After the destruction of the printing press in Independence, Missouri, a council met and unanimously decided to establish a new publishing office in Kirtland. The meeting was held on September 11, 1833, and consisted of F.G. Williams, Sidney Rigdon, Newel K. Whitney, Joseph Smith Jr., and Oliver Cowdery. The press would continue printing the Evening and Morning Star and also a new publication called “Latter-Day Saints Messenger and Advocate.” This would be conducted under the firm of F.G. Williams and Co., with Oliver Cowdery as chief editor (Times and Seasons 6:850).
The first issue of the Messenger and Advocate appeared October, 1834, after completion of the second volume of Evening and Morning Star in September. In mid-May of 1835, W.W. Phelps and John Whitmer arrived at Kirtland from Missouri, and John Whitmer was appointed to take the place of Oliver Cowdery as editor.
The paper changed hands again from John Whitmer to Oliver Cowdery with the March issue of 1836. After the firm of F.G. Williams & Co. was dissolved in June of the same year, Oliver Cowdery continued as sole proprietor, editor, and publisher until February, 1837. In February, the entire printing establishment was “transferred to Joseph Smith, Jr., and Sidney Rigdon; and Warren A. Cowdery acted as their agent in the printing office and book bindery, and Editor of the Messenger and Advocate.”
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Messenger and Advocate Volume 1
October 1834 — September 1835
Messenger and Advocate Volume 2
October 1835 — September 1836
An account of the coming forth of the Book of Mormon and the receiving of the gold plates by Joseph Smith.
Messenger and Advocate Volume 3
October 1836 — September 1837
Defends the Book of Mormon, drawing on proof texts found in Genesis 48-49, Psalm 85:11, and Ezekiel 37. Links truth and law with the descendants of Joseph, as found in the Book of Mormon.