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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0 — 9
McConkie, Rebecca L. “‘A Miracle from Day One’: Publication of the Joseph Smith Translation Manuscripts.” The Religious Educator: Perspectives on the Restored Gospel 5, no. 2 (2004): 13–21.

Later this year, the Religious Studies Center will publish a volume called Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible: Original Manuscripts, edited by Scott H. Faulring, Kent P. Jackson, and Robert J. Matthews. To help readers understand the scope and purpose of this project, the Religious Educator held the following interview with two of the editors.

Midgley, Louis C. “‘A Tangled Web’ The Walter Martin Miasma.” FARMS Review of Books 12, no. 1 (2000): Article 20.

Review of Mormonism (1957); The Maze of Mormonism (1962); and The Kingdom of the Cults (1997), by Walter Martin

Skousen, Royal. “A theory! A theory! We have already got a theory, and there cannot be any more…” Paper presented at the 2015 Exploring the Complexities in the English Language of the Book of Mormon Conference. March 14, 2015.
Interpreter Foundation. “A. Jane Birch is 2014 Winner of The Ruth M. Stephens Article Prize.” The Interpreter Foundation website. September 23, 2014.
Hamblin, Laura. “A.M. Revelation.” BYU Studies 28, no. 2 (1988): 28.
Hoskisson, Paul Y. “Aaron's Golden Calf.” The FARMS Review 18, no. 1 (2006): Article 18.

This article provides insights on the story of Aaron and the golden calf in the Bible, explaining why Aaron may have decided to make it and why his punishment for doing so was minor in comparison to other biblical reprimands.

Christensen, A. Sherman. “The Abalone Shell.” BYU Studies 35, no. 3 (1995): 132.
Reed, Michael G. “Abanes’s ‘Revised’ History.” The FARMS Review 16, no. 1 (2004): Article 8.

Review of Richard Abanes. One Nation under Gods: A History of the Mormon Church.

BYU Studies. “Abbreviations.” BYU Studies 34, no. 3 (1995): 0.
Card, Orson Scott. “Abel, Cain.” Brigham Young University Studies 21, no. 1 (1981): 36.
LDS Perspectives [pseud. of Laura Harris Hales]. “Abinadi with Shon Hopkin.” The Interpreter Foundation website. February 28, 2018.
Smith, Andrew C. “Abinadi: A Minor Prophet, A Major Contributor.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 28 (2018): 261-272.

Abstract: The new edited volume Abinadi: He Came Among Them in Disguise, from the Book of Mormon Academy, is a valuable contribution to Book of Mormon studies. It should find a wide audience and stimulate greater and deeper thinking about the pivotal contributions of Abinadi to the Book of Mormon. It should, however, not be considered the end of the conversation. This review discusses the volume’s importance within Book of Mormon scholarship generally. It also highlights certain valuable contributions from each of the authors, and points out places where more can be said and deeper analysis is needed.

Review of Shon D. Hopkin, ed. Abinadi: He Came Among Them in Disguise (Provo and Salt Lake City, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, and Deseret Book, 2018), 404 pp. $27.99.

Rappleye, Neal. “Abinadi: He Came among Them in Disguise.” BYU Studies Quarterly 57, no. 4 (2018): 219.
Parker, Todd. “Abinadi: The Man and the Message.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1996. Transcript of a lecture given at the FARMS Book of Mormon Lecture Series.

Todd Parker discusses the meaning of Abinadi’s name and compares his circumstances to those of John the Baptist and his message to that of King Benjamin. He points out legal pretexts for Abinadi’s trial from Old Testament passages, and demonstrates how the priests of King Noah misunderstood the function of prophecy. Abinadi provides several examples of types and shadows pointing to the mission of Christ.

Keywords: Book of Mormon, Christ
Jensen, Robin Scott. “Abner Cole and The Reflector: Another Clue to the Timing of the 1830 Book of Mormon Printing.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Restoration Scripture 24 no. 1 (2015).
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “‘Abound in Hope’ — Stories of the Saints in the DR Congo, Part 6.” The Interpreter Foundation website. October 8, 2018.
Walker, Ronald W. “About the Author.” BYU Studies 43, no. 1 (2004): 302.
Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies. “About the Contributors.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 1 no. 1 (1992).
Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies. “About the Contributors.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 2 no. 1 (1993).
Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies. “About the Contributors.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 2 no. 2 (1993).
Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies. “About the Contributors.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 3 no. 2 (1994).
Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies. “About the Contributors.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 3 no. 1 (1994).
Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies. “About the Contributors.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 4 no. 2 (1995).
Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies. “About the Contributors.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 5 no. 1 (1996).
Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies. “About the Contributors.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 5 no. 2 (1996).
Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies. “About the Contributors.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 6 no. 1 (1997).
Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies. “About the Contributors.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 6 no. 2 (1997).
Everett, Rebecca Fechser. “About the Portrait of Hugh Nibley.” In Hugh Nibley Observed, edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Shirley S. Ricks, and Stephen T. Whitlock. Orem, UT, and Salt Lake City: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2021.

An essay written about a painted portrait of Hugh Nibley.

Skousen, Royal. About this Online Edition of Analysis of Textual Variants of the Book of Mormon. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2014.

The version available here online at Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture is a reproduction of the

printed version of ATV, published in 2004–2009 by the Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon

Studies, now a part of the Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship at Brigham Young University.

No textual adjustments to the printed version have been made.

ATV appears in six books and gives a complete analysis of all the important cases of textual variation

(or potential variation) in the history of the Book of Mormon. It starts out with the title page of the Book

of Mormon and the two witness statements, then turns to 1 Nephi and continues through the Book of

Mormon to the end of Moroni.

Gee, John. “Abracadabra, Isaac and Jacob.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 7, no. 1 (1995): Article 6.

Review of The Use of Egyptian Magical Papyri to Authenticate the Book of Abraham: A Critical Review? (1993), by Edward H. Ashment.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Abraham.” Lecture given on 14 June 1995, LDS Institute, Utah Valley State College.
Gee, John. “Abraham and Idrimi.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Restoration Scripture 22 no. 1 (2013).

Idrimi of Alalakh lived in Syria about a century after Abraham and left an autobiographical inscription that is the only such item uncovered archaeologically from Middle Bronze Age Syro-Palestine. The inscription of Idrimi and the Book of Abraham share a number of parallel features and motifs. Some of the parallels are a result of similar experiences in their lives and some are a result of coming from a similar culture and time.

Larsen, David J. “Abraham and Jehovah.” The Interpreter Foundation website. August 23, 2014.
Nibley, Hugh W. “Abraham and the Great Year-Rite.” Nibley, Hugh and Michael D. Rhodes.

One Eternal Round is the culmination of Hugh Nibley’s thought on the book of Abraham and represents over fifteen years of research and writing. The volume includes penetrating insights into Egyptian pharaohs and medieval Jewish and Islamic traditions about Abraham; Greek, Egyptian, and Mesopotamian myths; the Aztec calendar stone; Hopi Indian ceremonies; and early Jewish and Christian apocrypha, as well as the relationship of myth, ritual, and history.

This chapter helps to distinguish between myth, ritual, and history, especially as they connect with Egyptian annual year-rites.

Swift, Hales. “Abraham as Father of All the Faithful.” The Interpreter Foundation website. August 6, 2019.
Toronto, James A. “Abraham Divided: An LDS Perspective on the Middle East.” BYU Studies 34, no. 1 (1994): 103.
Nibley, Hugh W. Abraham in Egypt. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1981. xi + 288 pp.

Republished in 2000 in a second edition with new materials and illustrations as Abraham in Egypt, The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley vol. 14.

Nibley examines the Book of Abraham’s striking connections with ancient texts and Egyptian religion and culture.

See also: Abraham in Egypt (2000)
Nibley, Hugh W. Abraham in Egypt. The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley 14. Edited by Gary P. Gillum. Illustrations directed by Michael P. Lyon. 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2000. xxxiii + 705 pp.

Considered by many to be a classic in LDS literature, this new edition of Abraham in Egypt [published in association with the Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS)] contains all the material from the first edition as well as additions from Nibley’s 1968–70 Improvement Era series “A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price.”

In 1968–70, Hugh Nibley wrote a series of articles for the Improvement Era titled “A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price.” Brother Nibley asked that some of these articles be made into chapters to be added to Abraham in Egypt. These new chapters are what constitutes the new edition; no changes were made to the original chapters. For the articles, Nibley drew from many Jewish and rabbinical sources, while his work in the first edition was based on Egyptian material.

See also: Abraham in Egypt (1981)
Mackay, Thomas W. “Abraham in Egypt: A Collation of Evidence for the Case of the Missing Wife.” Brigham Young University Studies 10, no. 4 (1970): 429.
Ostler, Blake T. “Abraham: An Egyptian Connection.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1981.

Blake Ostler examines what relationship exists between the papyri of the ancient Egyptian Book of Breathings possessed by Joseph Smith and the Book of Abraham. Ostler finds that Joseph Smith, in associating vignettes of the Book of the Dead to explain Abraham’s experiences, was actually duplicating an ancient practice about which he could not have known from secular sources available in his day.

Keywords: Pearl of Great Price; Book of Abraham
Tvedtnes, John A. “Abrahamic Lore in Support of the Book of Abraham.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999. Transcript of a lecture presented on 10 March 1999 as part of the FARMS Book of Abraham Lecture Series.

Stories about Abraham circulated in ancient times and were continued into the medieval period. Many of these accounts were then lost and have come to light only recently. John Tvedtnes examines several such stories— ranging from creation accounts to the attempted sacrifice of Abraham— and shows how they support the Book of Abraham.

Spendlove, Loren Blake. “Abraham’s Amen and Believing in Christ: Possible Applications in the Book of Mormon Text.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 49 (2021): 37-62.

Abstract: Following the discovery of delocutive verbs and their likely usage in the Hebrew Bible, Meredith Kline proposed that the verb האמין (he’emin) in Genesis 15:6 — traditionally interpreted as a denominative verb meaning “he believed” — should be understood as a delocutive verb meaning “he declared ‘amen.’” Rather than reading Genesis 15:6 as a passive statement — Abraham believed in Yahweh — Kline argued that we should interpret this verse in the active sense, that Abraham vocally declared his amen in Yahweh’s covenantal promise. In this light, I have analyzed various passages in the Book of Mormon that utilize similar verbiage — “believe in Christ,” for example — to examine how their meanings might be enhanced by interpreting the verbs as delocutives rather than denominatives.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Abraham’s Creation Drama.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999. Transcript of a lecture presented on 6 April 1999 as part of the FARMS Book of Abraham Lecture Series.

Hugh Nibley discusses how Abraham was an ordinary man who held no office and worked no miracles, and yet he was one of the greatest minds of the last forty centuries. Nibley discusses Abraham’s relationship with the temple and gives an overview of the ancient temple. He also shows how the Book of Abraham answers what Nibley calls the “terrible questions”: Where do I come from? Why am I here? How does the universe figure in the gospel? How did it all begin, and how will it all end? Nibley argues that the vision given to Abraham in the Book of Abraham contains stage directions indicating that the vision is dramatized, and the Book of Abraham includes the script.

Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Abraham
Nibley, Hugh W. “Abraham’s Creation Drama.” Talk given on 6 April 1999, Joseph Smith Building auditorium, Brigham Young University, and later at the Assembly Hall on Temple Square in Salt Lake City, as part of the Book of Abraham Lecture Series sponsored by the Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies.

Transcript of a lecture presented on 6 April 1999 as part of the FARMS Book of Abraham Lecture Series.

Hugh Nibley discusses how Abraham was an ordinary man who held no office and worked no miracles, and yet he was one of the greatest minds of the last forty centuries.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Abraham’s Temple Drama.” In The Temple in Time and Eternity, edited by Donald W. Parry and Stephen D. Ricks, 1–42. Provo, UT: FARMS, 1999.

Reprinted in Eloquent Witness: Nibley on Himself, Others, and the Temple, The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley vol. 17, 445–82.

Here, Nibley identifies elements of the creation drama that appear in the book of Abraham and elsewhere in the ancient world.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Abraham’s Temple Drama.” In Eloquent Witness: Nibley on Himself, Others, and the Temple Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, vol. 17. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2008.

One of the stunning aspects of Dr. Hugh Nibley’s genius was his persistent sense of wonder. That trait induced him to range widely through very disparate subjects of study—all covered in volume 17 of The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley on Himself, Others, and the Temple. In this compilation of materials, most of which have been published previously outside the Collected Works volumes, Nibley explores the ancient Egyptians, the temple, the life sciences, world literature, ancient Judaism, and Joseph Smith and the Restoration. The contents of this volume illustrate the breadth of his interest through autobiographical sketches, interviews, book reviews, forewords to books, letters, memorial tributes, Sunday School lessons, and various writings about the temple.

Here, Nibley identifies elements of the creation drama that appear in the book of Abraham and elsewhere in the ancient world.

Farrell, Heather. “Abraham’s Tent.” BYU Studies 47, no. 4 (2008): 93.
Greenspahn, Frederick E. “Abstract of Y. Koler ‘Noah’” Old Testament Abstracts 6, no. 483 (1983): 148.
Poll, Richard D. “An Abundant Life: The Memoirs of Hugh B. Brown.” BYU Studies 28, no. 3 (1988): 120.
Brinton, Bonnie. “The Academic Anablep.” BYU Studies 49, no. 2 (2010): 25.
Slife, Brent D. “Academic Freedom at BYU from the Perspective of Someone Who Is Not a Latter-day Saint.” BYU Studies 49, no. 2 (2010): 21.
Thomas, Robert K. “Academic Responsibility.” Brigham Young University Studies 11, no. 3 (1971): 293.
Interpreter Foundation. “The Academy for Temple Studies Announces a Book Review Section.” The Interpreter Foundation website. May 23, 2013.
Nibley, Hugh W. “Acclamatio (Never Cry Mob).” In Toward a Humanistic Science of Politics: Essays in Honor of Francis Dunham Wormuth, edited by Dalmas H. Nelson and Richard L. Sklar, 11–22. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1983.

Hugh Nibley read a paper with the title “Acclamatio” at the annual meeting of the Southwest Archaeological Foundation in San Diego, California, in 1941.

In this essay, Nibley draws on materials he collected at the beginning of his career on the politics of ancient mobs and draws parallels with contemporary events, including anti-Mormon sentiments.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Acclamatio: (Never Cry Mob).” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1985.
Nibley, Hugh W. “Accommodating Religion to Your Life Style.” 27pp. Lecture given in the Religion in Life series.

This paper includes many quotations from Brigham Young and the scriptures.

Peterson, Paul H. “Accommodating the Saints at General Conference.” BYU Studies 41, no. 2 (2002): 4.
Wright, Mark Alan. “‘According to Their Language, unto Their Understanding’: The Cultural Context of Hierophanies and Theophanies in Latter-day Saint Canon.” Studies in the Bible and Antiquity 3 no. 1 (2011).

The prophet Nephi declared that the Lord speaks to his people “according to their language, unto their understanding” (2 Nephi 31:3). Religious beliefs are an integral part of a culture’s shared “language,” and the ways in which individuals interpret supernatural manifestations is typically mediated through their cultural background. The hierophanies recorded in Latter-day Saint canon directly reflect the unique cultural background of the individuals who witnessed them. This paper analyzes several distinct hierophanies witnessed by prophets in both the Old and New Worlds and discusses the cultural context in which such manifestations occur, which aids modern readers in obtaining a greater understanding of the revelatory process recounted in these texts.

Lyon, T. Edgar. “The Account Books of the Amos Davis Store at Commerce, Illinois.” Brigham Young University Studies 19, no. 2 (1979): 241.
Jones, Helen Walker. “Accountable Emily.” Brigham Young University Studies 22, no. 1 (1982): 46.
Hill, Marvin S., C. Keith Rooker, and Larry T. Wimmer. “Acknowledgements.” Brigham Young University Studies 17, no. 4 (1977): 389.
Forste, Renata T. “Acknowledging Differences While Avoiding Contention.” BYU Studies 49, no. 2 (2010): 38.
Murphy, John M. “Acquiring and Preserving Written Records: A Sacred Commission.” The FARMS Review 19, no. 2 (2007): Article 8.

This article discusses the importance of recording sacred experiences and preserving other written records.

Book of Mormon Central. “Acquiring Spiritual Knowledge: Act in Faith.” The Book of Mormon Central website. KnoWhy #260. January 11, 2017.
Keywords: Faith;Jesus Christ;Prayer;Holy Ghost;Revelation;Nephi;Laman;Lemuel;Zeezrom;Lamoni;King Lamoni;Alma;Aaron;Nephites;Lamanites;Liahona;Lehi;Covenants
Aston, Warren P. “Across Arabia with Lehi and Sariah: ‘Truth Shall Spring out of the Earth’” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 15 no. 2 (2006).

Utilizing techniques adapted from literary criticism, this paper investigates the narrative structure of the Book of Mormon, particularly the relationship between Nephi’s first-person account and Mormon’s third-person abridgment. A comparison of the order and relative prominence of material from 1 Nephi 12 with the content of Mormon’s historical record reveals that Mormon may have intentionally patterned the structure of his narrative after Nephi’s prophetic vision—a conclusion hinted at by Mormon himself in his editorial comments. With this understanding, readers of the Book of Mormon can see how Mormon’s sometimes unusual editorial decisions are actually guided by an overarching desire to show that Nephi’s prophecies have been dramatically and literally fulfilled in the history of his people.

Swenson, Sharon. “Active Spectatorship: Spiritual Dimensions of Film.” BYU Studies 46, no. 2 (2007): 247.
Halverson, Taylor. “Acts 10-15. Continuing Revelation.” The Interpreter Foundation website. August 14, 2015.
Halverson, Taylor. “Acts 21-28. Faithfully Witness of Christ.” The Interpreter Foundation website. October 10, 2015.
BYU Studies. “Acts–Revelation Bibliography by Author.” BYU Studies 34, no. 3 (1995): 110.
BYU Studies. “Acts–Revelation Bibliography by Category.” BYU Studies 34, no. 3 (1995): 89.
LDS Perspectives [pseud. of Laura Harris Hales]. “Adam Clarke’s Influence on Joseph Smith with Thomas A. Wayment.” The Interpreter Foundation website. September 27, 2017.
Roper, Matthew. “Adam in Ancient Texts and the Restoration.” On FAIR, https://www.fairlatterdaysaints.org. From the 2006 FairMormon Conference.
Callender, Dexter E. Adam in Myth and History: Ancient Israelite Perspectives on the Primal Human. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2000.
Smith, Robert F. “Adam Miller’s New Hermeneutic?” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 6 (2013): 1-7.

Review of Adam S. Miller (Collin College, McKinney, TX). Rube Goldberg Machines: Essays in Mormon Theology. Foreword by Richard Lyman Bushman. Draper, UT: Greg Kofford Books, 2012. 162 pp., with bibliography and indexes. $18.95. Paperback and e-book formats.

Hafen, Bruce C., and Marie K. Hafen. “Adam, Eve, the Book of Moses, and the Temple: The Story of Receiving Christ’s Atonement.” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (September 18–19, 2020), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2020.
Hafen, Bruce C., and Marie K. Hafen. “Adam, Eve, the Book of Moses, and the Temple: The Story of Receiving Christ’s Atonement.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 46 (2021): 157-200.

Abstract: The authors begin by highlighting the importance of Book of Moses research that has discovered plausible findings for its historicity, rendering it at least reasonable to give the benefit of the doubt to sacred premises — even if, ultimately, the choice of premises is just that, a choice. Emphasizing the relevance of the Book of Moses to the temple, they note that the Book of Moses is not only an ancient temple text, but also the ideal scriptural context for a modern temple preparation course. Going further, the authors address an important question raised by some who have asked: “Since Christ is at the center of the gospel, why doesn’t the temple endowment teach the story of the life of Christ? What’s all this about Adam and Eve?” The answer given in detail in the paper is as follows: “The story of the life of Christ is the story of giving the Atonement. And the story of Adam and Eve is the story of receiving the Atonement. Their story is our story, too.”

[Editor’s Note: Part of our book chapter reprint series, this article is reprinted here as a service to the Latter-day Saint community. Original pagination and page numbers have necessarily changed, otherwise the reprint has the same content as the original.

See Bruce C. Hafen and Marie K. Hafen, “Adam, Eve, the Book of Moses, and the Temple: The Story of Receiving Christ’s Atonement,” in Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon (Orem, UT: The Interpreter Foundation; Springville, UT: Book of Mormon Central; Redding, CA: FAIR; Tooele, UT: Eborn Books, 2021), page numbers forthcoming. Further information at https://interpreterfoundation.org/books/ancient-threads-in-the-book-of-moses/.]Historicity and Plausibility of the Book of Moses.

Hafen, Bruce C., and Marie K. Hafen. “Adam, Eve, the Book of Moses, and the Temple: The Story of Receiving Christ’s Atonement.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 1. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 1–50. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Matthews, Robert J. “Adam-ondi-Ahman.” Brigham Young University Studies 13, no. 1 (1972): 27.
Gentry, Leland H. “Adam-ondi-Ahman: A Brief Historical Survey.” Brigham Young University Studies 13, no. 4 (1973): 553.
Stone, Michael E. Adam’s Contract with Satan: The Legend of the Cheirograph of Adam. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2002.
Richards, James. “Adam’s Song.” BYU Studies 38, no. 3 (1999): 62.
Duncan, Dean. “Adaptation, Enactment, and Ingmar Bergman’s Magic Flute.” BYU Studies 43, no. 3 (2004): 229.
Hoskisson, Paul Y. “Additional Janus Parallels in the Book of Mormon.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 47 (2021): 81-90.

Abstract: A little more than 40 years ago, Cyrus Gordon discovered and described for the first time an ancient literary technique which he had found in the Hebrew Bible, and he gave it a name — a Janus parallel. That is why no one, more than 40 years ago, could have faked a Hebrew Janus parallel in an English translation of an ancient document. But, as I reasoned, if Janus parallels were a Hebrew literary device at the time Lehi left Jerusalem (for an analog see chiasmus), then such parallels probably can be found in the Book of Mormon. In this article I describe the technical methodology for discovering Janus parallels in an English translation, and I provide two new examples.


Horne, Dennis B. “Additional Witnesses of the Coming Forth and Content of the Book of Mormon.” The Interpreter Foundation website. April 20, 2016.
Anderson, Rick. “Addressing Prickly Issues.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 23 (2017): 253-261.

Review of A Reason for Faith: Navigating LDS Doctrine & Church History, ed. Laura Harris Hales. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book; Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 2016. 264 pp. $24.99.

Abstract: This collection of essays conveniently assembles faithful and rigorous treatments of difficult questions related to LDS history and doctrine. While two or three of the essays are sufficiently flawed to give cause for concern and while some of its arguments have been expressed differently in earlier publications, overall this book can be confidently recommended to interested and doctrinally mature Latter-day Saints.

Butler, John M. “Addressing Questions Surrounding the Book of Mormon and DNA Research.” The FARMS Review 18, no. 1 (2006): Article 7.

Butler discusses the premises of the DNA argument between supporters and critics of the Book of Mormon.

Smoot, Stephen O. “Admonitions from General Conference to Defend the Church.” The Interpreter Foundation website. July 1, 2013.
Hicks, Michael. “Advent.” BYU Studies 34, no. 1 (1994): 42.
LDS Perspectives [pseud. of Laura Harris Hales]. “Adventures in Religious Education with Casey Paul Griffeths.” The Interpreter Foundation website. August 16, 2017.
Bennett, Richard E. “Adventures of a Church Historian.” BYU Studies 38, no. 2 (1999): 203.
Cowan, Richard O. “Advice from a Prophet: Take Time Out.” Brigham Young University Studies 16, no. 3 (1976): 415.
Peck, Steven L. “Advice on Correct Astronomy.” BYU Studies 35, no. 1 (1995): 40.
Peterson, Daniel C. “Advocacy and Inquiry in the Writing of Latter-day Saint History.” BYU Studies 31, no. 2 (1991): 139.
Welch, Rosalynde Frandsen. “Affinities and Infinities: Joseph Smith and John Milton.” BYU Studies Quarterly 54, no. 3 (2015): 19.
Nielson, Marilyn Nelson. “After Eden.” BYU Studies 41, no. 2 (2002): 40.
Munger, MaryJan G. “After Sorrow.” BYU Studies 46, no. 3 (2007): 94.
Clark, Gina. “After the Fall.” BYU Studies 38, no. 4 (1999): 26.
Shannon, Avram R. “After Whose Order?: Kingship and Priesthood in the Book of Mormon.” BYU Studies Quarterly 60, no. 4 (2021): 75.
Livingston, Scott. “Aftergrove.” BYU Studies 49, no. 4 (2010): 155.
Addams, R. Jean. “Aftermath of the Martyrdom: The Aspirants to the Mantle of Joseph Smith and the Leadership of Brigham Young in the Months Following the Martyrdom.” “A Life Lived in Crescendo” Firesides. The Interpreter Foundation YouTube channel. November 28, 2021.

Feelings of foreboding were experienced by some members of the Quorum of the Twelve while serving missions in the northeastern states on June 27, 1844, the day the Prophet Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum were assassinated. Their promptings led them to return to Nauvoo in haste. We will discuss Sidney Rigdon’s efforts to assume guardianship of the Church in August 1844 and Brigham Young’s resounding response. Then, we will explore the various claims and results of efforts by several aspirants to claim the mantle of the deceased Prophet Joseph. Next, we will examine the solidifying influence of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, led by their president Brigham Young. Finally, I will recount the resulting exodus of the majority of the Saints from western Illinois to Iowa in early 1846. Young continued to deal with the “scattering” of certain individuals and their adherents for several more years and was required to provide the counsel and direction to those apostles that were assigned to facilitate the trek westward from Kanesville in the years that followed.

Peterson, Daniel C. “Afterword.” FARMS Review of Books 11, no. 2 (1999): Article 9.

In response to the articles in this issue, Peterson notes that Latter-day Saints do not extend themselves to expose and attack other faiths. He further discusses, among other things, an open canon and continuing revelation, salvation as outlined in the scriptures, the ordinances of the gospel, revelation following the incarnation and resurrection of Christ, the biblical canon, inerrancy, biblical texts, the Book of Abraham, and the nature of God.

Hill, Marvin S. “Afterword 30:4.” BYU Studies 30, no. 4 (1990): 117.
Pratt, John P. “Afterwords 23:2.” Brigham Young University Studies 23, no. 2 (1983): 143.
Newell, Linda King. “Afterwords 25:2.” Brigham Young University Studies 25, no. 2 (1985): 96.
Thomas, Darwin L. “Afterwords 26:2.” Brigham Young University Studies 26, no. 2 (1986): 99.
Poll, Richard D. “Afterwords 27:2.” BYU Studies 27, no. 2 (1987): 136.
Alexander, Thomas G. “Afterwords 29:4.” BYU Studies 29, no. 4 (1989): 143.
Partridge, Dixie L. “Again, October.” BYU Studies 40, no. 3 (2001): 173.
Gillum, Gary P. “Against the Grain: Christianity and Democracy, War and Peace.” BYU Studies 48, no. 3 (2009): 169.
Howland, Melissa. “Against the Wall: Johann Huber and the First Mormons in Austria.” BYU Studies Quarterly 56, no. 3 (2017): 202.
Lythgoe, Dennis L. “Age Hasn't Slowed Sharp Wit, Mind.” Deseret News, 31 January 2003.
Jackson, Kent P. “An Age of Contrasts: From Adam to Abraham.” Ensign 26, no. 2, February 1986, 28–30.
Nibley, Hugh W. “An Age of Discovery.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1985.

It is very important for Latter-day Saints to keep pace, more or Less, with the fast-moving developments in the fields of Bible and related studies. By failing to do this we run the risk of laboring to accommodate our religion to scientific and scholarly teachings that have long since been superceded, altered, or completely discarded.

Harris, John S. “The Age of Wonders.” BYU Studies 30, no. 4 (1990): 58.
Schilaty, Ben. “Agency and Same-Sex Attraction.” BYU Studies Quarterly 58, no. 2 (2019): 81.
Jackson, Kent P., and Charles Swift. “The Ages of the Patriarchs in the Joseph Smith Translation.” In A Witness for the Restoration: Essays in Honor of Robert J. Matthews, edited by Kent P. Jackson and Andrew C. Skinner, 1–11. Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 2007.
Buell, Thea Jo. “Aguas Vivas.” BYU Studies Quarterly 60, no. 1 (2021): 197.
Hauglid, Brian M. “Al-Ghazali, a Muslim Seeker of Truth.” BYU Studies 40, no. 4 (2001): 89.
Nelson, Fred W. “Alan C. Miner. Step by Step through the Book of Mormon: The Story in Scriptures--A Geographical, Cultural, and Historical System of Understanding and Step by Step through the Book of Mormon: A Cultural Commentary, Part 1--Through the Wilderness to the Promised Land.” FARMS Review of Books 9, no. 1 (1997): Article 7.

Review of Step by Step through the Book of Mormon: The Story in Scriptures? A Geographical, Cultural, and Historical System of Understanding (1996), and Step by Step through the Book of Mormon: A Cultural Commentary, Part 1?Through the Wilderness to the Promised Land (1996), by Alan C. Miner

McKinlay, Daniel B. “Alan Goff, ‘A Hermeneutic of Sacred Texts: Historicism, Revisionism, Positivism, and the Bible and the Book of Mormon?’” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 2 (1990): Article 12.

Review of “A Hemeneutic of Sacred Texts: Historicism, Revisionism, Postitiveism, and the Bible and Book of Mormon” (1989), by Alan Goff.

Walker, Jim. “Alberta Wheat Pool.” Brigham Young University Studies 26, no. 1 (1986): 122.
Palmer, Alison. “Alexander Campbell and Joseph Smith: Nineteenth-Century Restorationists.” BYU Studies Quarterly 58, no. 3 (2019): 192.
Nibley, Hugh W. “Alexander the Great.” Nibley, Hugh and Michael D. Rhodes.

One Eternal Round is the culmination of Hugh Nibley’s thought on the book of Abraham and represents over fifteen years of research and writing. The volume includes penetrating insights into Egyptian pharaohs and medieval Jewish and Islamic traditions about Abraham; Greek, Egyptian, and Mesopotamian myths; the Aztec calendar stone; Hopi Indian ceremonies; and early Jewish and Christian apocrypha, as well as the relationship of myth, ritual, and history.

Peek, Cecilia M. “Alexander the Great Comes to Jerusalem: The Jewish Response to Hellenism.” BYU Studies 36, no. 3 (1996): 99.
Maynard, Gregory. “Alexander William Doniphan: Man of Justice.” Brigham Young University Studies 13, no. 4 (1973): 462.
Meyer, Casualene. “Alexandria Bay, bibliophile.” BYU Studies 34, no. 1 (1994): 28.
Moss, Kendall. “Alhamdulilah: The Apparent Accidental Establishment of the Church in Guinea.” BYU Studies 45, no. 4 (2006): 19.
Howe, Susan Elizabeth. “Aliens.” BYU Studies Quarterly 54, no. 3 (2015): 180.
Harris, John S. “Alkali.” Brigham Young University Studies 24, no. 3 (1984): 337.
Perego, Ugo A. “All Abraham’s Children: A Genetic Perspective.” Paper presented at the 2016 Science & Mormonism Symposium: Body, Brain, Mind & Spirit. March 12, 2016.
Jacobson, Cardell K. “All Abraham’s Children: Changing Mormon Conceptions of Race and Lineage.” BYU Studies 45, no. 2 (2006): 163.
Hilton, John L., and Ken Jenkins. “All Book of Mormon References by Author and Literary Form: A Full Listing of Book of Mormon References by Author and Literary Form.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1983.
Peterson, Daniel C. “‘All Can Partake, Freely’” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 42 (2021): vii-xiv.

Abstract: The Interpreter Foundation welcomes faithful ideas, insights, and manuscripts from people of all backgrounds. In this brief essay, I share some that were recently shared with me regarding Lehi’s vision of the tree of life, as recorded in 1 Nephi 8. Among other things, Lehi seems to have been shown that the divine offer of salvation extends far beyond a small elite. As Peter exclaims in the King James rendering of Acts 10:34, “God is no respecter of persons.” Other translations render the same words as saying that he doesn’t “play favorites” or “show partiality.” The passage in James 1:5 with which the Restoration commenced clearly announces that, if they will simply ask, God “giveth to all men liberally.”.

Interpreter Foundation. “All D&C Lessons Scripture Roundtables Available.” The Interpreter Foundation website. January 12, 2017.
Kimball, Richard I. “All Hail to Christmas: Mormon Pioneer Holiday Celebrations.” BYU Studies 40, no. 3 (2001): 6.
Dahl, Paul E. “‘All Is Well . . .’: The Story of ‘the Hymn That Went around the World’” Brigham Young University Studies 21, no. 4 (1981): 515.
Hedges, Andrew H. “All My Endeavors to Preserve Them: Protecting the Plates in Palmyra, 22 September-December 1827.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 8 no. 2 (1992).

After Joseph Smith received the gold plates from the angel Moroni, he had to take great measures to protect them from people who wanted to steal them for their monetary value. Although Joseph did not leave much documentation of such experiences, the people who were closely associated with him at the time did. Using what records still exist, Hedges pieces together some of the stories of Joseph’s challenges in obtaining and protecting the gold plates.

Gillum, Gary P. “All Scripture Index to Hugh Nibley's Works.” FARMS Preliminary Report.

A full list of scripture references used in works written by Hugh Nibley.

Hafen, Bruce C. “All That Was Promised: The St. George Temple and the Unfolding of the Restoration.” BYU Studies Quarterly 54, no. 3 (2015): 193.
Nibley, Hugh W. “All the Court’s a Stage: Facsimile 3, a Royal Mumming.” In Abraham in Egypt, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, vol. 14, 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2000.

The Book of Abraham, one of the canonized works of Latter-day Saint scripture brought forth by the Prophet Joseph Smith, has been attacked by critics since its publication in 1842. In Abraham in Egypt, LDS scholar Hugh Nibley draws on his erudition in ancient languages, literature, and history to defend the book on historical and doctrinal grounds. Nibley examines the Book of Abraham’s striking connections with ancient texts and Egyptian religion and culture. He discusses the book’s many nonbiblical themes that are found in apocryphal literature not known or available in Smith’s day. In opening up many other lines of inquiry, Nibley lays an essential foundation for further research on the biblical patriarch Abraham. This enlarged, second edition of Nibley’s classic 1981 work of the same title updates the endnotes, includes many illustrations, and adds several chapters taken from a series of articles in the Improvement Era entitled “A Look at the Pearl of Great Price,” which Nibley wrote between 1968 and 1970.

Fletcher-Louis, Crispin H. T. All the Glory of Adam: Liturgical Anthropology in the Dead Sea Scrolls. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2002.
Esplin, Ronald K. “‘All the Measures of Joseph’ – Keys and Continuity in the Succession of 1844.” “A Life Lived in Crescendo” Firesides. The Interpreter Foundation YouTube channel. October 31, 2021.

Joseph Smith well understood that Nauvoo provided his final opportunity to finish the foundation of the Restoration and complete the mission he had been given. He also knew that his time would be short for “according to his prayers God had appointed him elsewhere”— and others would finish the work he had begun.

It is not surprising then, in retrospect, that he wasted no time once a majority of the Twelve had returned to Nauvoo from Britain, now proven as a successful administrative and leadership quorum, to put them in the harness in new ways. Unwilling to wait until October conference, Joseph called a “special conference” in August 1841, the month following their return, to announce to the saints that the Quorum of the Twelve apostles would have enlarged responsibilities, overseeing with the First Presidency the entire church, rather than being restricted to carrying the gospel abroad, outside the stakes, as before. “Business of the Church given to the 12,” noted Willard Richard in his diary about this event that portended important future developments. From that point forward, Young and his fellow apostles were involved in all aspects of church governance and development. They were at Joseph’s side both publicly and in private, from the first temple-related ordinances in May 1842 through administration of additional ordinances and organization of the Council of Fifty in 1844.

This presentation offers an overview of how these new assignments, responsibilities and opportunities prepared Brigham Young and the Quorum of the Twelve to “carry the burden in the heat of the day,” even in Joseph’s absence. It will show that Joseph saw to them receiving “every key and every power that he ever held himself before God,“ preparing them and fully empowering them to, as they proclaimed, “carry out all the measures of Joseph”—to complete on the foundation he laid the edifice he had envisioned and begun.

Roundy, Bruce A., and Robert J. Norman. “‘All Things Denote There is a God’: Seeing Christ in the Creation.” Religious Educator 6, no. 2 (2005): 51–62.

The Lord told Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery, “Look unto me in every thought” (D&C 6:36). In the ordinance of the sacrament we covenant each week to “always remember him,” that we “may always have his Spirit” to be with us (D&C 20:77). The Book of Mormon testifies that “all things denote there is a God; yea, even the earth, and all thing that are upon the face of it” (Alma 30:44). Thus, God has given all things as a type or representation of Christ to help us remember Him (see 2 Nephi 11:4; Helaman 8:24). The key to understanding the things of God is to see Christ in them, including His creations.

Beecher, Maureen Ursenbach. “‘All Things Move in Order in the City’: The Nauvoo Diary of Zina Diantha Huntington Jacobs.” Brigham Young University Studies 19, no. 3 (1979): 285.
Howe, Susan Elizabeth. “All Things Sing Praise.” BYU Studies Quarterly 60, no. 1 (2021): 128.
Dant, Doris R. “All Things Testify of Him: Inspirational Paintings by Latter-day Saint Artists.” BYU Studies 38, no. 1 (1999): 221.
Hickman, Trenton L. “All Tucked In.” BYU Studies 36, no. 1 (1996): 200.
Swift, Hales. “All We Can/Could Do Is Repentance (Alma 24).” The Interpreter Foundation website. June 29, 2020.
Lamb, John D. “All Ye Need to Know.” BYU Studies Quarterly 53, no. 3 (2014): 146.
Ricks, Shirley S. “Allan K. Burgess and Max H. Molgard, Fun for Family Night: Book of Mormon Edition.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 3 (1991): Article 5.

Review of Fun for Family Night: Book of Mormon Edition (1990), by Allan K. Burgess and Max H. Molgard.

Snow, Edward. “Allan K. Burgess, Living the Book of Mormon: A Guide to Understanding and Applying Its Principles in Today's World.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 4 (1992): Article 41.

Review of Living the Book of Mormon: A Guide to Understanding and Applying Its Principles in Today's World (1991), by Allen K. Burgess.

Livingstone, Amy L. “Allan K. Burgess. Timely Truths from the Book of Mormon.” FARMS Review of Books 9, no. 1 (1997): Article 4.

Review of Timely Truths from the Book of Mormon (1995), by Allan K. Burgess

Malzl, Philipp B. “An Allegory of Eden: Marc Chagall’s Magic Flute Poster.” BYU Studies 43, no. 3 (2004): 218.
Swift, Hales. “An Allegory of the Olive Tree Potpourri – Some Notes on Jacob 5.” The Interpreter Foundation website. March 26, 2020.
Honey, David B. “The Allegory of the Olive Tree: The Olive, the Bible, and Jacob 5.” BYU Studies 35, no. 1 (1995): 238.
Jensen, De Lamar. “Allied Strategy in World War II: The Churchill Era, 1942–1943.” Brigham Young University Studies 5, no. 1 (1962): 49.
Swift, Hales. “Alma 36: Christ as Turning Point.” The Interpreter Foundation website. July 20, 2020.
Swift, Hales. “Alma 44: Just and Unjust War, Simile Curses, and Repentance.” The Interpreter Foundation website. August 11, 2020.
Swift, Hales. “Alma 55:4-9: Nephite and Lamanite Differences More about Sound than Look.” The Interpreter Foundation website. August 11, 2020.
Reid L. Neilson. “Alma O. Taylor’s Fact-Finding Mission to China.” BYU Studies 40, no. 1 (2001): 176.
Thomas, M. Catherine. “Alma the Younger (Parts 1 & 2).” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1996. Transcript of a lecture given at the FARMS Book of Mormon Lecture Series.

Catherine Thomas places Alma and his teachings within the context of the premortal existence to show his concern for the plan of redemption. She notes that some spirits were notably more responsive in their faith than others and that Israel was there organized. Alma’s discourses are set against his dramatic conversion, from a condition of abject wickedness to that of a highly motivated saint. His transformation serves as a model of encouragement for the lost soul seeking a higher state.

Keywords: Book of Mormon, Teachings
Bowen, Matthew L. “Alma — Young Man, Hidden Prophet.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 19 (2016): 343-353.

Abstract: The biographical introduction of Alma the Elder into the Book of Mormon narrative (Mosiah 17:2) also introduces the name Alma into the text for the first time, this in close juxtaposition with a description of Alma as a “young man.” The best explanation for the name Alma is that it derives from the Semitic term ǵlm (Hebrew ʿelem), “young man,” “youth,” “lad.” This suggests the strong probability of an intentional wordplay on the name Alma in the Book of Mormon’s underlying text: Alma became “[God’s] young man” or “servant.” Additional lexical connections between Mosiah 17:2 and Mosiah 14:1 (quoting Isaiah 53:1) suggest that Abinadi identified Alma as the one “to whom” or “upon whom” (ʿal-mî) the Lord was “reveal[ing]” his arm as Abinadi’s prophetic successor. Alma began his prophetic succession when he “believed” Abinadi’s report and pled with King Noah for Abinadi’s life. Forced to flee, Alma began his prophetic ministry “hidden” and “concealed” while writing the words of Abinadi and teaching them “privately.” The narrative’s dramatic emphasis on this aspect of Alma’s life suggests an additional thread of wordplay that exploits the homonymy between Alma and the Hebrew root *ʿlm, forms of which mean “to hide,” “conceal,” “be hidden,” “be concealed.” The richness of the wordplay and allusion revolving around Alma’s name in Mosiah 17–18 accentuates his importance as a prophetic figure and founder of the later Nephite church. Moreover, it suggests that Alma’s name was appropriate given the details of his life and that he lived up to the positive connotations latent in his name.

Whittaker, David J. “Almanacs in the New England Heritage of Mormonism.” BYU Studies 29, no. 4 (1989): 89.
Conkling, J. Christopher. “Alma’s Enemies: The Case of the Lamanites, Amlicites, and Mysterious Amalekites.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 14 no. 1 (2005).

In Alma 21 a new group of troublemakers is introduced—the Amalekites—without explanation or introduction. This article offers arguments that this is the same group called Amlicites elsewhere and that the confusion is caused by Oliver Cowdery’s inconsistency in spelling. If this theory is accurate, then Alma structured his narrative record more tightly and carefully than previously realized. The concept also challenges the simplicity of the good Nephite/bad Lamanite rubric so often used to describe the players in the book of Mormon.

Brown, Amanda Colleen. “Alma’s Reality: Reading Alma as Sinful, Repentant, Traumatized, Questioning, and Righteous.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 46 (2021): 249-252.

Review of Kylie Nielson Turley, Alma 1–29: A Brief Theological Introduction (Provo, UT: The Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship, 2020). 162 pages. $9.95 (paperback).

Abstract: Kylie Nielson Turley delves deep into the conversion and ministry of Alma the Younger, reading new life into a well-known narrative. By analyzing Alma’s story with the full weight of his humanity in mind, she breathes emotion into Alma’s conversion and missionary efforts. Her efforts to read Alma without a veneer of superhumanity result in a highly relatable figure who has known wickedness, repentance, loss, depression, and righteousness.

Swift, Hales. “Alma’s Testimony of Christ’s Birth and Mission (Alma 7).” The Interpreter Foundation website. June 1, 2020.
Allred, Philip A. “Alma’s Use of State in the Book of Mormon: Evidence of Multiple Authorship.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 5 no. 1 (1996).

Alma’s distinctive use of the word state in the Book of Mormon is present in his unique concentration of state, his tendency to reword with state, and his treatment of a shared topic involving state.

Blackhurst, Benjamin. “Almost a Psalm, about Inheritance.” BYU Studies Quarterly 55, no. 2 (2016): 154.
Jacobson, Cardell K. “Almost Christian: What the Faith of Our Teenagers Is Telling the American Church.” BYU Studies 50, no. 3 (2011): 174.
Sabin, Steve. “An (Almost) Uncensored Interview with Hugh Nibley.” Student Review, 24 March 1993, 3.

Student Review once managed to interview Hugh Nibley; one of his students performed the interview for us in his office some Saturday. The guy came up with all sorts of questions, and Hugh answered them all. We all listened to the tape several times over; it was cool stuff. We ran it as “An (Almost) Uncensored Interview with Hugh Nibley,” from which my favorite line was a comment he made when asked about the BYU administration (as it existed circa 1994): “Lawyers! Lawyers everywhere! Nothing but lawyers!” Also, he called Supreme Court Justice Scalia “just plain stupid.” (from a comment at TimesandSeasons.org)

Morrell, Jeannette. “Along the Old Utah Highway 91.” Brigham Young University Studies 9, no. 1 (1968): 54.
Larson, Clinton F. “Alpha and Omega at the End.” Brigham Young University Studies 26, no. 3 (1986): 109.
Hicks, Michael. “Altarpiece.” BYU Studies 35, no. 1 (1995): 144.
Palmer, Spencer J. “Alternative Altars: Unconventional and Eastern Spirituality in America.” Brigham Young University Studies 21, no. 2 (1981): 250.
Jackson, Kent P. “Am I a Christian?” FARMS Review of Books 14, no. 1 (2002): Article 10.

Review of “Is Mormonism Christian?” (2002), by Craig L. Blomberg

Hickman, Martin B. “The Ambassadorial Years: Some Insights.” Brigham Young University Studies 13, no. 3 (1973): 405.
Harris, John B. “The Ambivalants.” Brigham Young University Studies 20, no. 2 (1980): 150.
Nibley, Hugh W. “An Ambivalent Emblem.” 6 pp.

An article about being in the world but not of the world.

Park, Benjamin E. “America 1844: Religious Fervor, Westward Expansion, and the Presidential Election That Transformed the Nation.” BYU Studies Quarterly 56, no. 2 (2017): 153.
Poll, Richard D. “America and the Rational Road to Peace.” Brigham Young University Studies 3, no. 3 (1961): 3.
Sorenson, John L. “America B.C.: Ancient Settlers in the New World.” Brigham Young University Studies 17, no. 3 (1977): 373.
Browning, Gary L. “American and Russian Perceptions of Freedom and Security.” Brigham Young University Studies 25, no. 1 (1985): 115.
Cooper, Rex. “American Congregations, Volumes 1 and 2.” BYU Studies 35, no. 3 (1995): 173.
Baugh, Alexander L. “American Crucifixion: The Murder of Joseph Smith and the Fate of the Mormon Church.” BYU Studies Quarterly 54, no. 4 (2015): 198.
Sorenson, John L. “The American Discovery of Europe.” BYU Studies 46, no. 3 (2007): 185.
Hilsman, Roger. “American Foreign Policy: Focus on Asia.” Brigham Young University Studies 12, no. 1 (1971): 9.
Kramer, Neal W. “American Gospel: God, the Founding Fathers, and the Making of a Nation.” BYU Studies 46, no. 3 (2007): 157.
Phillips, James W. “American Grace: How Religion Divides and Unites Us.” BYU Studies 50, no. 1 (2011): 159.
Launius, Roger D. “The American Home Missionary Society Collection and Mormonism.” Brigham Young University Studies 23, no. 2 (1983): 201.
Robertson, John S. “An American Indian Language Family with Middle Eastern Loanwords: Responding to A Recent Critique.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 34 (2020): 1-16.

Abstract: In 2015 Brian Stubbs published a landmark book, demonstrating that Uto-Aztecan, an American Indian language family, contains a vast number of Northwest Semitic and Egyptian loanwords spoken in the first millennium bc. Unlike other similar claims — absurd, eccentric, and without substance — Stubbs’s book is a serious, linguistically based study that deserves serious consideration. In the scholarly world, any claim of Old World influence in the New World languages is met with critical, often hostile skepticism. This essay is written in response to one such criticism.

Welch, John W. “The American Inns of Court: Reclaiming a Noble Profession.” BYU Studies 38, no. 1 (1999): 219.
Mason, Patrick Q. “American Jesus: How the Son of God Became a National Icon.” BYU Studies 44, no. 3 (2005): 184.
Howe, Susan Elizabeth. “The American Political Animal.” BYU Studies Quarterly 61, no. 1 (2022): 212.
Marks, Loren D. “American Religions and the Family: How Faith Traditions Cope with Modernization and Democracy.” BYU Studies 48, no. 1 (2009): 182.
Bushman, Richard L. “American Religions and the Rise of Mormonism.” Brigham Young University Studies 7, no. 2 (1966): 161.
Porter, Blaine R. “American Teen-Agers of the 1960’s—Our Despair or Hope?” Brigham Young University Studies 16, no. 1 (1975): 48.
Seferovich, Heather M. “American Universities and the Birth of Modern Mormonism, 1867–1940.” BYU Studies Quarterly 56, no. 4 (2017): 179.
Abajian, Kathryn J. “American Women Modernists: The Legacy of Robert Henri, 1910–1945.” BYU Studies 47, no. 1 (2008): 191.
Lyon, T. Edgar. “The ‘Americanization’ of Utah for Statehood.” Brigham Young University Studies 12, no. 1 (1971): 138.
McMurtry, Benjamin. “The Amlicites and Amalekites: Are They the Same People?” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 25 (2017): 269-281.

Abstract: Royal Skousen’s Book of Mormon Critical Text Project has proposed many hundreds of changes to the text of the Book of Mormon. A subset of these changes does not come from definitive evidence found in the manuscripts or printed editions but are conjectural emendations. In this paper, I examine one of these proposed changes — the merging of two dissenting Nephite groups, the Amlicites and the Amalekites. Carefully examining the timeline and geography of these groups shows logical problems with their being the same people. This paper argues that they are, indeed, separate groups and explores a plausible explanation for the missing origins of the Amalekites.

Yerman, Bruce E. “Ammon and the Mesoamerican Custom of Smiting off Arms.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 8 no. 1 (1992).

Ammon, a Nephite missionary who chose to serve a Lamanite king as his servant, gained fame by cutting off the arms of the king’s enemies. The practice of smiting off arms of enemies as trophies fits a cultural pattern known among the later Aztecs and Maya in pre-Spanish Mesoamerica.

Boyce, Duane. “The Ammonites Were Not Pacifists.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 20 (2016): 293-313.

Abstract: Although it is common to believe that the Ammonites were pacifists, the report of their story demonstrates that this is a mistake. Appreciating the Ammonites’ non-pacifism helps us think more clearly about them, and it also explains several features of the text. These are textual elements that surprise us if we assume that the Ammonites were pacifists, but that make perfect sense once we understand that they were not. Moreover, in addition to telling us that the Ammonites were not pacifists, the text also gives us the actual reason the Ammonites came to eschew all conflict — and we learn from this why significant prophetic leaders (from King Benjamin to Alma to Mormon) did not reject the sword in the same way. The text also reveals the intellectual flaw in supposing that the Ammonites’ early acts of self-sacrifice set the proper example for all disciples to follow.

Unattributed. “Ammon’s Rehearsal.” BYU Studies 37, no. 1 (1997): 205.
Smart, Lyman. “Among the Mormons.” Brigham Young University Studies 1, no. 1 (1959): 73.
Interpreter Foundation. “Amy L. Williams on ‘Answering New Atheism and Seeking a Sure Knowledge of God’” The Interpreter Foundation website. November 30, 2014.
Book of Mormon Central. “An Apostle’s Witness.” The Book of Mormon Central website. KnoWhy #2. January 2, 2016.
Keywords: Jeffrey R. Holland;Apostle;Witness;Joseph Smith;Testimony;Book of Mormon;General Conference;Church History;General Authority;Restoration
Eliason, Eric A. “‘An Awful Tale of Blood’ Theocracy, Intervention, and the Forgotten Kingdom.” FARMS Review of Books 12, no. 1 (2000): Article 10.

Review of Forgotten Kingdom: The Mormon Theocracy in the American West, 1875-1896 (1998), by David L. Bigler

Gee, John. “‘An Obstacle to Deeper Understanding’” FARMS Review of Books 12, no. 2 (2000): Article 16.

Review of Early Mormonism and the Magic World View (1998), by D. Michael Quinn

Jenkins, Joseph A. “An Analysis from a Teacher's Perspective.” FARMS Review of Books 13, no. 2 (2001): Article 7.

Review of Charting the Book of Mormon (1999), by John W. Welch and J. Gregory Welch

Skousen, Royal. Analysis of Textual Variants of the Book of Mormon Part Five: Alma 56 – 3 Nephi 18. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2008.

The version available here online at Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture is a reproduction of the

printed version of ATV, published in 2004–2009 by the Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon

Studies, now a part of the Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship at Brigham Young University.

No textual adjustments to the printed version have been made.

Skousen, Royal. Analysis of Textual Variants of the Book of Mormon Part Four: Alma 21–55. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2007.

The version available here online at Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture is a reproduction of the

printed version of ATV, published in 2004–2009 by the Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon

Studies, now a part of the Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship at Brigham Young University.

No textual adjustments to the printed version have been made.

Skousen, Royal. Analysis of Textual Variants of the Book of Mormon Part One: 1 Nephi 1 – 2 Nephi 10. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2004.

The version available here online at Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture is a reproduction of the

printed version of ATV, published in 2004–2009 by the Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon

Studies, now a part of the Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship at Brigham Young University.

No textual adjustments to the printed version have been made.

ATV appears in six books and gives a complete analysis of all the important cases of textual variation

(or potential variation) in the history of the Book of Mormon. It starts out with the title page of the Book

of Mormon and the two witness statements, then turns to 1 Nephi and continues through the Book of

Mormon to the end of Moroni.

Skousen, Royal. Analysis of Textual Variants of the Book of Mormon Part Six: 3 Nephi 19 – Moroni 10. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2009.

The version available here online at Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture is a reproduction of the

printed version of ATV, published in 2004–2009 by the Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon

Studies, now a part of the Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship at Brigham Young University.

No textual adjustments to the printed version have been made.

ATV appears in six books and gives a complete analysis of all the important cases of textual variation

(or potential variation) in the history of the Book of Mormon. It starts out with the title page of the Book

of Mormon and the two witness statements, then turns to 1 Nephi and continues through the Book of

Mormon to the end of Moroni.

Skousen, Royal. Analysis of Textual Variants of the Book of Mormon Part Three: Mosiah 17 – Alma 20. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2006.

The version available here online at Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture is a reproduction of the

printed version of ATV, published in 2004–2009 by the Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon

Studies, now a part of the Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship at Brigham Young University.

No textual adjustments to the printed version have been made.

ATV appears in six books and gives a complete analysis of all the important cases of textual variation

(or potential variation) in the history of the Book of Mormon. It starts out with the title page of the Book

of Mormon and the two witness statements, then turns to 1 Nephi and continues through the Book of

Mormon to the end of Moroni.

Skousen, Royal. Analysis of Textual Variants of the Book of Mormon Part Two: 2 Nephi 11 – Mosiah 16. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2005.

The version available here online at Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture is a reproduction of the

printed version of ATV, published in 2004–2009 by the Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon

Studies, now a part of the Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship at Brigham Young University.

No textual adjustments to the printed version have been made.

ATV appears in six books and gives a complete analysis of all the important cases of textual variation

(or potential variation) in the history of the Book of Mormon. It starts out with the title page of the Book

of Mormon and the two witness statements, then turns to 1 Nephi and continues through the Book of

Mormon to the end of Moroni.

Matheny, Ray T. “An Analysis of the Padilla Gold Plates.” Brigham Young University Studies 19, no. 1 (1978): 21.
Cutler, John Alba. “Anaranjado.” BYU Studies Quarterly 57, no. 3 (2018): 80.
Howell, Larry L. “Anatomy of Invention.” BYU Studies Quarterly 55, no. 3 (2016): 83.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and David J. Larsen. “Ancient Affinities within the LDS Book of Enoch Part One.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 4 (2013): 1-27.

Abstract: In this article, we will examine affinities between ancient extracanonical sources and a collection of modern revelations that Joseph Smith termed “extracts from the Prophecy of Enoch.” We build on the work of previous scholars, revisiting their findings with the benefit of subsequent scholarship. Following a perspective on the LDS canon and an introduction to the LDS Enoch revelations, we will focus on relevant passages in pseudepigrapha and LDS scripture within three episodes in the Mormon Enoch narrative: Enoch’s prophetic commission, Enoch’s encounters with the “gibborim,” and the weeping and exaltation of Enoch and his people.

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and David J. Larsen. “Ancient Affinities within the LDS Book of Enoch Part Two.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 4 (2013): 29-74.

Abstract: In this article, we will examine affinities between ancient extracanonical sources and a collection of modern revelations that Joseph Smith termed “extracts from the Prophecy of Enoch.” We build on the work of previous scholars, revisiting their findings with the benefit of subsequent scholarship. Following a perspective on the LDS canon and an introduction to the LDS Enoch revelations, we will focus on relevant passages in pseudepigrapha and LDS scripture within three episodes in the Mormon Enoch narrative: Enoch’s prophetic commission, Enoch’s encounters with the “gibborim,” and the weeping and exaltation of Enoch and his people.

Sorenson, John L. “Ancient American Inscriptions: Plow Marks or History?” BYU Studies 33, no. 3 (1993): 639.
Kerr, Todd R. “Ancient Aspects of Nephite Kingship in the Book of Mormon.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 1 no. 1 (1992).

Nephite kings were expected to fulfill the same roles that kings played in other ancient civilizations— commander of the military forces, chief judicial official, and leader of the national religion. A king’s success depended not only on the extent to which he performed each role, but also on the motives behind his service. Selfless rule by Benjamin-type kings commanded the respect and praise of the people, while King Noah’s quest for personal gain roused Old World disdain for the monarch. The Nephite experiment with kingship confirms that between “kings and tyrants there’s this difference known; kings seek their subject’s good; tyrants their own” (Robert Herrick, 1591–1674).

Wright, H. Curtis. “Ancient Burials of Metal Documents in Stone Boxes.” In By Study and Also By Faith: Essays in Honor of Hugh W. Nibley on the Occasion of His Eightieth Birthday, 27 March 1990, vol. 2. Edited by John M. Lundquist and Stephen D. Ricks. Provo, UT, and Salt Lake City: FARMS and Deseret Book, 1990.

This paper is an expanded version of a paper presented earlier at the Library History Seminar VI in March 1980.

This paper deals with the persistence of a strange documentary custom of the Mesopotamian kings, which led to numerous burials of metallic documents (often encased in stone boxes or other special containers) and were concealed in the foundations or other inaccessible recesses of temples and palaces.

Nibley, Hugh W. “The Ancient Christian Church.” 160 pp.

This is a manuscript dealing with authority and the councils, possibly related to the 155-page manuscript that became the volume Apostles and Bishops in Early Christianity, which focuses more on the office of Bishop.

Reynolds, Noel B. “The Ancient Doctrine of the Two Ways and the Book of Mormon.” BYU Studies Quarterly 56, no. 3 (2017): 49.
Peterson, Daniel C. “Ancient Documents and Latter-day Saint Scholarship.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, August 3, 1999. This paper was presented at a Brigham Young University devotional on 3 August 1999.

Daniel Peterson discusses recent research that supports a spiritual witness for the Book of Mormon, including the following: Joseph Smith’s lack of schooling, his supposed misnaming of Jesus’ birthplace, the translation process, studies of chiasmus, possible locations for Book of Mormon events, and ancient manuscripts that are consistent with Book of Mormon accounts about document practices and beliefs of past civilizations.

Keywords: Mormon Studies
Currid, John D. Ancient Egypt and the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 1997.
Muhlestein, Kerry. “Ancient Egypt’s Temples, and Parallels by Kerry Muhlestein (Egypt lecture #5).” The Ultimate Egypt – Interpreter Foundation Tour Lecture. The Interpreter Foundation website. September 29, 2021.

Egypt built temples for thousands of years. The largest religious buildings ever built were temples in Egypt, and the largest room in any religious structure is the hypostyle hall in the Karnak Temple. Additionally, no one mastered and used symbolism like the Egyptians. Come explore the purpose of Egyptian temples and see how it can deepen your understanding of religious symbols in modern-day usage as well.

Hardy, Grant R. “Ancient History and Modern Commandments: The Book of Mormon in Comparison with Joseph Smith’s Other Revelations.” In Producing Ancient Scripture: Joseph Smith’s Translation Projects and the Making of Mormon Christianity, edited by Mark Ashurst-McGee, Michael Hubbard MacKay and Brian M. Hauglid, 205–227. Salt Lake City, UT: University of Utah Press, 2020.

Smith, Daniel. “The Ancient Israelite Tabernacle, Its Accoutrements, and the Priestly Vestments.” Paper presented at the 2016 Temple on Mount Zion Conference. November 5, 2016.
Patai, Raphael. “Ancient Jewish Seafaring and River-faring Laws.” In By Study and Also By Faith: Essays in Honor of Hugh W. Nibley on the Occasion of His Eightieth Birthday, 27 March 1990, vol. 1. Edited by John M. Lundquist and Stephen D. Ricks. Provo, UT, and Salt Lake City: FARMS and Deseret Book, 1990.

This first of two volumes of essays honoring Hugh Nibley includes scholarly papers based on what the contributors have learned from Dr. Nibley. Nearly every major subject that he has encompassed in his vast learning and scholarly production is represented here by at least one article. Topics include the influence of Nibley, Copts and the Bible, the Seventy in scripture, the great apostasy, the book of Daniel in early Mormon thought, an early Christian initiation ritual, John’s Apocalypse, ancient Jewish seafaring, Native American rites of passage, Sinai as sanctuary and mountain of God, the Qurʾan and creation ex nihilo, and the sacred handclasp and embrace.

This paper presents data, culled primarily from talmudic and midrashic sources, pertaining to the commercial and religious laws that governed Jewish seafaring up to ca. AD 500.

Green, Doyle L., and Jay M. Todd. “The Ancient Land of Egypt.” Green, Doyle L. and Jay M. Todd.

Includes color photographs taken by the author.

Articles introducing Egypt accompanying Nibley’s series “A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price.”

Nibley, Hugh W. “The Ancient Law of Liberty.” “Time Vindicates the Prophets.” Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1954. 30 pamphlets, weekly radio addresses from 7 March to 17 October.

Part of a weekly lecture series featured on KSL radio.

A discussion about liberty and ancient beliefs involving such.

Nibley, Hugh W. “The Ancient Law of Liberty.” In The World and the Prophets, The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley 3, edited by John W. Welch, Gary P. Gillum, and Don E. Norton. 3rd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1987.

An edited version of a part of a weekly lecture series featured on KSL radio.

A discussion about liberty and ancient beliefs involving such.

Rust, Richard Dilworth. “Ancient Literary Forms in the Book of Mormon.” FARMS Review of Books 14, no. 1 (2002): Article 6.

Review of Finding Biblical Hebrew and Other Ancient Literary Forms in the Book of Mormon (1999), by Hugh W. Pinnock

Welch, John W. “Ancient Near Eastern Law and the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1982.
Welch, John W. “Ancient Near Eastern Law and the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1984.
Walton, John H. Ancient Near Eastern Thought and the Old Testament: Introducing the Conceptual World of the Hebrew Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2006.
James, Brooke. “The Ancient Order of Things: Essays on the Mormon Temple.” BYU Studies Quarterly 60, no. 4 (2021): 222.
Nibley, Hugh W. “Ancient Ordinances.” Typescript of notes on a talk, n.d.

7 pages.

A talk in which ancient and modern ordinances are compared, and the notes therein.

Gee, John. “The Ancient Owners of the Joseph Smith Papyri.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999. Transcript of a lecture presented on 17 March 1999 as part of the FARMS Book of Abraham Lecture Series.

Although much attention has been paid to those who have possessed the Joseph Smith Papyri in modern times, relatively little attention has been paid to the ancient owners of the papyri. This lecture examines the ancient owners, the world in which they lived, and their contact with the Book of Abraham.

Parry, Donald W. “Ancient Sacred Vestments: Scriptural Symbols and Meanings.” In Temple Insights: Proceedings of the Interpreter Matthew B. Brown Memorial Conference “The Temple on Mount Zion, 22 September 2012, edited by William J. Hamblin and David Rolph Seely. Temple on Mount Zion Series 2, 215–235. Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2014.
Parry, Donald W. “Ancient Sacred Vestments: Scriptural Symbols and Meanings.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 48 (2021): 11-32.

Abstract: In this essay Parry starts with the symbology of ritual vestments, and then discusses in detail how the ancient clothing worn in Old Testament temples are part of the rituals and religious gestures that are conducted by those who occupy the path that leads from the profane to the sacred. The profane is removed, one is ritually washed, anointed, invested with special clothing, offers sacrifices, is ordained (hands are filled), and offers incense at the altar, before entering the veil. Putting on clothes, in a Christian context, is often seen as symbol of putting on Christ, as witnessed by the apostle Paul using the word “enduo,” when talking about putting on Christ, a word mainly used in the Septuagint for donning sacred vestments (symbols also for salvation, righteousness, glory, strength and resurrection) in order to be prepared to stand before God. Parry then goes on explaining how priestly officiants wearing sacred vestments, emulated celestial persons who wear sacred vestments, making one an image of those celestial persons. He concludes with showing how the ancient garbs of the High Priest point to Christ.


[Editor’s Note: Part of our book chapter reprint series, this article is reprinted here as a service to the LDS community. Original pagination and page numbers have necessarily changed, otherwise the reprint has the same content as the original.

See Donald W. Parry, “Ancient Sacred Vestments: Scriptural Symbols and Meanings,” in Temple Insights: Proceedings of the Interpreter Matthew B. Brown Memorial Conference, “The Temple on Mount Zion,” 22 September 2012, ed. William J. Hamblin and David Rolph Seely (Orem, UT: The Interpreter Foundation; Salt Lake City: Eborn Books, 2014), 219–40. [Page 12]Further information at https://interpreterfoundation.org/books/temple-insights/.]

Bradford, Miles Gerald. Ancient Scrolls from the Dead Sea: Photographs and Commentary on a Unique Collection of Scrolls. Provo, UT: Neal A. Maxwell Institute, 1997.

By Miles Gerald Bradford, Published on 01/01/97

Nibley, Hugh W. The Ancient State: The Rulers and the Ruled. The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley 10. Edited by Donald W. Parry and Stephen D. Ricks. [Illustrations directed by Michael P. Lyon.] Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1990. xi + 515 pp.

One important key to understanding modern civilization is a familiarity with its ancient background. Many modern principles and practices—social, political, and even economic—have clear parallels in antiquity. A careful study of these forerunners of our traditions, particularly as they contributed to the downfall of earlier civilizations, may help us avoid some of the mistakes of our predecessors. The Ancient State, by Hugh Nibley, is a thought-provoking examination of assorted aspects of ancient culture, from the use of marked arrows to the surprisingly universal conception of kinship, from arguments of various schools of philosophy to the rise of rhetoric. Author Hugh Nibley brings his usual meticulous research and scholarship to bear in this enlightening collection of essays and lectures. It has been said that only by learning the lessons of history can we hope to avoid repeating them. For scholar and novice alike, The Ancient State is a valuable source of such learning.

The Ancient State is a thought-provoking examination of aspects of ancient culture, from the use of marked arrows to the surprisingly universal conception of kinship, from arguments from various schools of philosophy to the rise of rhetoric. Hugh Nibley brings his usual meticulous research and scholarship to bear in this enlightening collection of essays and lectures.

Anonymous. “Ancient Studies: Scholars Sift Old Documents Looking for Clues to Puzzle of Antiquity.” BYU Today, October 1974.
Riddick, Jared. “An Ancient Survival Guide: John Bytheway’s Look at Moroni.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 30 (2018): 1-4.

Abstract: Moroni’s years of wandering alone after the battle of Cumorah have been often discussed, but not in the context of how they impacted his writing and editorial work. John Bytheway’s latest offering provides us insight into the man Moroni and how his isolation impacted the material that he left for his latter-day readers.

Review of John Bytheway, Moroni’s Guide to Surviving Turbulent Times. (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2017). 159 pp., $11.99.

Goff, Matthew, Loren T. Stuckenbruck, and Enrico Morano. Ancient Tales of Giants from Qumran and Turfan: Contexts, Traditions, and Influences. Tübingen, Germany: Mohr Siebeck, 2016.
Bokovoy, David E. “Ancient Temple Imagery in the Sermons of Jacob.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 46 (2021): 31-46.

Abstract: This essay makes a compelling argument for Jacob, the brother of Nephi, having deep knowledge of ancient Israelite temple ritual, concepts, and imagery, based on two of Jacob’s sermons in 2 Nephi 9 and Jacob 1-3. For instance, he discusses the duty of the priest to expiate sin and make atonement before the Lord and of entering God’s presence. Jacob quotes temple-related verses from the Old Testament, like Psalm 95. The allusions to the temple are not forced, but very subtle. Of course, Jacob’s central topic, the atonement, is a temple topic itself, and its opposite, impurity, is also expressed by Jacob in terms familiar and central to an ancient temple priest. The temple is also shown as a gate to heaven.

[Editor’s Note: Part of our book chapter reprint series, this article is reprinted here as a service to the LDS community. Original pagination and page numbers have necessarily changed, otherwise the reprint has the same content as the original.

See David E. Bokovoy, “Ancient Temple Imagery in the Sermons of Jacob,” in Temple Insights: Proceedings of the Interpreter Matthew B. Brown Memorial Conference, “The Temple on Mount Zion,” 22 September 2012, ed. William J. Hamblin and David Rolph Seely (Orem, UT: The Interpreter Foundation; Salt Lake City: Eborn Books, 2014), 171–186. Further information at https://interpreterfoundation.org/books/temple-insights/.].

Interpreter Foundation. “Ancient Temple Themes in the Book of Mormon.” The Interpreter Foundation website. December 28, 2013.
Brown, Matthew B., Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Stephen D. Ricks, and John S. Thompson. Ancient Temple Worship: Proceedings of the Expound Symposium, 14 May 2011. Temple on Mount Zion 1. Orem and Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2014.

The first volume in a series by Eborn Books and The Interpreter Foundation. The second title in this series is TEMPLE INSIGHTS. The Interpreter Foundation is a new organization, much like FARMS [The Foundation of Ancient Research and Mormon Studies.] Contributors and Chapters: 1. Cube, Gate and Measuring Tools: A Biblical Pattern, by Matthew B. Brown. 2. The Tabernacle: Mountain of God in the Cultus of Israel, by L. Michael Morales. 3. Standing in the Holy Place: Ancient and Modern Reverberations, by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. 4. Understanding Ritual Hand Gestures of the Ancient World, by David Calabro. 5. The Sacred Embrace and the Sacred Handclasp, by Stephen D. Ricks. 6. Ascending into the Hill of the Lord: What the Psalms Can Tell Us, by David J. Larsen. 7. The Sod of YHWH and the Endowment, by William J. Hamblin. 8. Temples All the Way Down: Notes on the Mi\'raj of Muhammad, by Daniel C. Peterson. 9. The Lady at the Horizon: Egyptian Tree Goddess Iconography, by John S. Thompson. 10. Nephite Daykeepers: Ritual Specialists in Mesoamerica, by Mark Alan Wright. 11. Is Decrypting the Genetic Legacy of America\'s Indigenous Populations Key to the Historicity of the Book of Mormon? by Ugo A. Perego and Jayne E. Ekins.

BYU Studies. “Ancient Temple Worship; Temple Insights.” BYU Studies Quarterly 55, no. 1 (2016): 191.
Interpreter Foundation. “Ancient Temples and Sacred Symbolism Video.” The Interpreter Foundation website. September 3, 2012.
Nibley, Hugh W. “Ancient Temples: What Do They Signify?” Ensign, September 1972, 45–49.

Original article.

These are comments about the roles of ancient temples in general, with an emphasis on Mesoamerican temples as centers of religion, culture, the arts, and world view.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Chapter 14: Ancient Temples: What Do They Signify?” In The Prophetic Book of Mormon, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, vol. 8. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1989.

Reprint of the 1972 Ensign article.

These are comments about the roles of ancient temples in general, with an emphasis on Mesoamerican temples as centers of religion, culture, the arts, and world view.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Ancient Temples: What Do They Signify?” In Temples of the Ancient World, edited by Donald W. Parry, 399–410. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1994.

This article first appeared in the Ensign (September 1972), 46–49. It was reprinted in The Prophetic Book of Mormon, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley vol. 8, 265–73.

These are comments about the roles of ancient temples in general, with an emphasis on Mesoamerican temples as centers of religion, culture, the arts, and world view.

Sparks, Kenton L. Ancient Texts for the Study of the Hebrew Bible: A Guide to the Background Literature. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2005.
Sorenson, John L. “Ancient Voyages Across the Ocean to America: From ‘Impossible’ to ‘Certain’” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 14 no. 1 (2005).

In the past, experts have assumed that primitive sailors would have found it impossible to cross the oceans between the Old World and the New. However, John Sorenson here concludes that the evidence for transoceanic contacts now drowns out the arguments of those who have seen the New World as an isolated island until ad 1492. Sorenson’s arguments are based on evidences from Europe, Asia, and Polynesia of the diffusion of New World plants and infectious organisms. His research identifies evidence for transoceanic exchanges of 98 plant species, including tobacco and peanuts. The presence of hookworm in both the Americas and the Old World before Columbus also serves as evidence to establish transoceanic contact.

Cheesman, Paul R. “Ancient Writing in the Americas.” Brigham Young University Studies 13, no. 1 (1972): 80.
Bushman-Carlton, Marilyn. “‘And gladly wolde he lerne and gladly teche’” BYU Studies 50, no. 1 (2011): 98.
Athay, R. Grant. “And God Said, Let There Be Lights in the Firmament of the Heaven.” BYU Studies 30, no. 4 (1990): 39.
Belnap, Daniel. “‘And it came to pass…’: The Sociopolitical Events in the Book of Mormon Leading to the Eighteenth Year of the Reign of the Judges.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Restoration Scripture 23 no. 1 (2014).
Summerhays, Mickell J. “And Should We Die…: The Cane Creek Mormon Massacre.” BYU Studies Quarterly 52, no. 1 (2013): 187.
Petersen, Boyd J. “And So Forth: The Personal Hugh Nibley.” Manuscript, n.d. Boyd Jay Petersen Collection box 15, folder 6.
Bowen, Matthew L. “‘And the Meek Also Shall Increase’: The Verb yāsap in Isaiah 29 and Nephi’s Prophetic Allusions to the Name Joseph in 2 Nephi 25–30.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 30 (2018): 5-42.

Abstract: Beyond his autobiographic use of Joseph’s name and biography, Nephi also considered the name Joseph to have long-term prophetic value. As a Semitic/Hebrew name, Joseph derives from the verb yāsap (to “add,” “increase,” “proceed to do something,” “do something again,” and to “do something more”), thus meaning “may he [God] add,” “may he increase,” or “may he do more/again.” Several of the prophecies of Isaiah, in which Nephi’s soul delighted and for which he offers extensive interpretation, prominently employ forms of yāsap in describing iterative and restorative divine action (e.g., Isaiah 11:11; 26:15; 29:14; cf. 52:1). The prophecy of the coming forth of the sealed book in Isaiah 29 employs the latter verb three times (Isaiah 29:1, 14, and 19). Nephi’s extensive midrash of Isaiah 29 in 2 Nephi 25–30 (especially 2 Nephi 27) interpretively expands Isaiah’s use of the yāsap idiom(s). Time and again, Nephi returns to the language of Isaiah 29:14 (“I will proceed [yôsīp] to do a marvelous work”), along with a similar yāsap-idiom from Isaiah 11:11 (“the Lord shall set his hand again [yôsîp] … to recover the remnant of his people”) to foretell the Latter-day forthcoming of the sealed book to fulfill the Lord’s ancient promises to the patriarch. Given Nephi’s earlier preservation of Joseph’s prophecies regarding a future seer named “Joseph,” we can reasonably see Nephi’s emphasis on iterative divine action in his appropriation of the Isaianic use of yāsap as a direct and thematic allusion to this latter-day “Joseph” and his role in bringing forth additional scripture. This additional scripture would enable the meek to “increase,” just as Isaiah and Nephi had prophesied. “May [God] Add”/“May He Increase”.

Spendlove, Loren Blake. “And the One Pointed the Way: Issues of Interpretation and Translation Involving the Liahona.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 45 (2021): 1-36.

Abstract: In describing the operation of the spindles in the Liahona, Nephi’s statement that “the one pointed the way” in 1 Nephi 16:10 is frequently taken to mean that one of the two spindles indicated the direction to travel. However, Nephi’s apparent use of the Hebrew word האחד (ha’echad)

may imply a different mechanism in which the direction was being shown when both operated as one. If so, there may be added symbolism of unity and oneness inherent in Nephi’s and Alma’s descriptions of the Liahona. Additionally, I provide a detailed analysis of words and phrases used by Nephi and Alma to describe the Liahona which potentially reveal intriguing Hebrew wordplay in the text.

Huntsman, Eric D. “‘And the Word Was Made Flesh’: A Latter-day Saint Exegesis of the Blood and Water Imagery in the Gospel of John.” Studies in the Bible and Antiquity 1 no. 1 (2009).

Critical to understanding the widespread symbolism and imagery pointing to Jesus Christ in the New Testament is an exegetical grasp of the content--that is, an understanding of the historical, literary, and theological context of the language. The image of water recurs frequently throughout the New Testament Gospels as a symbol of the Savior’s purity, cleansing power, true doctrine, and so forth. Similarly, blood is used often to reflect the sacred mission of Christ and the price of our salvation. This article investigates this imagery, particularly as used by Apostle John, to explain the significance of the Savior’s mission in mortality and the miracle of his mercy in immortality.

Larsen, David J. “‘And There Are Many Kingdoms’ D&C 88 and the Hierarchy of Kingdoms.” The Interpreter Foundation website. September 20, 2013.
Bowen, Matthew L. “‘And There Wrestled a Man with Him’ (Genesis 32:24): Enos’s Adaptations of the Onomastic Wordplay of Genesis.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 10 (2014): 151-160.

Abstract: In this brief note, I will suggest several instances in which the Book of Mormon prophet Enos utilizes wordplay on his own name, the name of his father “Jacob,” the place name “Peniel,” and Jacob’s new name “Israel” in order to connect his experiences to those of his ancestor Jacob in Genesis 32-33, thus infusing them with greater meaning. Familiarity with Jacob and Esau’s conciliatory “embrace” in Genesis 33 is essential to understanding how Enos views the atonement of Christ and the ultimate realization of its blessings in his life.

Huntsman, Eric D. “And They Cast Lots: Divination, Democracy, and Josephus.” BYU Studies 36, no. 3 (1996): 365.
Bowen, Matthew L. “‘And They Shall Be Had Again’: Onomastic Allusions to Joseph in Moses 1:41 in View of the So-called Canon Formula.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 32 (2019): 297-304.

Abstract: Moses 1:41 echoes or plays on the etymological meaning of the name Joseph — “may he [Yahweh] add,” as the Lord foretells to Moses the raising up of a future figure through whom the Lord’s words, after having been “taken” (away) from the book that Moses would write, “shall be had again among the children of men.” Moses 1:41 anticipates and employs language reminiscent of the so-called biblical canon formulas, possible additions to biblical texts meant to ensure the texts’ stability by warning against “adding” or “diminishing” (i.e., “taking away”) from them (e.g., Deuteronomy 4:2; 5:22 [MT 5:18]; 12:32 [MT 13:1]; cf. Revelation 22:18– 19). This article presupposes that the vision of Moses presents restored text that was at some point recorded in Hebrew.

Aston, Warren P., and Michaela J. Aston. “And We Called the Place Bountiful: The End of Lehi's Arabian Journey.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1991.

A summary of the scriptural and historical evidences concerning the Arabian Bountiful, with an evaluation of all possible coastal locations on the Arabian peninsula based upon exploratory fieldwork by the authors in the Sultanate of Oman and the Republic of Yemen from 1984 to 1990. The study concludes that an objective and precise identification of Bountiful with a present-day location is now feasible and introduces data on physical traces revealing very early human involvement at the site.

Youngreen, Buddy. “And Yet Another Copy of the Anthon Manuscript.” Brigham Young University Studies 20, no. 4 (1980): 346.
Smith, Dennis. “Andrew.” Brigham Young University Studies 25, no. 1 (1985): 113.
Interpreter Foundation. “Andrew Ehat on ‘A Torah Harmony’” The Interpreter Foundation website. February 16, 2015.
Reinwand, Louis. “Andrew Jensen, Latter-day Saint Historian.” Brigham Young University Studies 14, no. 1 (1973): 29.
Peterson, Paul H. “Andrew Jenson Chides the Saints.” BYU Studies 39, no. 1 (2000): 194.
Turley, Richard E., Jr. “The Andrew Jenson Collection.” BYU Studies 47, no. 3 (2008): 8.
Woods, Fred E. “Andrew Jenson’s Illustrated Journey to Iceland, the Land of Fire and Ice, August 1911.” BYU Studies 47, no. 4 (2008): 101.
Finke, Roger. “The Angel and the Beehive.” BYU Studies 35, no. 2 (1995): 190.
WIlliams, Frederick G. “‘An Angel or Rather the Savior’ at the Kirtland Temple Dedication: The Vision of Frederick G. Williams.” BYU Studies Quarterly 56, no. 1 (2017): 119.
Larsen, David J. “Angels among Us: The Use of Old Testament Passages as Inspiration for Temple Themes in the Dead Sea Scrolls.” Studies in the Bible and Antiquity 5 no. 1 (2013).

A number of texts from the Qumran scrolls demonstrate the community’s interest in heavenly ascent and in communion with angels. This article lays out a pattern observable in some of the poetic/liturgical texts (for example, the Hodayot and other noncanonical psalms) in which the leader of the community is taken up into the divine council of God to be taught the heavenly mysteries, is appointed a teacher of those mysteries, and is then commissioned to share the teachings with his followers. Upon learning the mysteries, the followers are enabled to likewise ascend to heaven to praise God with the angels. In some texts, the human worshippers appear to undergo a transfiguration so that they become like the heavenly beings. This article further illustrates how these elements can be found together in a liturgical text known as the Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice; their collective presence suggests that all were part of a ritual sequence. Finally, the article argues that these same elements, or traditions related to them, can be found in passages from the Old Testament.

Astle, Randy. “Angie.” BYU Studies 46, no. 2 (2007): 324.
Mathews, Conan E. “Angular Patterns.” Brigham Young University Studies 2, no. 2 (1960): 188.
Cannon, Donald Q. “Angus M. Cannon and David Whitmer: A Comment on History and Historical Method.” Brigham Young University Studies 20, no. 3 (1980): 297.
Sorenson, John L. “Animals in the Book of Mormon: An Annotated Bibliography.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1992.

This annotated bibliography compiled by John Sorenson makes accessible a range of information about animals in the Book of Mormon. It also includes an appendix of animal references in the Book of Mormon.

Keywords: Book of Mormon, Reviews and Bibliographies
Miller, Wade E. “Animals in the Book of Mormon: Challenges and Perspectives.” The Interpreter Foundation website. April 21, 2014.
Miller, Wade E. “Animals in the Book of Mormon: Challenges and Perspectives.” BYU Studies Quarterly 56, no. 4 (2017): 133.
Blythe, Christopher J. “Ann Booth’s Vision and Early Conceptions of Redeeming the Dead among Latter-day Saints.” BYU Studies Quarterly 56, no. 2 (2017): 105.
Interpreter Foundation. “Ann Madsen on ‘Temples in the Margins: The Temple in Isaiah’” The Interpreter Foundation website. June 4, 2015.
Harding, Alec J. “The Annals of the Southern Mission: A Record of the History of the Settlement of Southern Utah.” BYU Studies Quarterly 59, no. 4 (2020): 208.
Walker, Jim. “Anniversary.” Brigham Young University Studies 21, no. 3 (1981): 342.
Lambert, Neal E. “Announcement of Evans Biography Award.” Brigham Young University Studies 24, no. 1 (1984): 110.
Interpreter Foundation. “Announcement regarding Church website.” The Interpreter Foundation website. July 29, 2017.
Interpreter Foundation. “Announcement: The Lady of the Temple Symposium.” The Interpreter Foundation website. July 11, 2013.
Interpreter Foundation. “Announcing a Book Signing and Discussion.” The Interpreter Foundation website. June 9, 2016.
Interpreter Foundation. “Announcing a Conference: Exploring the Complexities in the English Language of the Book of Mormon.” The Interpreter Foundation website. February 16, 2015.
Interpreter Foundation. “Announcing a Fireside with Dr. Andrew Skinner.” The Interpreter Foundation website. June 25, 2014.
Interpreter Foundation. “Announcing a ‘Come, Follow Me’ Virtual Fireside Series — ‘A Life Lived in Crescendo’” The Interpreter Foundation website. June 19, 2021.
Interpreter Foundation. “Announcing Daniel C. Peterson’s Summerhays Lecture.” The Interpreter Foundation website. September 11, 2013.
Interpreter Foundation. “Announcing Science & Mormonism: Cosmos, Earth & Man Symposium.” The Interpreter Foundation website. July 23, 2013.
Peterson, Daniel C. “Announcing Special Screenings of ‘Witnesses’ During BYU Education Week.” The Interpreter Foundation website. August 11, 2021.
Interpreter Foundation. “Announcing The Interpreter Foundation Ultimate Egypt Tour Lecture Series.” The Interpreter Foundation website. July 30, 2021.
Interpreter Foundation. “Announcing the Maori-Mormon Symposium.” The Interpreter Foundation website. November 2, 2014.
Interpreter Foundation. “Announcing the Online Edition of Royal Skousen’s Analysis of Textual Variants of the Book of Mormon.” The Interpreter Foundation website. October 7, 2014.
Interpreter Foundation. “Announcing the Publication of Enoch and the Temple E-Book.” The Interpreter Foundation website. April 17, 2014.
Interpreter Foundation. “Announcing the Second Temple on Mount Zion Conference.” The Interpreter Foundation website. July 31, 2014.
Rust, Richard Dilworth. “Annual FARMS Lecture: The Book of mormon, Designed for Our Day.” In Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 2 (1990): Article 0.

Rust, in the third annual FARMS Book of Mormon lecture delivered on 27 February 1990, examin3ed literary aspects of the book that develop the primary purposes set out on the title page. He discussed the elements characteristic of an epic that will allow modern-day Lamanites to trust in the Lord's deliverance and detailed literary (especially poetic) presentations of the covenants in the Book of Mormon. Literary elements combine with the influence of the Spirit to testify of the purposes of the Book of Mormon.

Interpreter Foundation. “Annual Subscription of Interpreter Journal Paperback Volumes Now Available.” The Interpreter Foundation website. July 6, 2013.
Skousen, Royal. “Another Account of Mary Whitmer’s Viewing of the Golden Plates.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 10 (2014): 35-44.

Carl T. Cox has graciously provided me with a new account of Moroni showing the Book of Mormon plates to Mary Whitmer (1778-1856), wife of Peter Whitmer Senior. Mary was the mother of five sons who were witnesses to the golden plates: David Whitmer, one of the three witnesses; and Christian Whitmer, Jacob Whitmer, John Whitmer, and Peter Whitmer Junior, four of the eight witnesses.

For a long time we have known that Mary Whitmer was also shown the plates. These accounts are familiar and derive from David Whitmer and John C. Whitmer (the son of John Whitmer). For comparison’s sake, I provide here two versions of their accounts (in each case, I have added some paragraphing).

Santiago, Tessa M. “Another Marvelous Thing.” BYU Studies 37, no. 1 (1997): 117.
Gee, John. “Another Note on the Three Days of Darkness.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 6 no. 2 (1997).

The fragmentary text on a stele erected at Karnak seems to be connected with the volcanic eruption on Thera. The phraseology in many instances bears uncanny resemblance to the Book of Mormon account of the destruction in the Americas at the time of the crucifixion.

Gardner, Brant A. “Another Suggestion for Reading 1 Nephi 1: 1-3.” The Interpreter Foundation website. January 18, 2014.
Hardy, Heather. “Another Testament of Jesus Christ: Mormon’s Poetics.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 16 no. 2 (2007).

The Book of Mormon is clearly a didactic text, with its narrators using plainness, explicitness, and repetition to keep the message clear and straightforward. However, Hardy offers a more in-depth analysis of the text’s rhetorical design that also reveals it as a literary text. The Book of Mormon is both a primer for judgment and a guidebook for sanctification. Parallel narratives are compared through clusters of similar narrative elements or phrasal borrowing between the multiple accounts. In Mosiah, Mormon tells the story of the bondage and delivery of Alma and his people after recounting the story of the bondage of the people of Limhi. Hardy explains that ambiguity, indirection, comparison, and allusions are all used to suggest the larger context of these two narratives. The ability to read the book as a guidebook for sanctification, rather than just as a straightforward didactic primer, will provide insight and guidance in the process of living a faithful life.

Santiago, Tessa M. “Another Winter’s Tale.” BYU Studies 33, no. 1 (1993): 161.
Stenson, Matthew Scott. “Answering for His Order: Alma’s Clash with the Nehors.” BYU Studies Quarterly 55, no. 2 (2016): 127.
Williams, Amy L. “Answering New Atheism and Seeking a Sure Knowledge of God.” Paper presented at The 2013 Interpreter Symposium on Science & Mormonism: Cosmos, Earth & Man. November 9, 2013.
Interpreter Foundation. “Answering New Atheism and Seeking a Sure Knowledge of God.” The Interpreter Foundation website. November 25, 2019.
Stubbs, Brian D. “Answering the Critics in 44 Rebuttal Points.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 37 (2020): 237-292.

Abstract: After publishing several articles in peer-reviewed journals, the author published Uto-Aztecan: A Comparative Vocabulary (2011), the new standard in comparative Uto-Aztecan, favorably reviewed and heartily welcomed by specialists in the field. Four years later, another large reference work, Exploring the Explanatory Power of Semitic and Egyptian in Uto-Aztecan (2015), was also favorably reviewed but not as joyfully welcomed among specialists as its predecessor. While some saw it as sound, more were silent. Some disliked the topic, but no one produced substantive refutations of it. In August 2019, Chris Rogers published a review, but John S. Robertson’s response to Rogers’s review and my response in the first 24 items rebutted below shed new light on his criticisms. Following on the heels of Rogers’s review, Magnus Pharao Hansen, specializing in Nahuatl, blogged objections to 14 Nahuatl items among the 1,528 sets. Rogers’s and Hansen’s articles gave rise to some critical commentary as well as to a few valid questions. What follows clarifies the misconceptions in Rogers’s review, responds to Hansen’s Nahuatl issues, and answers some reasonable questions raised by others.

Editor’s Note: Critics of the Book of Mormon often argue that no evidence exists for contact between the ancient Near East and the Americas. Accordingly, proof of such contact would demolish a principal objection to Joseph Smith’s prophetic claims. If the thesis of Brian Stubbs’s works is correct, he has furnished precisely that proof. As might be expected, Stubbs’s efforts have drawn criticism from some, but not all, of his linguistic peers. This article represents a response by Stubbs to those criticisms. Stubbs’s works are admittedly complex and highly technical. They are, therefore, difficult, and it can take quite a bit of work for a reader to assimilate and understand the implications of his arguments. That very complexity and difficulty, though, precludes dismissal of Stubbs’s works out of hand. Has Stubbs proved the Book of Mormon true? No, but his data suggest that speakers of both Egyptian and a Semitic language came into contact with Uto-Aztecan speakers at roughly the same time as Book of Mormon events purportedly occurred and that a distinct Semitic infusion occurred at a different point. Stubbs’s work is important and it deserves careful, reasoned consideration by scholars and lay readers alike.

Huchel, Frederick M. “Antecedents of the Restoration in the Ancient Temple.” The FARMS Review 21, no. 1 (2009): Article 5.

Review of Temple Themes in Christian Worship (2008), by Margaret Barker.

Kimball, Stanley B. “The Anthon Transcript: People, Primary Sources, and Problems.” Brigham Young University Studies 10, no. 3 (1970): 325.
Sloan, David E. “The Anthon Transcripts and the Translation of the Book of Mormon: Studying It Out in the Mind of Joseph Smith.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 5 no. 2 (1996).

Prophesying of the coming forth of the Book of Mormon, Nephi foretold that an unlearned man would be asked by God to read the words of a book after a learned man had failed to do so. The unlearned man was initially unwilling, claiming, “I am not learned” (2 Nephi 27:19). One interpretation of Nephi’s account is that Joseph Smith could not translate the Book of Mormon before the meeting of Martin Harris and Charles Anthon. Early historical accounts are consistent with this interpretation. However, according to Joseph Smith—History 1:64, Harris did take a translation to Anthon. Although this translation has not been found, evidence exists of similarities between this document and documents produced during the preliminary stages of the translation of the Book of Abraham. These similarities suggest that the document taken to Anthon was a preliminary and unsuccessful attempt to translate the Book of Mormon, during which Joseph Smith studied the translation problem out in his own mind as he qualified himself to receive the revealed translation from God.

Porter, Bruce D. “Anthony E. Larson, parallel Histories: The Nephites and the Americans.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 3 (1991): Article 9.

Review of Parallel Histories: The Nephites and the Americans (1989), by Anthony E. Larson.

Rogers, R. Max. “The Anti-Christian Background of German Literary Naturalism.” Brigham Young University Studies 5, no. 3 (1964): 203.
McGregor, Russell C. “The Anti-Mormon Attackers.” FARMS Review of Books 14, no. 1 (2002): Article 17.

Review of The Mormon Defenders: How Latter-day Saint Apologists Misinterpret the Bible (2001), by James Patrick Holding

Midgley, Louis C. “Anti-Mormonism and the Newfangled Countercult Culture.” FARMS Review of Books 10, no. 1 (1998): Article 9.

Review of The 1996 Directory of Cult Research Organizations: A Worldwide Listing of 752 Agencies and Individuals (1996), by Keith Edward Tolbert and Eric Pement

Blades, Natalie J. “Anticipating the Year 2000: Howard Nielson, BYU, and Statistics.” BYU Studies Quarterly 51, no. 1 (2012): 99.
Woodworth, Jed L. “The Antipolygamy Controversy in U.S. Women’s Movements, 1880–1925.” BYU Studies 38, no. 2 (1999): 217.
Peterson, H. Donl. “Antonio Lebolo: Excavator of the Book of Abraham.” BYU Studies 31, no. 3 (1991): 5.
Kramer, Neal W. “Anxiety in Eden.” BYU Studies 35, no. 3 (1995): 181.
Rubinkiewicz, Ryszard. L’Apocalypse d’Abraham en vieux slave : Introduction, texte critique, traduction et commentaire. Towarzystwo Naukowe Katolikiego Uniwersytetu Lubelskiego, Zrodlai i monografie 129. Lublin, Poland: Société des Lettres et des Sciences de l’Université Catholique de Lublin, 1987.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and David J. Larsen. “L’Apocalypse d’Abraham: Témoin Ancien du Livre de Moïse (The Apocalypse of Abraham : Ancient Witness of the Book of Moses).” Invited lecture at the FAIR France Conference, Strasbourg, France. March 29, 2009.
Rubinkiewicz, Ryszard. “Apocalypse of Abraham.” In The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, edited by James H. Charlesworth, 2 vols, 1:681–705. Garden City, NY: Doubleday and Company, 1983.
Kulik, Alexander. “Apocalypse of Abraham.” In Outside the Bible: Ancient Jewish Writings Related to Scripture, 3 vols., edited by Louis H. Feldman, James L. Kugel and Lawrence H. Schiffman, 2:1453–1481. Philadelphia, PA: The Jewish Publication Society, 2013.
Robinson, Stephen E. “The Apocalypse of Adam.” BYU Studies Quarterly 17, no. 2 (1977): 131-54.

In most forms of Gnosticism secret oral tradition is often associated with accounts of the creation of the world, the experiences of Adam and Eve in the Garden, and the fall of man. It is usually in this creation setting or in a temple or on a mountaintop that Gnosticism places the revelation of the esoteric mysteries and the knowledge needed to thwart the archontic powers and return to God.

Gnosticism is primarily concerned with the questions, Who am I? Where am I from? and What is my destiny? That the answers to these questions are often associated with the creation, the Garden, and the fall of man is probably due to the Gnostic presupposition that the end of all things is to be found in their beginning. Of those documents which manifest this concern, the Nag Hammadi Apocalypse of Adam is perhaps the prime example.

Brown, S. Kent. “The Apocalypse of Peter: Introduction and Translation.” Brigham Young University Studies 15, no. 2 (1975): 131.
Nibley, Hugh W. “The Apocalyptic Background, 1: The Eschatological Dilemma.” In The Way of the Church series, Improvement Era 58, no. 11 (November 1955): 817, 829–31.

“In any bibliography of present-day studies on the Christian religion, historical or doctrinal, the word eschatology looms large. . . . What is eschatology?”

Nibley, Hugh W. “The Apocalyptic Background, 2: The Eschatological Dilemma.” In The Way of the Church series, Improvement Era 58, no. 12 (December 1955): 902–3, 968.

“However deplorable the maladjusted state of mind called ‘eschatological’ may be, there can be no denying that it was the prevailing attitude of the early Christians.”

Nibley, Hugh W. “The Apocrypha and the Book of Mormon.” 1 p. typescript from cassette tape, incomplete.
Nibley, Hugh W. “The Apocrypha and the Book of Mormon.” In An Approach to the Book of Mormon, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, vol. 6, 3rd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1988.

An edited version of an incomplete typescript.

LDS Perspectives [pseud. of Laura Harris Hales]. “The Apocrypha with Jared Ludlow.” The Interpreter Foundation website. October 24, 2018.
Gee, John. “The Apocryphal Acts of Jesus.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 2 (2012): 145-187.

Abstract: Numerous noncanonical accounts of Jesus’s deeds exist. While some Latter-day Saints would like to find plain and precious things in the apocryphal accounts, few are to be found. Three types of accounts deal with Jesus as a child, his mortal ministry, or after his resurrection. The Jesus of the infancy gospels does not act like the Jesus of the real gospels. The apocryphal accounts of Jesus’s ministry usually push a particular theological agenda. The accounts of Jesus’s post-resurrection teaching often contain intriguing but bizarre information. On the whole, apocryphal accounts of Jesus’s ministry probably contain less useful information for Latter-day Saints than they might expect.

Pratt, Parley P. “The Apocryphal Book of Enoch.” Millennial Star 1 (July 1840): 61–63.
Welch, John W. “The Apocryphal Judas Revisited.” BYU Studies 45, no. 2 (2006): 44.
Nibley, Hugh W. “Apocryphal Writings.” Typed transcript of a talk given at a Long Beach, California, Seminary graduation, 1967.

Also circulated as “Teachings from the Dead Sea Scrolls.”

A survey of teachings in a large number of apocryphal, pseudepigraphal, and patristic writings.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Apocryphal Writings and Teachings of the Dead Sea Scrolls.” In Temple and Cosmos: Beyond This Ignorant Present, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, vol. 12. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1992.

In Temple and Cosmos, Brother Nibley explains the relationship of the House of the Lord to the cosmos. In Temple, the first part of the volume, he focuses on the nature, meaning, and history of the temple, discussing such topics as sacred vestments, the circle and the square, and the symbolism of the temple and its ordinances. In the second part, Cosmos, he discusses the cosmic context of the temple-the expanding gospel, apocryphal writings, religion and history, the genesis of the written word, cultural diversity in the universal church, and the terrible questions: Where did we come from? Why are we here? and Where are we going?

Griggs, C. Wilfred. Apocryphal Writings and the Latter-day Saints. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1986.

The Lord has told us that many things in the Apocrypha are true and many false. The fascination that apocryphal writings generally hold for Latter-day Saints was recognized in a 1983 BYU symposium on this topic addressed by fifteen scholars representing a wide range of expertise. Those addresses are collected in this book.

Peterson, Daniel C. “An Apologetically Important Nonapologetic Book.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Restoration Scripture 25 no. 1 (2016).
Hamblin, William J. “The Apologetics of Richness?” The Interpreter Foundation website. March 28, 2013.
Hamblin, William J. “An Apologist for the Critics: Brent Lee Metcalfe's Assumptions and Methodologies.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 6, no. 1 (1994): Article 15.

Review of “Apologetic and Critical Assumptions about Book of Mormon Historicity” (1993), by Brent Lee Metcalfe.

Thompson, A. Keith. “Apostate Religion in the Book of Mormon.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 25 (2017): 191-226.

Abstract: Nephite missionaries in the first century BC had significant difficulty preaching the gospel among Nephites and Lamanites who followed Zoramite and Nehorite teaching. Both of these groups built synagogues and other places of worship suggesting that some of their beliefs originated in Israelite practice, but both denied the coming or the necessity of a Messiah. This article explores the nature of Zoramite and Nehorite beliefs, identifies how their beliefs and practices differed from orthodox Nephite teaching, and suggests that some of these religious differences are attributable to cultural and political differences that resonate in the present

Nibley, Hugh W. “An Apostle Is Not the Same as a Bishop.” In Apostles and Bishops in Early Christianity, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, vol. 15. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2005.
Paul, Charles R. “The Apostle Paul: His Life and Testimony: The 23rd Annual Sidney B. Sperry Symposium.” BYU Studies 35, no. 2 (1995): 203.
Cook, Lyndon W. “The Apostle Peter and the Kirtland Temple.” Brigham Young University Studies 15, no. 4 (1975): 550.
Nibley, Hugh W. Apostles and Bishops in Early Christianity. The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley 15. Edited by John F. Hall and John W. Welch. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2005. xxv + 254 pp.

Much can be learned from the New Testament and other early Christian sources about the powers, duties, and desired attributes of those who originally held the offices of apostle and bishop. Catholics claim that Peter was the first bishop of Rome, and Eastern Orthodox Christians assert that he was the first bishop of Antioch. But does either position reflect the apostolic or episcopal offices completely or correctly? What was the role of bishops, and what was their relationship with apostles in the early Christian church? Hugh Nibley sheds light on this challenging and intriguing topic.

Pulido, Elisa Eastwood. “An Apostolic Journey: Stephen L Richards and the Expansion of Missionary Work in South America.” BYU Studies Quarterly 59, no. 3 (2020): 220.
Ricks, Stephen D. “The Appearance of Elijah and Moses in the Kirtland Temple and the Jewish Passover.” Brigham Young University Studies 23, no. 4 (1983): 483.
Nibley, Hugh W. “Appendix 1 - The Archaeological Problem.” In An Approach to the Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1957.

In this work the Book of Mormon is seen in a new perspective; we see it in a world setting, not in a mere local one. It takes its place naturally alongside the Bible and other great works of antiquity and becomes one of them.

Book of Mormon archaeologists have often been disappointed in the past because they have consistently looked for the wrong things. We should not be surprised at the lack of ruins in America in general. Actually the scarcity of identifiable remains in the Old World is even more impressive. In view of the nature of their civilization, one should not be puzzled if the Nephites had left us no ruins at all. People underestimate the capacity of things to disappear and do not realize that the ancients almost never built of stone. Many a great civilization has left behind not a single recognizable trace of itself. We must stop looking for the wrong things.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Appendix 1: East Coast or West Coast?” In Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, vol. 5. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1988.
Nibley, Hugh W. “Appendix 1: From the Dead Sea Scrolls (1QS).” In The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, vol. 16, 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2005.

Can also be accessed at https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/sba/vol2/iss1/5.

Hugh Nibley, late professor of ancient history and religion at Brigham Young University and one of the foremost scholars of the ancient world in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, discussed the Rule of the Community in an appendix to his 1975 book The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri. The Joseph Smith Papyri is an initiatory text; the Rule of the Community is both an initiatory text, enumerating details for entrance into the Essene community at Qumran, and a covenant document, listing elements in the covenant made between God and individuals entering the Essene community at Qumran. This piece is an excerpt from the appendix of his text mentioned above and outlines the various aspects of this Rule of the Community as found in the Dead Sea Scrolls (1QS).

Nibley, Hugh W. “Appendix 2: From the Odes of Solomon.” In The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, vol. 16, 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2005.

This is the first and still the only book-length commentary on the Joseph Smith Papyri. In this long-awaited new edition, with expanded text and numerous illustrations, Professor Nibley shows that the papyri are not the source of the Book of Abraham. Rather than focusing on what the papyri are not, as most commentators have done, Nibley masterfully explores what the papyri are and what they meant in ancient times. He demonstrates how these ancient Egyptian papyri contain a message that is of particular interest to Latter-day Saints.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Appendix 2: How Far to Cumorah?” In Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, vol. 5. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1988.
Nibley, Hugh W. “Appendix 3: The Pearl.” In The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, vol. 16, 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2005.

This is the first and still the only book-length commentary on the Joseph Smith Papyri. In this long-awaited new edition, with expanded text and numerous illustrations, Professor Nibley shows that the papyri are not the source of the Book of Abraham. Rather than focusing on what the papyri are not, as most commentators have done, Nibley masterfully explores what the papyri are and what they meant in ancient times. He demonstrates how these ancient Egyptian papyri contain a message that is of particular interest to Latter-day Saints.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Appendix 4: From the Pistis Sophia.” In The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, vol. 16, 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2005.

This is the first and still the only book-length commentary on the Joseph Smith Papyri. In this long-awaited new edition, with expanded text and numerous illustrations, Professor Nibley shows that the papyri are not the source of the Book of Abraham. Rather than focusing on what the papyri are not, as most commentators have done, Nibley masterfully explores what the papyri are and what they meant in ancient times. He demonstrates how these ancient Egyptian papyri contain a message that is of particular interest to Latter-day Saints.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Appendix 5: Cyril of Jerusalem’s Lectures on the Ordinances.” In The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, vol. 16, 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2005.

This is the first and still the only book-length commentary on the Joseph Smith Papyri. In this long-awaited new edition, with expanded text and numerous illustrations, Professor Nibley shows that the papyri are not the source of the Book of Abraham. Rather than focusing on what the papyri are not, as most commentators have done, Nibley masterfully explores what the papyri are and what they meant in ancient times. He demonstrates how these ancient Egyptian papyri contain a message that is of particular interest to Latter-day Saints.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Appendix 6: From the Gospel of Philip.” In The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, vol. 16, 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2005.

This is the first and still the only book-length commentary on the Joseph Smith Papyri. In this long-awaited new edition, with expanded text and numerous illustrations, Professor Nibley shows that the papyri are not the source of the Book of Abraham. Rather than focusing on what the papyri are not, as most commentators have done, Nibley masterfully explores what the papyri are and what they meant in ancient times. He demonstrates how these ancient Egyptian papyri contain a message that is of particular interest to Latter-day Saints.

Allen, James B. “Appendix I: Historical Milestones.” BYU Studies 34, no. 2 (1995): 343.
Allen, James B. “Appendix II: Microfilm Places and Operators.” BYU Studies 34, no. 2 (1995): 347.
Allen, James B. “Appendix III: Microfilm Production.” BYU Studies 34, no. 2 (1995): 351.
Cooper, Glen M. “Appendix, On Aping Aristotle: Modern-day Simplicios.” The FARMS Review 15, no. 2 (2003): Article 3.

Cooper addresses the claim that Thomas Murphy’s DNA research is a “Galileo event.” He provides information on Galileo’s life to show that Galileo was not against religion and that the Catholic Church was not against science. Cooper then parallels that information with the Murphy situation. Like Galileo, Murphy has not taken a stance against religion, only against a particular religious text

Nibley, Hugh W. “Appendix: A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price.” In An Approach to the Book of Abraham, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, vol. 18. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2009.
Nibley, Hugh W. “Appendix: Comparison of Editions.” In Since Cumorah: The Book of Mormon in the Modern World, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, vol. 7, 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1988.

A hundred years ago, the Book of Mormon was regarded by the scholarly world as an odd text that simply did not fit their understanding of the ancient world. Since that time, however, numerous ancient records have come to light, including the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Nag Hammadi texts. These discoveries have forced scholars to change their views of history, and they place the Book of Mormon in a new light as well. That is why respected Latter-day Saint scholar Hugh Nibley wrote Since Cumorah, a brilliant literary, theological, and historical evaluation of the Book of Mormon as an ancient book.

McKinlay, Daniel B. “Appendix: Echoes and Evidences from the Writings of Hugh Nibley.” In Echoes and Evidences of the Book of Mormon, edited by Donald W. Parry, Daniel C. Peterson and John W. Welch, 453-506. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2002.

A discussion of evidence of the Book of Mormon’s authenticity.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Appendix: The Archaeological Problem.” In An Approach to the Book of Mormon, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, vol. 6, 3rd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1988.

In this work the Book of Mormon is seen in a new perspective; we see it in a world setting, not in a mere local one. It takes its place naturally alongside the Bible and other great works of antiquity and becomes one of them.

The Book of Mormon is so often taken to task by those calling themselves archaeologists that it is well to know just what an archaeologist is and does. Book of Mormon archaeologists have often been disappointed in the past because they have consistently looked for the wrong things. We should not be surprised at the lack of ruins in America in general. Actually the scarcity of identifiable remains in the Old World is even more impressive. In view of the nature of their civilization one should not be puzzled if the Nephites had left us no ruins at all. People underestimate the capacity of things to disappear, and do not realize that the ancients almost never built of stone. Many a great civilization which has left a notable mark in history and literature has left behind not a single recognizable trace of itself. We must stop looking for the wrong things.

Clark, J. Reuben, Jr. “Appendix: The Clark Memorandum on the Monroe Doctrine (an extract).” Brigham Young University Studies 13, no. 3 (1973): 453.
Nibley, Hugh W. “Appendixes.” Nibley, Hugh and Michael D. Rhodes.

One Eternal Round is the culmination of Hugh Nibley’s thought on the book of Abraham and represents over fifteen years of research and writing. The volume includes penetrating insights into Egyptian pharaohs and medieval Jewish and Islamic traditions about Abraham; Greek, Egyptian, and Mesopotamian myths; the Aztec calendar stone; Hopi Indian ceremonies; and early Jewish and Christian apocrypha, as well as the relationship of myth, ritual, and history.

Partridge, Dixie L. “Appetite.” BYU Studies 50, no. 3 (2011): 82.
Swift, Hales. “The Application of the Law of Witnesses in 2 Nephi 27 and 28.” The Interpreter Foundation website. February 24, 2020.
Lyon, Michael. “Appreciating Hypocephali as Works of Art and Faith.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999. Transcript of a lecture presented on 24 March 1999 as part of the FARMS Book of Abraham Lecture Series.

Michael Lyon examines the importance and significance of hypocephali as works of art and expressions of religious belief. Facsimile 2, associated with the Book of Abraham, belongs to this class of documents. Lyon illustrates that hypocephali symbolize the sacred center of the universe, expressed in Facsimile 2 as well as in the shield of Achilles and the mandala tradition.

Keywords: Pearl of Great Price
Jackson, Kent P. “An Appreciation.” In The Book of Moses and the Joseph Smith Translation Manuscripts (Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2005), 143–144.
Whitlock, Stephen T. “Appreciation.” In Hugh Nibley Observed, edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Shirley S. Ricks, and Stephen T. Whitlock. Orem, UT, and Salt Lake City: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2021.

This chapter shows the author’s appreciation for Hugh Nibley and his works.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Approach to Facsimile II.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1985. Talk given May 17, 1985, Washington D.C.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Abraham, Facsimile 2
Nibley, Hugh W. “Approach to Facsimile II.” Lecture given on 17 May 1985, in Washington, DC.

A 36-page typescript, with an additional 8 pages of figures.

Wyatt, Allen L. “An Approach to History.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 31 (2019): 277-284.

Abstract: When researching and evaluating historical information, it is easy to come across things that may lead to a crisis of faith. Some of those crises may lead individuals to leave the Church and actively proselytize against it. It is much better when dealing with historical issues to approach them from a standpoint of charity, treating historical figures as we would like to be treated.

Parry, Donald W. “An Approach to Isaiah Studies.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 34 (2020): 245-264.

Review of Joseph M. Spencer, The Vision of All: Twenty-Five Lectures on Isaiah in Nephi’s Record (Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2016). 318 pages. $59.95 (hardback); $29.95 paperback.

Abstract: This review makes a case, briefly, for the unmistakable presence of Jesus Christ in Isaiah’s text, which case is based on a corpus linguistic-based description of the Hebrew Bible, equivalent designations of deific names, self-identification declarations by the Lord, and more. And, importantly, one can never set aside the multiple teachings and testimonies of our modern prophets and apostles regarding Isaiah’s prophecies of Jesus Christ. Moreover, in my view, a knowledge of biblical Hebrew helps us to penetrate the very depths and heights of Isaiah’s text.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Approach to John Gee, Guide to the Joseph Smith Papyri.” FARMS Review of Books 13, no. 2 (2001): Article 9.

Since 1989, the Review of Books on the Book of Mormon has published review essays to help serious readers make informed choices and judgments about books and other publications on topics related to the Latter-day Saint religious tradition. It has also published substantial freestanding essays that made further contributions to the field of Mormon studies. In 1996, the journal changed its name to the FARMS Review with Volume 8, No 1. In 2011, the journal was renamed Mormon Studies Review.

A review of A Guide to the Joseph Smtih Papyri (2000) by John Gee.

de Jong, Gerrit, Jr. “An Approach to Modernity in Art.” Brigham Young University Studies 1, no. 2 & 2, no. 1 (1959): 33.
Nibley, Hugh W. An Approach to the Book of Abraham. The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley 18. Edited by John Gee, illustrations directed by Michael P. Lyon. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2009. xxxix + 632 pp.

This volume contains diverse essays, including Nibley’s “A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price,” a three-year series of lengthy articles from the Improvement Era. According to Nibley, “Until now, no one has done much more than play around with the bedizening treasury of the Pearl of Great Price. They would not, we could not, make of the Book of Abraham an object of serious study. The time has come to change all that.”