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Abunuwara, Ehab. “Into the Desert: An Arab View of the Book of Mormon.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 11, no. 1 (2002): 60-65, 111.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

The Book of Mormon culture is found to be strikingly similar to that of the Middle East. An Arab Latter-day Saint tells his experience with the Book of Mormon and how he is able to relate to the stories within its pages because of his cultural origins. Among the congruities discussed are the structure of the family, the concept of taking oaths, the behavior of women, and the danger of the desert. Together, these points demonstrate the worth of the Book of Mormon and show how each reader is able to draw from his or her own cultural background in order to infer different messages.

Keywords: Arabia; Behavior; Book of Mormon; Culture; Desert; Middle East; Oaths
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Ether
ID = [3087]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2002-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 31814  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Adams, William James, Jr. “Lehi’s Jerusalem and Writing on Metal Plates.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 3 no. 1 (1994).
Display Abstract  

The discovery in Jerusalem of two inscribed silver strips, dating from the seventh century BC, support the Book of Mormon claim of writing on metal plates.

ID = [2866]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1994-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 4935  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Adams, William James, Jr. “Lehi’s Jerusalem and Writing on Silver Plates.” In Pressing Forward with the Book of Mormon: The FARMS Updates of the 1990s, edited by Welch, John W., and Melvin J. Thorne, 23-26. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999.
Display Keywords
Keywords: Jerusalem (Old World); Lehi (Prophet); Metal Plates; Recordkeeping; Writing
ID = [75646]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1999-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books  Size: 3851  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/17/24 16:53:21
Adams, William James, Jr. “More on the Silver Plates from Lehi’s Jerusalem.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 4 no. 2 (1995).
Display Abstract  

Michael D. Coogan identifies the silver plates found in a Jerusalem burial site as one of the ten most significant finds for biblical archaeology because “they are our earliest witness to the text of the Bible.”

ID = [2916]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1995-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 3110  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Adams, William James, Jr. “More on the Silver Plates from Lehi’s Jerusalem.” In Pressing Forward with the Book of Mormon: The FARMS Updates of the 1990s, edited by Welch, John W., and Melvin J. Thorne, 27-28. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999.
Display Keywords
Keywords: Jerusalem (Old World); Lehi (Prophet); Metal Plates
ID = [75647]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1999-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books  Size: 2375  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/17/24 16:53:21
Adams, William James, Jr. “Nephi’s Jerusalem and Laban’s Sword.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 2 no. 2 (1993).
Display Abstract  

A three-foot sword excavated at Vered Jericho, likely dating to 620 BC, lends credence to the description of the sword of Laban in the Book of Mormon.

ID = [2849]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1993-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 3931  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:51
Adams, William James, Jr. “Nephi’s Jerusalem and Laban’s Sword.” In Pressing Forward with the Book of Mormon: The FARMS Updates of the 1990s, edited by Welch, John W., and Melvin J. Thorne, 11-13. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999.
Display Keywords
Keywords: Jerusalem; Nephi; Weaponry
ID = [75642]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1999-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/17/24 16:53:21
Adams, William James, Jr. “Nephi’s Written Language and the Standard Biblical Hebrew of 600 B.C.” In Glimpses of Lehi’s Jerusalem, eds. John W. Welch, David Rolph Seely, and Jo Ann H. Seely, 245—58. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2004.
Topics:    Old Testament Topics > Book of Mormon and the Old Testament
Old Testament Topics > Literary Aspects
ID = [39692]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books,old-test  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:58:22
Adams, William James, Jr. “Synagogues in the Book of Mormon.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 9 no. 1 (2000).
Display Abstract  

The Book of Mormon mentions synagogues in twenty-five passages. An important resource that may help us understand what the Book of Mormon means by the word synagogue is the body of research on biblical synagogues. This is especially true of research related to the years prior to the Babylonian captivity of the Jews, which began in 586 BC, since this is the time period when Lehi left Jerusalem. We would expect, therefore, that the nature of biblical synagogues before the captivity would have greatly influenced the concept of the synagogue that Lehi and his family took with them to the New World. In this article, William J. Adams Jr. details the historical development, nature, and cultural function of synagogues of the biblical era and relates them to the history, form, and religious function of synagogues in the New World.

ID = [3018]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2000-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 1752  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Allen, J. Michael. “Joseph Fielding McConkie and Robert L. Millet, Doctrinal Commentary on the Book of Mormon. Vol. 3, Alma through Helaman.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 4 (1992): Article 55.
Display Abstract  

Review of Doctrinal Commentary on the Book of Mormon, vol. 3, Alma through Helaman (1991), by Joseph Fielding McConkie and Robert L. Millet.

Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Alma
Book of Mormon Scriptures > Helaman
ID = [130]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1992-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-review  Size: 17962  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:30
Allred, Alma. “Coin of the Realm: Beware of Specious Specie.” FARMS Review of Books 12, no. 1 (2000): 137-174.
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Review of “Scripture” (1988), by Norman L. Geisler

Keywords: Anti-Mormon
ID = [341]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2000-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 82818  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Allred, Philip A. “Alma’s Use of State in the Book of Mormon.” In Pressing Forward with the Book of Mormon: The FARMS Updates of the 1990s, edited by Welch, John W., and Melvin J. Thorne, 157-163. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999.
Display Keywords
Keywords: Alma the Younger; Authorship; Corianton (Son of Alma); Doctrine; Postmortal Life; Resurrection; State
ID = [75677]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1999-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books  Size: 12038  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/17/24 16:53:21
Allred, Philip A. “Alma’s Use of State in the Book of Mormon: Evidence of Multiple Authorship.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 5 no. 1 (1996).
Display Abstract  

Alma’s distinctive use of the word state in the Book of Mormon is present in his unique concentration of state, his tendency to reword with state, and his treatment of a shared topic involving state.

Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Alma
ID = [2926]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1996-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 15073  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Paulsen, David L., and Brent Alvord. “Joseph Smith and the Problem of the Unevangelized.” The FARMS Review 17, no. 1 (2005): 171-204.
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Review of John Sanders. No Other Name: An Investigation into the Destiny of the Unevangelized. and Review of Gabriel Fackre, Ronald H. Nash, and John Sanders. What about Those Who Have Never Heard? Three Views on the Destiny of the Unevangelized.

Keywords: Nature of God; Restrictivism; Universalism
ID = [503]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2005-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 80858  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Andelin, Elaine A. “Sherrie Johnson, My First Scripture Stories.” FARMS Review of Books 8, no. 2 (1996): Article 16.
Display Abstract  

Review of My First Scripture Stories (1994), by Sherrie Johnson, illustrated by Tyler Lybbert

ID = [254]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1996-01-01  Collections:  farms-review  Size: 3146  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:30
Andersen, Todd G. “Randall K. Mehew, A Most Convincing Witness: Reasons Why the Book of Mormon Is the True Word of God.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 3 (1991): Article 10.
Display Abstract  

Review of A Most Convincing Witness: Reasons Why the Book of Mormon Is the True Word of God (1990), by Randall K. Mehew.

ID = [97]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1991-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-review  Size: 5015  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:29
Anderson, Carli. “Eva Mroczek. The Literary Imagination in Jewish Antiquity. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.” Studies in the Bible and Antiquity 8 no. 1 (2016).
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Over the last several decades, scholarly discussion on the textual world of the Second Temple has been shifting. Ideas about texts and the development of the biblical canon began to be reshaped by the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, which altered previously established ideas about the configuration of a prebiblical canon. Investigation of those and other texts made it apparent that the structure of the biblical canon was still fluid at a much later date than was originally thought. These new scholarly analyses are redefining the timelines and ideas about the early shape of the biblical text and its elasticity. Such developments have been particularly intriguing for Latter-day Saints because they have generated new ways of thinking about the historic limits of text and canon. In her new book, Eva Mroczek takes the discussion a step further and in a direction that will resonate well within the Mormon scholarly community. Her aim is to identify the “literary imagination” of Jewish antiquity or, in other words, the ways in which ancient writers and scribes conceived of their own textual world. Although she is not the first to point out the anachronistic difficulties that can plague modern scholars in their approach to texts from antiquity, she is one of the first to try to re-create a vision of an original literary mindset from the ancient texts themselves. Her study culls texts from antiquity for clues about the ways in which ancient communities thought about literature, text, authorship, and canon.

Keywords: Jewish Antiquity; Biblical studies; religious scholarship
ID = [7066]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2016-01-01  Collections:  farms-sba  Size: 28124  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Anderson, Carma deJong. “Sidney B. Sperry: Memories.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 4 no. 1 (1995).
Display Abstract  

Personal reminiscences about Sidney B. Sperry.

ID = [2894]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1995-01-01  Collections:  farms-jbms  Size: 5126  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Anderson, Lavina Fielding. “Paul R. Cheesman, ed., assisted by S. Kent Brown and Charles D. Tate, Jr., The Book of Mormon: The Keystone Scripture.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 1 (1989): Article 6.
Display Abstract  

Review of The Book of Mormon: The Keystone Scripture (1988), edited by Paul R. Cheesman and assisted by S. Kent Brown and Charles D. Tate Jr.

ID = [45]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1989-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-review  Size: 5744  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:29
Anderson, Richard Lloyd. “Attempts to Redefine the Experience of the Eight Witnesses.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 14, no. 1 (2005): 18-31, 125-127.
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Skeptics have misused some historical sources as they attempt to reverse the Eight Witnesses’ statements about their physical contact with the Book of Mormon plates. The Eight Witnesses speak of viewing the plates themselves with unobstructed vision. They left 10 specific statements of handling the plates. This article provides an overview of the statements and experiences of the Eight Witnesses and the arguments of their critics, both then and now. Their unequivocal testimonies resist revisionists’ attempts to portray their experience as mere illusion or deception.

Keywords: Early Church History; Eight Witnesses; Gold Plates
ID = [3155]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2005-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 73196  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Anderson, Richard Lloyd. “Book of Mormon Witnesses.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1994. Transcript of a lecture presented as part of the FARMS Book of Mormon Lecture Series.
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Richard Anderson gives an overview of the secular and divine functions of witnesses and refers to the anticipation surrounding the revelatory calling of witnesses to view the plates. He describes the circumstances of their calling, details aspects of their lives, comments on their character traits, and answers several typical questions of skeptics. Anderson emphasizes that these witnesses were true to their testimonies.

Keywords: Church History; Book of Mormon Witnesses
ID = [8571]  Status = Type = talk  Date = 1994-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-reports  Size: 213  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:57
Anderson, Richard Lloyd. “Mark D. Thomas, ‘A Rhetorical Approach to the Book of Mormon: Rediscovering Nephite Sacramental Language,’ pp. 53-80.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 6, no. 1 (1994): 379-417.
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Review of “A Rhetorical Approach to the Book of Mormon: Rediscovering Nephite Sacramental Language” (1993), by Mark D. Thomas.

Keywords: Criticism; Rhetoric; Sacrament
ID = [174]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1994-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 95716  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:30
Anderson, Richard Lloyd. “Oliver Cowdery’s Voice in Modem Scripture: Priesthood Restoration, Book of Mormon, and Articles of Faith.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, June 7, 1997. This is a transcript of an address given 7 June 1997 at the Ancient Scriptures and the Restoration conference cosponsored by FARMS and the Smith Institute for Latter-day Saint History.
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Oliver Cowdery’s records border on scripture. His supplementary testimonies are of the same eyewitness quality as the Joseph Smith references that have entered the standard works. Much of Cowdery’s thinking and writing was modified and polished to a scriptural level by Joseph Smith.

Keywords: Church History; Book of Mormon Witnesses
ID = [8573]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1997-06-07  Collections:  bom,farms-reports  Size: 213  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:57
Anderson, Richard Lloyd. “Probing the Lives of Christ and Joseph Smith.” FARMS Review 21, no. 2 (2009): 1-29.
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This Annual Neal A. Maxwell Lecture was given at Brigham Young University on 20 March 2009. Anderson respects both the Savior, Jesus Christ, and Joseph Smith, seer and revelator. He lays a foundation for the four Gospels and their historical authenticity. He notes the abundance of materials available about Joseph Smith and details his First Vision, the accounts of the Book of Mormon witnesses, sacred influences in Joseph’s life, and the significance of the events at Carthage.

Keywords: Eight Witnesses; First Vision; Jesus Christ; Joseph; Jr.; Prophet; Smith; Three Witnesses
ID = [634]  Status = Type = talk  Date = 2009-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 68832  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:33
Anderson, Richard Lloyd, and Scott H. Faulring. “The Prophet Joseph Smith and His Plural Wives.” FARMS Review of Books 10, no. 2 (1998): 67-104.
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Review of In Sacred Loneliness: The Plural Wives of Joseph Smith (1997), by Todd M. Compton

Keywords: Joseph; Jr.; Marriage; Plural Marriage; Polygamy; Smith
ID = [311]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1998-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 46216  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Anderson, Richard Lloyd. “Religious Validity: The Sacrament Covenant in Third Nephi.” In By Study and Also By Faith, Volume 2, edited by Stephen D. Ricks and John M. Lundquist, 1-51. Vol. 2. Provo, UT/Salt Lake City: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies/Deseret Book, 1990.
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This second of two volumes of essays honoring Hugh Nibley includes scholarly papers based on what the authors have learned from Nibley. Nearly every major subject that Dr. Nibley has encompassed in his vast learning and scholarly production is represented here by at least one article. Topics include the sacrament covenant in Third Nephi, the Lamanite view of Book of Mormon history, external evidences of the Book of Mormon, proper names in the Book of Mormon, the brass plates version of Genesis, the composition of Lehi’s family, ancient burials of metal documents in stone boxes, repentance as rethinking, Mormon history’s encounter with secular modernity, and Judaism in the 20th century.
A study of how history is typically written and the similarities with how the Book of Mormon is written.

Keywords: Covenant; Ordinance; Sacrament
Topics:    Hugh W. Nibley Topics > Hugh Nibley > Scholarship, Footnotes, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, CWHN, Editing > Book of Mormon
ID = [2352]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1990-01-02  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-books,nibley  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:48
Anderson, Richard Lloyd. “Rodger I. Anderson, Joseph Smith’s New York Reputation Reexamined.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 3 (1991): Article 4.
Display Abstract  

Review of Joseph Smith's New York Reputation Reexamined (1990), by Rodger I. Anderson.

ID = [91]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1991-01-01  Collections:  farms-review  Size: 69360  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:29
Anderson, Richard Lloyd. “Sidney B. Sperry: Steadfast Scholar.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 4 no. 1 (1995).
Display Abstract  

Personal reminiscences about Sidney B. Sperry.

ID = [2895]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1995-01-01  Collections:  farms-jbms  Size: 6262  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Anonymous. “Contributors.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 11 no. 2 (2002).
ID = [3096]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2002-01-01  Collections:  farms-jbms  Size: 4178  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Anonymous. “Sidney B. Sperry: The Man, Scholar, and Teacher.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 4 no. 1 (1995).
Display Abstract  

Personal reminiscences about Sidney B. Sperry.

ID = [2893]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1995-01-01  Collections:  farms-jbms  Size: 8692  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Argetsinger, Gerald S. “The Hill Cumorah Pageant: A Historical Perspective.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 13, no. 1-2 (2004): 58-69, 171.
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Almost every summer since 1935, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has staged a pageant at the Hill Cumorah. This article starts with the history of the pageant from its beginnings in the 1920s as a Cumorah Conference of the Eastern States Mission convened by mission president B. H. Roberts and held at the Smith Family Farm. Details about the pageant’s move to the Hill Cumorah as well as scripts, directors, music, costumes, props, set design, lighting, and choreography are included. The author concludes with the details of retiring the original script after 50 years of use and of the challenges of producing and revitalizing the new pageant while maintaining its purpose as a missionary tool.

Keywords: Hill Cumorah; Hill Cumorah Pageant; Missionary Work
ID = [3140]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-jbms  Size: 49107  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Arnold, Marilyn. “The Book of Mormon: Passport to Discipleship.” Provo, UT: Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Studies, 2011.
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The fifth annual Neal A. Maxwell lecture was presented by Marilyn Arnold on March 10, 2011, at Brigham Young University. Arnold (PhD, University of Wisconsin--Madison) is emeritus professor of English at Brigham Young University. She describes how her love of literary scholarship meshed with her developing views of Christian discipleship as she discovered literary richness in the Book of Mormon. The lecture was sponsored by the Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; Disciple; Gospel
ID = [663]  Status = Type = talk  Date = 2011-03-10  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 42004  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:34
Arnold, Marilyn. “Hidden Ancient Records Abound.” FARMS Review of Books 13, no. 2 (2001): 53-56.
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Review of The Book of Mormon and Other Hidden Books: “Out of the Darkness unto Light” (2000), by John A. Tvedtnes

Keywords: Ancient Near East; Gold Plates; Hidden Records; Historicity
ID = [386]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2001-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 8186  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Arnold, Marilyn. “Unlocking the Sacred Text.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 8, no. 1 (1999): 48-53, 79.
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Literary analysis provides useful tools in the study of sacred texts, including the Book of Mormon. For the author, three transforming events that enhanced her study of the Book of Mormon included reading the book in earnest as a complex and masterful literary text, the entrance of the Spirit into her study of the book, and a prayerful desire to experience the great change of heart described by King Benjamin and Alma. Nephi begins his record with sincerity and honesty and serves notice that he intends to prepare a true record. The opposition between Nephi and his brothers Laman and Lemuel illustrates well Lehi’s teachings on the necessity of opposition in all things. More subtly, the reader notes a contrast between the characters and personalities of Nephi and Jacob. Jacob is portrayed as an empathetic and compassionate person who was tutored by exile and isolation.

Keywords: Conversion; Jacob (Son of Lehi); Literary Analysis; Literature; Nephi (Son of Lehi); Opposition; Scripture Study
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Jacob
Book of Mormon Scriptures > Alma
ID = [2997]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1999-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 37343  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/26/24 15:15:47
Arnold, Marilyn. “Words words words: Hugh Nibley on the Book of Mormon.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 19, no. 2 (2010): 4–21.
Display Abstract  

On 25 March 2010, in the Harold B. Lee Library Auditorium, Brigham Young University, Marilyn Arnold presented this lecture as part of a series honoring Hugh W. Nibley on the 100th anniversary of his birth (27 March 2010).
In this lecture commemorating the one hundredth anniversary of Hugh Nibley’s birth, Arnold paints a picture of him by discussing not only his scholarship but also his very unique, and often humorous, writing and speaking styles and his consistent jabs at academia. According to Arnold, who read everything Nibley had written on the Book of Mormon, Nibley was never more eloquent or serious than when he defended that book. Often, Arnold notes, his defenses and other writings are illuminated by literary devices, including the use of parable, epistle, and Platonic dialogue.

Topics:    Hugh W. Nibley Topics > Hugh Nibley > Scholarship, Footnotes, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, CWHN, Editing > Book of Mormon
ID = [1649]  Status = Type = Journal Article  Date = 2010-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms,nibley  Size: 63476  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:42
Arts, Valentin. “A Third Jaredite Record: The Sealed Portion of the Gold Plates.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 11, no. 1 (2002): 50-59, 110-111.
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In the Book of Mormon, two records (a large engraved stone and twenty-four gold plates) contain the story of an ancient civilization known as the Jaredites. There appears to be evidence of an unpublished third record that provides more information on this people and on the history of the world. When the brother of Jared received a vision of Jesus Christ, he was taught many things but was instructed not to share them with the world until the time of his death. The author proposes that the brother of Jared did, in fact, write those things down shortly before his death and then buried them, along with the interpreting stones, to be revealed to the world according to the timing of the Lord.

Keywords: Brother of Jared; Gold Plates; Jaredite; Prophet; Record; Revelation; Sealed Portion
ID = [3086]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2002-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 45732  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Asay, Ronald W. “Bassett’s Latter-day Commentary on the Book of Mormon.” FARMS Review of Books 14, no. 1 (2002): Article 3.
Display Abstract  

Review of Latter-day Commentary on the Book of Mormon: Insights from Prophets, Church Leaders, and Scholars (1999), by K. Douglas Bassett

ID = [400]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2002-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-review  Size: 16995  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Ashton, Alan C. “Book of Mormon Reference Library (CD-ROM); Book of Mormon Studybase (CD-ROM); LDS Collectors Library 1995 Edition (CD-ROM).” FARMS Review of Books 8, no. 2 (1996): Article 17.
Display Abstract  

Review of Book of Mormon Reference Library (1995), by Deseret Book; Book of Mormon Studybase (1995), by Bookcraft; and LDS Collectors Library 1995 Edition (1995), by Infobases

ID = [244]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1996-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-review  Size: 48854  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:30
Ashurst-McGee, Mark. “Moroni as Angel and as Treasure Guardian.” The FARMS Review 18, no. 1 (2006): 34-100.
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This article addresses the origins of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and discusses whether the Saints believed Moroni to be an angel or merely a treasure guardian.

Keywords: Angel Moroni; Early Church History; Gold Plates; Moroni (Son of Mormon); Treasure Seeking
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Ether
Book of Mormon Scriptures > Moroni
ID = [527]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2006-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 159961  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Ashurst-McGee, Mark. “A One-sided View of Mormon Origins.” The FARMS Review 15, no. 2 (2003): 309-364.
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Review of Grant H. Palmer. An Insider’s View of Mormon Origins.

Keywords: Criticism; Early Church History
ID = [446]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2003-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 129784  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Aston, Warren P., and Michaela J. Aston. “And We Called the Place Bountiful: The End of Lehi’s Arabian Journey.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1991.
Display Abstract  

A summary of the scriptural and historical evidences concerning the Arabian Bountiful, with an evaluation of all possible coastal locations on the Arabian peninsula based upon exploratory fieldwork by the authors in the Sultanate of Oman and the Republic of Yemen from 1984 to 1990. The study concludes that an objective and precise identification of Bountiful with a present-day location is now feasible and introduces data on physical traces revealing very early human involvement at the site.

ID = [8613]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1991-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-reports  Size: 998  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:57
Aston, Warren P., and Michaela J. Aston. “The Place Which Was Called Nahom: The Validation of an Ancient Reference to Southern Arabia.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1991.
Display Abstract  

An early version of this paper was presented October 17, 1986, at the 35th Annual Symposium on the Archaeology of the Scriptures, sponsored by the Society of Early Historic Archaeology at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah. Based upon field research by the authors in the Republic of Yemen 1984 - 1990, it was revised January 1991.

ID = [8614]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1991-01-01  Collections:  farms-reports  Size: 209  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:57
Aston, Warren P., and Michaela J. Aston. “The Search for Nahom and the End of Lehi’s Trail in Southern Arabia.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1989.
ID = [8615]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1989-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-reports  Size: 209  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:57
Aston, Warren P. “Across Arabia with Lehi and Sariah: ‘Truth Shall Spring out of the Earth’” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 15 no. 2 (2006).
Display Abstract  

Utilizing techniques adapted from literary criticism, this paper investigates the narrative structure of the Book of Mormon, particularly the relationship between Nephi’s first-person account and Mormon’s third-person abridgment. A comparison of the order and relative prominence of material from 1 Nephi 12 with the content of Mormon’s historical record reveals that Mormon may have intentionally patterned the structure of his narrative after Nephi’s prophetic vision—a conclusion hinted at by Mormon himself in his editorial comments. With this understanding, readers of the Book of Mormon can see how Mormon’s sometimes unusual editorial decisions are actually guided by an overarching desire to show that Nephi’s prophecies have been dramatically and literally fulfilled in the history of his people.

Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > 1 Nephi
ID = [3189]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2006-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 37175  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Aston, Warren P., and Michaela J. Aston. “And We Called the Place Bountiful: The End of Lehi’s Arabian Journey.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1991.
Display Abstract  

A summary of the scriptural and historical evidences concerning the Arabian Bountiful, with an evaluation of all possible coastal locations on the Arabian peninsula based upon exploratory fieldwork by the authors in the Sultanate of Oman and the Republic of Yemen from 1984 to 1990. The study concludes that an objective and precise identification of Bountiful with a present-day location is now feasible and introduces data on physical traces revealing very early human involvement at the site.

ID = [8613]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1991-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-reports  Size: 998  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:57
Aston, Warren P. “The Arabian Bountiful Discovered? Evidence for Nephi’s Bountiful.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 7 no. 1 (1998).
Display Abstract  

According to the Book of Mormon, a land named “Bountiful” was a fertile site on the Arabian Peninsula with timber, fresh water, and ore where Nephi built a ship to carry Lehi’s group to the New World. In the seemingly barren land of the southern Arabian peninsula, a site that appears to correspond to the description in Nephi’s record has been identified on the remote southern coast of the country of Oman. Kharfot may not be the exact location of Bountiful, but its discovery does show that a place matching the criteria for Bountiful does exist.

ID = [2974]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1998-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 25388  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Aston, Warren P. “Identifying Our Best Candidate for Nephi’s Bountiful.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Restoration Scripture 17 no. 1 (2008).
Display Abstract  

Scholars have presented and defended different viewpoints concerning the Lehite journey and the location of Nephi’s Bountiful. Aston explains that some of these arguments contain factual errors, such as claims regarding fertility and timber for Nephi’s ship and a lack of accounting for all possibilities. Discrepancies in theories and differences in opinion do not lessen the worth of all that has been found in Arabia and the supported theories, but acknowledging the sometimes contrary data will aid the search for the best candidate for Nephi’s Bountiful.

ID = [3226]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2008-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 20323  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Aston, Warren P. “Lynn M. and Hope A. Hilton. Discovering Lehi: New Evidence of Lehi and Nephi in Arabia.” FARMS Review of Books 9, no. 1 (1997): Article 6.
Display Abstract  

Review of Discovering Lehi: New Evidence of Lehi and Nephi in Arabia (1996), by Lynn M. and Hope A. Hilton

ID = [259]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1997-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-review  Size: 23778  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:30
Aston, Warren P. “Newly Found Altars from Nahom.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 10 no. 2 (2001).
Display Abstract  

Ancient altars in Yemen bear the inscription Nihm, a variant of the word Nahom. According to the Book of Mormon, one of the travelers in Lehi’s group, Ishmael, was buried at a place called Nahom. Because the altar has been dated to about the sixth or seventh century BC (the time of Lehi’s journey), it is plausible that the Nihm referred to on the altar could be the same place written about in the Book of Mormon. This article discusses the discovery site, the appearance of the altars, and the process of dating the altars, as well as the place-name Nahom in its Book of Mormon setting.

ID = [3073]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2001-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 13902  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Aston, Warren P., and Michaela J. Aston. “The Place Which Was Called Nahom: The Validation of an Ancient Reference to Southern Arabia.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1991.
Display Abstract  

An early version of this paper was presented October 17, 1986, at the 35th Annual Symposium on the Archaeology of the Scriptures, sponsored by the Society of Early Historic Archaeology at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah. Based upon field research by the authors in the Republic of Yemen 1984 - 1990, it was revised January 1991.

ID = [8614]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1991-01-01  Collections:  farms-reports  Size: 209  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:57
Aston, Warren P. “The Rings That Bound the Gold Plates Together.” Insights 26, no. 3 (2006).
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Eyewitnesses to the Book of Mormon plates described in consistent terms the rings that bound the gold plates into a single volume. The rings were three in number and apparently made of the same material as the plates themselves. While our attention naturally focuses on the plates and the translation of the text engraved upon them, the rings may offer another subtle but telling confirmation of the record’s ancient origin.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; translation; plates; rings
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Ether
ID = [66816]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2006-01-03  Collections:  bom,farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:08
Aston, Warren P. “Scripture update: El Niño and Lehi’s Voyage Revisited.” Insights 27, no. 6 (2007).
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

In recent years several scholars have drawn the attention of Latter-day Saints to the phenomenon popularly known as “El Niño.”1 In 1990 David L. Clark highlighted the fact that a mechanism was now known to science that would permit, periodically, easterly sea travel across the Pacific, the direction Lehi’s party is understood to have traveled.2 ENSO, the more formal acronym for this phenomenon, comes from El Niño (the Christ child) and Southern Oscillation, referring to the fact that the changes commence in the southern Pacific Ocean. The intermittent ENSO effect creates an easterly equatorial current running counter to the prevailing westerly direction of Pacific currents and winds. The winds can even blow in reverse, thus not only allowing but encouraging sea travel to the western coast of the Americas.

Keywords: El Niño; dendrochronology; Pacific Ocean; Book of Mormon
ID = [66875]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2007-01-06  Collections:  bom,farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:09
Aston, Warren P., and Michaela J. Aston. “The Search for Nahom and the End of Lehi’s Trail in Southern Arabia.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1989.
ID = [8615]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1989-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-reports  Size: 209  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:57
Austin, Michael. “Avi Steinberg, The Lost Book of Mormon: A Journey through the Mythic Lands of Nephi, Zarahemla, and Kansas City, Missouri.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 24, no. 1 (2015).
ID = [3327]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2015-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 20982  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Austin, Michael. “How the Book of Mormon Reads the Bible: A Theory of Types.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 26 (2017).
Display Abstract  

Typology is one of those words whose meaning shifts dramatically with the position of its user. For religious believers studying the scriptures, typology is a mode of history-the belief that certain events and people should be understood as both fully historical and fully allegorical at the same time. To the unbeliever (or the believer in different things), typology is a mode of rhetoric-a connecting strategy that writers use to create retroactive links between otherwise unrelated stories or that readers use to infer connections between otherwise unconnected things. Those in the first group see the repetition of key narrative elements from the Old Testament to the New Testament-say, birth narratives in which both Moses and Jesus escape from an infanticidal massacre ordered by a despot-as a fundamental part of how sacred history works ( see Exodus 1:22 and Matthew 2:16-18).

ID = [81891]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2017-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:17
Axelgard, Frederick W. “More Than Meets the Eye: How Nephite Prophets Managed the Jaredite Legacy.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 26 (2017).
Display Abstract  

This paper looks closely and critically at how the Nephite prophets dealt with the records of the Jaredites as the text of the Book of Mormon itself presents these dealings. 1 It questions unspoken assumptions that often pervade discussions of these records and of how record keepers from King Mosiah2 to Moroni managed them. It asks, for example, whether Mormon could realistically have taken on the task of preparing the abridgment of Jaredite history found in the book of Ether. It also challenges the idea that Moroni wrote the book of Ether only because Mormon did not have time to do so, suggesting instead that Moroni’s role in preserving the Jaredite legacy was his own unique commission from the Lord. These questions are part of my appeal for a fundamental reconsideration of the roles played by the key actors who handled the Jaredite records.

Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Mosiah
Book of Mormon Scriptures > Ether
ID = [81894]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2017-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:17
Bachman, Danel W. “The Other Side of the Coin: A Source Review of Norman Geisler’s Chapter.” FARMS Review of Books 12, no. 1 (2000): 175-213.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of “Scripture” (1988), by Norman L. Geisler

Keywords: Anti-Mormon
ID = [342]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2000-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 62113  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Bachman, Danel W. “Prologue to the Study of Joseph Smith’s Marital Theology.” FARMS Review of Books 10, no. 2 (1998): 105-137.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of In Sacred Loneliness: The Plural Wives of Joseph Smith (1997), by Todd M. Compton

Keywords: Marriage; Polygamy; Theology
ID = [312]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1998-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 78508  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Ball, Russell H. “An Hypothesis concerning the Three Days of Darkness among the Nephites.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 2, no. 1 (1993): 107-123.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Aspects of the three days of darkness following the three-hour period of intense destruction described principally in 3 Nephi include: (1) the strange absence of rain among the destructive mechanisms described; (2) the source of the intense lightning, which seems to be unaccompanied by rain; (3) a mechanism to account for the inundation of the cities of Onihah, Mocum, and Jerusalem, which were not among the cities which “sunk in the depths of the sea”; and (4) the absence in the histories of contemporary European and Asiatic civilizations of corresponding events, which are repeatedly characterized in 3 Nephi as affecting “the face of the whole earth.”

Keywords: 3 Nephi; Destruction; Geology; Natural Disaster
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > 3 Nephi
ID = [2832]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1993-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 35289  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:51
Ball, Terry B., and Wilford M. Hess. “Agriculture in Lehi’s World: Some Textual, Historical, Archaeological, and Botanical Insights.” In Glimpses of Lehi’s Jerusalem, eds. John W. Welch, David Rolph Seely, and Jo Ann H. Seely, 149—92. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2004.
Topics:    Old Testament Topics > Flora and Fauna
ID = [39690]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books,old-test  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:58:22
Ball, Terry B. “Letter to the Editor.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Restoration Scripture 18 no. 1 (2009).
Display Abstract  

A critique of Warren Aston’s “Identifying Our Best Candidate for Nephi’s Bountiful,” published in volume 17/1–2 of the Journal of the Book of Mormon and Restoration Scripture.

ID = [3233]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2009-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 10855  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Ball, Terry B. “Nibley and the Environment.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 20, no. 2 (2011): 16–29.
Display Abstract  

Hugh Nibley cared deeply about creation and was passionate about our stewardship over the earth. His arguments in defense of the environment were informed by the disciplines he knew best: history, philosophy, and theology. From his study, research, and reasoning, Nibley drew several principles that seem to have directed his thoughts and crafted his sense of environmental stewardship. Four of these principles are discussed in this paper: (1) humankind has a divine mandate to properly care for creation; (2) humankind’s spiritual health and environmental heath are linked; (3) creation obeys, reverences, and provides for humankind, as humankind righteously cares for creation; and (4) humankind should not sacrifice environmental health for temporal wealth.
A review of Hugh Nibley’s thoughts and writings on the environment.

Topics:    Hugh W. Nibley Topics > Stewardship, Creation, Earth, Environment
ID = [1746]  Status = Type = Journal Article  Date = 2011-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-jbms,nibley  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:42
Ball, Terry B., S. Kent Brown, Arnold H. Green, David J. Johnson, and W. Revell Phillips. “Planning Research on Oman: The End of Lehi’s Trail.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 7, no. 1 (1998): 12-21, 70.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

In February 1998, five Brigham Young University professors spent more than a week together in southern Oman to collect data for future research projects in the area, which seems to correspond to the end of Lehi’s trail in the Old World. Future research must be performed in a professional manner and seek to reconstruct that part of the world in 600 BC. Botanical, archaeological, chronological, mineralogical, geological, and inscriptional studies in the area would depend on acquiring sponsors in Oman and on the availability of resources.

Keywords: Arabia; Archaeology; Bountiful; Lehi’s Trail; Old World; Oman
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Ether
ID = [2975]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1998-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 37292  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Ball, Terry B. “Stephen D. Ricks and John W. Welch, eds., The Allegory of the Olive Tree: The Olive, the Bible, and Jacob 5.” FARMS Review of Books 8, no. 1 (1996): Article 6.
Display Abstract  

Review of The Allegory of the Olive Tree: The Olive, the Bible, and Jacob 5 (1994), edited by Stephen D. Ricks and John W. Welch.

Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Jacob
ID = [226]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1996-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-review  Size: 18839  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:30
Read, Nicholas, Jae R. Ballif, John W. Welch, William E. Evenson, Kathleen Gee, and Matthew P. Roper. “New Light on the Shining Stones of the Jaredites.” In Pressing Forward with the Book of Mormon: The FARMS Updates of the 1990s, edited by Welch, John W., and Melvin J. Thorne, 253-255. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999.
Display Keywords
Keywords: Geology
ID = [75696]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1999-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books,welch  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/17/24 16:53:21
Barker, Margaret. “What Did King Josiah Reform?” In Glimpses of Lehi’s Jerusalem, eds. John W. Welch, David Rolph Seely, and Jo Ann H. Seely, 523—42. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2004.
Topics:    Old Testament Scriptures > 1 & 2 Kings/1 & 2 Chronicles
ID = [39701]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books,old-test  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:58:22
Barksdale, Darryl L. “A Word to Our Anti-Mormon Friends.” FARMS Review of Books 12, no. 1 (2000): Article 18.
Display Abstract  

Review of “A Word to Our Mormon Friends” (1998)

ID = [347]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2000-01-01  Collections:  farms-review  Size: 38157  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Barlow, Philip L. “The BYU New Testament Commentary: \"It Doth Not Yet Appear What It Shall Be\".” Studies in the Bible and Antiquity 6 no. 1 (2014).
ID = [7045]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2014-01-01  Collections:  farms-sba  Size: 45503  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Barney, Kevin L. “A Book of Mormon Casebook.” FARMS Review 21, no. 1 (2009): 53-62.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of John W. Welch. The Legal Cases in the Book of Mormon.

Keywords: Judgment; Korihor; Laws; Legal; Nehor; Sherem; Trial
ID = [621]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2009-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 22428  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:33
Barney, Kevin L. “Divine Discourse Directed at a Prophet’s Posterity in the Plural: Further Light on Enallage.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 6 no. 2 (1997).
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

A follow-up on a previous article on enallage provides further strength for a pattern of a speech to a prophet in which later verses seem to be addressed to both the prophet and his posterity by use of the plural ye.

Keywords: Language - Hebrew
Topics:    Old Testament Topics > Literary Aspects
ID = [2964]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1997-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms,old-test  Size: 13622  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Barney, Kevin L. “An Elegant Presentation.” The FARMS Review 16, no. 1 (2004): 1-10.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of Grant Hardy, ed. The Book of Mormon: A Reader’s Edition.

Keywords: Education; Formatting; Scripture Study; Structure
ID = [458]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 21682  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Barney, Kevin L. “Enallage in the Book of Mormon.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 3, no. 1 (1994): 113-147.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Thomas W. Brookbank long ago suggested that enallage, meaning the substitution of the singular for the plural or vice versa for rhetorical effect, is present in the Book of Mormon. Enallage does appear to exist as a prominent, meaningful rhetorical figure in the Bible, but its presence in the Book of Mormon is more difficult to demonstrate given the pronominal variation found in the Book of Mormon, a factor that Brookbank did not account for in his study. Nevertheless, a careful reading of contextual and verbal clues reveals that enallage does indeed appear to exist in some passages in the Book of Mormon. An awareness of this usage is important for a full understanding of such passages.

Keywords: Context; Enallage; Language; Language - Hebrew; Rhetoric; Substitution
ID = [2862]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1994-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 49622  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Barney, Kevin L. “Finally!” The FARMS Review 19, no. 2 (2007): 193-207.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of Richard Neitzel Holzapfel, Eric D. Huntsman, and Thomas A. Wayment. Jesus Christ and the World of the New Testament; An Illustrated Reference for Latter-day Saints.

Keywords: Ancient Near East; Early Christianity; Jerusalem (Old World); New Testament
ID = [586]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2007-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 28309  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:33
Barney, Kevin L. “The Foundation of Our Religion.” The FARMS Review 18, no. 2 (2006): 179-187.
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Review of John W. Welch and Erick B. Carlson, eds. Opening the Heavens: Accounts of Divine Manifestations, 1820-1844.

Keywords: Early Church History; Joseph; Jr.; Smith; Translation
ID = [546]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2006-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 20686  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Barney, Kevin L. “Further Light on Enallage.” In Pressing Forward with the Book of Mormon: The FARMS Updates of the 1990s, edited by Welch, John W., and Melvin J. Thorne, 43-48. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999.
Display Keywords
Keywords: Language - Hebrew
ID = [75651]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1999-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/17/24 16:53:21
Barney, Kevin L. “Isaiah Interwoven.” The FARMS Review 15, no. 1 (2003): 353-402.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of Donald W. Parry. Harmonizing Isaiah: Combining Ancient Sources.

Keywords: Isaiah (Book); Isaiah (Prophet)
Topics:    Old Testament Scriptures > Isaiah
ID = [427]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2003-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review,old-test  Size: 101151  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Linn, David, and Kevin L. Barney. “‘Let Us Stain Our Swords No More’” Insights 22, no. 1 (2002).
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

In Alma 24 we read of the courage of the people of Anti- Nephi-Lehi, Lamanites who had converted to the Lord. Their king pleaded with them, “Let us stain our swords no more with the blood of our brethren” (Alma 24:12). So great was their faith that they covenanted never to take up arms again and buried their weapons of war. When the unconverted Lamanites came against them, the Anti-Nephi- Lehies, rather than resist their attackers, prostrated themselves on the ground to pray and allowed their brethren to slay them.

Keywords: Lamanites; Christianity; Anti-Nephi-Lehies; Maurice
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Alma
ID = [66647]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2002-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:07
Barney, Kevin L. “A More Responsible Critique.” The FARMS Review 15, no. 1 (2003): 97-146.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of “Does the Book of Mormon Reflect an Ancient Near Eastern Background?” (2002), by Thomas J. Finley, and “Rendering Fiction: Translation, Pseudotranslation, and the Book of Mormon” (2002), by David J. Shepherd.

Keywords: Ancient Near East; Christianity; Criticism; Doctrine; Hebraism; Metal Plates; Names; Translation
ID = [428]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2003-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 109697  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Barney, Kevin L. “On Elkenah as Canaanite El.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 19, no. 1 (2010): 22-35.
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Many easily recognizable Hebrew words and names can be found in the Book of Abraham. One name that hasn’t had a concrete meaning attached to it, however, is Elkenah. In this article, Barney addresses whether Elkenah is a person, place, or name; what its possible linguistic structures are; and what it might mean. Most importantly, Barney links Elkenah with the Canaanite god El and the attending cult—a cult that practiced human sacrifice. This has significant ramifications for the Book of Abraham, which has been criticized for its inclusion of human sacrifice. Assuming a northern location for the city Ur and taking Elkenah as the Canaanite El resolve the issue of child sacrifice in the Book of Abraham.

Keywords: Ancient Near East; Book of Abraham; Elkenah; Language - Hebrew; Name; Onomastics; Pearl of Great Price
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Ether
ID = [3246]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2010-01-01  Collections:  abraham,bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 59542  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Barney, Kevin L. “Poetic Diction and Parallel Word Pairs in the Book of Mormon.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 4, no. 2 (1995): 15-81.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Hebrew poetry is based on various patterns of parallelism. Parallel lines are in turn created by the use of parallel words, that is, pairs of words bearing generally synonymous or antithetic meanings. Since the 1930s, scholars have come to realize that many of these “word pairs” were used repeatedly in a formulaic fashion as the basic building blocks of different parallel lines. The Book of Mormon reflects numerous parallel structures, including synonymous parallelism, antithetic parallelism, and chiasmus. As word pairs are a function of parallelism, the presence of such parallel structures in the Book of Mormon suggests the possible presence of word pairs within those structures. This article catalogs the use of forty word pairs that occur in parallel collocations both in the Book of Mormon and in Hebrew poetry.

Keywords: Antithetic Parallelism; Chiasmus; Diction; Language - Hebrew; Parallel; Parallelism; Poetic; Poetry; Synonymous Parallelism; Word Pairs
ID = [2912]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1995-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 106500  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Barney, Kevin L. “Seeking Joseph Smith’s Voice.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 15, no. 1 (2006): 54-59, 71-72.
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Royal Skousen’s work on his Book of Mormon critical text project demonstrates that he is an able textual critic who employs sound judgment and proven methods to uncover the original text of the Book of Mormon. In many cases, these decisions seem counterintuitive to untrained readers, but Skousen correctly applies the principle that a more awkward reading is most likely original. He also shows his ability to make conjectural emendations for which no direct textual evidence is available. In every case, Skousen clearly lays out his reasoning so that readers who disagree with his inferences can examine the evidence for themselves to reach their own conclusions. This paper goes on to speculate that Skousen’s work may in time bring the LDS and RLDS editions of the Book of Mormon closer together textually. In the end, the critical text project is a superb work of scholarship on par with the standard works of biblical textual criticism.

Keywords: Conjectural Emendation; Critical Text; Joseph; Jr.; Original Text; Prophet; Smith; Translation
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Ether
ID = [3183]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2006-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 27965  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Barney, Kevin L. “A Seemingly Strange Story Illuminated.” FARMS Review of Books 13, no. 1 (2001): 1-20.
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Review of The Book of Mormon and Other Hidden Books: “Out of Darkness unto Light” (2000), by John A. Tvedtnes

Keywords: Criticism; Early Church History; Gold Plates; Hidden Records; Historicity
ID = [374]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2001-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 50455  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Barney, Kevin L. “The Sperry Symposium and the New Testament.” The FARMS Review 19, no. 2 (2007): 177-191.
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Review of Frank F. Judd Jr. and Gaye Strathearn, eds. Sperry Symposium Classics: The New Testament. and Review of Kent P. Jackson and Frank F. Judd Jr., eds. How the New Testament Came to Be: The 35th Annual Brigham Young University Sidney B. Sperry Symposium.

Keywords: Early Christianity; New Testament
ID = [585]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2007-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 34665  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:33
Tvedtnes, John A., and Kevin L. Barney. “Word Groups in the Book of Mormon.” In Pressing Forward with the Book of Mormon: The FARMS Updates of the 1990s, edited by Welch, John W., and Melvin J. Thorne, 211-218. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999.
Display Keywords
Keywords: Grammar; Hebraism
ID = [75688]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1999-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/17/24 16:53:21
Barney, Quinten Zehn. “Sobek: The Idolatrous God of Pharaoh Amenemhet III.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 22, no. 2 (2013): 22-27.
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The Joseph Smith Papyri have been a hot topic among scholars, especially since the resurfacing of fragments of the collection in the late 1960s. The facsimiles in particular have received much attention in scholarly circles, especially in relation to their accompanying explanations given by Joseph Smith. This article contributes evidence of the accuracy of Smith’s explanations, despite his lack of knowledge concerning Egyptology. Specifically, this article discusses the relationship between “ the idolatrous god of pharaoh” in Facsimile 1 with the Egyptian crocodile god, Sobek (also known as Sebek, Sobk, and Suchos), and his connection to the Middle Kingdom pharaoh Amenemhet III. Evidence both from historical texts and from archaeology demonstrates the important role Sobek played in the Fayyum region during the reign of Amenemhet III. Sobek was thus a likely candidate for the “ idolatrous god of pharaoh” of Facsimile 1 in the Book of Abraham.

Keywords: Ancient Near East; Book of Abraham Facsimiles; Egypt; Egyptian; Joseph Smith Papyri; Pearl of Great Price; Sobek
ID = [3295]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2013-01-01  Collections:  abraham,bmc-archive,farms-jbms  Size: 22363  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Baron, Ross David. “Melodie Moench Charles and the Humanist Worldview.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 7, no. 1 (1995): 91-119.
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Review of “Book of Mormon Christology” (1993), by Melodie Moench Charles.

Keywords: Anti-Mormon; Christology; Criticism
ID = [200]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1995-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 45944  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:30
Bastian, Lewis M. “Eldin Ricks, Book of Mormon: Wide-Margin Edition.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 2 (1990): Article 26.
Display Abstract  

Review of Book of Mormon: Wide-Margin Edition (1987), by Eldin Ricks.

ID = [82]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1990-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-review  Size: 3548  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:29
Baugh, Alexander L. “Kirtland Camp, 1838: Bringing the Poor to Missouri.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 22, no. 1 (2013): 58-61.
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In the spring and summer of 1838, the presidency of the Seventy in Kirtland organized Kirtland Camp to assist many of the poorer Church members living in Ohio to relocate to northern Missouri, a trek of more than eight hundred miles. Comprised of over five hundred individuals, including families, Kirtland Camp was the first Mormon company organized to assist in the migration of the Latter-day Saints in the history of the Church.

Keywords: Early Church History; Kirtland; Kirtland Camp; Migration; Ohio
ID = [3290]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2013-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-jbms  Size: 14146  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Muhlestein, Kerry, and Alexander L. Baugh. “Preserving the Joseph Smith Papyri Fragments: What Can We Learn from the Paper on Which the Papyri Were Mounted?” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Restoration Scripture 22 no. 2 (2013).
Display Abstract  

This article discusses possible explanations regarding the procedures Joseph Smith and his associates used in mounting the Joseph Smith Papyri fragments and their reasons for doing so. The backing materials, some of which contain drawings of a temple plan and plat sketches of northeastern Ohio townships, provide a valuable historical artifact that helps historians answer questions associated with the papyri. The dimensions, gluing techniques, and cutting patterns of the backing paper and papyri also help explain the mounting process, as does an examination of the handwriting on the backing paper. Careful analysis suggests that a portion of the backing material came from several sheets of paper glued together to make a large sheet on which plans for a temple were drawn. Historical evidence suggests that in late 1837 or early 1838, pieces of papyri were glued to this and other papers and cut into smaller pieces, some of which were put under glass to preserve the papyrus fragments from further deterioration.

Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Ether
ID = [3299]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2013-01-01  Collections:  abraham,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 53438  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Becerra, Daniel. “Beginning of What? A Reflection on Hugh Nibley’s Legacy and LDS Scholarship on Late Antique Christianity.” Studies in the Bible and Antiquity 7 no. 1 (2015).
ID = [7056]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2015-01-01  Collections:  farms-sba  Size: 18948  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Becerra, Daniel. “Peter Brown. The Ransom of the Soul: Afterlife and Wealth in Early Western Christianity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2015.” Studies in the Bible and Antiquity 8 no. 1 (2016).
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In The Ransom of the Soul, Peter Brown explores how early Christians conceptualized the relationship between wealth and the afterlife. He limits his study primarily to the writings of Christian authors living in the Latin West between 250 and 650 ce and traces the evolution of the idea that “heaven and earth could be joined by money” in such a way as to affect the fate of souls after death (p. ix). Brown situates these developing discourses within their socioeconomic context and asks, How, when, and why did variations occur? How long did they take? And to what extent do they represent departures from previously established Christian or non-Christian religious systems? He argues that gradual changes in the social and economic context of the Western church were “reflected in changes in Christian representations of the other world and in the religious practices connected with the death and afterlife of Christian believers” (p. ix).

Keywords: Biblical studies; religious scholarship; Early Western Christianity; afterlife
ID = [7068]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2016-01-01  Collections:  farms-sba  Size: 25883  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Beck, John M. “E. Douglas Clark, The Grand Design: America from Columbus to Zion.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 5 (1993): Article 30.
Display Abstract  

Review of The Grand Design: America from Columbus to Zion (1992), by E. Douglas Clark.

ID = [147]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1993-01-01  Collections:  farms-review  Size: 9253  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:30
Beck, John M. “Robert E. Hales and Sandra L. Hales, A Standard unto My People.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 4 (1992): Article 47.
Display Abstract  

Review of A Standard unto My People (1990), by Robert E. Hales and Sandra L. Hales.

ID = [122]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1992-01-01  Collections:  farms-review  Size: 4554  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:29
Bell, Elouise M. “Chris Heimerdinger, Tennis Shoes among the Nephites: A Novel.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 2 (1990): Article 13.
Display Abstract  

Review of Tennis Shoes among the Nephites: A Novel (1989), by Chris Heimerdinger.

ID = [69]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1990-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-review  Size: 4405  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:29
Bell, James P. “A Reader’s Library: Efficacious Scholarship.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 8, no. 1 (1999): 72-73.
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Bell reviews the following books about Joseph Smith and the Book of Mormon: Susan Easton Black and Charles D. Tate Jr.’s edited volume Joseph Smith: The Prophet, the Man; Scot Facer Proctor and Maurine Jensen Proctor’s edition of The Revised and Enhanced History of Joseph Smith by His Mother; John W. Welch and Stephen D. Ricks’s edited volume King Benjamin’s Speech: “That Ye May Learn Wisdom”; and Donald W. Parry and John W. Welch’s edited volume Isaiah in the Book of Mormon.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; Early Church History; Joseph; Jr.; Smith; Translation
ID = [3001]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1999-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 10127  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/26/24 15:16:25
Belnap, Daniel L. “‘And he was Anti-Christ’: The Significance of the Eighteenth Year of the Reign of the Judges, Part 2.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 28 (2019).
Display Abstract  

For the Nephites, the sixteenth year of the reign of the judges was tremendously difficult. The arrival of the people of Ammon, in itself an incredible disruption of Nephite society, precipitated a battle, which Mormon describes as a “tremendous battle; yea, even such an one as never had been known among all the people in the land from the time Lehi left Jerusalem’’ (Alma 28:2). The dead, we are told, were not counted due to their enormous number. These events compounded the pre-existing struggles that resulted from the sociopolitical fallout from the reforms of Mosiah. Though Alma 30:5 suggests that all is well in Zarahemla during the seventeenth year of the reign of the judges, the events of the next year and half, the eighteenth year, belie this peace. Within this span, the Nephites exploded in two separate, but related, political conflagrations: (1) the secession of the inhabitants of Antionum from the greater Nephite community, and (2) the civil war spearheaded by Amalickiah. But prior to both of these events came Korihor.

Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Mosiah
Book of Mormon Scriptures > Alma
ID = [81924]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2019-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:17
Belnap, Daniel L. “‘And it came to pass…’: The Sociopolitical Events in the Book of Mormon Leading to the Eighteenth Year of the Reign of the Judges.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 23 no. 1 (2014).
ID = [3312]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2014-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 102071  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Belnap, Daniel L. “Clothed with Salvation: The Garden, the Veil, Tabitha, and Christ.” Studies in the Bible and Antiquity 4 no. 1 (2012).
Display Abstract  

Because clothing has a social function by which we define ourselves in relation to others, the rites of investiture and divestiture are often used within a given community as the individual moves from one social environment to another. These two rites can be used to examine the social progression of Adam and Eve via the fall, the symbolic movement from the mortal sphere to the divine sphere as represented with the veil, as well as the Christ-like nature of Tabitha who, like Christ himself, clothed others, thus giving them meaning and place within the community of believers.

ID = [7032]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2012-01-01  Collections:  farms-sba  Size: 74223  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Belnap, Daniel L. “A Comparison of the Communal Lament Psalms and the Treaty-Covenant Formula.” Studies in the Bible and Antiquity 1 no. 1 (2009).
Display Abstract  

Within the corpus of psalms in the Hebrew Bible is a group known as the communal laments. Characterized by their use of the first person common plural pronoun, some type of calamity experienced by the community, and a petition to God, these psalms incorporate similar imagery, terminology, and structure. This study explores these psalms and suggests that they relate closely to the Hittite treaty-covenant formula found elsewhere in the Hebrew Bible, yet differ in that they reflect an ongoing covenantal relationship rather than the establishment of such. Thus, these psalms enphasize Israel’s expectation that God, as the senior covenantal party, will fulfill his covenantal obligations if Israel remained worthy. These psalms, therefore, are representative of the unique relationship that Israel had with her God, a relationship reflected in Latter-day Saint theology as well.

Topics:    Old Testament Scriptures > Psalms/Proverbs/Ecclesiastes/Song of Solomon
ID = [7012]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2009-01-01  Collections:  farms-sba,old-test  Size: 70234  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Belnap, Daniel L. “‘I Will Contend with Them That Contendeth with Thee’: The Divine Warrior in Jacob’s Speech of 2 Nephi 6–10.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Restoration Scripture 17, no. 1-2 (2008): 20-39.
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At the time Jacob gave his speech in 2 Nephi 6–10, the Nephites had already been driven from two lands of inheritance and felt an ongoing concern of being cut off from God’s promises. Belnap illustrates that Jacob’s speech answers these concerns through emphasizing and expounding on the covenantal relationship made possible by God acting as the Divine Warrior. Jacob quotes Isaiah passages in his discourse and in some instances makes his own additions to emphasize important aspects. He illustrates how the Divine Warrior provides the hardships, knowledge, and power for an individual to become a divine warrior, and he discusses the Divine Warrior’s defeat over the monster of Death. The promises made by the Divine Warrior can provide hope and assurance to all.

Keywords: Death; Divine Warrior; Jacob (Son of Lehi); Land of Inheritance; Monster; Nephite; Promise
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > 2 Nephi
Book of Mormon Scriptures > Jacob
ID = [3224]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2008-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 77003  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Belnap, Daniel L. “Joseph Smith’s Plea as Communal Lament.” Insights 29, no. 6 (2009).
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

To complement the premiere issue of Studies in the Bible and Antiquity, which will be sent to our subscribers, we asked Dan Belnap, whose article appears in the first issue, to briefly expand part of his topic for Insights.

Keywords: Bible; Joseph Smith; God; Doctrine and Covenants
ID = [66938]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2009-01-06  Collections:  d-c,farms-insights,smith-joseph-jr  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/27/24 20:56:22
Welch, John W., David R. Benard, and Daniel C. Peterson. “‘Secret Combinations’” In Reexploring the Book of Mormon: A Decade of New Research, ed. John W. Welch. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1992.
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Keywords: Early Church History; Freemasonry; Secret Combinations
ID = [66508]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1992-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books,welch  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:07
Raish, Martin H., and C. Gary Bennett. “A Reader’s Library.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 11 no. 1 (2002).
Display Abstract  

Two critics evaluate the book By the Hand of Mormon: The American Scripture That Launched a New World Religion. Raish opines that Givens’s book effectively explains why a person might accept the Book of Mormon and facilitates a reader’s desire to better understand the Book of Mormon. Bennett adds that Givens approaches his discussion of the Book of Mormon as a scholar, resulting in a more accepting readership. Givens also studies the Book of Mormon with respect to its role in promoting the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints as a worldwide religion.

ID = [3093]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2002-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 16312  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Bennett, Richard E. “‘A Nation Now Extinct,’ American Indian Origin Theories as of 1820: Samuel L. Mitchill, Martin Harris, and the New York Theory.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 20, no. 2 (2011): 30-51.
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This paper probes the theories of the origin of the American Indian up to the time of the translation and publication of the Book of Mormon. It covers some three hundred years of development, looking at many different theories, including the predominant theory of the lost tribes of Israel, which was in decline among most leading scientific observers in the early nineteenth century. The paper covers new ground in showing that Professor Samuel L. Mitchill, formerly of Columbia College, had concluded that two main groups of people once dominated the Americas—the Tartars of northern Asia and the Australasians of the Polynesian islands. Furthermore, they fought one another for many years, culminating in great battles of extermination in what later became upstate New York. This New York theory has much in common with the Book of Mormon. While visiting Professor Charles Anthon in New York in 1828, Martin Harris also met with Mitchill, an encounter that lent support to Harris’s work on the Book of Mormon.

Keywords: 19th Century Native American Origin Theories; Anthon; Book of Mormon Geography; Charles; Early Church History; Harris; Lost Ten Tribes; Martin; Mitchill; Native Americans; New York Theory; Samuel L.
ID = [3267]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2011-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 81695  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Bennett, Richard E. “Raising Kane.” Mormon Studies Review 23, no. 1 (2011): 125-129.
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Review of Matthew J. Grow. “Liberty to the Downtrodden”: Thomas L. Kane, Romantic Reformer.

Keywords: Early Church History; Kane; Thomas L.
ID = [667]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2011-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 14560  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:34
Bennett, Robert R. “Science vs. Mormonism: The Dangers of Dogmatism and Sloppy Reading.” The FARMS Review 18, no. 2 (2006): 1-43.
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Review of Duwayne R. Anderson. Farewell to Eden: Coming to Terms with Mormonism and Science.

Keywords: Anti-Mormon; Science
ID = [548]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2006-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 91749  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:33
Benson, Ezra Taft, Gordon B. Hinckley, and Thomas S. Monson. “Modern-Language Editions of the Book of Mormon Discouraged.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 7, no. 1 (1995): 1-2.
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In this statement, the First Presidency requests that the Book of Mormon not be rewritten into familiar or modern English because of “risks that this process may introduce doctrinal errors or obscure evidence of its ancient origin.”

Keywords: Formatting; Modern-Language Edition
ID = [195]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1995-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 3588  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:30
Boegh, Ben, and Jonathan P. Benson. “Letters.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Restoration Scripture 20 no. 2 (2011).
Display Abstract  

Letters praising the Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture and responding to articles published therein.

ID = [3264]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2011-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 4586  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Benson, RoseAnn, and Stephen D. Ricks. “Treaties and Covenants: Ancient Near Eastern Legal Terminology in the Book of Mormon.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 14, no. 1 (2005): 48-61, 128-129.
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Ancient Near Eastern treaties and Old Testament covenants exhibit many of the same literary elements. Of particular interest is the use of the Hebrew word y?da? ,“to know,” when it signifies “to enter into a binding agreement.” The use of this word in both treaties and scriptures supports the notion that prophets spoke of holy covenants using language that framed responsibilities between God and his people in legal terms. The Book of Mormon usage of to know reflects similar intent. This article discusses the background of the word to know, compares treaties with covenants, discusses to know in connection with ancient Near Eastern treaties and biblical covenants, and assesses to know in Book of Mormon covenants.

Keywords: Ancient Near East; Covenant; Language - Hebrew; Laws; Legal; Treaty
ID = [3157]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2005-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 67099  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Benson, Sherrie Mills. “The Zoramite Separation: A Sociological Perspective.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 14 no. 1 (2005).
Display Abstract  

The Zoramites’ transformation from quiescent dissidents to aggressive enemies of their former brethren and mother culture is a powerful study of human nature. The Book of Mormon does not delineate the reasons that the Zoramites separated themselves from the larger population at Zarahemla, but they obviously felt a great deal of animosity toward their former brethren. Perhaps they had been marginalized in Nephite society because of their ethnicity. They constructed a culture that deliberately differed in many ways from that at Zarahemla, and they expelled all who were converted by Alma. Because of their extreme hatred of the Nephites, the Zoramites ultimately joined with the Lamanites as fierce enemies of the Nephites.

Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Alma
ID = [3159]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2005-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 58842  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Benz, Ernst W., and Alan F. Keele. “Imago dei: Man as the Image of God.” The FARMS Review 17, no. 1 (2005): Article 10.
Display Abstract  

Ernst Benz originally presented this paper at the Eranos conference held in Ascona, Switzerland, in 1969. (See the publisher’s Web site at www.daimon.ch for more information about these annual Eranos conferences and for listings of Eranos yearbooks.) Ernst Benz’s collected Eranos lectures are found in his book Urbild und Abbild: Der Mensch und die mythische Welt (Leiden: Brill, 1974). This essay is on pages 475–508. The astute reader will pick up some of Benz’s misconceptions about Latter-day Saint beliefs.

ID = [506]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2005-01-01  Collections:  farms-review  Size: 75598  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Berkey, Kimberly M. “Narrative Doubling and the Structure of Helaman.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 28 (2019).
Display Abstract  

The Book of Helaman is a segment of the Book of Mormon whose study is both imperative and complicated in underappreciated ways. The imperative behind the book of Helaman’s study lies in the text’s significance for the self-conception of the Book of Mormon as well as its mythmaking function for the early Saints in their imaginative mapping of the American West. Like the Book of Mormon, Helaman traffics in buried texts that disclose signs and covenants and makes explicit the latent Lamanite frame that undergirds the Book of Mormon as a whole. It presents, as well, the Book of Mormon’s most robust account of secret combinations-a group that then entranced the text’s earliest readers to such a degree that they used this characterization to imbue their landscape with religious significance, describing the mountains surrounding the Salt Lake Valley as “the abode of the spirits of Gadianton robbers.” To understand the Book of Mormon’s sense of itself as a material artifact, to clarify the theological status of the Lamanites, and to explore the way the Book of Mormon helped sculpt a sense of place for early Latter-day Saints, close attention to the book of Helaman is an unavoidable prerequisite.

Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Helaman
ID = [81923]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2019-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:17
Berkey, Kimberly M. “Temporality and Fulfillment in 3 Nephi 1.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 24, no. 1 (2015): 53-83.
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This paper puts 3 Nephi 1 in conversation with Helaman 14 in order to argue for a complex relationship between temporality and the fulfillment of prophecy. In addition to echoing Matthew 5:17–18 in order to place a structural emphasis on fulfillment, 3 Nephi 1 portrays a series of Nephite misunderstandings about the nature of time and fulfillment that are then counteracted by the cosmic signs of Samuel the Lamanite. What Samuel’s signs ultimately show is that fulfillment of prophecy is best understood as the beginning of a new era rather than as a conclusion, and that this temporal reorientation makes repentance possible. After discussing how Samuel’s signs implicitly correct Nephite temporality, the paper concludes with a brief reflection on the implications for the Book of Mormon as a whole, arguing that the Book of Mormon is intended to function as a sign that likewise orients readers to a new experience of time.

Keywords: Prophecy; Samuel the Lamanite; Temporality; Time
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Helaman
Book of Mormon Scriptures > 3 Nephi
ID = [3321]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2015-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 75783  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Berkey, Kimberly M. “‘Thou Shalt Be Silent’: Literary Allusions to Isaiah 6:1-8 in Luke 1:5-25.” Studies in the Bible and Antiquity 5 no. 1 (2013).
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Luke 1:5-25 shares several themes and type-scenes in common with other biblical narratives, and yet one major allusion has often been overlooked: its connection with Isaiah 6:1-8. Like the first chapter of Luke, Isaiah 6 is also a prophetic call narrative that takes place in the temple, involves and angelic encounter, and explores the themes of silence and language. Despite the centrality of the temple in Israelite theology, temple epiphanies are surprisingly uncommon in the Hebrew Bible. Furthermore, in no other biblical texts does the recipient of the vision encounter an angel specifically at the temple’s altar. Where Zechariah is struck dumb, Isaiah also finds himself unable to speak and must have his language cleansed prior to his prophetic task. Because these are the only two texts in the Bible that share these convergences, it is clear that Luke intentionally alluded to Isaiah 6:1-8 in crafting the opening of his narrative. This allusion helps inform his audience about Jewish theology, sets John the Baptist apart as a prophetic figure, and introduces Luke’s later use of Isaiah 6:9-10 in Luke-Acts.

Topics:    Old Testament Scriptures > Isaiah
ID = [7039]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2013-01-01  Collections:  farms-sba,old-test  Size: 41679  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Berkey, Kimberly M. “Untangling Alma 13:3.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 23 (2014): 187-191.
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Alma 13:3 is occasionally cited by LDS commentators as evidence for the doctrine of premortal foreordination—an interpretation that unfortunately overlooks a key feature of the organization and terminology of Alma 13. This brief note begins to sort out this and other interpretive complexities by proposing that Alma 13:3b–9 be read as a clarifying expansion of Alma 13:3a.

Keywords: Alma the Younger; Foreordination; Premortal Life
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Alma
ID = [3316]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2014-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 11488  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Berrett, LaMar C. “New Light: The So-Called Lehi Cave.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 8 no. 1 (1992).
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Berrett discusses point by point reasons why an ancient burial complex at Khirbet Beit Lei, sometimes called “Lehi’s cave,” is unlikely to have Book of Mormon connections. Brown describes a carved altar inscribed to the tribe Nihm discovered in the southwest Arabian peninsula (Yemen)—this location may be the place Nahom where Nephi’s father-in-law, Ishmael, was buried, according to the Book of Mormon record. The characters on the Anthon transcript reportedly taken by Martin Harris to New York to show to Professor Charles Anthon bear resemblance to characters on two Mexican seals made of baked clay. Szink identifies another possible Semitic source for the name Alma in the tablets of Ebla uncovered in Syria.

Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Alma
ID = [2999]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1992-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 34860  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Berrett, LaMar C. “The So-Called Lehi Cave.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1982.
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A cave southwest of Jerusalem caught the attention of several Latter-day Saint observers in the early 1960s. Graffiti in the cave seemed to portray themes or scenes related to the Book of Mormon, and some thought that the cave might have been the place described in the Book of Mormon as “the cavity of rock.” LaMar Berrett points out problems that weaken the likelihood that this is the case. Two scholarly articles on the cave are included.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; Archaeology
ID = [8410]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1982-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-reports  Size: 209  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:56
Bickmore, Barry R. “Clearing up Misconceptions.” FARMS Review of Books 13, no. 2 (2001): 197-199.
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Review of Pope Fictions: Answers to 30 Myths and Misconceptions about the Papacy (1999), by Patrick Madrid

Keywords: Interfaith Dialogue
ID = [396]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2001-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 7233  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Bickmore, Barry R. “Not Completely Worthless.” FARMS Review of Books 12, no. 1 (2000): 275-301.
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Review of “Christ” (1998), by Ron Rhodes

Keywords: Anti-Mormon; Jesus Christ; Trinity
ID = [344]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2000-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 40558  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Bickmore, Barry R. “Of Simplicity, Oversimplification, and Monotheism.” The FARMS Review 15, no. 1 (2003): 215-258.
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Review of Paul Owen. “Monotheism, Mormonism, and the New Testament Witness.” In The New Mormon Challenge: Responding to the Latest Defenses of a Fast-Growing Movement.

Keywords: Criticism; Monotheism
ID = [431]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2003-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 97530  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Bickmore, Barry R. “A Passion for Faultfinding: The Deconversion of a Former Catholic Priest.” FARMS Review of Books 13, no. 2 (2001): 201-281.
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Review of When Mormons Call: Answering Mormon Missionaries at Your Door (1999), and Inside Mormonism: What Mormons Really Believe (1999), by Isaiah Bennett

Keywords: Anti-Mormon; Criticism
ID = [397]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2001-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 94897  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Bickmore, Barry R. “‘Them Sneaky Early Christians’” FARMS Review of Books 12, no. 1 (2000): 35-56.
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Review of Hidden Wisdom: Esoteric Traditions and the Roots of Christian Mysticism (1996), by Guy G. Stroumsa

Keywords: Early Christianity
ID = [351]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2000-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 33174  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Bitton, Davis. “B. H. Roberts and Book of Mormon Scholarship.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 8 no. 2 (1992).
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Brigham Henry Roberts, a Book of Mormon scholar in the early twentieth century, was a pioneer in his field. He conducted research regarding the culture and the geography of the Book of Mormon peoples in an attempt to determine the setting of the Book of Mormon. His extensive work in this area has significantly influenced the progress of Book of Mormon research. Roberts also enthusiastically defended the book when others criticized it. He was able to do so effectively because of his study of and familiarity with the Book of Mormon. Roberts did, however, have a few limitations, the most detrimental being his unfounded assumption that “the narrow neck of land” in the Book of Mormon is the Isthmus of Panama. Yet, Roberts’s pioneering efforts remain today a crucial catalyst to modern analytical studies of the Book of Mormon.

ID = [3012]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1992-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 56040  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Bitton, Davis. “Brent Lee Metcalfe, ed., New Approaches to the Book of Mormon: Explorations in Critical Methodology.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 6, no. 1 (1994): Article 3.
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Review of New Approaches to the Book of Mormon: Explorations in Critical Methodology (1993), edited by Brent Lee Metcalfe.

ID = [164]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1994-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-review  Size: 16703  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:30
Bitton, Davis. “The Charge of a Man with a Broken Lance (But Look What He Doesn’t Tell Us).” The FARMS Review 15, no. 2 (2003): 257-271.
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Review of Grant H. Palmer. An Insider’s View of Mormon Origins.

Keywords: Criticism; Early Church History
ID = [444]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2003-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 35100  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Bitton, Davis. “George Q. Cannon and the Faithful Narrative of Mormon History.” FARMS Review of Books 14, no. 1-2 (2002): 275-293.
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Review of Life of Joseph Smith the Prophet (1888; 1986), by George Q. Cannon

Keywords: Early Church History; Joseph; Jr.; Smith
ID = [407]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2002-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 20030  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Bitton, Davis. “I Don’t Have a Testimony of the History of the Church.” The FARMS Review 16, no. 2 (2004): Article 18.
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Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Foundation for Apologetic Information and Research (FAIR), Sandy, Utah, 5 August 2004 (see www.fair-lds.org). Used by permission. Also published in Meridian Magazine Online (see www.ldsmag.com). Used by permission. Copyright 2004 Davis Bitton.

ID = [496]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  farms-review  Size: 40797  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Bitton, Davis. “Mormon Anti-Intellectualism: A Reply.” FARMS Review of Books 13, no. 2 (2001): 59-62.
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Review of “Anti-Intellectualism in Mormon History” (1966), by Davis Bitton

Keywords: Anti-Intellectualism
ID = [388]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2001-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 9369  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Bitton, Davis, ed. Mormons, Scripture, and the Ancient World: Studies in Honor of John L. Sorenson. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1998.
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This multidisciplinary volume of essays was written by colleagues and former students of John L. Sorenson as a tribute to his lifetime of contributions to our understanding of Book of Mormon and anthropological scholarship. The contributing authors present their original research findings on such diverse topics as nineteenth-century Mormon funeral sermons, the question of Nephite kingship, the Isaiah commentaries in the Book of Mormon, early Mormon publishing efforts in the Pacific Mission, and evidences of transoceanic diffusion in pre-Columbian times.

Keywords: Ancient America, Ancient Near East, Anthropology, Archaeology, Kingship, Mesoamerica, Scholarship
ID = [75508]  Status = Type = book  Date = 1998-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-books  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/17/24 16:53:21
Bitton, Davis. “The Ram and the Lion: Lyman Wight and Brigham Young.” In The Disciple as Witness: Essays on Latter-day Saint History and Doctrine in Honor of Richard Lloyd Anderson, edited by Ricks, Stephen D., Parry, Donald W., and Hedges, Andrew H. Provo, UT: The Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2000.
ID = [81847]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 2000-01-01  Collections:  church-history,farms-books  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:16
Bitton, Davis. “Spotting an Anti-Mormon Book.” The FARMS Review 16, no. 1 (2004): 355-360.
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Davis Bitton provides a few guidelines to help readers determine whether a given text is anti-Mormon and to explain how readers should approach such texts.

Keywords: Anti-Mormon; Criticism; Scholarship
ID = [472]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 11695  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Black, Susan Easton. “Christ in the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1994. This transcript of a video lecture was prepared by the staff of the Portland Institute of Religion.
Display Abstract  

Susan Easton Black discusses insights into the nature and mission of Jesus Christ that can be gained by examining the 101 names the Book of Mormon uses to describe him, such as Lord, Messiah, and Eternal Judge. She describes the book’s focus on the atonement and bears powerful testimony of its effects in her life and in the lives of others.

ID = [8601]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1994-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-reports  Size: 213  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:57
Black, Susan Easton. “Eugene England, Converted to Christ through the Book of Mormon.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 2 (1990): Article 10.
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Review of Converted to Christ through the Book of Mormon (1989), edited by Eugene England.

ID = [66]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1990-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-review  Size: 7457  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:29
Black, Susan Easton. Expressions of Faith: Testimonies of Latter-day Saint Scholars. Salt Lake City/Provo, UT: Deseret Book and Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1996.
Display Abstract  

The news media often characterizes some detractors of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints as “Mormon intellectuals” and presents them to the public as the thinking Mormons who know the inside story of the church. In this rush to produce controversial news, an obvious truth has been overlooked—that the LDS intellectual and academic communities are composed of strong believers in the Prophet Joseph Smith’s revelations and solid supporters of LDS Church leadership. Only at the fringes is there noticeable dissent.
Readers of Expressions of Faith will discover a marvelous, uncoached unity in these testimonies of LDS scholars. Although most of the 24 contributors are persons of substantial learning, none base their beliefs in scholarly insights. Rather, all point to an inner conviction that has come through life experience and God’s gift. As they explain, these testimonies enlighten their entire lives, including their scholarly endeavors. None feel conflict between the canons of scholarship and religious belief, but rather find the two mutually reinforcing and even necessary.
This unique book aims to strengthen people’s faith by precept and example as they pursue their own efforts to know the Lord and to understand his love and dealings with humankind.

ID = [6984]  Status = Type = book  Date = 1996-01-01  Collections:  farms-books  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Black, Susan Easton. “Father Lehi: A Visionary Man.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1995. This is a transcript of a presentation made as part of the FARMS Book of Mormon Lecture Series.
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Lehi’s dream of the tree of life, recorded in 1 Nephi 8, was a familial dream as father Lehi was primarily concerned for the eternal salvation of his posterity. Susan Easton Black discusses Lehi’s role as patriarch in his family—his counsel and leadership, his love for his family, and his heartache for Laman and Lemuel who chose not to partake of the fruit—and compares his life with that of Joseph Smith Sr.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; Teachings
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > 1 Nephi
ID = [8602]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1995-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-reports  Size: 213  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:57
Black, Susan Easton, and Larry C. Porter. “‘For the Sum of Three Thousand Dollars’” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 14, no. 2 (2005): 4-11, 66-67.
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The familiar narrative of how Martin Harris mortgaged his farm to pay the printing cost of the first five thousand copies of the Book of Mormon overlooks details that make possible a fuller appreciation of his key role in the restoration of the gospel. Financially and otherwise, Harris was uniquely situated to secure the publisher’s note and relieve the financial tension that imperiled the book’s publication. Details of his family background, land ownership, business enterprises, and generosity are reviewed. Despite his pattern of vacillating in his religious commitments, his loss of 116 pages of translated manuscript, his exposure to public ridicule, and his fracturing marriage, Harris proved willing and able to honor the mortgage agreement and the Lord’s directives to him in Doctrine and Covenants, section 19. He did so at great personal cost when all attempts to recoup the publication costs failed and the shared financial responsibility unexpectedly fell solely on him. The view is expressed that Harris was raised up by the Lord to assist the Prophet Joseph Smith by securing and then personally financing the first publication of the Restoration.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; Early Church History; Harris; Joseph; Jr.; Martin; Mortgage; Smith
ID = [3167]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2005-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,d-c,farms-jbms  Size: 43924  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Black, Susan Easton, and Larry C. Porter. “‘Rest Assured, Martin Harris Will Be Here in Time’” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 20, no. 1 (2011): 5-27.
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Martin Harris, one of the Three Witnesses of the Book of Mormon, was the only witness to join the Saints in Utah. This journey was commenced only after missionaries passed through Kirtland for decades and attempted to convince Harris to make the journey to the Salt Lake Valley. Although each missionary over the course of decades was unsuccessful in his attempts to convince the impoverished, lonely Harris to go to Utah, each was spiritually renewed through the ever-present testimony of the witness of the Book of Mormon and “custodian” of the Kirtland Temple. This is the testimony Harris spread even as he traveled to Utah after a former acquaintance of his finally convinced him to make the trip at the age of eighty-seven. Finally in Utah, Harris enjoyed again the blessings of the church and continued to pronounce, even until he died, his powerful testimony of the Book of Mormon.

Keywords: Early Church History; Harris; Martin; Testimony; Three Witnesses; Translation
ID = [3259]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2011-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 100990  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Black, Susan Easton. “The Tomb of Joseph.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1997.
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This FARMS preliminary paper was presented at the symposium “Pioneers of the Restoration” on 8 March 1997.

Keywords: IL; Joseph; Jr.; Nauvoo; Smith
ID = [8603]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1997-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-reports  Size: 998  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:57
Black, Susan Easton. “The Tomb of Joseph.” In The Disciple as Witness: Essays on Latter-day Saint History and Doctrine in Honor of Richard Lloyd Anderson, edited by Ricks, Stephen D., Parry, Donald W., and Hedges, Andrew H. Provo, UT: The Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2000.
ID = [81848]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 2000-01-01  Collections:  church-history,farms-books  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:16
Black, Susan Easton [as Susan Ward Easton]. “The Book Of Mormon: A Witness for Christ.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1984.
ID = [8604]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1984-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-reports  Size: 998  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:57
Blumell, Lincoln H. “BYU Hosts Papyrology Summer Institute.” Insights 31, no. 3 (2011).
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This past summer Brigham Young University, in collaboration with the American Society of Papyrologists (ASP), hosted the Seventh International Papyrology Summer Institute (June 20– July 29, 2011). The ASP began hosting these institutes in 2003 and plans to continue through 2015. The objective of the seminar is to teach participants how to read and use papyri and to provide them with the kind of practical experience that would enable them to make productive use of papyrus texts in their own research. Fields of study include Classics, ancient history, Egyptology, archaeology, ancient religions, and biblical studies.

Keywords: BYU; seminar; papyri; texts; biblical studies
ID = [66981]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2011-01-03  Collections:  farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:10
Blumell, Lincoln H. “A Text-Critical Comparison of the King James New Testament with Certain Modern Translations.” Studies in the Bible and Antiquity 3 no. 1 (2011).
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This article renders a text-critical comparison of the King James New Testament and select modern translations of the New Testament. Specifically, it surveys twenty-two passages in the King James New Testament that have been omitted in most modern translations. The article then clarifies and explains why these verses have been omitted and asks whether such omissions ought to be accepted. While this study demonstrates that in most cases the readings in the King James Version are inferior in a text-critical sense and that they likely represent interpolations into the biblical text, there are a few cases where the King James Version might preserve a better reading. This article also argues that even though the King James Version may be inferior on a text-critical level, when compared to certain modern translations, we can still use it with profit if we are aware of its deficiencies.

Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Ether
ID = [7029]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2011-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-sba  Size: 142703  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Blythe, Christopher J. “Dale E. Luffman, The Book of Mormon’s Witness to Its First Readers.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 24, no. 1 (2015).
ID = [3328]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2015-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 9566  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Blythe, Christopher James. “‘A Very Fine Azteck Manuscript’: Latter-day Saint Readings of Codex Boturini.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 26 (2017).
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THE BooK OF MORMON presented itself as a history of previously unidentified New World civilizations with origins in the ancient Near East. To defend its claims of historicity, believers pointed to the work’s correspondence with the Bible and their own spiritual witnesses. They also insisted that, independent of their supernatural access to this ancient world, archaeological discoveries had authenticated and would continue to authenticate the book’s historical claims. This article documents the all-but-forgotten Latter-day Saint use of Codex Boturini-a sixteenth-century Mesoamerican codex depicting the Mexica (i.e., Aztec) migration from their mythical homeland Atzlan to Tenochtitlan, the seat of the empire’s government-as physical evidence for Book of Mormon history. In the perspective of these Saints, the pictorial manuscript was an independent record of the Book of Mormon. For decades, Mormons published images from Codex Boturini (or described them) alongside commentary that translated the pictographs through a Mormon lens.

ID = [81896]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2017-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:17
Boegh, Ben, and Jonathan P. Benson. “Letters.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Restoration Scripture 20 no. 2 (2011).
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Letters praising the Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture and responding to articles published therein.

ID = [3264]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2011-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 4586  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Boehm, Bruce J. “Wanderers in the Promised Land: A Study of the Exodus Motif in the Book of Mormon and Holy Bible.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 3 no. 1 (1994).
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Lehi’s exodus to the promised land is only the first of a series of exoduses occurring throughout the Book of Mormon. Indeed, Lehi’s exodus becomes mere precedent for later flights into the wilderness by Nephi, Mosiah, Alma1, Limhi, and the Anti-Nephi-Lehies. For the Nephites, continuing exodus is not merely historical fact. Understanding the biblical exodus as a type and shadow, the Nephites come to see their wandering as a metaphor of their spiritual condition. Thus, even centuries after Lehi’s arrival in the promised land, Nephite prophets recognize their status as “wanderers in a strange land” (Alma 13:23). As did Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, the Nephites also looked beyond their temporal land of promise “for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God” (Hebrews 11:10).

Topics:    Old Testament Scriptures > Genesis
Book of Mormon Scriptures > Jacob
Book of Mormon Scriptures > Mosiah
Book of Mormon Scriptures > Alma
Old Testament Topics > Book of Mormon and the Old Testament
ID = [2865]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1994-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms,old-test  Size: 38547  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Bokovoy, David E. “The Bible vs. the Book of Mormon: Still Losing the Battle.” The FARMS Review 18, no. 1 (2006): 3-19.
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Review of Joel P. Kramer and Scott R. Johnson. The Bible vs. the Book of Mormon.

Keywords: Anti-Mormon; Apologetics; Archaeology; Criticism; Scholarship
ID = [525]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2006-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 38818  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Bokovoy, David E. “From Distance to Proximity: A Poetic Function of Enallage in the Hebrew Bible and the Book of Mormon.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 9, no. 1 (2000): 60-63, 79-80.
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This essay analyzes examples of poetry in the Hebrew Bible and the Book of Mormon that do not conform to the standards to which prose is typically confined. Each of these poems contains a syntactic device that scholars have come to identify by the term enallage (Greek for “interchange”). Rather than being a case of textual corruption or blatant error, the grammatical variance attested in these passages provides a poetic articulation of a progression from distance to proximity.

Keywords: Enallage; Grammar; Language; Language - Hebrew; Poetic; Poetry; Structure
Topics:    Old Testament Topics > Literary Aspects
ID = [3029]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2000-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms,old-test  Size: 1591  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Bokovoy, David E. “From the Hand of Jacob: A Ritual Analysis of Genesis 27.” Studies in the Bible and Antiquity 1 no. 1 (2009).
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Genesis 27 is a story that depicts a series of ancient ritual performances. The narrative recounts the time when Jacob, the son of Isaac, received his father’s blessing by means of an act of deception. As an account that contains explicit examples of performances designed to set the activities apart from other less sacred occurrences, the blessing story in Genesis 27 contains features of what scholars refer to as \"ritualization\" in narrative. Ritualization can be defined as actions designed to distinguish and privilege what is being done in comparison to other, usually more commonplace, activities. Ritualization can assist those of a lesser status in accomplishing their objectives that stand in opposition to the desires of the powerful. When read as ritualization in narrative, Genesis 27 can be interpreted as an account that portrays the use of ancient temple and sacrificial imagery in order to secure a sacred blessing.

ID = [7013]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2009-01-01  Collections:  farms-sba,old-test  Size: 38728  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Bokovoy, David E. “LDS Scholars Embrace Historicity of Scripture.” Insights 22, no. 2 (2002).
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In defense of the historicity—the historical actuality—of scriptures embraced by Latter-day Saints, several BYU and Institute scholars have contributed to a collection of essays published recently by BYU’s Religious Studies Center. Edited by Paul Y. Hoskisson, Historicity and the Latter-day Saint Scriptures contains 11 essays that explore this topic.

Keywords: LDS scripture; historicity; revelation
ID = [66661]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2002-01-02  Collections:  farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:07
Bokovoy, David E. “Love vs. Hate: An Analysis of Helaman 15:1–4.” Insights 22, no. 2 (2002).
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Few literary genres from the ancient world stand out so prominently as the Near Eastern vassal treaty. Scholars have shown that these political contracts formed between vassal kings and suzerain provided the conceptual background for the book of Deuteronomy. “The assumption is that Israel conceived of its relation to Yahweh as that of subject peoples to a world king and that they expressed this relationship in the concepts and formulas of the suzerainty treaty.”

Keywords: love; hate; Helaman; context; antiquity
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Helaman
ID = [66662]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2002-01-02  Collections:  bom,farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:07
Bokovoy, David E. “On Christ and Covenants: An LDS Reading of Isaiah’s Prophetic Call.” Studies in the Bible and Antiquity 3 no. 1 (2011).
Display Abstract  

This article illustrates that for Latter-day Saints, the Book of Mormon can function as an interpretive guide to Isaiah’s writings. The analysis explores some ways in which the Book of Mormon can aid in identifying textual meaning in the story of Isaiah’s prophetic commission, especially on the topic of Christ and covenants. Lehi’s call narrative in the Book of Mormon shares much in common with Isaiah 6. Based on analogy with Lehi’s comparable dream, LDS readers can connect the seraph that interacts personally with Isaiah to Jesus Christ—that is, the Being with great luster who descends out of heaven to meet with the Book of Mormon prophet.

Topics:    Old Testament Scriptures > Isaiah
ID = [7027]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2011-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-sba,old-test  Size: 47978  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Bokovoy, David E. “Repetitive Resumption in the Book of Mormon.” Insights 27, no. 1 (2007).
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One of the most important contributions of biblical scholarship since the time of Joseph Smith has been the recognition and analysis of editorial activity in the Old Testament. Like the Hebrew Bible, the Book of Mormon is a compilation of several literary sources produced under the auspices of ancient editors or redactors. Significantly, one of the primary signs of editorial activity in the Old Testament, a technique known as repetitive resumption, is also attested in the Book of Mormon.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; narrative; resumption; Joseph Smith
ID = [66835]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2007-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:09
Bokovoy, David E. “The Word and the Seed: The Theological Use of Biblical Creation in Alma 32.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 23 (2014): 1-21.
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Alma 32 is a learned text on the topic of faith. The account incorporates creation imagery from the opening chapters of Genesis. Alma’s sermon follows a theological pattern in the Hebrew Bible where creation is used to encourage audiences to exercise faith in the present by considering the primordial past.Alma compares the “word of God” unto a seed, telling his audience that they are to be involved with “planting.” Thus, Alma’s sermon combines the two distinct creation views in the Genesis narratives, for God speaks the divine word in order to create in Genesis 1, and he plants seeds and trees to create his garden paradise in Genesis 2–3. By invoking the miracle of creation in the past into a present context of seed growth and recreation, Alma encourages his readers to fulfill the measure of their own creation by experimenting upon the divine word. Obtaining the type of faith Alma describes is therefore the very purpose of human existence, and it has been from the beginning.

Keywords: Alma the Younger; Creation; Faith; Imagery; Seed; Theology
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Alma
ID = [3308]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2014-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 46946  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Bokovoy, David E. “Ye Really Are Gods’: A Response to Michael Heiser concerning the LDS Use of Psalm 82 and the Gospel of John.” The FARMS Review 19, no. 1 (2007): Article 15.
Display Abstract  

Review of Michael S. Helser. “You've Seen One Elohim, You've Seen Them All? A Critique of Mormonism's Apologetic Use of Psalm 82.”

ID = [562]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2007-01-01  Collections:  farms-review  Size: 103639  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:33
Bokovoy, David E., and Pedro Olavarria. “Zarahemla: Revisiting the ‘Seed of Compassion’” Insights 30, no. 5 (2010).
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More than ten years ago, Stephen Ricks and John Tvedtnes presented a case for interpreting the Book of Mormon proper noun Zarahemla as a Hebraic construct meaning “seed of compassion” or “child of grace, pity, or compassion.” The authors theorized: It may be that the Mulekite leader was given that name because his ancestor had been rescued when the other sons of King Zedekiah were slain during the Babylonian conquest of Jerusalem. [See Mosiah 25:2.] To subsequent Nephite generations, it may have even suggested the deliverance of their own ancestors from Jerusalem prior to its destruction or the anticipation of Christ’s coming.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; texts; Bible; literary
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Mosiah
ID = [66960]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2010-01-05  Collections:  bom,farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:09
Boone, David F. “‘A Man Raised Up’: The Role of Willard W. Bean in the Acquisition of the Hill Cumorah.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 13, no. 1-2 (2004): 24-37, 168-169.
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After nearly three-quarters of a century, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints sought to reestablish its presence in the Palmyra area by sending Willard W. Bean and his family to live in the newly acquired Joseph Smith Sr. home in Manchester, New York. Bean soon discovered he had a difficult task set before him because Joseph Smith and Mormonism were held in derision in Palmyra. During the twenty-four years that the Bean family lived in the home, they overcame ostracization through cultivating friendships and preaching the gospel. Willard Bean was instrumental in the acquisition of additional properties of historical significance, including the Hill Cumorah. He restored and improved the Hill Cumorah and nearby acreage. Having completed their assignment to make friends for the church in Palmyra and to build up the church there, the Beans were released from their mission in 1939.

Keywords: Hill Cumorah; Missionary Work; NY; Palmyra; Restoration
ID = [3137]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-jbms  Size: 62180  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Booras, Steven W. “Appendix 1: The Book of Mormon and the Apocalypse of Paul.” In The Book of Mormon and Other Hidden Books: “Out of Darkness Unto Light”, edited by , 183-194. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2000.
Display Keywords
Keywords: Angel; Angel Moroni; Apocalypse of Paul; Hidden Records; Metal Plates; Paul the Apostle; Vision
ID = [75614]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 2000-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/17/24 16:53:21
McKinlay, Daniel B., Hugh W. Nibley, and Steven W. Booras. “The Dead Sea Scrolls: Select Publications by Latter-day Saint Scholars.” Studies in the Bible and Antiquity 2 no. 1 (2010).
Display Abstract  

Select bibliography of LDS research on the Dead Sea Scrolls.

ID = [7023]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2010-01-01  Collections:  farms-sba,nibley,old-test  Size: 22073  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Bowen, Matthew L. “‘And He Was a Young Man’: The Literary Preservation of Alma’s Autobiographical Wordplay.” Insights 30, no. 4 (2010).
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Thanks to the work of Hugh Nibley, Paul Hoskisson, Terrence Szink, and others, the plausibility of Alma as a Semitic name is no longer an issue. Hoskisson has noted that “Alma” derives from the root ‘lm (< *ǵlm) with the meaning “youth” or “lad,” corroborating Nibley’s earlier suggestion that “Alma” means “young man” (cf. Hebrew ‘elem,עלם). Significantly, “Alma” occurs for the first time in the Book of Mormon text as follows: “But there was one among them whose name was Alma, he also being a descendant of Nephi. And he was a young man, and he believed the words which Abinadi had spoken” (Mosiah 17:2; emphasis in all scriptural citations is mine). This first occurrence of “Alma” is juxtaposed with a description matching the etymological meaning of the name, suggesting an underlying wordplay: Alma (‘lm’) was an ‘elem. A play on words sharing a common root is a literary technique known as polyptoton.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; text; wordplay; Alma
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Mosiah
Book of Mormon Scriptures > Alma
ID = [66956]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2010-01-04  Collections:  bom,farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:09
Bowen, Matthew L. “Becoming Sons and Daughters at God’s Right Hand: King Benjamin’s Rhetorical Wordplay on His Own Name.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 21, no. 2 (2012): 2-13.
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Royal sonship is a key theme of Mosiah 1–6, including King Benjamin’s seminal address at the temple in Zarahemla (Mosiah 2–5) on the occasion of his son Mosiah’s enthronement. Benjamin, however, caps this covenant sermon, not with an assertion of his son’s royal status and privileges, but with a radical declaration of his people’s royal rebirth (or adoption) as “ the children of Christ, his sons and his daughters” (Mosiah 5:7) and their potential enthronement at God’s “ right hand” (5:9). Similar to rhetorical wordplay involving proper names found in the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and other ancient texts, Benjamin’s juxtaposition of “sons”/“daughters” and the “right hand” constitutes a deliberate wordplay on his own name, traditionally taken to mean “son of the right hand.” The name of Christ, rather than Benjamin’s own name, is given to all his people as a new name—a “throne” name. However, he warns them against refusing to take upon them this throne name and thus being found “on the left hand of God” (5:10), a warning that also constitutes an allusion to his name. Benjamin’s ultimate hope is for his people’s royal, divine sonship/daughterhood to be eternally “sealed.”

Keywords: Covenant; King Benjamin; Name; Rhetoric; Sealed; Throne Name; Wordplay
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Mosiah
ID = [3279]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2012-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 54393  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Bowen, Matthew L. “‘He Shall Add’: Wordplay on the Name Joseph and an Early Instance of Gezera Shawa in the Book of Mormon.” Insights 30, no. 2 (2010).
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In explaining the prophecies of Isaiah in which his soul delighted, Nephi sets up an intriguing wordplay on the name Joseph. On several occasions he combines segments of Isaiah 11:11 and Isaiah 29:14 to foretell the gathering and restoration of Israel at the time of the coming forth of additional scripture. The most discernible reason for Nephi’s interpretation of these two specific texts in the light of each other is their shared use of the Hebrew verb yāsap, which literally means “to add” but can have the more developed senses to “continue” or “proceed to do” something and “to do again.” This verb is also the source of the name Joseph, which means “may He [the Lord] add,” “He shall add,” or “He has added.” Rachel, the mother of the patriarch Joseph, is said to have explained the giving of this name to her son with that basic sense in mind: “And she called his name Joseph [yôsēp], and said, The Lord shall add [yōsēp] to me another son” (Genesis 30:24; emphasis in all scriptural citations is mine). Thus when Nephi combined these two prophecies together through their common use of yāsap, he was also using a wordplay on the name Joseph both to remind us that it was the seed of Joseph that would be gathered and to foretell the involvement of another Joseph, Joseph Smith, in the gathering and in the coming forth of scripture.

Keywords: Nephi; scripture; Joseph; texts
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Ether
ID = [66947]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2010-01-02  Collections:  bom,farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:09
Bowen, Matthew L. “‘O Ye Fair Ones’: An Additional Note on the Meaning of the Name Nephi.” Insights 23, no. 6 (2003).
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An earlier Insights article noted a possible wordplay in the first verse of the Book of Mormon that provides internal textual evidence that the name Nephi derives from the Egyptian word nfr. While nfr denotes “good, fine, goodly” of quality, it also signifies “beautiful, fair” of appearance. Assuming that at least some senses of the Egyptian word passed into Nephite language and culture, this second sense of nfr may have influenced Nephite self-perception. Several Book of Mormon passages evidence the affiliation.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; language; culture; Lamanites
ID = [66727]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2003-01-06  Collections:  bom,farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:08
Bowen, Matthew L. “‘They Came and Held Him by the Feet and Worshipped Him‘: Prokynesis before Jesus in Its Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Context.” Studies in the Bible and Antiquity 5 no. 1 (2013).
Display Abstract  

The New Testament records that Jesus’s disciples \"worshiped\" him during several postresurrection theophanies. To understand the disciples’ actions on these sacred occasions, it is necessary to understand the rite of proskynesis as observed in ancient Israel (particularly in the Jerusalem temple) and in the surrounding cultures and cults of the ancient Near East. When scripture uses terms rendered \"worship,\" proskynesis (concrete, hierarchical prostrations of an inferior to a superior rather than just abstract veneration) is almost always intended. Literally a \"kissing in the presence [of]\" a superior being, proskynesis acknowledges the recipient’s divinity and the giver’s submissive humility. Proskynesis was also a sublime and supreme expression of love. As John foresaw, the God who was \"apprehended\" in the Jerusalem temple with proskynesis will be acknowledged not as a pseudo-divine Caesar or Herod but as universal Sovereign by the numberless hosts of those he redeems. Proskynesis, then, is a (disciple’s) means of actualizing eschatological reality and Jesus’s unrivaled position in that reality.

ID = [7040]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2013-01-01  Collections:  farms-sba  Size: 65008  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Bowen, Matthew L. “‘What Meaneth the Rod of Iron’?” Insights 25, no. 2 (2005).
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Latter-day Saint scholars Hugh W. Nibley and John A. Tvedtnes have discussed at length how a staff, rod, and sword came to be commonly identified with the word of God in the ancient Near East.¹The evidence they cite from the Bible, the earliest Hebrew commentators, modern biblical scholarship, and elsewhere affirms Nephi’s unambiguous assertion that the “word of God” is a “rod.”

Keywords: Nephi; Book of Mormon; translation; languages
ID = [66780]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2005-01-02  Collections:  bom,farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:08
Bowen, Matthew L. “Wordplay on the Name ‘Enos’” Insights 26, no. 3 (2006).
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In his analysis of Mosiah 1:2–6 and 1 Nephi 1:1–4, John A. Tvedtnes notes that in many instances “Nephite writers relied on earlier records as they recorded their history.”1 He makes a convincing argument that the description of King Benjamin teaching his sons “in all the language of his fathers” (Mosiah 1:2) is modeled on Nephi’s account.

Keywords: Enos; history; Nephi; Book of Mormon; language
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > 1 Nephi
Book of Mormon Scriptures > Enos
Book of Mormon Scriptures > Mosiah
ID = [66815]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2006-01-03  Collections:  bom,farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:08
Bowman, Matthew. “Book Reviews.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 26 (2017).
Display Abstract  

In his foreward to this book, Richard Bushman praises it for its meticulous attention to the historian’s craft. Michael MacKay and Gerrit Dirkmaat have served as editors on the Documents series of the Joseph Smith Papers Project-spending months documenting, annotating, and organizing the surviving historical material from the early years of Joseph Smith’s religious career-and their experience with those primary sources shines in this volume. They have tracked down scraps of information in archives from New York to Utah, from obscure nineteenth-century publications as far-flung as the Ohio Observer and the Milwaukee Sentinel, and even from much better-known sources like the Joseph Smith revelations, which they have reread with a keen eye for detail and often-missed nuance.

ID = [81897]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2017-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:17
Boyce, Duane. “1996 Book of Mormon Bibliography.” FARMS Review of Books 9, no. 2 (1997): Article 19.
ID = [1311]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1997-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-review  Size: 14909  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:39
Boyce, Duane. “A Betrayal of Trust.” FARMS Review of Books 9, no. 2 (1997): 147-163.
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Review of The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power (1997), by D. Michael Quinn.

Keywords: Church Organization; Criticism
ID = [280]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1997-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 37951  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Boyce, Duane. “Do Liberal Economic Policies Approximate the Law of Consecration?” The FARMS Review 21, no. 1 (2009): 197-213.
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Also available for free at BYU ScholarsArchive.
A review of Approaching Zion, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, vol. 9.

Keywords: Consecration; Economics; Law of; Politics; Zion
Topics:    Hugh W. Nibley Topics > Zion, Babylon > Wealth, Law of Consecration
ID = [631]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2009-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review,nibley  Size: 39592  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:33
Boyce, Duane. “Of Science, Scripture, and Surprise.” The FARMS Review 20, no. 2 (2008): 163-214.
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Review of Trent D. Stephens and D. Jeffrey Meldrum. Evolution and Mormonism: A Quest for Understanding.

Keywords: Evolution; Science
ID = [614]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2008-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 126333  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:33
Boyce, Duane. “Were the Ammonites Pacifists?” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Restoration Scripture 18, no. 1 (2009): 32-47.
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One of the most moving accounts in the Book of Mormon is of the people of Ammon, their covenant to bury and never use again their weapons of war, their faith to sacrifice themselves instead of fighting back against their Lamanite brethren, and their sacrifice to send their children to war to aid the Nephites. Some interpret the stance that the Ammonites took against war to be pacifist. Some indications point toward this conclusion: their burying their weapons, covenanting never to fight again, allowing themselves to be slaughtered twice, and being motivated in these actions out of love for their Lamanite kin. However, when the text is read more carefully, it can easily be seen that further actions would not necessarily have reflected a pacifist view toward war: not objecting to the Nephite war in their defense, providing Nephite soldiers with food and supplies, and sending their own sons into battle would surely indicate that their personal opposition to war stemmed from the covenants they made during repentance.

Keywords: Ammonite; Conversion; Covenant; Lamanite; Pacifism; People of Ammon; Repentance; Sacrifice; Warfare
ID = [3231]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2009-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 59523  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Boylan, Robert S. “On Not Understanding the Book of Mormon.” FARMS Review 22, no. 1 (2010): 181-189.
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Review of Ross Anderson. Understanding the Book of Mormon: A Quick Christian Guide to the Mormon Holy Book.

Keywords: Anachronisms; Ancient Near East; Arabia; Archaeology; Criticism; Literary Style
ID = [646]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2010-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 21642  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:33
Bradford, M. Gerald. “On-Demand Printing.” Insights 31, no. 1 (2011).
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The Maxwell Institute makes every effort to keep most of the books we produce and publish, either on our own or with others, in print. At the same time, we face increasing costs to do this. Many of our recent books (and all of our periodicals) are available digitally, and we are working to ensure that our past titles will be available both digitally and in print. In the future our publications, includ- ing our periodicals, will come out in both formats.

Keywords: The Maxwell Institute; books; publish; digital; print
ID = [66968]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2011-01-01  Collections:  farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:09
Bradford, Mary Lythgoe. “A Reader’s Library: Hugh Nibley: A Legend in His Own Time.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 12, no. 1 (2003): 108–110, 120.
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This review enthusiastically endorses Boyd Petersen’s biography of his father-in-law, Hugh Nibley. Petersen intersperses narrative chapters with thematic ones in Hugh Nibley: A Consecrated Life.

Keywords: Hugh; Nibley; Scholarship
Topics:    Hugh W. Nibley Topics > Hugh Nibley
ID = [1648]  Status = Type = Journal Article  Date = 2003-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-jbms,nibley  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:42
Bradford, Miles Gerald. Ancient Scrolls from the Dead Sea: Photographs and Commentary on a Unique Collection of Scrolls. Provo, UT: Neal A. Maxwell Institute, 1997.
Display Abstract  

By Miles Gerald Bradford, Published on 01/01/97

ID = [6987]  Status = Type = book  Date = 1997-01-01  Collections:  farms-books,old-test  Size: 176665  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Bradford, Miles Gerald. “Introduction.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 11 no. 2 (2002).
Display Abstract  

Introduction to the book.

ID = [3097]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2002-01-01  Collections:  farms-jbms  Size: 14897  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Bradford, Miles Gerald. “Recovering the Original Text of the Book of Mormon: An Interim Review.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 15 no. 1 (2006).
Display Abstract  

Bradford introduces reviews of Royal Skousen’s work on the critical text project.

ID = [3178]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2006-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 10440  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Bradford, Miles Gerald. “The Savior’s Final Hours.” The FARMS Review 16, no. 1 (2004): Article 18.
Display Abstract  

Review of Richard Neitzel Holzapfel and Thomas A. Wayment, eds. From the Last Supper through the Resurrection: The Savior’s Final Hours.

ID = [474]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  farms-review  Size: 15980  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Bradford, Miles Gerald. “The Study of Mormonism: A Growing Interest in Academia.” The FARMS Review 19, no. 1 (2007): Article 11.
Display Abstract  

Study of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has become a topic of increasing interest to universities and scholars around the country. Bradford addresses this new attention and discusses topics that scholars should research in more depth in order to achieve an accurate academic view of Mormonism.

ID = [558]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2007-01-01  Collections:  farms-review  Size: 147966  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:33
Bradford, Miles Gerald, and Alison V. P. Coutts, eds. Uncovering the Original Text of the Book of Mormon: History and Findings of the Critical Text Project. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2002.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

This colorful, informative book features reports on the multi-pronged effort to determine as far as possible the original English-language translation of the Book of Mormon. Royal Skousen, the editor and principal investigator of the original and printer’s manuscripts of the Book of Mormon, details the project’s history and some of the more significant findings. Robert Espinosa reviews his team’s painstaking work of preserving and identifying remaining fragments of the original manuscript. Ron Romig narrates the investigation into the printer’s manuscript, and Larry Draper explains how the press sheets for the 1830 edition reveal overlooked details of the printing process. In an insightful response, Daniel C. Peterson interpolates evidence from Skousen’s research to show the divine manner in which the Book of Mormon came forth.

Keywords: Book of Mormon, critical text project; Book of Mormon, manuscripts; Book of Mormon, editions and translations; Faith and scholarship
ID = [7008]  Status = Type = book  Date = 2002-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books  Size: 179717  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Bradley, Don. “Building the Temple of Nephi: Early Mormon Perceptions of Cumorah and the New Jerusalem.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 27 (2018).
Display Abstract  

As a new faith’s purported “Gold Bible” began rolling off the presses at the E. B. Grandin print shop, the public was curious to know the nature of that faith. Protestant sects proliferated wildly during the Second Great Awakening, particularly in the fertile soil of upstate New York’s “Burned-over District:’ And restorationists, like the Christian primitivist Disciples of Christ, who aimed to restore the New Testament Church, were a familiar breed among them. Such sects provided the best model for what the public might expect Palmyra’s new faith to become, but actual information was still hard to come by.

ID = [81914]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2018-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:17
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and Ronan James Head. “The Investiture Panel at Mari and Rituals of Divine Kingship in the Ancient Near East.” Studies in the Bible and Antiquity 4 no. 1 (2012).
Display Abstract  

This article explores the ancient Near Eastern rituals that endowed kings with this power, specifically the rites suggested by the Investiture Panel at the palace of Mari, with specific focus on the motifs of creation, sacred garden, and divine kingship. Because contemporary evidence at Mari relating to an interpretation of the panel and the functions of various rooms of the palace is limited, it will be necessary to rely in part on a careful comparative analysis of religious texts, images, and architecture throughout the ancient Near East, including the Old Testament. Comparative analysis not only has the benefit of increasing our understanding of ancient Mesopotamian religion but also can enrich our understanding of the Bible.

ID = [7031]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2012-01-01  Collections:  bradshaw,farms-sba  Size: 91050  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Brewer, Stewart W. “The History of an Idea: The Scene on Stela 5 from Izapa, Mexico, as a Representation of Lehi’s Vision of the Tree of Life.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 8, no. 1 (1999): 12-18, 20-21, 77.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Stela 5, a large stone monument discovered in 1941 in Izapa, Mexico, was identified a decade later by M. Wells Jakeman as a bas-relief of Lehi’s vision of the tree of life. Scholars and laymen alike have both accepted and scoffed at this theory. This article provides a historical sketch of reactions to this claim and discusses some of the implications of accepting or rejecting Jakeman’s theory. Jakeman was the first to publish an LDS interpretation of Stela 5; later V. Garth Norman proposed a different interpretation based on a series of high-quality photographs of the monument. Suzanne Miles, a non-Mormon, postulated that Izapa Stela 5 presented a “fantastic visual myth,” and Gareth W. Lowe proposed that Stela 5 presents an original creation myth. Further criticisms and responses ensued over the years.

Keywords: Creation Myth; Izapa; Izapa Stela 5; Mesoamerica; Stela 5; Tree of Life
ID = [2991]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1999-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 42074  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/26/24 15:14:27
Briggs, Robert H. “Sally Denton’s American Massacre: Authentic Mormon Past versus the Danite Interpretation of History.” The FARMS Review 16, no. 1 (2004): Article 9.
Display Abstract  

Review of Sally Denton. American Massacre: The Tragedy at Mountain Meadows, September 1857.

ID = [462]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  farms-review  Size: 52479  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Briggs, Robert H. “A Scholarly Look at the Disastrous Mountain Meadows Massacre.” The FARMS Review 20, no. 2 (2008): 215-235.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of Ronald W. Walker, Richard E. Turley Jr., and Glen M. Leonard. Massacre at Mountain Meadows: An American Tragedy.

Keywords: Early Church History; Mountain Meadows Massacre
ID = [615]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2008-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 48084  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:33
Brown, Matthew B. “Girded about with a Lambskin.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 6, no. 2 (1997): 124-151.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

The publication of the Book of Mormon brought forward the first of many comparisons between the restorational work of the Prophet Joseph Smith and his surrounding environment, including Freemasonry. One point of comparison has been the lambskin apparel mentioned in 3 Nephi 4:7. A possible connection exists between this item of apparel and ritual clothing that was worn in ancient Israel, Egypt, and Mesoamerica. I suggest a possible reason for the use of this item of clothing among the secret combinations in the Book of Mormon and discuss the lambskin apron used in Freemasonic ritual.

Keywords: Ancient Israel; Ancient Near East; Apron; Clothing; Egypt; Freemasonry; Joseph; Jr.; Mesoamerica; Restoration; Ritual; Smith
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > 3 Nephi
Old Testament Topics > Temple and Tabernacle
ID = [2960]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1997-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms,old-test  Size: 61894  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Brown, Matthew B. “Of Your Own Selves Shall Men Arise.” FARMS Review of Books 10, no. 1 (1998): 97-131.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of The Mysteries of Godliness: A History of Mormon Tmeple Worship (1994), by David John Buerger

Keywords: Anti-Mormon; Freemasonry; Temple Worship
ID = [298]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1998-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 92991  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Brown, S. Kent. “Behind the Messiah Documentary.” Insights 29, no. 4 (2009).
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

The following is part 1 of a two-part series of articles written by S. Kent Brown, executive producer of Messiah: Behold the Lamb of God. During production he was director of the Laura F. Willes Center for Book of Mormon Studies and FARMS at the Maxwell Institute. Messiah: Behold the Lamb of God, a documentary produced by the Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship, the College of Religious Education, and BYU Broadcasting, received a sneak preview at BYU’s Education Week in August. For the first time ever, teachings of the restoration, sound academic views from faithful Latter-day Saint scholars, and state-of- the-art documentary production have been combined to produce this seven-part series on Jesus Christ, the Messiah. BYUTV will air the documentary beginning on January 10, 2010, and copies will be available for purchase in the spring.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; religious education; BYU; documentary
ID = [66926]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2009-01-04  Collections:  bom,farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:09
Brown, S. Kent. “Behind the Messiah Documentary.” Insights 29, no. 5 (2009).
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

The following is part 2 of a three-part series of articles written by S. Kent Brown, executive producer of Messiah: Behold the Lamb of God, a Neal A. Maxwell Institute, BYU Broadcasting, and Religious Education production. BYU Television will air part of the series on December 6, 2009. The entire seven-part documentary will air beginning on January 10, 2010. Copies will be available for purchase in the spring. This second article explores the path by which the film climbed from a simple concept to a completed project.

Keywords: Messiah; articles; religious education; project; BYU
ID = [66931]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2009-01-05  Collections:  farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:09
Brown, S. Kent. “Behind the Messiah Documentary.” Insights 29, no. 6 (2009).
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

The following is part 3 of a three-part series of articles written by S. Kent Brown, executive producer of Messiah: Behold the Lamb of God, a Neal A. Maxwell Institute, BYU Broadcasting, and Religious Education production. BYU Television will air the seven-part documentary beginning on January 10, 2010. Copies will be available for purchase in the spring. This third article reviews unusual occurrences tied to the early filming in Egypt and Israel.

Keywords: articles; documentary; BYU; teaching; research
ID = [66936]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2009-01-06  Collections:  farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:09
Brown, S. Kent. “The Book of Mormon at the Bar of DNA Evidence.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 12 no. 1 (2003).
Display Abstract  

Editor’s introduction to a four-part series on the relationship of DNA studies to Book of Mormon origins.

ID = [3107]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2003-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 2045  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Brown, S. Kent. “A Case for Lehi’s Bondage in Arabia.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 6 no. 2 (1997).
Display Abstract  

The lengthy sojourn of Lehi’s family in the Arabian desert invites the almost inevitable question whether circumstances forced family members to live in the service of tribesmen either for protection or for food. In my view, enough clues exist in the Book of Mormon—they have to be assembled—to bring one to conclude that the family lived for a time in a servile condition, a situation that apparently entailed suffering and conflict.

Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Ether
ID = [2962]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1997-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 33409  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Brown, S. Kent. “Donald W. Parry and Dana M. Pike, eds., LDS Perspectives on the dead Sea Scrolls.” FARMS Review of Books 10, no. 2 (1998): Article 10.
Display Abstract  

Review of LDS Perspectives on the Dead Sea Scrolls (1997), edited by Donald W. Parry and Dana M. Pike

Topics:    Old Testament Topics > Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha [including intertestamental books and the Dead Sea Scrolls]
ID = [308]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1998-01-01  Collections:  farms-review,old-test  Size: 14170  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Brown, S. Kent. “The Editor’s Notebook.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 11 no. 1 (2002).
Display Abstract  

Summary of current issue.

ID = [3078]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2002-01-01  Collections:  farms-jbms  Size: 6778  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Brown, S. Kent. “The Editor’s Notebook.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 12 no. 1 (2003).
Display Abstract  

Introduction to the current issue.

ID = [3106]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2003-01-01  Collections:  farms-jbms  Size: 6019  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Brown, S. Kent. “The Editor’s Notebook.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 12 no. 2 (2003).
Display Abstract  

Introduction to the current issue.

ID = [3121]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2003-01-01  Collections:  farms-jbms  Size: 6047  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Brown, S. Kent. “The Editor’s Notebook.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 13 no. 1 (2004).
Display Abstract  

Introduction to the current issue.

ID = [3135]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  farms-jbms  Size: 5835  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Brown, S. Kent. “The Editor’s Notebook.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 14 no. 1 (2005).
ID = [3153]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2005-01-01  Collections:  farms-jbms  Size: 5721  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Brown, S. Kent. “The Editor’s Notebook.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 14 no. 2 (2005).
Display Abstract  

Summary of current issue.

ID = [3166]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2005-01-01  Collections:  farms-jbms  Size: 4442  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Brown, S. Kent. “The Editor’s Notebook.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 15 no. 1 (2006).
Display Abstract  

Summary of current issue.

ID = [3175]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2006-01-01  Collections:  farms-jbms  Size: 4706  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Brown, S. Kent. “The Editor’s Notebook.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 16 no. 1 (2007).
ID = [3200]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2007-01-01  Collections:  farms-jbms  Size: 4553  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Brown, S. Kent. “The Editor’s Notebook.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 16 no. 2 (2007).
Display Abstract  

Summary of current issue.

ID = [3210]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2007-01-01  Collections:  farms-jbms  Size: 5121  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Brown, S. Kent. “The Hunt for the Valley of Lemuel.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 16 no. 1 (2007).
Display Abstract  

A canyon in northwestern Arabia, Wadi Tayyib al-Ism, appears to be a strong candidate for the Valley of Lemuel in the Book of Mormon. Although its rare year-round stream seems to confirm this site as the valley, other locations must be considered. Brown gives arguments both in favor of and against three other propositions, all of which are within a few dozen miles of Wadi Tayyib al-Ism. The aspects of the river and the Red Sea, the drainage areas of wadis, and the character of the valley are all evaluated. Despite his one serious objection to Wadi Tayyib al-Ism—the difficulty Lehi’s family would have experienced in reaching the site from the north end of the Gulf of Aqaba—Brown argues that it is the most viable candidate for the Valley of Lemuel.

ID = [3206]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2007-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 34041  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Brown, S. Kent. “Jerusalem Connections to Arabia in 600 B.C.” In Glimpses of Lehi’s Jerusalem, eds. John W. Welch, David Rolph Seely, and Jo Ann H. Seely, 625—46. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2004.
Topics:    Old Testament Topics > Geography
Old Testament Topics > History
ID = [39706]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books,old-test  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:58:22
Brown, S. Kent. “Nephi’s Use of Lehi’s Record.” In Rediscovering the Book of Mormon, edited by Sorenson, John L., and Melvin J. Thorne, 3-14. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1991.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

In many places in the Book of Mormon, the authors refer to writings known to them but not included in the book. One of these is the record of Lehi. Nephi reported that he made “an abridgment of the record of my father” (1 Nephi 1:17), which he included on his own original (large) plates. An English translation of that abridgment was included in the 116 pages of manuscript translation lost by Martin Harris in 1828. Someday we will have that record restored; meanwhile, we can discover some of what it contained because both Nephi and Jacob included parts from it in their records.

Keywords: Book of Lehi; Lost 116 Pages
ID = [75617]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1991-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-books  Size: 23472  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/17/24 16:53:21
Brown, S. Kent. “New Light from Arabia on Lehi’s Trail.” In Echoes and Evidences of the Book of Mormon, edited by Parry, Donald W., Daniel C. Peterson, and John W. Welch, 55-125. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2002.
Display Keywords
Keywords: Adversity; Arabia; Architecture; Bountiful (Old World); Dream; Incense Trail; Jerusalem (Old World); Lehi (Prophet); Metal Plates; Metallurgy; Nahom; Recordkeeping; Sacrifice; Tree of Life; Vision; Wilderness
ID = [75591]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 2002-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books  Size: 126129  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/17/24 16:53:21
Brown, S. Kent. “New Light: Nahom and the Eastward Turn.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 12 no. 1 (2003).
Display Abstract  

The account of the journey of Lehi’s family through the wilderness mentions one local name, Nahom, where Ishmael was buried. The discovery of the tribal name NHM on three altars from the seventh and sixth centuries BC provides a likely location for that stopping point on their trip. This site is located at the bend of the incense trail that went in the opposite direction of Lehi’s group—westward to NHM and then turning northward.

ID = [3119]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2003-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 7555  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Ball, Terry B., S. Kent Brown, Arnold H. Green, David J. Johnson, and W. Revell Phillips. “Planning Research on Oman: The End of Lehi’s Trail.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 7, no. 1 (1998): 12-21, 70.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

In February 1998, five Brigham Young University professors spent more than a week together in southern Oman to collect data for future research projects in the area, which seems to correspond to the end of Lehi’s trail in the Old World. Future research must be performed in a professional manner and seek to reconstruct that part of the world in 600 BC. Botanical, archaeological, chronological, mineralogical, geological, and inscriptional studies in the area would depend on acquiring sponsors in Oman and on the availability of resources.

Keywords: Arabia; Archaeology; Bountiful; Lehi’s Trail; Old World; Oman
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Ether
ID = [2975]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1998-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 37292  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Brown, S. Kent. “The Prophetic Laments of Samuel the Lamanite.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 1 no. 1 (1992).
Display Abstract  

The wide-ranging sermon of Samuel the Lamanite, spoken from the top of the city wall of Zarahemla, exhibits poetic features in a censuring passage—features that bear similarities to laments found in the Bible, most notably in the Psalms. Like the laments in the Bible, those in Samuel’s speech show contacts with worship. In distinction to the biblical laments, but like the Thanksgiving Hymns of the Dead Sea Scrolls, the poetic pieces in Samuel’s sermon reveal a set of prophecies that find fulfillment in later periods, including the days of Mormon, the compiler and editor of the Book of Mormon.

ID = [2820]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1992-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 43859  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:51
Brown, S. Kent. “Refining the Spotlight on Lehi and Sariah.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 15 no. 2 (2006).
Display Abstract  

Royal Skousen’s endeavor to recover the original text of the Book of Mormon is more complicated than it seems because it involves more than simply reproducing the original manuscript. Rather, what Skousen means by “original text” is the very language that appeared on the Urim and Thummim. Every subsequent step, such as Joseph’s reading, his scribes’ understanding and transcribing of that utterance, and Oliver Cowdery’s copying of the manuscript for the printer, exposed the text to the possibility of human subjectivity and error. This paper explains the nature and scope of Skousen’s monumental undertaking and presents some of the methods and reasoning he employs to resolve disputed textual variants in search the Book of Mormon’s original text.

ID = [3191]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2006-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 85474  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Brown, S. Kent. “The Sesquicentennial of Four European Translations of the Book of Mormon.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 11 no. 1 (2002).
Display Abstract  

Introduction to the following four articles on early translations of the Book of Mormon into French, German, Italian, and French.

ID = [3081]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2002-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 2520  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Ludlow, Daniel H., and S. Kent Brown. To All the World: The Book of Mormon Articles from the Encyclopedia of Mormonism. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2000.
Display Abstract  

This new selection of materials from the incomparable Encyclopedia of Mormonism includes 151 Book of Mormon articles by 115 scholars and articulate authors.
Within this compilation, readers will find: 45 illustrative photographs, maps, and charts, bibliographies, a unique list of entries by category, and a full index of passages.

ID = [7001]  Status = Type = book  Date = 2000-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books  Size: 975330  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Brown, S. Kent, and John A. Tvedtnes. “When Did Jesus Appear to the Nephites in Bountiful?” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1989.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Kent Brown and John Tvedtnes examine the question of when Christ appeared to the Nephites in Bountiful, offering different interpretations of 3 Nephi 10:18. Brown asserts that Jesus appeared near the end of the thirty-fourth year after Christ’s birth, almost a full year after the crucifixion. Tvedtnes proposes an earlier date, possibly as early as the same day of or the day following Jesus’ resurrection in Jerusalem.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; Jesus Christ
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > 3 Nephi
ID = [8584]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1989-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-reports  Size: 209  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:57
Bruening, Ari D., and David L. Paulsen. “The Development of the Mormon Understanding of God: Early Mormon Modalism and Other Myths.” FARMS Review of Books 13, no. 2 (2001): Article 13.
Display Abstract  

Review of Mormonism and the Nature of God: A Theological Revolution, 1830-1915 (2000), by Kurt Widmer

ID = [393]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2001-01-01  Collections:  farms-review  Size: 140271  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Brugger, Don L. “Toward the Ultimate Book of Mormon Time Line.” The FARMS Review 20, no. 1 (2008): 1-13.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of Christopher Kimball Bigelow. The Timechart History of Mormonism: FromPremortality to the Present.

Keywords: Chronology; Scripture Study; Study Helps; Timeline
ID = [591]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2008-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 32280  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:33
Bunker, Robert L. “The Design of the Liahona and the Purpose of the Second Spindle.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 3, no. 2 (1994): 1-11.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

The Liahona was given by the Lord as a communicationsdevice for Lehi to determine the appropriate direction of travel. This device contained two pointers, only one of which was necessary to provide directional information. But the Liahona was more than just a simple compass in function, for it additionally required faith for correct operation. Since a single pointer always "points" in some direction, the additional pointer was necessary to indicate whether or not the first pointer could be relied upon. This proposed purpose for the second pointer conforms to a well-established engineering principle used in modern fault-tolerant computer systems called "voting," in which two identical process states are compared and declared correct if they are the same, and incorrect if they are different. Hence the second pointer, when coincident with the first, would indicate proper operation, and when orthogonal, would indicate nonoperation.

Keywords: Compass; Faith; Lehi (Prophet); Liahona; Nephi (Son of Lehi); Revelation; Symbolism
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Ether
ID = [2869]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1994-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,d-c,farms-jbms  Size: 23819  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Paulsen, David L., Kendel J. Christensen, Martin Pulido, and Judson Burton. “Redemption of the Dead: Continuing Revelation after Joseph Smith.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Restoration Scripture 20 no. 2 (2011).
Display Abstract  

After Joseph Smith’s death, the Saints still had many questions regarding the soteriological problem of evil and the doctrines about redeeming the dead. This paper details what leaders of the church after Joseph Smith have said in response to these previously unanswered questions. They focus on the nature of Christ’s visit to the spirit world, those who were commissioned to preach the gospel to the departed spirits, the consequences of neglecting the gospel in mortality, and the extent and role of temple ordinances for those not eligible for celestial glory. This paper focuses on both the early and the late teachings of President Joseph F. Smith. It explains the doctrinal and historical contexts for his vision in 1918 and the further insights provided by this vision.

ID = [3268]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2011-01-01  Collections:  farms-jbms  Size: 72317  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Bush, Charles D. “Michael R. Todd, Ted E. Van Horn, and Mark Van Horn. Book of Mormon Stories CD-ROM.” FARMS Review of Books 9, no. 1 (1997): Article 17.
Display Abstract  

Review of Book of Mormon Stories (CD-ROM, 1995), by Michael R. todd, Ted E. Van Horn, and Mark Van Horn

ID = [272]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1997-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-review  Size: 4579  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Bushman, Richard Lyman. “Hugh Nibley and Joseph Smith.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 19, no. 1, (2010): 4–13.
Display Abstract  

Reprinted in Hugh Nibley Observed.
Just as attorneys representing the church wouldn’t bear their testimonies in a courtroom, Hugh Nibley defended Joseph Smith through facts and scholarly dialogue, not testimony bearing. Although Nibley did, at times, discuss the Prophet specifically, his defense of Joseph came primarily through academic vindication of the Book of Mormon. When others made scholarly attacks against Joseph’s character, Nibley would move the debate to a discussion of the historicity of the book on its own terms. When Nibley did directly discuss the Prophet, he portrayed him as a humble, loving servant of God.

Topics:    Hugh W. Nibley Topics > Hugh Nibley > Scholarship, Footnotes, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, CWHN, Editing > Apologetics
Hugh W. Nibley Topics > Hugh Nibley > Scholarship, Footnotes, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, CWHN, Editing > Book of Mormon
Hugh W. Nibley Topics > Hugh Nibley > Scholarship, Footnotes, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, CWHN, Editing > Joseph Smith
ID = [1666]  Status = Type = Journal Article  Date = 2010-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms,nibley  Size: 38570  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:42
Bushman, Richard Lyman. “Just the Facts Please.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 6, no. 2 (1994): Article 9.
Display Abstract  

Review of Inventing Mormonism: Tradition and the Historical Record (1994), by H. Michael Marquardt and Wesley P. Walters.

ID = [185]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1994-01-01  Collections:  farms-review  Size: 28869  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:30
Bushman, Richard Lyman. “The Lamanite View of Book of Mormon History.” In By Study and Also By Faith, Volume 2. Edited by John M. Lundquist and Stephen D. Ricks, pp. 52-72.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

This second of two volumes of essays honoring Hugh Nibley includes scholarly papers based on what the authors have learned from Nibley. Nearly every major subject that Dr. Nibley has encompassed in his vast learning and scholarly production is represented here by at least one article. Topics include the sacrament covenant in Third Nephi, the Lamanite view of Book of Mormon history, external evidences of the Book of Mormon, proper names in the Book of Mormon, the brass plates version of Genesis, the composition of Lehi’s family, ancient burials of metal documents in stone boxes, repentance as rethinking, Mormon history’s encounter with secular modernity, and Judaism in the 20th century.
There are enough clues scattered through the Nephite record to offer a few conjectures about a Lamanite history of Lehi’s descendants.

Keywords: Lamanite; Recordkeeping
Topics:    Hugh W. Nibley Topics > Hugh Nibley > Scholarship, Footnotes, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, CWHN, Editing > Book of Mormon
ID = [2353]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1990-01-02  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-books,nibley  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:48
Bushman, Richard Lyman. “The Little, Narrow Prison of Language: The Rhetoric of Revelation.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, June 7, 1997. This is a transcript of an address given 7 June 1997 at the Ancient Scriptures and the Restoration conference cosponsored by FARMS and the Smith Institute for Latter-day Saint History.
Display Abstract  

Richard Bushman compares the limitation of Joseph Smith’s language with the striking linguistic features of the revelations he received that are now included in the Doctrine and Covenants. Of particular interest to Bushman are those sections in which the Lord is speaking directly to his people— revelations that mix sublime religious teachings with ordinary details of church business.

ID = [8572]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1997-06-07  Collections:  d-c,farms-reports  Size: 213  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:57
Bushman, Richard Lyman. “Maxwell Institute Summer Seminar: ‘The Gold Plates as Cultural Artifact’” Insights 32, no. 3 (2012).
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

For six weeks this past summer, eight scholars from all over the United States and from Eu- rope met daily in the Maxwell Institute library to discuss and research the topic “The Cultural History of the Gold Plates.” They were the lat- est rendition of a seminar that has met every summer since 1997 under the direction of Richard Bushman, with the aid of Terryl Givens and Claudia Bushman, to explore as- pects of Mormon culture.

Keywords: Gold Plates; Mormon culture; tradition; seminar
ID = [66992]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2012-01-03  Collections:  farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:10
Buskirk, Allen R. “Science, Pseudoscience, and Religious Belief.” The FARMS Review 17, no. 1 (2005): 273-309.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of Carl Sagan. The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark.

Keywords: Pseudoscience; Science
ID = [508]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2005-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 87732  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Butler, John M. “Addressing Questions Surrounding the Book of Mormon and DNA Research.” The FARMS Review 18, no. 1 (2006): 101-108.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Butler discusses the premises of the DNA argument between supporters and critics of the Book of Mormon.

Keywords: DNA; Genetics; Jaredite; Lehite; Mulekite; Native Americans
ID = [528]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2006-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 16786  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Butler, John M. “A Few Thoughts From a Believing DNA Scientist.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 12, no. 1 (2003): 36-37.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

The Book of Mormon does not give sufficient information about the background of Ishmael’s wife, the wives of Ishmael’s sons, and Nephi’s sisters to test the mitochondrial DNA of the group. Other problems for critics’ assertions include the uncertainty of Lehi’s possession of an Abrahamic Y chromosome and the complete disregard for the entire Jaredite population (remnants of which may have survived their final battle). Confident scientific conclusions are difficult to attain and cannot replace a spiritual witness of the truthfulness of the Book of Mormon.

Keywords: DNA; Genetics; Ishmael; Mitochondrial DNA; Y Chromesome
ID = [3110]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2003-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 7004  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Bybee, Ariel E. “A Woman’s World in Lehi’s Jerusalem.” In Glimpses of Lehi’s Jerusalem, eds. John W. Welch, David Rolph Seely, and Jo Ann H. Seely, 131—48. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2004.
Topics:    Old Testament Topics > Customs, Culture, and Ritual
Old Testament Topics > History
Old Testament Topics > Women in the Old Testament
ID = [39689]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books,old-test  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:58:22
Calabro, David M. “‘Stretch Forth Thy Hand and Prophesy‘: Hand Gestures in the Book of Mormon.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Restoration Scripture 21 no. 1 (2012).
Display Abstract  

Often overlooked in scriptural text, hand and arm gestures are often used to convey meanings that complement the verbal lessons being taught. This article discusses the meaning and significance of four specific gestures referred to in the Book of Mormon: stretching forth one’s hand(s), stretching forth the hand to exert divine power, extending the arm(s) in mercy, and clapping the hands to express joys. Beyond the fascinating meanings of these gestures in the Book of Mormon are the correlations that can be seen in the biblical text and in other Near Eastern cultures. Also insightful, specifically in reference to Moses’s hand movements at the Red Sea, is the way in which the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and other extracanonical writings build on each other to give a fuller interpretive picture.

ID = [3275]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2012-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 58981  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Call, Gail. “Antenantiosis in the Book of Mormon.” In Reexploring the Book of Mormon: A Decade of New Research, ed. John W. Welch. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1992.
Display Keywords
Keywords: Antenantiosis; Jacob (Son of Lehi)
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Jacob
ID = [66468]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1992-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:07
Campbell, Les. “E. L. Peay, The Lands of Zarahemla.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 6, no. 2 (1994): Article 11.
Display Abstract  

Review of The Lands of Zarahemla (1993), by E. L. Peay.

ID = [187]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1994-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-review  Size: 15129  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:30
Cannon, Donald Q. “In the Press: Early Newspaper Reports on the Initial Publication of the Book of Mormon.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 16, no. 2 (2007): 4-15, 92-93.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Cannon’s examination of news articles and stories concerning the publication of the Book of Mormon helps provide a greater understanding of its initial reception. Most news coverage first appeared in Palmyra and the surrounding areas, but articles on the Book of Mormon appeared as far west as Missouri and Arkansas and from Maine to Georgia. Even with this seemingly wide range of coverage, the overall quantity of news articles on the topic reveals how few people knew about the book and the early LDS Church as a whole. Although the majority of the news articles concerning the Book of Mormon were negative, some assumed a neutral stance and a relatively small number were positive about the book and its publication.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; Early Church History; NY; Palmyra; Restoration
ID = [3211]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2007-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 41586  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Cannon, Donald Q. “Words Of Comfort: Funeral Sermons of the Prophet Joseph Smith.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1997.
Display Keywords
Keywords: Comfort; Joseph; Jr.; Smith
ID = [8344]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1997-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-reports  Size: 998  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:55
Cannon, Donald Q. “Words of Comfort: Funeral Sermons of the Prophet Joseph Smith.” In The Disciple as Witness: Essays on Latter-day Saint History and Doctrine in Honor of Richard Lloyd Anderson, edited by Ricks, Stephen D., Parry, Donald W., and Hedges, Andrew H. Provo, UT: The Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2000.
ID = [81849]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 2000-01-01  Collections:  church-history,farms-books  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:16
Carlton, JoAnn, and John W. Welch. “Possible Linguistic Roots of Certain Book of Mormon Proper Names.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1991.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

No abstract available.

Keywords: Abinadi (Prophet); Abinadom (Son of Chemish); Abish; Aha (Son of Captain Zoram); Alma the Elder; Alma the Younger; Amaleki (Son of Abinadom); Amalickiah; Amaron (Son of Omni); Aminadab (Nephite Dissenter); Aminadi (Ancestor of Amulek); Onomastics
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Omni
Book of Mormon Scriptures > Alma
ID = [1522]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1991-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-reports,welch  Size: 15872  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:41
Carr, Stephen L. “Birds Along Lehi’s Trail.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 15, no. 2 (2006): 84-93, 125-126.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

When Carr traveled to the Middle East, he observed the local birds. In this article, he suggests the possibility that the Book of Mormon prophet Lehi and his family relied on birds for food and for locating water. Carr discusses the various birds that Lehi’s family may have seen on their journey and the Mosaic law pertaining to those birds.

Keywords: Ancient Near East; Animal; Arabia; Law of Moses; Ornithology
ID = [3195]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2006-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 37746  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Carter, K. Codell, and Christopher B. Isaac. “One Response to a Singularly Worthless Genre.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 6, no. 2 (1994): 114-117.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of Refuting the Critics: Evidences of the Book of Mormon's Authenticity (1993), by Michael T. Griffiths

Keywords: Anti-Mormon; Apologetics; Criticism
ID = [183]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1994-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 10185  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:30
Chadwick, Bruce A. “Rodney Stark, The Rise of Christianity: A Sociologist Reconsiders History.” FARMS Review of Books 10, no. 2 (1998): Article 12.
Display Abstract  

Review of The Rise of Christianity: A Sociologist Reconsiders History (1996), by Rodney Stark

ID = [310]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1998-01-01  Collections:  farms-review  Size: 4771  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Chadwick, Jeffrey R. “An Archaeologist’s View.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 15, no. 2 (2006): 68-77, 122-124.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Seasoned archaeologist Jeffrey R. Chadwick responds to studies done by Warren Aston (see page 8), Richard Wellington and George Potter (see page 26), and Kent Brown (see page 44) pertaining to the trail that the Book of Mormon prophet Lehi took after fleeing Jerusalem. Chadwick uses his archaeological, historical, and scriptural knowledge to comment on the claims made by the other scholars. He specifically analyzes Lehi’s life in Jerusalem, the route Lehi took from Jerusalem to the Red Sea, the Valley of Lemuel, the route from Shazer to Nahom, the route from Nahom to Bountiful, and the building of the ship at Bountiful.

Keywords: Ancient Near East; Arabia; Archaeology; Bountiful; Lehi’s Trail; Nahom; Shazer; Valley of Lemuel
ID = [3193]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2006-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 58334  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Chadwick, Jeffrey R. “Has the Seal of Mulek Been Found?” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 12, no. 2 (2003): 72-93, 117-118.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

A small stamp seal bearing the inscription belonging to Malkiyahu, son of the king, arguably belonged to Mulek, son of Zedekiah, who accompanied one of the Israelite groups that settled in the New World. Jeremiah 38:6 mentions Malchiah the son of Hammelech, which could also be a reference to this same Mulek. Discussion centers on similar seals, the meaning of Ben Hamelek, the possible age of Malkiyahu, and Book of Mormon claims about Mulek. This seal could conceivably have been left behind in Jerusalem and found centuries later, thus representing an archaeological artifact of a Book of Mormon personality.

Keywords: Ancient Near East; Archaeology; Jerusalem; King Zedekiah; Mulek; Old Testament; Seal
ID = [3127]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2003-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 55591  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Chadwick, Jeffrey R. “Lehi in the Samaria Papyri and on an Ostracon from the Shore of the Red Sea.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 19, no. 1 (2010): 14-21.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Until the discovery of Ostracon 2071, dating from the fifth century BC, in the 1930s on the shores of the Red Sea, the name Lehi (l?y in the discovered text) had been unattested in any extant document outside of the Book of Mormon. However, Nelson Gluek, along with many other scholars, including Hugh Nibley, vocalized l?y as “La?ai,” which pronunciation would have south Semitic roots. Chadwick argues, instead, that a Hebrew context for the ostracon would be more plausible and that therefore the more likely pronunciation would be “l??y.” He also argues for a Hebrew origin of the compound name ?bl?y, found in the fourth-century BC Samaria Papyri. Both of these names, given their strong Hebrew context, seem to confirm that Lehi was a name in use in ancient Israel and its surrounding areas.

Keywords: Ancient Near East; Language; Lehi (Prophet); Name; Samaria
ID = [3245]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2010-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 32073  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Chadwick, Jeffrey R. “Lehi’s House in Jerusalem and the Land of His Inheritance.” In Glimpses of Lehi’s Jerusalem, eds. John W. Welch, David Rolph Seely, and Jo Ann H. Seely, 81—130. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2004.
Topics:    Old Testament Topics > Book of Mormon and the Old Testament
Old Testament Topics > Geography
Old Testament Topics > History
Old Testament Topics > Israel, Scattering and Gathering
Old Testament Topics > Jerusalem
ID = [39688]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books,old-test  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:58:22
Chadwick, Jeffrey R. “The Names Lehi and Sariah—Language and Meaning.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 9, no. 1 (2000): 32-34, 77.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Unlike the Old and New Testaments, where a variety of Hebrew and Greek texts exist to aid us, for the Book of Mormon we have only the King James English translation produced by Joseph Smith. The languages of the Book of Mormon were hardly the same throughout the original composition. Chadwick continues the onomastic discussion of the names Lehi and Sariah by suggesting that the Book of Mormon name Lehi matches the spelling in the King James Bible in the place-name Ramath-lehi; therefore the two must necessarily represent the same Hebrew term. He agrees with one of Hoskisson’s meanings for Lehi’s name— “jaw”— and indicates this may be a nickname rather than a proper name. Sariah is attested as a female name in a Near Eastern document. Although not found as a female name in the Bible, it is well documented as a male name in ancient Israel. In this light, the name means “Jehovah is Prince,” meaning Jehovah is the son of a king.

Keywords: Greek; Joseph; Jr.; Language; Language - Hebrew; Lehi (Prophet); Name; Onomastics; Sariah; Smith
ID = [3022]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2000-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 1898  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Chadwick, Jeffrey R. “Out of the Dust: All That Glitters Is Not . . . Steel.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 15, no. 1 (2006): 66-67.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

A previous report characterized a metal blade discovered at the site of biblical Ekron in Israel as a steel short sword dating from the late seventh century BC, shortly before Lehi left Jerusalem, thus corroborating the much-criticized account of Laban’s steel sword in the Book of Mormon. Unfortunately, these assertions are incorrect. Jeffrey R. Chadwick, who is personally acquainted with the excavators who unearthed the blade, explains here that the blade is not a short sword but probably a ceremonial knife. Additionally, the knife is likely from the eleventh century BC and cannot properly be described as steel. Though this artifact does not support the Book of Mormon account of seventh-century steel swords, much better archaeological parallels do exist. Chadwick mentions a meter-long steel sword discovered in Jericho that dates to around 600 BC. This genuinely steel sword from the proper time period makes Nephi’s description of Laban’s sword entirely plausible.

Keywords: Ancient Near East; Arabia; Metallurgy; Steel; Sword; Sword of Laban; Weaponry
ID = [3185]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2006-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 6415  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Chadwick, Jeffrey R. “Sariah in the Elephantine Papyri.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 2 no. 2 (1993).
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

The Book of Mormon name Sariah does not appear as a female name in the Bible but has now been identified in a reconstructed form in an Aramaic papyrus. A Jewish woman living at Elephantine in Upper Egypt during the fifth century BC was identified as Sariah daughter of Hoshea.

Keywords: Ancient Near East; Elephantine; Ostracon; Sariah
ID = [2850]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1993-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 11200  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:51
Chadwick, Jeffrey R. “Sariah in the Elephantine Papyri.” In Pressing Forward with the Book of Mormon: The FARMS Updates of the 1990s, edited by Welch, John W., and Melvin J. Thorne, 6-10. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999.
Display Keywords
Keywords: Ancient Near East; Elephantine; Ostracon; Sariah
ID = [75641]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1999-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books  Size: 8740  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/17/24 16:53:21
Chadwick, Jeffrey R. “Three Books on Jewish and Mormon Themes.” The FARMS Review 15, no. 1 (2003): 403-420.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of Raphael Jospe, Truman G. Madsen, and Seth Ward, eds. Covenant and Chosenness in Judaism and Mormonism. Review of Frank J. Johnson and Rabbi William J. Leffler. Jews and Mormons: Two Houses of Israel. Review of Harris Lenowitz. The Jewish Messiahs: From the Galilee to Crown Heights.

Keywords: Covenant; Judaism
ID = [435]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2003-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 39688  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Chadwick, Jeffrey R. “The Wrong Place for Lehi’s Trail and the Valley of Lemuel.” The FARMS Review 17, no. 2 (2005): 197-215.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of George Potter and Richard Wellington. Lehi in the Wilderness.

Keywords: Ancient Near East; Arabia; Archaeology; Lehi (Prophet); Valley of Lemuel
ID = [515]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2005-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 44709  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Cheesman, Paul R. “External Evidences of the Book of Mormon.” In By Study and Also By Faith, Volume 2, edited by John M. Lundquist and Stephen D. Ricks, 73-90. Vol. 2. Provo, UT/Salt Lake City: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies/Deseret Book, 1990.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

This second of two volumes of essays honoring Hugh Nibley includes scholarly papers based on what the authors have learned from Nibley. Nearly every major subject that Dr. Nibley has encompassed in his vast learning and scholarly production is represented here by at least one article. Topics include the sacrament covenant in Third Nephi, the Lamanite view of Book of Mormon history, external evidences of the Book of Mormon, proper names in the Book of Mormon, the brass plates version of Genesis, the composition of Lehi’s family, ancient burials of metal documents in stone boxes, repentance as rethinking, Mormon history’s encounter with secular modernity, and Judaism in the 20th century.
An exploration into Quetzalcoatl—the white, bearded, blue-eyed king of gods for many ancient cultures—and what that might represent in regards to the Book of Mormon and its message.

Keywords: Ancient America; Ancient America - Mesoamerica; Book of Mormon Geography; External Evidence; Metal Plates; Recordkeeping
Topics:    Hugh W. Nibley Topics > Hugh Nibley > Scholarship, Footnotes, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, CWHN, Editing > Book of Mormon
ID = [2354]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1990-01-02  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-books,nibley  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:48
Childs, Larry G. “Epanalepsis in the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1986.
ID = [8342]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1986-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-reports  Size: 998  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:55
Childs, Larry G. “Epanalepsis in the Book of Mormon.” In Reexploring the Book of Mormon: A Decade of New Research, ed. John W. Welch. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1992.
Display Keywords
Keywords: Ancient Near East; Epanalepsis; Literary Device; Repetition; Repetitive Resumption
ID = [66489]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1992-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:07
Childs, Larry G. “Present Participle Adjuncts in the Book of Mormon.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 6, no. 1 (1997): 24-38.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Participle adjuncts in the Book of Mormon are compared with those in the other writings of Joseph Smith and with English in general. Participle adjuncts include present participle phrases, e.g., “having gained the victory over death” (Mosiah 15:8); present participle clauses, e.g., “he having four sons” (Ether 6:20), and a double-subject adjunct construction, known as the coreferential subject construction, where both subjects refer to the same thing, as in “Alma, being the chief judge . . . of the people of Nephi, therefore he went up with the people” (Alma 2:16). The Book of Mormon is unique in the occurrences of extremely long compound adjunct phrases and coreferential subject constructions, indicating that Joseph Smith used a very literal translation style for the Book of Mormon.

Keywords: Grammar; Joseph; Jr.; Language; Participle Adjunct; Smith; Translation
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Mosiah
Book of Mormon Scriptures > Alma
Book of Mormon Scriptures > Ether
ID = [2944]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1997-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 31046  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Crowell, Angela M., Allen J. Christensen, and John L. Sorenson. “Parallelism, Merismus, and Difrasismo.” In Reexploring the Book of Mormon: A Decade of New Research, ed. John W. Welch. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1992.
Display Keywords
Keywords: Ancient America - Mesoamerica; Annals of the Cakchiquels; Language - Hebrew; Parallelism; Poetry; Popol Vuh; Structure
ID = [66464]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1992-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books,sorenson  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:07
Paulsen, David L., Roger D. Cook, and Kendel J. Christensen. “The Harrowing of Hell: Salvation for the Dead in Early Christianity.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 19, no. 1 (2010): 56-77.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

One of the largest theological issues throughout Christian history is the fate of the unevangelized dead: Will they be eternally damned? Will they be lesser citizens in the kingdom of God? Will they have a chance to accept Christ postmortally? These issues are related to the soteriological problem of evil. The belief of the earliest Christians, even through the time of the church fathers Origen and Clement of Alexandria, was that postmortal evangelization was possible. One of the origins of this belief is seen in apocalyptic Judaism, in which righteous gentiles are not left to suffer eternally but, however, are given a lesser status than righteous Jews. Early Christian doctrine goes even further through the belief of Christ’s preaching in Hades—all people have a chance, through accepting Christ, to be save in the same state. Later, however, many Christian theologians such as Aquinas, Luther, and Calvin rejected this doctrine and contended that righteousness and unrighteousness are fixed at death.

Keywords: Conversion; Doctrine; Early Christianity; Hell; Missionary Work; Postmortal Life; Salvation; Salvation for the Dead
ID = [3248]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2010-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-jbms  Size: 103285  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Paulsen, David L., Kendel J. Christensen, and Martin Pulido. “Redeeming the Dead: Tender Mercies, Turning of Hearts, and Restoration of Authority.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 20, no. 1 (2011): 28-51.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Beginning with Paul’s reference to baptism for the dead and the early Christian practice thereof, many theologians—from Augustine and Cyril of Alexandria to Thomas Aquinas, Joseph Smith, and some of his contemporaries—have discussed the fate of the unevangelized dead. These authors have provided many ideas to solve this soteriological problem of evil; however, until the restoration, none could balance the three truths that God is all loving, one must accept Jesus Christ to be saved, and many have died without knowing about Christ. This article chronicles the thoughts of these and other theologians as well as the development, through revelation, of Joseph Smith’s own thinking on postmortem evangelization and baptism for the dead.

Keywords: Authority; Baptism for the Dead; Early Christianity; Joseph; Jr.; Missionary Work; Redemption; Restoration; Revelation; Smith; Soteriology; Tender Mercies; Theology
ID = [3260]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2011-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-jbms  Size: 101048  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Paulsen, David L., Kendel J. Christensen, Martin Pulido, and Judson Burton. “Redemption of the Dead: Continuing Revelation after Joseph Smith.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Restoration Scripture 20 no. 2 (2011).
Display Abstract  

After Joseph Smith’s death, the Saints still had many questions regarding the soteriological problem of evil and the doctrines about redeeming the dead. This paper details what leaders of the church after Joseph Smith have said in response to these previously unanswered questions. They focus on the nature of Christ’s visit to the spirit world, those who were commissioned to preach the gospel to the departed spirits, the consequences of neglecting the gospel in mortality, and the extent and role of temple ordinances for those not eligible for celestial glory. This paper focuses on both the early and the late teachings of President Joseph F. Smith. It explains the doctrinal and historical contexts for his vision in 1918 and the further insights provided by this vision.

ID = [3268]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2011-01-01  Collections:  farms-jbms  Size: 72317  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Christensen, Kevin. “Dan Vogel, Origins and the Book of Mormon.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 2 (1990): Article 28.
Display Abstract  

Review of Origins and the Book of Mormon (1986), by Dan Vogel.

ID = [84]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1990-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-review  Size: 89283  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:29
Christensen, Kevin. “The Deuteronomist De-Christianizing of the Old Testament.” The FARMS Review 16, no. 2 (2004): 59-90.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of Melodie Moench Charles. “The Mormon Christianizing of the Old Testament.” In The Word of God: Essays on Mormon Scripture

Keywords: Criticism; Deuteronomist Reforms; Jerusalem (Old World); Lehi (Prophet); Temple Theology; Theology
ID = [480]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review,old-test  Size: 69779  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Christensen, Kevin. “Hindsight on a Book of Mormon Historicity Critique.” FARMS Review 22, no. 2 (2010): 155-194.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of William D. Russell. “A Further Inquiriy into the Historicity of the Book of Mormon.” Sunstone, September-October 1982, 20-27.

Keywords: Authorship; Historicity
ID = [660]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2010-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 91879  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:33
Christensen, Kevin. “Jacob’s Connections to First Temple Traditions.” Insights 23, no. 4 (2003).
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

In a previous report I showed how the Book of Mormon’s portrayal of Nephi, son of Lehi, compares favorably to a preexilic Hebrew wisdom tradition reconstructed by biblical scholar Margaret Barker.1 This report highlights further connections between the Book of Mormon and traditions from ancient Israel that Barker asserts “have been lost but for the accidents of archaeological discovery and the evidence of pre-Christian texts preserved and transmitted only by Christian hands.”

Keywords: Book of Mormon; traditions; Jacob; temple
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Jacob
ID = [66715]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2003-01-04  Collections:  bom,farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:08
Christensen, Kevin. “Nephi, Wisdom, and the Deuteronomist Reform.” Insights 23, no. 2 (2003).
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Biblical scholar Margaret Barker has argued that Judaism was reformed initially in response to the discovery of the “book of the law” (2 Kings 22: 8; 2 Chronicles 34:14) in King Josiah’s time (reigned 640–609 B.C.) and later in response to the destruction of the Israelite monarchy and the experience of the exile. Those reforms were carried out by a priestly group known to scholars as the Deuteronomists, credited with editing the books of Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Samuel, and Kings (to celebrate Josiah and to address aspects of later Jewish history) and leaving a distinct imprint on the Hebrew Bible.

Keywords: Hebrew Bible; history; Book of Mormon; tradition
ID = [66703]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2003-01-02  Collections:  bom,farms-insights  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:08
Christensen, Kevin, and Shauna Christensen. “Nephite Feminism Revisited: Thoughts on Carol Lynn Pearson’s View of Women in the Book of Mormon.” FARMS Review of Books 10, no. 2 (1998): 9-61.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of “Could Feminism Have Saved the Nephites?” (1996), by Carol Lynn Pearson

Keywords: Abish; Daughter of Jared (Son of Omer); Daughters of the Lamanites; Doctrine; Eve; Fall of Adam; Feminism; Inclusiveness; Isabel; King Lamoni’s Wife; Mormon (Prophet); Mothers of the Stripling Warriors; Narrative; Sariah; Symbolism; Wisdom; Womenhood
ID = [302]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1998-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 113012  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Christensen, Kevin. “‘Nigh unto Death’: NDE Research and the Book of Mormon.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 2 no. 1 (1993).
Display Abstract  

This article suggests that contemporary near-death research casts light on several episodes in the Book of Mormon. Alma’s conversion while “nigh unto death” fits a common pattern of experience. Modern researchers have noticed distinctive aftereffects among those who have experienced a near-death experience (NDE). In the Book of Mormon, both Alma and the resurrected Christ demonstrate these aftereffects. Lehi’s dream invites comparison with the otherworld journey literature of many nations. Nephi’s interpretation of Lehi’s dream casts light on the tension between the literal and the symbolic elements of visionary experience. Finally, just as accurate out-of-body observations made by NDErs argued for the reality of their experiences, so the testable aspects of the Book of Mormon give Joseph Smith a significance apart from others who may have experienced similar visions.

Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Alma
ID = [2826]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1993-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 42130  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:51
Christensen, Kevin. “Paradigms Crossed.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 7, no. 2 (1995): 144-218.
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Review of New Approaches to the Book of Mormon: Explorations in Critical Methodology (1993), edited by Brent Lee Metcalfe.

Keywords: Criticism; Historicity; Paradigm
ID = [218]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1995-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 100871  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:30
Christensen, Kevin. Paradigms Regained: A Survey of Margaret Barker’s Scholarship and Its Significance for Mormon Studies. Vol. 2 of Occasional Papers, edited by William J. Hamblin. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2001.
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Some years ago I bought Margaret Barker’s The Great Angel on the last day of an annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature. (On the last day of each conference, hundreds of booksellers—Cambridge and Brill being notable exceptions—sell their display copies at a fifty-percent discount, creating the Bookanalia, a book-buying frenzy among otherwise staid and boring academics that is a wonder to behold.) As I began reading through the book on the flight home, I would come across passages that made me stop and ask, “Could Barker be a Mormon?” Reading further I would conclude she probably wasn’t. But a few pages later I would again be forced to wonder, “Well, maybe she really is a Mormon.” Every Latter-day Saint I’ve talked to about Barker’s research has had a similar reaction. The truth is, however, Barker is a Methodist preacher and a past president of the Society for Old Testament Study, who has had no extensive contact with Latter-day Saints. I have long believed that Barker’s books deserved to be more widely known and read by Latter-day Saints. Kevin Christensen’s “Paradigms Regained,” the second in the ongoing series of FARMS Occasional Papers, is an excellent introduction to Barker’s works and their possible implications for Latter-day Saints.

Keywords: Deuteronomist Reforms; Isaiah (Book); Isaiah (Prophet); Josiah’s Reforms; King Josiah; Messiah
Topics:    Old Testament Scriptures > Isaiah
ID = [8422]  Status = Type = book  Date = 2001-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-books,old-test  Size: 300019  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:56
Christensen, Kevin. “A Response to David Wright on Historical Criticism.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 3, no. 1 (1994): 74-93.
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In an article criticizing the historicity of the Book of Mormon, David Wright described critical scholarship and traditionalist modes as contrasting paradigms used to approach the scriptures. This article explores the nature of paradigm debate in general, in that context points out weaknesses in Wright’s critical approach, and discerns crucial flaws in his definition of believing paradigms.

Keywords: Paradigm; Scripture; Scripture Study
ID = [2859]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1994-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 42279  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Christensen, Kevin. “A Response to Paul Owen’s Comments on Margaret Barker.” FARMS Review of Books 14, no. 1-2 (2002): 193-221.
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Review of “Monotheism, Mormonism, and the New Testament Witness” (2002), by Paul Owen

Keywords: Criticism; Deuteronomist Reforms
ID = [417]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2002-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 47875  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Christensen, Kevin. “The Temple, the Monarchy, and Wisdom: Lehi’s World and the Scholarship of Margaret Barker.” In Glimpses of Lehi’s Jerusalem, eds. John W. Welch, David Rolph Seely, and Jo Ann H. Seely, 449—22. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2004.
Topics:    Old Testament Topics > Book of Mormon and the Old Testament
Old Testament Topics > Temple and Tabernacle
ID = [39700]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books,old-test  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:58:22
Christensen, Kevin. “Truth and Method: Reflections on Dan Vogel’s Approach to the Book of Mormon.” The FARMS Review 16, no. 1 (2004): 287-354.
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Kevin Christensen responds to Dan Vogel’s views against the authenticity of the Book of Mormon. Vogel claims that the Book of Mormon cannot be a translated text because there were numerous influences surrounding Joseph Smith that could have motivated him to write the book on his own. Christensen and Vogel have responded to each other’s claims previously; this article is a continuation of that debate.

Keywords: Ancient America; Book of Mormon; Criticism; Historicity; Mesoamerica; Native Americans
ID = [471]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 144976  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Christensen, Kevin, and Shauna Christensen. “Nephite Feminism Revisited: Thoughts on Carol Lynn Pearson’s View of Women in the Book of Mormon.” FARMS Review of Books 10, no. 2 (1998): 9-61.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of “Could Feminism Have Saved the Nephites?” (1996), by Carol Lynn Pearson

Keywords: Abish; Daughter of Jared (Son of Omer); Daughters of the Lamanites; Doctrine; Eve; Fall of Adam; Feminism; Inclusiveness; Isabel; King Lamoni’s Wife; Mormon (Prophet); Mothers of the Stripling Warriors; Narrative; Sariah; Symbolism; Wisdom; Womenhood
ID = [302]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1998-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 113012  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Christenson, Allen J. “By Land or by Sea? Revisiting the Bering Straits.” In Pressing Forward with the Book of Mormon: The FARMS Updates of the 1990s, edited by Welch, John W., and Melvin J. Thorne, 256-258. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999.
Display Keywords
Keywords: Ancient America; Bering Strait; Book of Mormon Geography; Migration
ID = [75697]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1999-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books  Size: 4341  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/17/24 16:53:22
Christenson, Allen J. “Chiasmus in Mesoamerican Texts.” In Reexploring the Book of Mormon: A Decade of New Research, ed. John W. Welch. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1992.
Display Keywords
Keywords: Ancient America; Chiasm; Chiasmus; Inverted Parallelism; Mesoamerica; Parallelism
ID = [66510]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1992-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:07
Christenson, Allen J. “Linguistic Puzzles Still Unresolved.” The FARMS Review 16, no. 2 (2004): 107-111.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of Robert A. Pate. Mapping the Book of Mormon: A Comprehensive Geography of Nephite America.

Keywords: Ancient America; Book of Mormon Geography; Linguistics; Mesoamerica
ID = [482]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 10189  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Christenson, Allen J. “Maya Harvest Festivals and the Book of Mormon: Annual FARMS Lecture.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 3, no. 1 (1991): 1-31.
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Christenson, in the annual FARMS lecture delivered on 27 February 1991, examined the Maya New Year’s harvest festival, perhaps the most important public festival of the year. The festival coincided with the main corn harvest in mid-November and served as the New Year’s Day of the solar calendar, when kingship was renewed. Christenson gave particular attention to the symbolic treatments of the evil god Mam; the ritual descent of the king, as representative of the god of life and resurrection, into the underworld; the king’s ritual conflict with and defeat of the lords of the underworld (and of death); and the king’s triumphant return or resurrection. The Maya used the image of the tree of life in connection with the atonement and resurrection.

Keywords: Atonement; Calendar System; Festival; Maya; Mesoamerica; Resurrection; Tree of Life
ID = [111]  Status = Type = talk  Date = 1991-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 62106  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:29
Christenson, Allen J. “The Sacred Tree of the Ancient Maya.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 6, no. 1 (1997): 1-23.
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Sacred trees, representing the power of life to grow from the underworld realm of the dead, are a common motif in the art and literature of the ancient Maya of Mesoamerica. Such trees are similar in concept to the tree of life described in the Book of Mormon, as well as to the mythic traditions of many other contemporary world cultures. Hieroglyphic inscriptions and sixteenth-century highland Maya texts describe a great world tree that was erected at the dawn of the present age to stand as the axis point of the cosmos. In its fruit-laden form, it personified the god of creation who fathered the progenitors of the Maya royal dynasty.

Keywords: Ancient America; Maya; Mesoamerica; Sacred; Sacred Tree
ID = [2943]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1997-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 35896  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Christenson, Allen J. “The Use of Chiasmus in Ancient Mesoamerica.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1988.
ID = [8336]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1988-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-reports  Size: 998  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:55
Clark, David L. Lehi and El Niño: A Method of Navigation. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1991.
Display Abstract  

Natural means might have been used to transport Lehi’s group to the promised land. Under ordinary circumstances it would be dificult to traverse eastward from Indonesia to America as the ocean currents flow westerly. But a natural occurrence that happens every two to ten years changes the flow of currents to an easterly direction—it is called El Niño. Had Lehi traveled from the Arabian Peninsula in August at the height of the monsoonal cycle and reached the Paciic in time to catch the El Niño he would have landed on the west coast of Central America.

ID = [81091]  Status = Type = book  Date = 1991-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:11
Clark, E. Douglas. “A Powerful New Resource for Studying the Book of Abraham.” The FARMS Review 15, no. 1 (2003): 91-95.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of John A. Tvedtnes, Brian M. Hauglid, and John Gee, comps. and eds. Traditions about the Early Life of Abraham.

Keywords: Abraham (Prophet); Book of Abraham
Topics:    Old Testament Scriptures > Genesis
Old Testament Topics > Abraham and Sarah [see also Covenant]
ID = [434]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2003-01-01  Collections:  abraham,bmc-archive,farms-review,old-test  Size: 10107  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Clark, Eugene E. “A Preliminary Study of the Geology and Mineral Resources of Dhofar, The Sultanate of Oman.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1995.
Display Abstract  

The efforts begun by Warren and Michaela Aston to identify important sites along the Lehi trail eventually evolved into a FARMS project and exploration to Southern Oman’s Dhofar region in 1992. The remote area of Wadi Sayq on the western extremity of that region has been identified as a location that appears to meet all of the criteria one can infer from the text of the Book of Mormon for the coastal site named Bountiful by Lehi and his family, where they lived while building a ship for their ocean crossing. The text also states that while they lived at Bountiful, the Lord showed Nephi where to go to locate ore with which to make tools for their boatbuilding project. While it is known that greater Oman was a famous source of abundant and high-quality copper during Lehi’s time, commercial mining near Wadi Sayq is not documented. The ancient copper mines of Oman are hundreds of miles farther north and unlikely candidates for Nephi’s ore. Graciously responding to a FARMS request, Eugene Clark, former geologist for ESSO in Oman, has prepared a preliminary report of geological possibilities of mineral deposits in the Dhofar region, where Wadi Sayq is located. The report identifies a number of geological possibilities for copper or iron ore accessible to Wadi Sayq, based on published geological studies and surveys. An on-site survey is projected for later this year to explore the possibilities documented in this report. Most promising among the published studies are reports of specular hematite found in small, random deposits on the Mirbat plain east of Salalah. Specular hematite is the most readily available form of high-quality iron and would have been most attractive as a low-tech smelting source for Nephi’s tools. The report also notes that Dhofar irons would usually occur in mixtures with manganese and carbon, yielding higher-quality steel that would be superior for tools. This preliminary report documents the plausibility of the Nephite account of ore being smelted for shipbuilding tools. It also defines a range of possible ore sources in the Dhofar area that can be verified through on-site exploration.

ID = [8345]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1995-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-reports  Size: 998  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:55
Clark, John E. “Archaeology and Cumorah Questions.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 13, no. 1-2 (2004): 144-151, 174.
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The archaeology of New York—and specifically the Hill Cumorah—is persuasive evidence that Book of Mormon peoples did not live in that region. By implication, the Cumorah of the golden plates is not the Cumorah of the final battles—Mormon’s hill and Moroni’s hill are not one and the same. These conclusions follow from a few basic points and assumptions that the author explores in this article.

Keywords: Ancient America; Archaeology; Cumorah; Hill Cumorah
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Moroni
ID = [3148]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 33281  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Clark, John E. “Archaeology, Relics, and Book of Mormon Belief.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 14, no. 2 (2005): 38-49, 71-74.
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Archaeology has much to offer as a scientific means of gathering independent evidence of the Book of Mormon’s authenticity. But one must look in the right place. A cautionary tale is the failed Cluff expedition of 1900, which, assuming a “hemispheric model” of Book of Mormon geography, traveled from Provo as far as Colombia looking for the city Zarahemla. Yet in 1842 the Times and Seasons (under Joseph Smith’s editorship) had printed excerpts from a popular book on Mesoamerican archaeology that demonstrated a surprisingly high level of civilization, implying that Nephite lands did not extend into South America, thus supporting the theory of a ”limited” geographic model. Both sides believe that archaeology is on their side. Book of Mormon critics also claim that archaeology is on their side, but decades of archaeological investigation in Mesoamerica and in the Old World has shown a pattern of increasing convergence that favors Book of Mormon authenticity. Evidences discussed include, among others, metal records in stone boxes, ancient writing, warfare, the tree of life and other metaphors, Old and New World geography, and cycles of civilization. In a sidebar article, the findings of an amateur archaeologist challenge a popular assumption that the hill was the scene of the final battles depicted in the Book of Mormon.

Keywords: Ancient America; Archaeology; Authenticity; Book of Mormon Geography; Book of Mormon Geography – Heartland; Early Church History; Evidence; Historicity; Joseph; Jr.; Mesoamerica; Smith; Times and Seasons; Zarahemla (Polity)
ID = [3170]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2005-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 63727  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Clark, John E. “Evaluating the Case for a Limited Great Lakes Setting.” FARMS Review of Books 14, no. 1-2 (2002): 9-77.
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Review of Return to Cumorah: Piecing Together the Puzzle Where the Nephites Lived (1998), by Duane R. Aston; The Land of Lehi: Further Evidence for the Book of Mormon (1999), by Paul Hedengren: and The Lost Lands of the Book of Mormon (2000), by Phyllis Carol Olive

Keywords: Ancient America; Book of Mormon Geography; Book of Mormon Geography – Great Lakes
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Ether
ID = [401]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2002-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 54238  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Clark, John E. “The Final Battle for Cumorah.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 6, no. 2 (1994): 79-113.
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Review of Christ in North America (1993), by Delbert W. Curtis. Clark examines the scholarship and logic involved in assuming a one-Cumorah theory for Book of Mormon geography.

Keywords: Ancient America; Book of Mormon Geography; Book of Mormon Geography – Heartland; Hill Cumorah; North America
ID = [182]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1994-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 77597  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:30
Clark, John E. “A Key for Evaluating Nephite Geographies.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 1, no. 1 (1989): 20-70.
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Review of Deciphering the Geography of the Book of Mormon (1988), by F. Richard Hauck. The first question in dealing with Book of Mormon geography should be whether the geography fits the facts of the Book of Mormon. Clark reconstructs an elemental geography and examines internal clues for distances between locations and the surrounding terrain. To evaluate geographies, Clark summarizes ten simple points having to do with the narrow neck of land, the coastlines, the wildernesses, the valleys, the rivers, a lake, and the relative locations of Zarahemla, Bountiful, Nephi, and Cumorah. Using these criteria, he evaluates the Sorenson and Hauck proposed geographies.

Keywords: Ancient America; Book of Mormon Geography; Methodology; Nephite
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Ether
ID = [46]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1989-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 92938  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:29
Clark, John E. “A New Artistic Rendering of Izapa Stela 5: A Step toward Improved Interpretation.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 8, no. 1 (1999): 22-33, 77.
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Aided by creative techniques, Ajáx Moreno carefully prepared more accurate, detailed renderings of the Izapa monuments, including Stela 5, with its complex scenes of gods and other supernatural creatures, royalty, animals invested with mythic and value symbolism, and mortals. The author raises relevant questions about reconciling Jakeman’s view with the new drawing: Are there Old World connections? Can Izapa be viewed as a Book of Mormon city? Did the Nephites know of Lehi’s dream? Are there name glyphs on the stela? The scene, if it does not depict Lehi’s dream, fits clearly in Mesoamerican art in theme, style, technical execution, and meaning. The basic theme of Stela 5 may be the king as intercessor with the gods on behalf of his people.

Keywords: Dream; Izapa; Izapa Stela 5; Lehi (Prophet); Mesoamerica; Nephite; Stela 5; Tree of Life; Vision
ID = [2993]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1999-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 43347  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/26/24 15:15:08
Clark, John E. “Revisiting ‘A Key for Evaluating Book of Mormon Geographies’” Mormon Studies Review 23, no. 1 (2011): Article 4.
Display Abstract  

The author updates his 1989 key for judging the merits of theories that attempt to locate Book of Mormon events in the real world. His “internal” geography of the book is based exclusively on what the book itself says about locations, distances, and directions. Six components (“transects”) of this geography are treated in detail, and ten crucial tests of geographical relatedness are proposed.

ID = [664]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2011-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-review  Size: 86882  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:34
Clark, John E. “Searching for Book of Mormon Lands in Middle America.” The FARMS Review 16, no. 2 (2004): 1-54.
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Review of Joseph L. Allen. Sacred Sites: Searching for Book of Mormon Lands and Review of James Warr. A New Model for Book of Mormon Geography.

Keywords: Ancient America; Book of Mormon Geography; Central America; Mesoamerica
ID = [478]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2004-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 109842  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Clark, John E. “Two Points of Book of Mormon Geography: A Review.” FARMS Review of Books 8, no. 2 (1996): 1-24.
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Review of The Land of Lehi (1995), by Paul Hedengren

Keywords: Ancient America; Book of Mormon Geography; Book of Mormon Geography – Great Lakes
ID = [240]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1996-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 54770  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:30
Clark, John L. “Painting Out the Messiah: The Theologies of Dissidents.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 11 no. 1 (2002).
Display Abstract  

Despite the establishment of Christ’s church in the New World by the Book of Mormon prophet Nephi, many dissenters during its thousand-year history attempted to thwart the church and preach alternative theologies. This article first discusses the doctrine that Nephi taught to his people concerning Jesus Christ. Historical context then provides further understanding of the society in which Nephi and his descendants lived. Having come from Jerusalem in the Old World, the Nephites were still accustomed to the law of Moses, which certainly would have influenced their view of a Messiah. This, along with the political circumstances of the Nephite people, facilitated the dissension of many. The experiences of the Anti-Christ Sherem, the priests of Noah, and the Zarahemla dissidents demonstrate these points. Lastly, those who altered Nephi’s teachings appeared to do so for five specific reasons, which are discussed in this article, thus showing how the dissenters erased the doctrine of a Redeemer from their theologies.

ID = [3080]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2002-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 67745  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:53
Clark, Robert E. “Notes on Korihor and Language.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 2 no. 1 (1993).
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Korihor makes use of language to cast doubt in the minds of his listeners and to tear down the power of God. Language is used for both good and ill.

Keywords: Antichrist; Korihor
ID = [2836]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1993-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 6889  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:51
Clark, Robert E. “Notes on Korihor and Language.” In Pressing Forward with the Book of Mormon: The FARMS Updates of the 1990s, edited by Welch, John W., and Melvin J. Thorne, 150-153. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999.
Display Keywords
Keywords: Antichrist; Korihor
ID = [75675]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1999-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books  Size: 5846  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/17/24 16:53:21
Clark, Robert E. “The Type at the Border: An Inquiry into Book of Mormon Typology.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 2, no. 2 (1993): 63-77.
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A certain combination of temperament and upbringing can lead to a sense of alienation from the scriptures’ meaning. This paper considers the role that types might play in overcoming that alienation as they mediate between scriptural understanding and human experience, permitting deeper insight into both. The difficulties and possibilities inherent in such an approach shed light on a typological analysis of the figures of Abinadi and the brother of Jared.

Keywords: Abinadi (Prophet); Brother of Jared; Mahonri Moriancumer; Type; Typology
ID = [2842]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1993-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 37382  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:51
Clayson, Jocelyn Jones. “Tools and Instruments.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 27 (2018).
Display Abstract  

In Alma 26:2, the Nephite Christian missionary Ammon asks his brothers, “What great blessings has [God] bestowed upon us? Can ye tell?” Having been quite successful in his endeavors, Ammon answers his own question by stating that he and his brothers “have been made instruments in the hands of God” (Alma 26:3). The phrasing seems self-explanatory: Ammon and his brothers are tools God uses to “bring about this great work’’ (Alma 26:3).1 Yet just a verse later, Ammon appears to confuse the metaphor when he commends his brothers: “The field is ripe and blessed are ye, for ye did thrust in the sickle, and did reap with your might” (Alma 26:5). Here, it is not the missionaries who are instruments, but rather they are the ones who use instruments. Are Ammon and his brethren tools in the hands of God? Or do they use tools (sickles) to reap a harvest of souls? And what does it mean to be an “instrument”? Using this passage as a springboard, I will look more generally at the use of language concerning tools, instruments, and weapons in the writings attributed to Mormon in the Book of Mormon. Key, in my view, is a comparison, carefully woven, between the sons of Mosiah and the Anti-Nephi-Lehies.

Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Mosiah
Book of Mormon Scriptures > Alma
ID = [81916]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2018-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:17
Cloward, Robert A. “Isaiah 29 and the Book of Mormon.” In Isaiah in the Book of Mormon, ed. Donald W. Parry and John W. Welch, 191—247. Salt Lake City/Provo, UT: Deseret Book and Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1998.
Topics:    Old Testament Scriptures > Isaiah
Old Testament Topics > Book of Mormon and the Old Testament
ID = [67049]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 1998-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books,old-test  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:10
Cloward, Robert A. “The Old Testament Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha and the Dead Sea Scrolls.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1988.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Serious study of extra-canonical Jewish writings from the four centuries between 200 B.c. and A.D. 200 is sometimes hampered by difficulty in locating texts, since editions and translations of these works are scattered through a wide range of books and journals. It is the purpose of this selected bibliography to guide the student to these texts.

Keywords: Apocrypha; Pseudepigrapha; Dead Sea Scrolls
ID = [8580]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1988-01-01  Collections:  farms-reports,old-test  Size: 209  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/24/24 7:53:57
Compton, Todd M. “Hugh Nibley, Lehi in the Desert, The World of the Jaredites, There Were Jaredites; An Approach to the Book of Mormon; and Since Cumorah.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 1 (1989): 114-118.
Display Abstract  

Since 1989, the Review of Books on the Book of Mormon has published review essays to help serious readers make informed choices and judgments about books and other publications on topics related to the Latter-day Saint religious tradition. It has also published substantial freestanding essays that made further contributions to the field of Mormon studies. In 1996, the journal changed its name to the FARMS Review with Volume 8, No 1. In 2011, the journal was renamed Mormon Studies Review.
A review of Lehi in the Desert, The World of the Jaredites, There Were Jaredites; An Approach to the Book of Mormon; and Since Cumorah, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley vols. 5, 6, and 7, respectively.

Topics:    Hugh W. Nibley Topics > Hugh Nibley > Scholarship, Footnotes, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, CWHN, Editing > Book of Mormon
ID = [52]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1989-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review,nibley  Size: 12197  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:29
Compton, Todd M. “John W. Welch, The Sermon at the Temple and the Sermon on the Mount.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 3 (1991): Article 23.
Display Abstract  

Review of The Sermon at the Temple and the Sermon on the Mount (1990), by John W. Welch.

ID = [110]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1991-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-review  Size: 11174  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:29
Compton, Todd M. “The Spirituality of the Outcast in the Book of Mormon.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 2, no. 1 (1993): 139-160.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

In the Book of Mormon, despised outcasts, such as the Lamanites or the poor, often have a special aptitude for spirituality, and the richer, civilized, and more overtly religious Nephites are often declining in righteousness. This phenomenon, with some characteristic specific themes, such as being excluded from a religious edifice, is found in ancient and contemporary cultures and religions. This theme points up the complexity of the Book of Mormon, which is not simple cowboys-and-Indians melodrama.

Keywords: Outcast; Poor; Spirituality
ID = [2834]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1993-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 52168  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:51
Conkling, J. Christopher. “Alma’s Enemies: The Case of the Lamanites, Amlicites, and Mysterious Amalekites.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 14, no. 1 (2005): 108-117, 130-132.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

In Alma 21 a new group of troublemakers is introduced—the Amalekites—without explanation or introduction. This article offers arguments that this is the same group called Amlicites elsewhere and that the confusion is caused by Oliver Cowdery’s inconsistency in spelling. If this theory is accurate, then Alma structured his narrative record more tightly and carefully than previously realized. The concept also challenges the simplicity of the good Nephite/bad Lamanite rubric so often used to describe the players in the book of Mormon.

Keywords: Amalekite (Nephite Apostate Group); Amlicite; Apostasy; Cowdery; Critical Text; Oliver; Spelling; Translation
Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Alma
ID = [3163]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2005-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-jbms  Size: 52368  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Paulsen, David L., Roger D. Cook, and Kendel J. Christensen. “The Harrowing of Hell: Salvation for the Dead in Early Christianity.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 19, no. 1 (2010): 56-77.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

One of the largest theological issues throughout Christian history is the fate of the unevangelized dead: Will they be eternally damned? Will they be lesser citizens in the kingdom of God? Will they have a chance to accept Christ postmortally? These issues are related to the soteriological problem of evil. The belief of the earliest Christians, even through the time of the church fathers Origen and Clement of Alexandria, was that postmortal evangelization was possible. One of the origins of this belief is seen in apocalyptic Judaism, in which righteous gentiles are not left to suffer eternally but, however, are given a lesser status than righteous Jews. Early Christian doctrine goes even further through the belief of Christ’s preaching in Hades—all people have a chance, through accepting Christ, to be save in the same state. Later, however, many Christian theologians such as Aquinas, Luther, and Calvin rejected this doctrine and contended that righteousness and unrighteousness are fixed at death.

Keywords: Conversion; Doctrine; Early Christianity; Hell; Missionary Work; Postmortal Life; Salvation; Salvation for the Dead
ID = [3248]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2010-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-jbms  Size: 103285  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Cook, Roger D. “How Deep the Platonism? A Review of Owen and Mosser’s Appendix: Hellenism, Greek Philosophy, and the Creedal ‘Straightjacket’ of Christian Orthodoxy.” FARMS Review of Books 11, no. 2 (1999): Article 8.
Display Abstract  

Cook addresses the following issues raised by Owen and Mosser: Did Greek philosophy cause an apostasy in the early Christian church? How deeply Hellenized were the early Jewish converts of Christianity? Philosphy and the Hellenization of Christianity, and Early Judaic and Christian beliefs concerning God and theosis.

ID = [327]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1999-01-01  Collections:  farms-review  Size: 79201  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:31
Cooper, Glen M. “Appendix, On Aping Aristotle: Modern-day Simplicios.” The FARMS Review 15, no. 2 (2003): lxiii-lxvii.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Cooper addresses the claim that Thomas Murphy’s DNA research is a “Galileo event.” He provides information on Galileo’s life to show that Galileo was not against religion and that the Catholic Church was not against science. Cooper then parallels that information with the Murphy situation. Like Galileo, Murphy has not taken a stance against religion, only against a particular religious text

Keywords: DNA; Genetics
ID = [439]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2003-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 12616  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Cooper, Glen M. “Book of Mormon Bibliography (1988).” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 1, no. 1 (1989): 135-144.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Bibliography of Publications on the Book of Mormon in 1988.

Keywords: Bibliography; Reference; Scripture Study
ID = [1303]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1989-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 14601  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:39
Cooper, Glen M. “Historical Paradigms in Conflict: The Nauvoo Period Revisited.” FARMS Review of Books 14, no. 1-2 (2002): 295-313.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of Cultures in Conflict: A Documentary History of the Mormon War in Illinois (1995), edited by John E. Hallwas and Roger D. Launius

Keywords: Criticism; Early Church History; Nauvoo
ID = [408]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2002-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 19870  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:32
Corless, Timothy, Richard Dilworth Rust, and S. Mahlon Edwards. “Letters.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Restoration Scripture 20 no. 1 (2011).
Display Abstract  

Letters praising the Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture and responses to articles published therein.

ID = [3258]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2011-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 8136  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Coutts, Alison V. P. “Disarray Revisited.” The FARMS Review 19, no. 1 (2007): 333-342.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of Noel B. Reynolds, ed. Early Christians in Disarray: Contemporary LDS Perspectives on the Christian Apostasy. and Review of Scott R. Petersen. Where Have All the Prophets Gone?

Keywords: Early Christianity; Great Apostasy
ID = [569]  Status = Type = review  Date = 2007-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-review  Size: 21307  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:33
Coutts, Alison V. P. “Earnestly Seeking.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 7, no. 2 (1995): 233-255.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of Recent Book of Mormon Developments: Articles from the Zarahemla Record, vol. 2 (1992), edited by Raymond C. Treat.

Keywords: Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints; Scholarship
ID = [220]  Status = Type = review  Date = 1995-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,bom,farms-review  Size: 6619  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:30
Coutts, Alison V. P. “From a Convert’s Viewpoint.” In Echoes and Evidences of the Book of Mormon, edited by Parry, Donald W., Daniel C. Peterson, and John W. Welch, 421-452. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2002.
Display Keywords
Keywords: Baptism; Eve; Fall of Adam; Judgment; Mesoamerica; Opposition; Plan of Redemption; Plan of Salvation; Premortal Existence; Three Nephites; Warfare
ID = [75600]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 2002-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books  Size: 50202  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/17/24 16:53:21
Bradford, Miles Gerald, and Alison V. P. Coutts, eds. Uncovering the Original Text of the Book of Mormon: History and Findings of the Critical Text Project. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2002.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

This colorful, informative book features reports on the multi-pronged effort to determine as far as possible the original English-language translation of the Book of Mormon. Royal Skousen, the editor and principal investigator of the original and printer’s manuscripts of the Book of Mormon, details the project’s history and some of the more significant findings. Robert Espinosa reviews his team’s painstaking work of preserving and identifying remaining fragments of the original manuscript. Ron Romig narrates the investigation into the printer’s manuscript, and Larry Draper explains how the press sheets for the 1830 edition reveal overlooked details of the printing process. In an insightful response, Daniel C. Peterson interpolates evidence from Skousen’s research to show the divine manner in which the Book of Mormon came forth.

Keywords: Book of Mormon, critical text project; Book of Mormon, manuscripts; Book of Mormon, editions and translations; Faith and scholarship
ID = [7008]  Status = Type = book  Date = 2002-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-books  Size: 179717  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Cowan, Richard O. “Latter-day Saint Temples as Symbols.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 21, no. 1 (2012): 2-11.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Much of what is done in Latter-day Saint temples is symbolic. Temple symbolism, however, extends well beyond the ordinances performed within the temples. From the Kirtland Temple’s pulpits representing the different orders of the priesthood to the stones on the Salt Lake Temple representing the universe and one’s relationship to God, exterior temple symbolism complements the principles learned within. The architecture within temples also provides insights into the ordinances. In many temples, murals depicting the different kingdoms of glory and stairs leading to higher areas remind participants of their ascent to God. This article chronicles, in detail, the meanings and development of these and other symbols incorporated into the architecture of modern-day temples.

Keywords: Architecture; Early Church History; Kingdom of Glory; Kirtland Temple; Priesthood; Symbolism; Temple
ID = [3272]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2012-01-01  Collections:  bmc-archive,farms-jbms  Size: 28638  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:55
Cowan, Richard O. “Richard Lloyd Anderson and Worldwide Church Growth.” In The Disciple as Witness: Essays on Latter-day Saint History and Doctrine in Honor of Richard Lloyd Anderson, edited by Ricks, Stephen D., Parry, Donald W., and Hedges, Andrew H. Provo, UT: The Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2000.
ID = [81850]  Status = Type = book article  Date = 2000-01-01  Collections:  church-history,farms-books  Size:   Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 16:04:16
Cracroft, Richard H. “A General Reader’s Library of Book of Mormon StudiesThe (Literary) Coming Forth of the Book of Mormon: Three Recent Milestones.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 7 no. 1 (1998).
Display Abstract  

Cracroft reviews the following books that can deepen one’s understanding of the Book of Mormon: Richard Dilworth Rust’s Feasting on the Word: The Literary Testimony of the Book of Mormon; Marilyn Arnold’s Sweet Is the Word: Reflections on the Book of Mormon: Its Narrative, Teachings and People; and Elder Jeffrey R. Holland’s Christ and the New Covenant: The Messianic Message of the Book of Mormon.

ID = [2984]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 1998-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 7159  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:52
Cracroft, Richard H. “Had for Good and Evil: 19th-Century Literary Treatments of the Book of Mormon.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 12 no. 2 (2003).
Display Abstract  

Moroni prophesied on 21 September 1823 that Joseph’s name, and by implication the book he would eventually translate and publish, should be had for good and evil among all nations, kindreds, and tongues. Many current criticisms of the Book of Mormon trace their roots to the antagonistic critiques by 19th-century authors, beginning with Abner Cole, Alexander Campbell, and E. D. Howe. Campbell in particular was responsible for introducing the environmental theory: that Joseph Smith introduced 19th-century elements into his story. Travelers to Salt Lake City published their exposés, which were mostly critical of the Latter-day Saints and their book of sacred scripture. Mark Twain’s dismissive treatment of the book forged lasting popular misconceptions of the book. Fiction writers of the 19th century contributed to suspicion of and ignorance about Mormonism and the Book of Mormon. In more recent times, Fawn M. Brodie, Thomas O’Dea, and Robert V. Remini perpetuated environmental claims about the book. Recent Latter-day Saint scholars— Hugh Nibley, Richard Bushman, and Terryl Givens— represent those who speak good of the book and try to correct misperceptions about it.

Topics:    Book of Mormon Scriptures > Moroni
ID = [3122]  Status = Type = journal article  Date = 2003-01-01  Collections:  bom,farms-jbms  Size: 71353  Children: 0  Rebuilt: 4/23/24 15:51:54
Cracroft, Richard H. “Out of Darkness into Light: A Novel Approach.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 4, no. 1 (1992): 216-219.
Display Abstract  Display Keywords

Review of Out of Darkness (1991), by Keith C. Terry (with Maurice R. Tanner).

Keywords: Fiction; Historicity; Scholarship