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FARMS Preliminary Reports
(1969 — 1999)

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Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies. “Lands of The Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies.

A PRODUCTION USING 35 MM SLIDES WITH A CASSETTE SOUNDTRACK (ALSO AVAILABLE ON VHS OR BETA VIDEO CASSETTE) TO PORTRAY THE LANDS AND PLACES ASSOCIATED WITH THE BOOK OF MORMON AS FAR AS THEY CAN BE REASONABLY IDENTIFIED AT THIS TIME.

Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies. “Nephite Weights and Measures in the Time of Mosiah II.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies.
1960
Nibley, Hugh W. “Nobody to Blame.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, August 3, 1960.

In this letter to a BYU graduate student, Hugh Nibley advocates the program of the school of the prophets as a way to meet the challenges of academia. He explores four obvious ways of meeting the challenges of the learned world: ignoring them, running away from them, agreeing with them, or meeting the opposition on their own grounds.

Keywords: Mormon Studies
1964
Nibley, Hugh W. “The Early Christian Church in the Light of Some Newly Discovered Papyri from Egypt.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1964.

Hugh Nibley begins by showing the interrelatedness of ancient records, regardless of their origin, a phenomenon called “pattemism.” He proposes that Joseph Smith presented the world with authentic ancient records. The Prophet brought forth many of the same concepts that are found in ancient temple libraries, such as the council in heaven during the premortal period, the casting out of Satan, the doctrine of the “two ways,” the fallen nature of mankind, and the need for a redeemer. Accompanying the doctrines is a body of rites or ordinances, and Nibley gives special attention to the Nag Hammadi documents.

Keywords: Apocrypha, Pseudepigrapha, Dead Sea Scrolls
Nibley, Hugh W. “The Philosophical Implications of Automation.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, March 19, 1964.
Keywords: Mormon Studies
1965
Nibley, Hugh W. “On the Pearl of Great Price.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1965.

Hugh Nibley discusses Reverend F. S. Spaulding’s handling of the booklet Joseph Smith as a Translator, concluding that Spaulding was partial in his method of consulting the opinions of the great Egyptologists of 1912 concerning the book of Abraham. An examination of their comments reveals inadequacy and inconsistency This paper anticipates the first section of the series A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price.

Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Abraham
1967
Nibley, Hugh W. “Brigham Young as a Theologian.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1967.

With characteristic energy, Hugh Nibley describes the character of Brigham Young and discusses his teachings. The issues explored in this essay include the problem of evil and the power of the devil, temptation and necessary opposition, consequences of sin, and truth obtained by the light of Christ.

Keywords: Mormon Studies
Nibley, Hugh W. “Brigham Young as an Educator.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1967.

The maxim, “Only if you reach the boundary will the boundary recede before you” is epitomized in Brigham Young. President Young was a great educator who taught by example how to overcome boundaries in learning. He taught Latter-day Saints that they could enrich their lives by improving their minds and urged them to give their children the best education possible.

Keywords: Mormon Studies
Nibley, Hugh W. “Pearl of Great Price Papyri.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, March 14, 1967.
1969
Sorenson, John L. “The Years of the Jaredites.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1969.

John Sorenson proposes a plausible chronology for the Jaredites based on what is known of ancient American cultures through archaeology.

1976
Dean Jessee. “Joseph Knight’s Recollection of Early Mormon History.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1976. “Joseph Knight’s Recollection of Early Mormon History” is reprinted by permission from BYU Studies (autumn 1976): 32-39.

Dean Jessee presents and supplements Joseph Knight’s firsthand account of early church history events involving Joseph Smith and others.

Keywords: Church History
1979
Nibley, Hugh W. “Conflict in the Churches between the God of the Bible and the God of the Philosophers.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1979.

Hugh Nibley has gathered a collection of statements from Church Fathers and modern scholars that acknowledge that views concerning God changed. The early church was based on the Hebrew Bible but churchmen were later influenced by the arguments of different philosophers.

Nibley, Hugh W. “The God of the Philosophers.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1979.

This packet consists of a collection of translated statements by ancient Greek philosophers concerning their perceptions of divinity. It quotes Thales, Anaximander, Heraclitus, Pythagoras, and others on such abstract concepts as Absolute, causes, the One, the Nous (mind), and the uncreated.

Keywords: Old Testament, Ancient Israel
Magleby, Kirk. “A Survey of Mesoamerican Bearded Figures.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1979.
Nibley, Hugh W. “The Word of Wisdom: A Commentary on D&C 89.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1979. Gospel Doctrine Class, Manavu Ward, December 1979.

Hugh Nibley places the Word of Wisdom in perspective: it is not given to the Saints by eternal covenant because it involves a strictly temporal matter. In other words, living the Word of Wisdom is not an issue in the world to come. The significant point is the word wisdom; the Word of Wisdom is a wise code to guide our consumption.

Keywords: Word of Wisdom, D&C 89
1980
Nibley, Hugh W. “It Takes All Kinds.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1980.
Nibley, Hugh W. “The Three Facsimiles.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1980.

This presentation contains suggestions for interpreting various features found in the Pearl of Great Price facsimiles. Hugh Nibley notes that variations within stereotyped images, such as a person about to be sacrificed on the lion couch, can have widely divergent interpretations, thus leaving room for Joseph Smith’s interpretation of Abraham on the altar. Facsimile 2 can be compared to apocryphal books about Abraham that describe a cosmic journey with elements resembling certain features in the book of Abraham. The coronation scene in Facsimile 3 also shows authentic elements.

Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Abraham
Smith, Robert F. “Shakespeare and the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1980.
Smith, Robert F. “‘It Came to Pass’ in the Bible and the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1980.
Nibley, Hugh W. “The Book of Mormon and the Ruins: The Main Issues.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, July 13, 1980.

Hugh Nibley addresses issues that cause people to question the historicity of the Book of Mormon. He gives evidence to support the claim that people inhabited the American continent for centuries before the arrival of the Nephites, that the Hill Cumorah was not too far away for Moroni to reach, and that the “fulness of iniquity” described in the Book of Mormon has much evidence in extant art from that time.

Keywords: Book of Mormon, Archaeology
1981
Gillum, Gary P. “Hugh Nibley Quotes: Of the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1981. Reprinted by permission from Gary P. Gillum, Of All Things: A Nibley Quote Book. Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1981.
Nibley, Hugh W. “Evolution: A Convenient Fiction.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1981.
Sorenson, John L. “Wheeled Figurines in the Ancient World.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1981.

John Sorenson offers a survey and interpretation of the evidence that the wheel was known in the New World before the arrival of European explorers in the early sixteenth century. He discusses Mesoamerican and Old World wheeled figurines, wheels and movement in Mesoamerican belief, and the similarities between figurines in the New World and the Old.

Ostler, Blake T. “Abraham: An Egyptian Connection.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1981.
1982
Essig, Fred, and Dan Fuller. “Nephi’s Slaying of Laban: A Legal Perspective.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1982.

Few passages in the Book of Mormon have inspired more criticism and moral outrage than the account of Nephi slaying the unconscious figure of Laban. Many point to this episode as evidence against the Book of Mormon being an inspired document. In this study we will attempt to examine the legal as well as the extra-legal ramifications of this incident. Since the law of ancient Israel was inexorably tied to the religious and moral code of the Israelites, any attempt to divorce the two would be patently artificial. Therefore, while this study will emphasize what we know about the operation of justice, that, by necessity implies a discussion of Israel’s relationship to her lawgiver, Yahweh. In analyzing this slaying, a determination must be made of which Hebrew law codes would most likely have applied during Nephi’s time. The Book of Mormon places the slaying between 592 and 598 B.C.1 The primary sources for Hebrew law of that time are the law codes of the Old Testament. They are three in number: the Code of the Covenant (Exodus 21-23:33), the Deuteronomic Code (which includes Deuteronomy 19), and the Priestly Code (which includes Numbers 35). Although there is some difference of opinion among scholars about the compilation dates of these various codes, the general consensus is that the Code of the Covenant was compiled before 800 B.C., the Deuteronomic Code around 700 B.C., and the Priestly Code in about 350 B.C.5 Comparing these dates to the date of slaying, it can be seen that the Code of the Covenant and the Deuteronomic Code were in existence before the time of the slaying and date in roughly the same time period as the slaying. The Priestly Code, however, was compiled after the exile in Babylon and almost 250 years after the slaying.

Gillum, Gary P. “Complete Annotated Bibliography of Hugh Nibley’s Works.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1982.
Roy Johnson. “A Comparison of the Use of the Oath in the Old Testament and the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1982.

Roy Johnson examines the rituals and formulas of oaths, types of oaths, and the use of oaths in both the Old Testament and the Book of Mormon. Johnson compares the use of oaths, curses, and covenants in the Old Testament and the Book of Mormon to show that the relationship among those three acts is the same in both books.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; Ancient Israel
Jay H. Huber. “Lehi’s 600-Year Prophecy and the Birth of Christ.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1982.
LaMar C. Berrett. “The So-Called Lehi Cave.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1982.

A cave southwest of Jerusalem caught the attention of several Latter-day Saint observers in the early 1960s. Graffiti in the cave seemed to portray themes or scenes related to the Book of Mormon, and some thought that the cave might have been the place described in the Book of Mormon as “the cavity of rock.” LaMar Berrett points out problems that weaken the likelihood that this is the case. Two scholarly articles on the cave are included.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; Archaeology
Mark Davis and Brent Israelson. “International Relations and Treaties in the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1982.

The Book of Mormon chronicles the wars and other relations between the two major nations of Ancient America. This paper identifies certain principles evident in the relations between these nations and compares the principles found in the Book of Mormon with international practice of Ancient Israel in the old world. This paper is not want to be a study of the law of nations of the ancient Near East; rather, our purpose is to identify, if possible, principles of the law of nations in the Book of Mormon. Ccmparisons to the culture of the ancient Near East are not meant to function as proof (or disproof) of the old-world origin of the Book of Mormon culture. They should be taken as interesting illuminations of the principles of international relations which appear in the history of the ancient American nations.

Welch, John W. “Ancient Near Eastern Law and the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1982.
Sorenson, John L. “An Evaluation of the Smithsonian Institution ‘Statement Regarding the Book of Mormon’” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1982.
1983
Gillum, Gary P. “Hugh Nibley: A Subject Index to His Works.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1983.
JoAnn Carlton and John W. Welch. “Possible Linguistic Roots of Certain Book of Mormon Proper Names.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1983.
John Hilton and Ken Jenkins. “All Book of Mormon References by Author and Literary Form: A Full Listing of Book of Mormon References by Author and Literary Form.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1983.
1984
Nibley, Hugh W. “Church History.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1984.

Hugh Nibley assembles statements by non-LDS scholars on the identity of Jesus, the rediscovery of the church, eschatology (the study of last things), authority, revelation, Israel, liturgy, the survival of the church, and the Vatican excavations.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Some Significant Statements by Leading Scientists on the Scope of Scientific Authority.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1984.

This is a collection of statements by scientists on the following topics: how scientists have become impatient with religion, how science has all the answers, how difficult it is to truly understand the past, the question of whether science is a cause or a pretext, the assertion that science is not based on purely inductive reasoning, and the illusion of already knowing as the greatest enemy to serious research.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Hugh Nibley Prayer Devotional Assembly.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1984.

This prayer given by Hugh Nibley at a devotional assembly is a plea for the Father’s spirit and a humble recognition of the great limits of human knowledge, judgment, and faith.

Keywords: Mormon Studies
Nibley, Hugh W. “Humanism and the Gospel.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1984.

These lecture notes discuss the history of humanism from the Sophists to Homer, Dante, and Shakespeare. Hugh Nibley emphasizes the fallacies of such a philosophy. Humanism is a substitute for religion when religion goes sour, and as such, humanism is dogmatic, careerist, and intolerant.

Keywords: Mormon Studies
Nibley, Hugh W. “Intre-Ancient Records.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1984.

This is a very rough transcript of Nibley’s contributions to a panel discussion about ancient writing, scientific methodology, and testing of the Book of Mormon.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Questions on Authority and Passages for Discussion.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1984.

Hugh Nibley answers a series of questions about what became of church authority and doctrine in the centuries following the ministry of Jesus Christ. He compares scriptural prediction with historical fulfillment to answer questions like “What became of general authority in the church?” and “Would God allow his church to be destroyed?”

Keywords: Mormon Studies
Lisa Bolin Hawkins and Gordon C Thomasson. “I Only Am Escaped Alone to Tell Thee: Survivor-Witnesses in the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1984.
Welch, John W. “Ancient Near Eastern Law and the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1984.
Welch, John W. “The Father’s Command to Keep Records in the Small Plates of Nephi.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1984.
1985
Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies. “The Faith of An Observer—Conversations with Hugh Nibley.” Preliminary Report. Film Transcript of The Faith of an Observer. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1985.
Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies. “Why Might a Person in 1830 Connect an Angel with a Salamander?” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1985.
Nibley, Hugh W. “An Age of Discovery.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1985.

It is very important for Latter-day Saints to keep pace, more or Less, with the fast-moving developments in the fields of Bible and related studies. By failing to do this we run the risk of laboring to accommodate our religion to scientific and scholarly teachings that have long since been superceded, altered, or completely discarded.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Acclamatio: (Never Cry Mob).” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1985.
Nibley, Hugh W. “Hugh Nibley Archive: Peter.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1985.
William J. Hamblin. “Handheld Weapons in the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1985.
Paul Y. Hoskisson. “An Introduction to the Relevancy and a Methodology for a Study of the Proper Names of the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1985.

Many scattered and disconnected statements (mostly proffered etymologies) have been made about the proper names in the Book of Mormon. Because of the mixed quality of these statements this paper proposes an apposite methodology. First a few words need to be said about the relevance of name studies to our understanding.

Keywords: Ancient Scripture
John W. Welch, Spencer J. Palmer and William L. Knecht. “‘An Unparallel’ and ‘View of the Hebrews: Substitute for Inspiration?’” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1985.“ An Unparallel” © 1985 by John W. Welch. “View of the Hebrews: Substitute for Inspiration?” reprinted with permission from BYU Studies 5/2 (1964): 105-13.

During 1921 and 1922 B. H. Roberts wrote three papers that listed parallels between the Book of Mormon and the second edition (1825) of Ethan Smith’s View of the Hebrews and constructed the possible argument that the Book of Mormon relied upon the latter. Welch responds to that claim by listing over eighty discrepancies between the two works, and Palmer and Knecht rebut Roberts’s theory by using statistics to show that the passages of Isaiah quoted in both works do not lead to conclusions of plagiarism.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; Answers to Criticisms
Truman G. Madsen and John W. Welch. “Did B. H. Roberts Lose Faith in the Book ofMormon?” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1985.

Pages 35-38 revised as of June 30, 1986

Welch, John W. “The Father’s Command to Keep Records in the Small Plates of Nephi.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1985.

John Welch discusses Nephi\'s commandment to his son Jacob that a record be kept on the small plates. Welch delineates the obligations entailed in Nephi\'s commandment and suggests that descendants of Jacob—Enos, Jarom, Omni, Amaron, Chemish, Abinadom, and Amaleki—felt a strong sense of duty to see that it was fulfilled.

Welch, John W. “Finding Answers to B.H. Roberts’s Questions and ‘An Unparallel’” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1985.

From 1921 to 1922 B. H. Roberts wrote three papers that listed parallels between the Book of Mormon and the second edition (1825) of Ethan Smith\'s View of the Hebrews. Roberts constructed the possible argument that the Book of Mormon relied upon Ethan Smith\'s book. John Welch responds to that claim by addressing the issues Roberts raised and by listing over eighty differences between the two works.

Welch, John W. “Theft and Robbery in the Book of Mormon and Ancient Near Eastern Law.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1985.
Nibley, Hugh W. “Approach to Facsimile II.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1985. Talk given May 17, 1985, Washington D.C.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Abraham, Facsimile 2
1986
Welch, John W. “Preliminary Comments on the Sources behind the Book of Ether.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1986.
Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies. “Book of Mormon Critical Text: A Tool for Scholarly Reference: Volume 1, 1 Nephi - Words of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. 2nd Ed. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1986.
Childs, Larry G. “Epanalepsis in the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1986.
John L. Hilton. “Review of Ernest Taves’ Book of Mormon Stylometry.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1986.

Editor’s Introductory Note: The following letter and accompanying critique of the stylometric studies of Ernest Taves have been sent to F.A.R.M.S. by John L. Hilton. Hilton and his colleagues, who have been actively involved in stylometric analyses of the Book of Mormon for several years, plan in the near future to complete their own extensive and thorough stylometric study of Book of Mormon texts. The following general review of Taves’ book serves to introduce John Hilton’s more detailed remarks.

Welch, John W. “Preliminary Comments on the Sources behind the Book of Ether.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1986.

John Welch considers what records were brought together to form the book of Ether and examines which parts of the book might have been composed by Moroni. He looks for paraphrases included in the book and seeks to discover what influenced Moroni\'s rendition of the Jaredite story. He concludes that stating comprehensively who wrote the book of Ether is no simple matter.

1987
Welch, John W. “Series of Laws in the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1987.
Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies. “Book of Mormon Critical Text: A Tool for Scholarly Reference: Volume 2, Mosiah - Alma.” Preliminary Report. 2nd Ed. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1987.
Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies. “Book of Mormon Critical Text: A Tool for Scholarly Reference: Volume 3, Helaman - Moroni.” Preliminary Report. 2nd Ed. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1987.
Matthew M. F. Hilton. “Preliminary Summary of Nephite Armed Conflict in the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1987.

The following outline is a rough summary of the basic information about Nephite wars and warfare in the Book of Mormon. It is designed as a research tool, especially to aid in further studies of the conditions and circumstances of war and peace in the Book of Mormon which are now underway. This outline has been divided into sections generally corresponding with the main eras and campaigns in Nephite military history, and approximate dates have been supplied. Hopefully this data will facilitate and promote a closer examination of the text itself as further research progresses.

Welch, John W. “‘If a Man…’ The Casuistic Law Form in the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1987.
1988
Christenson, Allen J. “The Use of Chiasmus in Ancient Mesoamerica.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1988.
WIlliams, Frederick G. “Did Lehi Land in Chile? An Assessment of the Frederick G. Williams Statement Why Might a Person in 1830 Connect an Angel with a Salamander?” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1988.

Frederick G. Williams, a counselor to Joseph Smith, wrote that Lehi and his family landed in Chile. The author of this paper, a great-great-grandson of the original Williams, assesses the likelihood of the accuracy of this proposition. He addresses the question of whether this statement was a revelation, discusses the nature of the original document on which the statement was written, and compares other early documents on the subject.

Gillum, Gary P. “Book of Mormon Book Reviews (to Spring, 1988).” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1988.
John L. Hilton. “Some Book of Mormon ‘Wordprint’ Measurements Using ‘Wraparound’ Block Counting.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1988.
1989
Welch, John W. “Chiasmus in Alma 36.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1989.
Godfrey, Kenneth W. “The Zelph Story.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1989.
Mark J Morrise. “Simile Curses in the Ancient Near East, Old Testament, and Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1989. Faculty Lecture, 17 February 1983.

Mark Morrise defines the “simile curse” and discusses its existence in ancient Near Eastern texts, the Old Testament, and the Book of Mormon. In the Book of Mormon simile curses were associated with treaties, religious covenants, and prophecies. Morrise analyzes the common characteristics of simile curses in the Book of Mormon, as well as the similarities between such curses in ancient Near Eastern, Old Testament, and Book of Mormon texts.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; Ancient Israel
Welch, John W. “Criteria for Identifying the Presence of Chiasmus.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1989.

John Welch argues that all possible chiasms are not equal. It is necessary for commentators on the Bible and other texts to recognize that degrees of chiasticity exist from one text to the next. To further that end, Welch proposes fifteen criteria for appraising examples of chiasmus in literature.

Welch, John W. “Theft and Robbery in the Book of Mormon and in Near Eastern Law.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1989.

There is good evidence that most legal systems in the ancient Near East distinguished between crimes of theft and robbery. A thief was a local person who stole from his neighbor and was dealt with judicially, whereas robbers were outsiders who attacked in open force and were dealt with militarily. John Welch explores the extent to which similar legal and cultural perceptions of thieves and robbers are evidenced in the Book of Mormon.

Sorenson, John L. “Fortifications in the Book of Mormon and in Mesoamerica.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1989.
Welch, John W. “Chiasmus in Alma 36.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1989.

John Welch displays the overall chiastic structure of Alma 36, suggests a detailed analysis of the text, traces the strands of repetition that weave paired sections tightly together, assesses the chapter\'s degree of chiasticity, and compares the words and phrases of Alma 36 with the two other firsthand Book of Mormon accounts of Alma\'s conversion. He suggests that there are many spiritual and intellectual implications to this study.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Stewardship of the Air.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1989. Talk given February 14, 1989.
Robert J. Matthews. “Some Thoughts on the Atonement.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1989. Faculty Lecture, 17 February 1989.

In a lecture given to the BYU religion faculty, Robert Matthews emphasizes the points of doctrine in the Book of Mormon and other standard works that elucidate the fall and atonement. He analyzes concepts in several different scriptural chapters and shows how they have points in common as well as areas of particular emphasis and clarification. He contrasts the classical Christian views of how Adam’s transgression affects humankind with the teachings of ancient and modem revelation. He explains how the divine sonship of Jesus Christ enabled him to effect the atonement. Matthews notes that Christ’s mission is intended to save us from both kinds of death (physical and spiritual); there is no viable replacement for the Savior’s atonement.

Keywords: Book of Mormon Teachings
John L. Hilton. “On Verifying Book of Mormon Wordprints/Authors.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1989.
1991
Seely, David Rolph. “The Ten Commandments in the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. This paper was presented at the annual Sperry Symposium on October 21, 1991. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1991.
Gee. “I Figli di Horus.” Italian translation of “Notes on the Sons of Horus.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1991.
Roger R. Keller. “Laws and Commandments in the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1991.

Roger Keller explores what it means to keep the commandments of God. He looks to the Book of Mormon and analyzes passages related to laws and commandments and concludes that there are significant differences in the ways words like law and command are used by various authors of the Book of Mormon. Keller suggests that all laws and commandments given by God to his people lead to one commandment: “Come unto Christ.”

Keywords: Book of Mormon; Jesus Christ
Gee, John. “Notes on the Sons of Horus.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1991.
Carlton, JoAnn, and John W. Welch. “Possible Linguistic Roots of Certain Book of Mormon Proper Names.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1991.
Neal A. Maxwell. “Farms Annual Recognition Banquet.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, September 27,1991. Taped Lecture transcribed by Matthew Roper Oct. 5, 1991.
1993
Nibley, Hugh W. “A House of Glory.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1993.

This transcript is a brief commentary on Doctrine and Covenants 109, the dedicatory prayer of the Kirtland Temple. Hugh Nibley describes the temple as a meeting place that is set off from the world. It is a location where we are invited to have clear, receptive intellects and enjoy heightened spirituality. We experience an atmosphere of purity in contrast to the pollution of the world.

1994
Larry E. Dahl. “Faith, Hope, and Charity.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1994. Transcript of a lecture given at the FARMS Book of Mormon Lecture Series.

Larry Dahl explores some of the teachings of the Book of Mormon concerning faith, hope, and charity. He discusses the meanings of these words, their relationships to each other, how they are acquired, and what their fruits are. Faith, hope, and charity must be centered in Christ. The first principle of the gospel is not just faith, it is faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. We must obtain not just hope, but a hope in Christ. Likewise, charity is not just love, it is the pure love of Christ.

Keywords: Book of Mormon Teachings
Larry E. Dahl. “Fe, esperanza y caridad.” Spanish translation of “Faith, Hope, and Charity. ” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1994. A transcript of a lecture presented as part of the FARMS Book of Mormon Lecture Series.

Este texto de la presentation en video fue preparado por la facultad del Instituto de Religion de Portland.

Victor L. Ludlow. “Covenant Teachings of the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1994. Transcript of a lecture presented as part of the FARMS Book of Mormon Lecture Series.

Victor Ludlow shows that covenants are prominent in the scriptures. He distinguishes between horizontal covenants, which take place between individuals, and vertical covenants, which take place between God and mortals. He discusses what it means to “cut a covenant” and its various applications. He notes how covenants entail requirements that find expression in obedience or disobedience with the consequences of blessings or punishments. He comments on how in 3 Nephi the Savior devotes significant time to speaking about covenants directly or dealing with subjects that are rooted in covenants, such as the teachings found in the Sermon at the Temple, which corresponds to the Sermon on the Mount. Charts and graphs are included.

Keywords: Book of Mormon Teachings
Jeffrey R. Holland. “A Standard unto My People.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1994. This is a transcript of an address given at the CES Annual Book of Mormon Symposium held 9 August 1994.

Elder Jeffrey Holland bears testimony of the Book of Mormon as the keystone of Mormonism. The Book of Mormon is either what it says it is, and Joseph Smith’s account of its origin is true, or it and the Prophet are simply discredited. Three great witnesses of Christ in the Book of Mormon are Nephi, Jacob, and Isaiah.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; Jesus Christ
1995
Riddle, Chauncey C. “Korihor: Los razonamientos del la apostasia.” Preliminary Report. Spanish. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1995.
Clark, Eugene E. “A Preliminary Study of the Geology and Mineral Resources of Dhofar, The Sultanate of Oman.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1995.

The efforts begun by Warren and Michaela Aston to identify important sites along the Lehi trail eventually evolved into a FARMS project and exploration to Southern Oman’s Dhofar region in 1992. The remote area of Wadi Sayq on the western extremity of that region has been identified as a location that appears to meet all of the criteria one can infer from the text of the Book of Mormon for the coastal site named Bountiful by Lehi and his family, where they lived while building a ship for their ocean crossing. The text also states that while they lived at Bountiful, the Lord showed Nephi where to go to locate ore with which to make tools for their boatbuilding project. While it is known that greater Oman was a famous source of abundant and high-quality copper during Lehi’s time, commercial mining near Wadi Sayq is not documented. The ancient copper mines of Oman are hundreds of miles farther north and unlikely candidates for Nephi’s ore. Graciously responding to a FARMS request, Eugene Clark, former geologist for ESSO in Oman, has prepared a preliminary report of geological possibilities of mineral deposits in the Dhofar region, where Wadi Sayq is located. The report identifies a number of geological possibilities for copper or iron ore accessible to Wadi Sayq, based on published geological studies and surveys. An on-site survey is projected for later this year to explore the possibilities documented in this report. Most promising among the published studies are reports of specular hematite found in small, random deposits on the Mirbat plain east of Salalah. Specular hematite is the most readily available form of high-quality iron and would have been most attractive as a low-tech smelting source for Nephi’s tools. The report also notes that Dhofar irons would usually occur in mixtures with manganese and carbon, yielding higher-quality steel that would be superior for tools. This preliminary report documents the plausibility of the Nephite account of ore being smelted for shipbuilding tools. It also defines a range of possible ore sources in the Dhofar area that can be verified through on-site exploration.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Figure 6 of Facsimile 2.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1983. Informal lecture, date and location unknown.

In this informal lecture, Hugh Nibley proposes that exploring the explanations of the facsimiles was not timely in Joseph Smith’s day, but the 1960s opened avenues for serious investigation. He reviews some of the mythical details in the Egyptian account of the premortal council. He also cites examples of Egyptian truisms that relate to Hebrew wisdom literature.

Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Abraham
Clark V. Johnson. “Temple Sermons in the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1995. Transcript of a lecture presented as part of the FARMS Book of Mormon Lecture Series.

Clark Johnson examines sermons given by Jacob, Benjamin, and the Savior to Nephites gathered at their respective temples. He analyzes some of the high points to see how they taught “the doctrine of the temple,” giving particular attention to the teachings of the atonement and the contingent covenants covered in the ordinances taught by King Benjamin. Johnson also discusses Christ’s beatitudes in succession.

Keywords: Book of Mormon Teachings; Book of Mormon Religious Practices
William J. Hamblin. “Reformed Egyptian.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1995.

In this article William Hamblin responds to critics of the Book of Mormon who claim that there is no language known as reformed Egyptian, a term found in Mormon 9:32. Hamblin reminds readers that reformed Egyptian is a modern term for an ancient language and lists examples of other ancient records written in languages that could also be considered reformed Egyptian.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; Answers to Criticisms
William J. Hamblin. “Temple Motifs in John 17.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1995.

William Hamblin considers concepts related to the temple that are found in Jesus’ prayer recorded in John 17. For example, the word for glorify recalls the glory of the Lord that filled the tabernacle and temple. The word for given in John 17:2 can have the implication of endow, in the sense of giving a gift. To know God implies being familiar with his glory. The name of the Father is known by a few but is not revealed to the many.

Keywords: New Testament; Gospels
E. Dale LeBaron. “The Book of Mormon: A Pattern in Preparing a People to Meet Christ.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1995. Transcript of a lecture presented as part of the FARMS Book of Mormon Lecture Series.

Dale LeBaron counsels us to draw on the power of the Book of Mormon and the words of Christ’s representatives to discover the Lord’s pattern for preparing for the second coming. This preparation entails knowing the signs of the second coming, knowing the patterns of destruction, believing that despite persecution righteousness will prevail, heeding the counsels of the prophets, and studying the ministry of Christ and the teachings about his return.

Keywords: Book of Mormon Teachings
E. Dale LeBaron. “The Savior’s Ministry to the Nephites: A Millennial Prototype.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1995.

When the angel Moroni first appeared to the young Prophet Joseph Smith, he told young Joseph that God had a work for him to do, and further, that the work would begin the preparatory work for the second coming of the Messiah. He was further told that the gospel would be preached unto all nations, that a people might be prepared for the millennial reign. The book that Moroni delivered to Joseph, and the other revelations of the Restoration, make it very clear, that one of the greatest responsibilities incumbent upon this dispensation is to prepare a people for the Savior’s second coming.

1996
Nibley, Hugh W. “Patriarcat et Matriarcat.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1996. French FARMS Serie de Lections sur le Livre de Mormon.
Stan Johnson. “Samuel the Lamanite (Part 1)’ and ‘The Prophecies of Samuel (Part 2).” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1996. Transcript of a lecture given at the FARMS Book of Mormon Lecture Series.

We do not know a lot about Samuel’s background. We do know that he was courageous and fearless. He told the Nephites what the signs of the Savior’s coming and mission would be and they rejected him and his prophecies. The signs of the coming of Jesus and the signs of his death bear record of Christ. Johnson discusses the Lord’s respective attitudes toward the Nephites and Lamanites, and suggests ways to have the Spirit in our lives.

Keywords: Book of Mormon; Christ
1997
Cannon, Donald Q. “Words Of Comfort: Funeral Sermons of the Prophet Joseph Smith.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1997.
Hedges, Andrew H. “Pleasing the Eye and Gladdening the Heart: Joseph Smith and the Fulness of the Earth.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, April 2, 1997.
Gee, John. “The Role of the Book of Abraham in the Restoration.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1997.

John Gee provides an overview of how the Book of Abraham came to be in the possession of Joseph Smith, and how it was translated by the Prophet. Gee also discusses three aspects of the book that had doctrinal impact on the restoration, particularly in relation to doctrines of premortal existence.

1999
Nibley, Hugh W. “Abraham’s Creation Drama.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999. Transcript of a lecture presented on 6 April 1999 as part of the FARMS Book of Abraham Lecture Series.

Hugh Nibley discusses how Abraham was an ordinary man who held no office and worked no miracles, and yet he was one of the greatest minds of the last forty centuries. Nibley discusses Abraham’s relationship with the temple and gives an overview of the ancient temple. He also shows how the Book of Abraham answers what Nibley calls the “terrible questions”: Where do I come from? Why am I here? How does the universe figure in the gospel? How did it all begin, and how will it all end? Nibley argues that the vision given to Abraham in the Book of Abraham contains stage directions indicating that the vision is dramatized, and the Book of Abraham includes the script.

Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Abraham
Nibley, Hugh W. “Larson Memo.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999.

In this short series of communications, Hugh Nibley expresses his philosophy that “the function of the poet is to hold one’s head while he pukes.”

James E. Faulconer. “Comment Etudier le Livre de Mormon.” French translation of “How to Study the Book of Mormon. ” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999. A transcript of a lecture presented as part of the FARMS Book of Mormon Lecture Series.
James E. Faulconer. “How to Study the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999. Transcript of a lecture presented as part of the FARMS Book of Mormon Lecture Series.

In this essay James Faulconer, a BYU professor of philosophy and dean of honors, outlines some general suggestions for scripture study. He presents his extensive notes on Mosiah 4 to show the treasures that can be found by careful and thorough scripture study. His study methods include considering context, examining word meaning, and looking for patterns.

Keywords: Book of Mormon Teachings
Michael Lyon. “Appreciating Hypocephali as Works of Art and Faith.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999. Transcript of a lecture presented on 24 March 1999 as part of the FARMS Book of Abraham Lecture Series.

Michael Lyon examines the importance and significance of hypocephali as works of art and expressions of religious belief. Facsimile 2, associated with the Book of Abraham, belongs to this class of documents. Lyon illustrates that hypocephali symbolize the sacred center of the universe, expressed in Facsimile 2 as well as in the shield of Achilles and the mandala tradition.

Keywords: Pearl of Great Price
Gee, John. “A History of the Joseph Smith Papyri and Book of Abraham.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999. Transcript of a lecture presented on 3 March 1999 as part of the FARMS Book of Abraham Lecture Series.

John Gee recounts the history of the Joseph Smith papyri, their discovery, travels, and eventual translation. Particular attention is devoted to the reconstruction of the papyri and their relationship to the Book of Abraham. The origin and contents of the Book of Abraham and the Kirtland Egyptian Papers are also discussed.

Tvedtnes, John A. “Abrahamic Lore in Support of the Book of Abraham.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999. Transcript of a lecture presented on 10 March 1999 as part of the FARMS Book of Abraham Lecture Series.

Stories about Abraham circulated in ancient times and were continued into the medieval period. Many of these accounts were then lost and have come to light only recently. John Tvedtnes examines several such stories— ranging from creation accounts to the attempted sacrifice of Abraham— and shows how they support the Book of Abraham.

Gee, John. “The Ancient Owners of the Joseph Smith Papyri.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999. Transcript of a lecture presented on 17 March 1999 as part of the FARMS Book of Abraham Lecture Series.

Although much attention has been paid to those who have possessed the Joseph Smith Papyri in modern times, relatively little attention has been paid to the ancient owners of the papyri. This lecture examines the ancient owners, the world in which they lived, and their contact with the Book of Abraham.

2002
Henry B. Eyring. “The Marketplace of Ideas.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2002. An address delivered at the annual FARMS banquet, 13 October 1994.

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