 85-88, 100-5, 129-33.

Response to a polemical pamphlet against several aspects of Mormonism. Defends Joseph Smith’s use of the Urim and Thummim, discusses the meaning of “other sheep” and “fold,” and of the Book of Mormon as a covenant.

Unattributed. “Memoir of the Mormons.” The Southern Literary Messenger 14 (November 1849): 641-54.

A polemical article on Mormonism. Considering the Mormon movement to be a “fanatical delusion,” the author asserts that Joseph Smith used the Spaulding manuscript as the basis for the Book of Mormon narrative.

Bibliographies

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