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Hugh W. Nibley
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1 Nephi

"Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 1." Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1989.
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is one of the best-known and most highly revered of Latter-day Saint scholars. For over forty years this near-legendary teacher has enthralled his readers and listeners with his encyclopedic knowledge
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
"Lecture 06 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 1 & Jeremiah 29, Lehi's Jerusalem"
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
"Lecture 07 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 1 & Jeremiah"
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
"Lecture 08 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi Escape from Doom"
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
"Lecture 09 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 1-3, 15"
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
"Lecture 11 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 4-7 Scripture and Family"
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
"Lecture 12 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 8-11 The Tree of Life"
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
"Lecture 13 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 12-14 Nephi's Vision"
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
"Lecture 14 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 15-16"
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
"Lecture 15 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 17-19,22 Toward the Promised Land"
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
"Lehi in the Desert." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 10 parts running from Jan 1950 through Oct 1950. Reprinted.
Abstract: Virtually all that is known of the world in which Lehi is purported to have lived has been discovered within the last hundred years — mostly within the last thirty. How does this information check with that in the book of 1 Nephi? A classic reflection on Lehi’s world in Arabia: poetry, tree of life, family affairs, politics, imagery, travel, tents, and foods. One of the first attempts to test the Book of Mormon against known geographical and cultural details in the regions where Lehi probably traveled in the Old World.
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft.
Abstract: The bulk of these materials appeared in the Improvement Era between 1950 and 1952. The original illustrations and some other materials were not included in the book.
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1980. Contains a new comprehensive index by Gary P. Gillum.
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites. An unedited reprinting of the original version.. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1987. viii + 272 pp. An unedited reprinting of the original version.
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 5). Edited by John W. Welch, Darrell L. Matthews, and Stephen R. Callister. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1988. xviii + 464 pp.
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is probably still best known for his groundbreaking investigations into the ancient Near Eastern backgrounds of Lehi and of the Jaredites. Those classic studies are contained in this volume ”” the first of several books to appear in the volumes of The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley that deal with the Book of Mormon.
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 1: Transcripts of Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1990. Provo, UT: FARMS, 1993. 482 pp. Transcripts of 29 lectures.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is one of the best-known and most highly revered of Latter-day Saint scholars. For over forty years this near-legendary teacher has enthralled his readers and listeners with his encyclopedic knowledge, his wit, and his untiring research in defense of Latter-day Saint beliefs.

Now you can join Dr. Nibley in the first of four Honors Book of Mormon classes that he taught at BYU during 1988-90. Part one contains twenty-nine lectures focusing on 1 Nephi through Mosiah 5. It is vintage Nibley, with his insights, humor, and passionate convictions, discussing a book that he loves and knows so well.
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin

2 Nephi

"Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 1." Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1989.
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is one of the best-known and most highly revered of Latter-day Saint scholars. For over forty years this near-legendary teacher has enthralled his readers and listeners with his encyclopedic knowledge
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
"Lecture 16 - Book of Mormon - 2 Nephi 1-4 Atonement"
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
"Lecture 17 - Book of Mormon - 2 Nephi 2 The Law and The Atonement"
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
"Lecture 18 - Book of Mormon - 2 Nephi 3-8"
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
"Lecture 19 - Book of Mormon - 2 Nephi 9 The Atonement & Judgment"
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
"Lecture 20 - Book of Mormon - 2 Nephi 25 The Jews and Jerusalem"
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
"Lecture 21 - Book of Mormon - 2 Nephi 25-28 Nephi's Prophecy of our Times"
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
"Lecture 22 - Book of Mormon - 2 Nephi 29-31 Scripture and Canon"
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
"Lecture 23 - Book of Mormon - 2 Nephi 32--33; Jacob 1--2"
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
"Lehi in the Desert." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 10 parts running from Jan 1950 through Oct 1950. Reprinted.
Abstract: Virtually all that is known of the world in which Lehi is purported to have lived has been discovered within the last hundred years — mostly within the last thirty. How does this information check with that in the book of 1 Nephi? A classic reflection on Lehi’s world in Arabia: poetry, tree of life, family affairs, politics, imagery, travel, tents, and foods. One of the first attempts to test the Book of Mormon against known geographical and cultural details in the regions where Lehi probably traveled in the Old World.
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft.
Abstract: The bulk of these materials appeared in the Improvement Era between 1950 and 1952. The original illustrations and some other materials were not included in the book.
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1980. Contains a new comprehensive index by Gary P. Gillum.
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites. An unedited reprinting of the original version.. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1987. viii + 272 pp. An unedited reprinting of the original version.
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 5). Edited by John W. Welch, Darrell L. Matthews, and Stephen R. Callister. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1988. xviii + 464 pp.
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is probably still best known for his groundbreaking investigations into the ancient Near Eastern backgrounds of Lehi and of the Jaredites. Those classic studies are contained in this volume ”” the first of several books to appear in the volumes of The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley that deal with the Book of Mormon.
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin
Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 1: Transcripts of Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1990. Provo, UT: FARMS, 1993. 482 pp. Transcripts of 29 lectures.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is one of the best-known and most highly revered of Latter-day Saint scholars. For over forty years this near-legendary teacher has enthralled his readers and listeners with his encyclopedic knowledge, his wit, and his untiring research in defense of Latter-day Saint beliefs.

Now you can join Dr. Nibley in the first of four Honors Book of Mormon classes that he taught at BYU during 1988-90. Part one contains twenty-nine lectures focusing on 1 Nephi through Mosiah 5. It is vintage Nibley, with his insights, humor, and passionate convictions, discussing a book that he loves and knows so well.
Keywords: Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, Ancient Near East,Lehi (Prophet), Nephi (Prophet), Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls,Jacob (Prophet),Enos,Jarom,Omni, Mosiah, King Benjamin

Abraham

"Abraham." Lecture given at the LDS Institute, Utah Valley State College, 14 June 1995.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
Abraham in Egypt. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1981. xi + 288 pp. Republished in 2000 in a second edition with new materials and illustrations as Abraham in Egypt, CWHN 14.
See also: NULL
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
Abraham in Egypt (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 14). Edited by Gary P. Gillum. Illustrations directed by Michael P. Lyon. 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2000. xxxiii + 705 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Considered by many to be a classic in LDS literature, Abraham in Egypt is coming back to print in an enlarged edition published in association with the Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS). In 1968-1970, Hugh Nibley wrote a series of articles for the Improvement Era titled ""A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price."" Brother Nibley asked that some of these articles be made into chapters to be added to Abraham in Egypt. This is what constitutes the new edition; no changes were made to the original chapters. For the articles, Nibley drew from many Jewish and rabbinical sources, while his work in the first edition was based on Egyptian material.

Contains all the material from the first edition of Abraham in Egypt as well as additions from Nibley’s 1968–70 Improvement Era series, “A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price.”
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Abraham's Creation Drama." Talk given on 6 April 1999, at the Joseph Smith Building auditorium, Brigham Young University, and later at the Assembly Hall on Temple Square in Salt Lake City, as part of the Book of Abraham Lecture Series sponsored by the Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Abraham’s Temple Drama." In The Temple in Time and Eternity, edited by Donald W. Parry and Stephen D. Ricks, 1-42. Provo, UT: FARMS, 1999. Reprinted in Eloquent Witness, CWHN 17:445–82.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
An Approach to the Book of Abraham (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 18). Edited by John Gee. Illustrations directed by Michael P. Lyon. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2009. xxxix + 632 pp. CWHN 18.
See also: NULL
Abstract: The volume contains diverse essays, including his three-year series of lengthy articles from the Improvement Era, “A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price.” According to Nibley, “Until now, no one has done much more than play around with the bedizening treasury of the Pearl of Great Price. They would not, we could not make of the Book of Abraham an object of serious study. The time has come to change all that.”
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 29 parts from Jan 1968 through May 1970.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Conclusion: Taking Stock." Improvement Era, May 1970, 82–89, 91–94.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"There Were Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 14 parts running from Jan 1956 through Feb 1957. Reprinted as part three of Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites.
Abstract: This wide-ranging series discusses the “epic milieu” of the second millennium B.C. and places the Jaredites in their historical context alongside the Babylonians, Egyptians, early Greeks and others. Makes a comparison between the Book of Ether and ancient writings of Babylon, Egypt, Sumer, and others. The description of the Jaredite boats seem to resemble the boat of Ut-Napitshtim who was the Sumerian counter-part of Noah. Old Jewish and even older Indian sources record the use of shining stones that protect the owner beneath the water. These have been traced back to Babylonian tales of the deluge. Since the Jaredite record reports that their boats were patterned after Noah’s ark, ancient myths that surely have their foundation in real events help to provide greater understanding of the book of Ether. The book of Ether meets all the criteria of epic traditions of heroic societies. The remains of heroic societies are difficult to identify.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Epic Milieu in the Old Testament." Improvement Era, October 1956, 710–12, 745–51.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Hugh Nibley’s Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series at Brigham Young University." Winter Semester, 1986, Maxwell Institute.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Hugh Nibley, Abraham (Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series - 23)"
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Judging and Prejudging the Book of Abraham." An appendix in They Lie in Wait to Deceive, vol. 1:236-45, by Robert L. and Rosemary Brown, edited by Barbara Ellsworth, rev. ed. Mesa, AZ: Brownsworth, 1982. Reprinted in CWHN 18.
See also: NULL
Abstract: This essay contains Nibley’s views on the Book of Abraham presented in the form of questions and answers.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004. xxxviii + 333 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: New to this edition is Gary Gillum’s “Hugh Nibley: Scholar of the Spirit, Missionary of the Mind”; the bibliography has been dropped.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
One Eternal Round (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 19). Coauthored by Michael D. Rhodes. Illustrations directed by Michael P. Lyon. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2010. xxii + 698. CWHN 19.
See also: NULL
Abstract: One Eternal Round is the culmination of Hugh Nibley’s thought on the book of Abraham and represents over fifteen years of research and writing. The volume includes penetrating insights into Egyptian pharaohs and medieval Jewish and Islamic traditions about Abraham; Greek, Egyptian, and Mesopotamian myths; the Aztec calendar stone; Hopi Indian ceremonies; and early Jewish and Christian apocrypha, as well as the relationship of myth, ritual, and history.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 29 parts from Jan 1968 through May 1970.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 1. Challenge and Response." Improvement Era, January 1968, 18–24.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 1. Challenge and Response (continued)." Improvement Era, February 1968, 14–18, 20–21.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 1. Challenge and Response (continued)." Improvement Era, March 1968, 16–18, 20–22.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 1. Challenge and Response (continued)." Improvement Era, April 1968, 64–69.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 10. The Sacrifice of Isaac." Improvement Era, March 1970, 84–94.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 11. The Sacrifice of Sarah." Improvement Era, April 1970, 79–95.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 2. May We See Your Credentials?" Improvement Era, May 1968, 54–57.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 2. May We See Your Credentials? (continued)." Improvement Era, June 1968, 18–22.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 3. Empaneling the Panel." Improvement Era, July 1968, 48–55.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 4. Second String." Improvement Era, August 1968, 53–64.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 5. Facsimile No. 1: A Unique Document." Improvement Era, September 1968, 66–80.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 5. Facsimile No. 1: A Unique Document (continued)." Improvement Era, October 1968, 73–81.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 6. Facsimile No. 1: A Unique Document (continued)." Improvement Era, November 1968, 36–38, 40, 42, 44.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 6. Facsimile No. 1: A Unique Document (continued)." Improvement Era, December 1968, 28–33.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 7. The Unknown Abraham." Improvement Era, January 1969, 26–33.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 7. The Unknown Abraham (continued)." Improvement Era, February 1969, 64–67.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 7. The Unknown Abraham (continued)." Improvement Era, April 1969, 66–72.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 7. The Unknown Abraham (continued)." Improvement Era, June 1969, 126–28, 130–32.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 7. The Unknown Abraham (continued)." Improvement Era, July 1969, 97–101.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 8. Facsimile No. 1, By the Figures." Improvement Era 72.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 8. Facsimile No. 1, By the Figures (continued)." Improvement Era, September 1969, 85–95.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 8. Facsimile No. 1, By the Figures (continued)." Improvement Era, October 1969, 85–88.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 8[7]. The Unknown Abraham (continued)." Improvement Era, March 1969, 76, 79–80, 82, 84.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 8[7]. The Unknown Abraham (continued)." Improvement Era, May 1969, 87–91.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 9. Setting the Stage: The World of Abraham (continued)." Improvement Era 73.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 9. Setting the Stage—The World of Abraham." Improvement Era, October 1969, 89–95.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 9. Setting the Stage—The World of Abraham (continued)." Improvement Era 72.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Prolegomena to Any Study of the Book of Abraham." BYU Studies 8/2 (1968): 171-78 (plus reproductions, 179-90).
See also: NULL
Abstract: On 27 November 1967
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004. xxxviii + 333 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: New to this edition is Gary Gillum’s “Hugh Nibley: Scholar of the Spirit, Missionary of the Mind”; the bibliography has been dropped.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Subduing the Earth: Man's Dominion." In Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless, 95-110. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004.
Abstract: Ever since the days of the Prophet Joseph, Presidents of the Church have appealed to the Saints to be magnanimous and forbearing toward all of God’s creatures. But in the great West, where everything was up for grabs, it was more than human nature could endure to be left out of the great grabbing game, especially when one happened to get there first, as the Mormons often did. One morning just a week after we had moved into our house on Seventh North, as I was leaving for work, I found a group of shouting, arm-waving boys gathered around the big fir tree in the front yard. They had sticks and stones and in a state of high excitement were fiercely attacking the lowest branches of the tree, which hung to the ground. Why? I asked. There was a quail in the tree, they said in breathless zeal, a quail! Of course, said I, what is wrong with that? But don’t you see, it is a live quail, a wild one! So they just had to kill it. They were on their way to the old B. Y. High School and were Boy Scouts. Does this story surprise you? What surprised me was when I later went to Chicago and saw squirrels running around the city parks in broad daylight; they would not last a day in Provo. Like Varro’s patrician friends, we have taught our children by precept and example that every living thing exists to be converted into cash, and that whatever would not yield a return should be quickly exterminated to make way for creatures that do. (We have referred to this elsewhere as the Mahan Principle Moses 5:31.) I have heard influential Latter-day Saints express this philosophy. The earth is our enemy, I was taught does it not bring forth noxious weeds to afflict and torment man? And who cared if his allergies were the result of the Fall, man’s own doing? But one thing worried me: If God were to despise all things beneath Him, as we do, where would that leave us? Inquiring about today, one discovers that many Latter-day Saints feel that the time has come to put an end to the killing.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"The Facsimiles of the Book of Abraham: A Response." Sunstone, December 1979, 49-51.
See also: NULL
Abstract: A response by Nibley to a criticism of the historicity of the Book of Abraham by Edward H. Ashment at the Sunstone Theological Symposium at the University of Utah on 24–25 August 1979.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 16). Edited by John Gee and Michael Rhodes. Illustrations directed by Michael P. Lyon. 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2005. xxx + 609 pp, CWHN 16.
See also: NULL
Abstract: This is the first ”” and still the only book-length commentary on the Joseph Smith Papyri. In this long-awaited new edition, with expanded text and numerous illustrations, Professor Nibley shows that the papyri are not the source of the Book of Abraham. Rather than focusing on what the papyri are not, as most commentators have done, Nibley masterfully explores what the papyri are and what they meant in ancient times. He demonstrates how these ancient Egyptian papyri contain a message that is of particular interest to Latter-day Saints.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004. xxxviii + 333 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: New to this edition is Gary Gillum’s “Hugh Nibley: Scholar of the Spirit, Missionary of the Mind”; the bibliography has been dropped.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"The Sacrifice of Isaac." In Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless, 143-161. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004.
Abstract: When I was in high school, everybody was being very smart and emancipated, and we always cheered the news that some scholar had discovered the original story of Samson or the Flood or the Garden of Eden in some ancient nonbiblical writing or tradition. It never occurred to anybody that these parallels might confirm rather than confound the scripture for us the explanation was always perfectly obvious: the Bible was just a clumsy compilation of old borrowed superstitions. As comparative studies broke into the open field, parallels began piling up until they positively became an embarrassment. Everywhere one looked there were literary and mythological parallels. Trying to laugh them off as "parallelomania" left altogether too much unexplained. In the 1930s English scholars started spreading out an overall pattern that would fit almost all ancient religions. Finally men like Graves and Santillana confront us with huge agglomerations of somehow connected matter that sticks together in one loose, gooey mass, compacted of countless resemblances that are hard to explain but equally hard to deny. Where is this taking us? Will the sheer weight and charge of the stuff finally cause it to collapse on itself in a black hole, leaving us none the wiser? We could forego the obligation of explaining it and content ourselves with contemplating and admiring the awesome phenomenon for its own sake were it not for one thing Joseph Smith spoils everything. A century of bound periodicals in the stacks will tell the enquiring student when scholars first became aware of the various elements that make up the superpattern, but Joseph Smith knew about them all, and before the search ever began he showed how they are interrelated. In the documents he has left us, you will find the central position of the Coronation, the tension between matriarchy and patriarchy, the arcane discipline for transmitting holy books through the ages, the pattern of cycles and dispensations, the nature of the mysteries, the great tradition of the Rekhabites or sectaries of the desert, the fertility rites and sacrifices of the New Year with the humiliation of the kind and the role of substitute, and so forth. Where did he get the stuff ? It would have been convenient for some mysterious rabbi to drop in on the penniless young farmer when he needs some high-class research, but George Foote Moore informs us that "so far as evidence goes, " apocalyptic things of that sort were "without countenance from the exponents of what we may call normal Judaism." Take, for example, the tradition that the sacrifice of Isaac merely followed the scenario of an earlier sacrifice of Abraham himself. Nobody has heard of that today until you tell them about it, when, of course, they shrug their shoulders and tell you that they knew about it all along. Which prompts me to recommend a simple rule for the ingenuous investigator: always ask the expert to tell you the story first. I have never found anyone who could tell me the Joseph Smith Abraham story, and the apocrypha records which report it have all been published since his day. Today the story of Abraham casts a new light on the story of Isaac. Here is some of it.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"The Three Facsimiles from the Book of Abraham." Talk prepared ca. 1980.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004. xxxviii + 333 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: New to this edition is Gary Gillum’s “Hugh Nibley: Scholar of the Spirit, Missionary of the Mind”; the bibliography has been dropped.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"To Open the Last Dispensation: Moses Chapter 1." In Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless, 1-22. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004.
Abstract: After all these years, it comes as a surprise for me to learn that the book of Moses appeared in the same year as the publication of the Book of Mormon, the first chapter being delivered in the very month of its publication. And it is a totally different kind of book, in another style, from another world. It puts to rest the silly arguments about who really wrote the Book of Mormon, for whoever produced the book of Moses would have been even a greater genius. That first chapter is a composition of unsurpassed magnificence. And we have all overlooked it completely. The Joseph Smith controversy is silly for the same reason the Shakespeare controversy is silly. Granted that a simple countryman could not have written the plays that go under the name of Will Shakespeare, who could? If that man is hard to imagine as their author, is it any easier to imagine a courtier, or a London wit, or a doctor of the schools, or, just for laughs, a committee of any of the above as the source of that miraculous outpouring? Joseph Smith’s achievement is of a different sort, but even more staggering: he challenged the whole world to fault him in his massive sacred history and an unprecedented corpus of apocalyptic books. He took all the initiative and did all the work, withholding nothing and claiming no immunity on religious or any other grounds; he spreads a thousand pages before us and asks us to find something wrong. And after a century and a half with all that material to work on, the learned world comes up with nothing better than the old discredited Solomon Spaulding story it began with. What an astounding tribute to the achievement of the Prophet that after all this time and with all that evidence his enemies can do no better than that! Even more impressive is the positive evidence that is accumulating behind the book of Moses which includes fragments from books of Adam, Noah, and Enoch; for in our day ancient books that bear those names are being seriously studied for the first time in modern history, and comparison with the Joseph Smith versions is impressing leading scholars in the field. But even without external witnesses, what a masterpiece we have in that first chapter of the book of Moses! Consider the below.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"What, Exactly, Is the Purpose and Significance of the Facsimiles in the Book of Abraham?" Ensign, March 1976, 34-36.
See also: NULL
Abstract: This essay was published as part of the section in the Ensign called “I Have a Question.”
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)

Ancient Near East

"There Were Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 14 parts running from Jan 1956 through Feb 1957. Reprinted as part three of Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites.
Abstract: This wide-ranging series discusses the “epic milieu” of the second millennium B.C. and places the Jaredites in their historical context alongside the Babylonians, Egyptians, early Greeks and others. Makes a comparison between the Book of Ether and ancient writings of Babylon, Egypt, Sumer, and others. The description of the Jaredite boats seem to resemble the boat of Ut-Napitshtim who was the Sumerian counter-part of Noah. Old Jewish and even older Indian sources record the use of shining stones that protect the owner beneath the water. These have been traced back to Babylonian tales of the deluge. Since the Jaredite record reports that their boats were patterned after Noah’s ark, ancient myths that surely have their foundation in real events help to provide greater understanding of the book of Ether. The book of Ether meets all the criteria of epic traditions of heroic societies. The remains of heroic societies are difficult to identify.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"1: Egypt Revisited." Improvement Era, February 1956, 88–89, 106, 108.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"2: Egypt Revisited." Improvement Era, March 1956, 150–52, 185–87.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"3: Egypt Revisited." Improvement Era, April 1956, 244–45, 252–54, 258.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"4: Egypt Revisited." Improvement Era, May 1956, 308–10, 334, 336, 338–40.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"5: Egypt Revisited." Improvement Era, June 1956, 390–91, 460–61.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
Abraham in Egypt. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1981. xi + 288 pp. Republished in 2000 in a second edition with new materials and illustrations as Abraham in Egypt, CWHN 14.
See also: NULL
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
Abraham in Egypt (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 14). Edited by Gary P. Gillum. Illustrations directed by Michael P. Lyon. 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2000. xxxiii + 705 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Considered by many to be a classic in LDS literature, Abraham in Egypt is coming back to print in an enlarged edition published in association with the Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS). In 1968-1970, Hugh Nibley wrote a series of articles for the Improvement Era titled ""A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price."" Brother Nibley asked that some of these articles be made into chapters to be added to Abraham in Egypt. This is what constitutes the new edition; no changes were made to the original chapters. For the articles, Nibley drew from many Jewish and rabbinical sources, while his work in the first edition was based on Egyptian material.

Contains all the material from the first edition of Abraham in Egypt as well as additions from Nibley’s 1968–70 Improvement Era series, “A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price.”
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
An Approach to the Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: Council of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Abstract: An Approach to the Book of Mormon was mentioned by Marvin S. Hill in an essay entitled “The Historiography of Mormonism,” Church History 28/4 (December 1959): 418–26. Hill seems to have preferred to account for the Book of Mormon with what he called “the Smith hypothesis,” which is the attempt to understand the Book of Mormon as a product of Joseph’s presumably fertile imagination coupled to an unusual responsiveness to his own environment. Hill introduced his comments on Nibley’s work by observing that the conflict between Gentiles and the Latter-day Saints is also evident among historians, who are “generally divided into two distinct groups, forging a cleavage of sentiment which is evident in the debates over the origin of the Book of Mormon” (418). According to Hill, the issue “of primary importance is the nature of that unique American scripture, the Book of Mormon. Acclaimed by the faithful as a sacred history of a Christian people in ancient America, the book has been labeled a fraud by non-believers.” “The case for the Latter-day Saints,” Hill acknowledged, “has been stated often, but with no greater sophistication than that exhibited by Hugh Nibley of Brigham Young University in his Approach to the Book of Mormon (1957). He reviews the culture of the ancient Near East to find that in theme, the details of its narrative, and its use of place and proper names the Book of Mormon is authentic. He states that the marks of genuine antiquity in the record could not have been imitated by anyone in 1830. However intimate his knowledge of ancient history may be, certain difficulties exist in his argument. He cites many phenomena which seem as much American as they do ancient, and exaggerates the significance of details which are hazy or all but lacking. Invariably he handles his topic in an authoritarian fashion, never indicating that some points may be open to question” (418).

Hill’s effort to show that “many phenomena,” which Nibley thinks are typical of the ancient Near East, “seem as much American as they do ancient” is supported by citing pp. 140, 202–16, 339, and 348 in Nibley’s book. Hill did not indicate what on those pages supports his assertions, and those pages seem to have been drawn almost at random from Nibley’s book (see 425, n. 3). Hill disagrees with Nibley’s having conceived Lehi as a merchant and also about his drawing parallels between the community at Qumran and “the society described in Alma 23” (see 425, n. 4).
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Ancient Temples: What Do They Signify?" Ensign.
Abstract: Comments about the roles of ancient temples in general, with emphasis on Mesoamerican temples as centers of religion, culture, the arts, and world view.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
An Approach to the Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: Council of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Abstract: An Approach to the Book of Mormon was mentioned by Marvin S. Hill in an essay entitled “The Historiography of Mormonism,” Church History 28/4 (December 1959): 418–26. Hill seems to have preferred to account for the Book of Mormon with what he called “the Smith hypothesis,” which is the attempt to understand the Book of Mormon as a product of Joseph’s presumably fertile imagination coupled to an unusual responsiveness to his own environment. Hill introduced his comments on Nibley’s work by observing that the conflict between Gentiles and the Latter-day Saints is also evident among historians, who are “generally divided into two distinct groups, forging a cleavage of sentiment which is evident in the debates over the origin of the Book of Mormon” (418). According to Hill, the issue “of primary importance is the nature of that unique American scripture, the Book of Mormon. Acclaimed by the faithful as a sacred history of a Christian people in ancient America, the book has been labeled a fraud by non-believers.” “The case for the Latter-day Saints,” Hill acknowledged, “has been stated often, but with no greater sophistication than that exhibited by Hugh Nibley of Brigham Young University in his Approach to the Book of Mormon (1957). He reviews the culture of the ancient Near East to find that in theme, the details of its narrative, and its use of place and proper names the Book of Mormon is authentic. He states that the marks of genuine antiquity in the record could not have been imitated by anyone in 1830. However intimate his knowledge of ancient history may be, certain difficulties exist in his argument. He cites many phenomena which seem as much American as they do ancient, and exaggerates the significance of details which are hazy or all but lacking. Invariably he handles his topic in an authoritarian fashion, never indicating that some points may be open to question” (418).

Hill’s effort to show that “many phenomena,” which Nibley thinks are typical of the ancient Near East, “seem as much American as they do ancient” is supported by citing pp. 140, 202–16, 339, and 348 in Nibley’s book. Hill did not indicate what on those pages supports his assertions, and those pages seem to have been drawn almost at random from Nibley’s book (see 425, n. 3). Hill disagrees with Nibley’s having conceived Lehi as a merchant and also about his drawing parallels between the community at Qumran and “the society described in Alma 23” (see 425, n. 4).
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Appendix 1 - The Archaeological Problem." In An Approach to the Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1957.
Abstract: The Book of Mormon is so often taken to task by those calling themselves archaeologists that it is well to know just what an archaeologist is and does. Book of Mormon archaeologists have often been disappointed in the past because they have consistently looked for the wrong things. We should not be surprised at the lack of ruins in America in general. Actually the scarcity of identifiable remains in the Old World is even more impressive. In view of the nature of their civilization one should not be puzzled if the Nephites had left us no ruins at all. People underestimate the capacity of things to disappear, and do not realize that the ancients almost never built of stone. Many a great civilization which has left a notable mark in history and literature has left behind not a single recognizable trace of itself. We must stop looking for the wrong things.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Appendix: Echoes and Evidences from the Writings of Hugh Nibley." In Echoes and Evidences of the Book of Mormon, edited by Donald W. Parry, Daniel C. Peterson and John W. Welch, 453-506. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2002.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Book of Mormon Near Eastern Background." In Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Edited by Daniel H. Ludlow. Vol. 1. New York: Macmillan, 1992.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The World of the Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 11 parts running from Sep 1951 through Jul 1952. Reprinted as the second half of Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites (1952); and reprinted in Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites.
Abstract: A detailed reconstruction of the epic milieu and ancient historical setting in the third millennium B.C. in Mesopotamia and Asia relative to details about the Jaredites: their ships, shining stones, government, wars, society, and worldview. These articles were written in the form of expository letters to a fictitious “Professor F.”
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Conclusion." Improvement Era, July 1952, 510, 550.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Egyptian Temples and Ours." Talk given on 22 May 1993, for a group in Richfield, Utah.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"There Were Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 14 parts running from Jan 1956 through Feb 1957. Reprinted as part three of Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites.
Abstract: This wide-ranging series discusses the “epic milieu” of the second millennium B.C. and places the Jaredites in their historical context alongside the Babylonians, Egyptians, early Greeks and others. Makes a comparison between the Book of Ether and ancient writings of Babylon, Egypt, Sumer, and others. The description of the Jaredite boats seem to resemble the boat of Ut-Napitshtim who was the Sumerian counter-part of Noah. Old Jewish and even older Indian sources record the use of shining stones that protect the owner beneath the water. These have been traced back to Babylonian tales of the deluge. Since the Jaredite record reports that their boats were patterned after Noah’s ark, ancient myths that surely have their foundation in real events help to provide greater understanding of the book of Ether. The book of Ether meets all the criteria of epic traditions of heroic societies. The remains of heroic societies are difficult to identify.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Epic Milieu in the Old Testament." Improvement Era, October 1956, 710–12, 745–51.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Since Cumorah: New Voices from the Dust." A series of articles in the Improvement Era.
Abstract: The changing attitudes of biblical scholars toward basic questions about scripture allow room for claims made by the Book of Mormon. Discusses external evidences, the primitive church, Lehi, Zenos, the olive tree, and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
"Epilogue: Since Qumran." Improvement Era, July 1966, 636–38.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004. xxxviii + 333 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: New to this edition is Gary Gillum’s “Hugh Nibley: Scholar of the Spirit, Missionary of the Mind”; the bibliography has been dropped.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Genesis of the Written Word." In Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless, 111-141. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004.
Abstract: The most interesting thing about this article is that, within a month after it was printed, a cover story appeared in the prestigious journal Science recounting the strange achievement of an Apache Indian by the name of Silas John, who not only claimed to have had a whole writing system revealed to him in a dream for holy purposes, but actually produced the system, which turns out to be a highly efficient one; an instant alphabet, not out of nothing, but out of a dream. The thing to notice here is that Silas John was a plain, simple, but deeply religious Indian, while the system of writing he produced suddenly in 1904 was not only highly sophisticated but has proven perfectly functional. No long ages of evolution were necessary to its emergence; the thing was given, he always maintained, in a single vision, for the express purpose of instructing men in the will of heaven and keeping them faithfully observant of it; it has never been used for anything else. Here in a leading scientific journal is a scientific description of how a system of writing actually came into being among a "primitive" people, and it confirms our own suspicions at every point. If it could happen in 1904 to a semiliterate Apache, could it not have happened earlier? Only such evidence could break the vicious circular argument which has long prevented serious investigation into the origins of writing. Many writers in scientific journals have recently deplored the way in which scientific conclusions reached long ago and held as unimpeachable truths turn students away from avenues of research which might well prove most fruitful. The evolutionary rule of thumb, convenient, satisfying, universal, is cited as the prime offender. Here is a test of how it works: Ask your students to write a paper on “A Day in the Life of a Primitive Man." None of them has ever seen a primitive man or ever will, but does that stop them? Before the question is on the board they are off and running and can go on writing at top speed indefinitely. They all know exactly how it should have been; evolution emancipated them from the drudgery of research. And in all of science there never was a more open-and-shut case than the origin of writing: intuitively we know it must have begun with pictures, and traditionally we know it can have developed in only one way very slowly and gradually from simple to more complex forms, and all that. Some may elaborate on the theme with tree alphabets, oghams, runes, and (as we have) arrow markings, but if there ever was a hypothesis which enjoyed complete and unquestioning obedience, the origin of writing has been it. Yet the discerning Kipling, taking a hard, common-sense look at the official solution, found it simply absurd. It is the same hypothesis that we now dare to question, grateful for the support of the noble Silas John.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Hugh Nibley’s Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series at Brigham Young University." Winter Semester, 1986, Maxwell Institute.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Hugh Nibley, The Babylon Creation Myth (Pearl of Great Price Lectures Series - 10)"
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 1." Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1989.
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is one of the best-known and most highly revered of Latter-day Saint scholars. For over forty years this near-legendary teacher has enthralled his readers and listeners with his encyclopedic knowledge
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Lecture 01 - Book of Mormon - Like Nothing Else"
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Lecture 03 - Book of Mormon - Geopolitics 600 BC"
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Lecture 04 - Book of Mormon - 600 B.C. Setting the Stage"
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Lecture 05 - Book of Mormon - Jeremiah & Solon: Lehi's Contemporaries"
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Lecture 06 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 1 & Jeremiah 29, Lehi's Jerusalem"
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Lecture 09 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 1-3, 15"
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Lecture 12 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 8-11 The Tree of Life"
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Lecture 13 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 12-14 Nephi's Vision"
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Lecture 15 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 17-19,22 Toward the Promised Land"
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft.
Abstract: The bulk of these materials appeared in the Improvement Era between 1950 and 1952. The original illustrations and some other materials were not included in the book.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1980. Contains a new comprehensive index by Gary P. Gillum.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites. An unedited reprinting of the original version.. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1987. viii + 272 pp. An unedited reprinting of the original version.
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 5). Edited by John W. Welch, Darrell L. Matthews, and Stephen R. Callister. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1988. xviii + 464 pp.
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is probably still best known for his groundbreaking investigations into the ancient Near Eastern backgrounds of Lehi and of the Jaredites. Those classic studies are contained in this volume ”” the first of several books to appear in the volumes of The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley that deal with the Book of Mormon.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
An Approach to the Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: Council of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Abstract: An Approach to the Book of Mormon was mentioned by Marvin S. Hill in an essay entitled “The Historiography of Mormonism,” Church History 28/4 (December 1959): 418–26. Hill seems to have preferred to account for the Book of Mormon with what he called “the Smith hypothesis,” which is the attempt to understand the Book of Mormon as a product of Joseph’s presumably fertile imagination coupled to an unusual responsiveness to his own environment. Hill introduced his comments on Nibley’s work by observing that the conflict between Gentiles and the Latter-day Saints is also evident among historians, who are “generally divided into two distinct groups, forging a cleavage of sentiment which is evident in the debates over the origin of the Book of Mormon” (418). According to Hill, the issue “of primary importance is the nature of that unique American scripture, the Book of Mormon. Acclaimed by the faithful as a sacred history of a Christian people in ancient America, the book has been labeled a fraud by non-believers.” “The case for the Latter-day Saints,” Hill acknowledged, “has been stated often, but with no greater sophistication than that exhibited by Hugh Nibley of Brigham Young University in his Approach to the Book of Mormon (1957). He reviews the culture of the ancient Near East to find that in theme, the details of its narrative, and its use of place and proper names the Book of Mormon is authentic. He states that the marks of genuine antiquity in the record could not have been imitated by anyone in 1830. However intimate his knowledge of ancient history may be, certain difficulties exist in his argument. He cites many phenomena which seem as much American as they do ancient, and exaggerates the significance of details which are hazy or all but lacking. Invariably he handles his topic in an authoritarian fashion, never indicating that some points may be open to question” (418).

Hill’s effort to show that “many phenomena,” which Nibley thinks are typical of the ancient Near East, “seem as much American as they do ancient” is supported by citing pp. 140, 202–16, 339, and 348 in Nibley’s book. Hill did not indicate what on those pages supports his assertions, and those pages seem to have been drawn almost at random from Nibley’s book (see 425, n. 3). Hill disagrees with Nibley’s having conceived Lehi as a merchant and also about his drawing parallels between the community at Qumran and “the society described in Alma 23” (see 425, n. 4).
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Lesson 2 - A Time for Re-Examination." In An Approach to the Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1957.
Abstract:
The Book of Mormon can and should be tested. It invites criticism, and the best possible test for its authenticity is provided by its own oft-proclaimed provenance in the Old World. Since the Nephites are really a branch broken off from the main cultural, racial, and religious stock, that provenance can be readily examined.
In case one thinks the Book of Mormon has been adequately examined in the past, it is well to know that today all ancient records are being read anew in the light of new discoveries. In this lesson we discuss some of the overthrows of the last decades that make it necessary to undertake the thoroughgoing re- evaluation of ancient records, including the Bible. The old evolutionary interpretation is being re-examined, while in its place is coming the realization that all ancient records can best be understood if they are read as a single book.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Lesson 3 - An Auspicious Beginning." In An Approach to the Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1957.
Abstract: The note of universalism is very strong in the Book of Mormon, while the conventional views of tribal and national loyalties are conspicuously lacking. This peculiar state of things is an authentic reflection of actual conditions in Lehi’s world. Lehi like Abraham was the child of a cosmopolitan age. No other time or place could have been more peculiarly auspicious for the launching of a new civilization than the time and place in which he lived. It was a wonderful age of discovery, an age of adventurous undertakings in all fields of human endeavor, of great economic and colonial projects. At the same time the great and brilliant world civilization of Lehi’s day was on the very verge of complete collapse, and men of God like Lehi could see the hollowness of the loudly proclaimed slogans of peace (Jer. 6:14, 8:11) and prosperity. (2 Ne. 28:21.) Lehi’s expedition from Jerusalem in aim and method was entirely in keeping with the accepted practices of his day.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Lesson 5 - Lehi's Affairs, 1. The Jews and the Caravan Trade." In An Approach to the Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1957.
Abstract: Only within the last few years has it been realized that the ancient Hebrews were not the primitive agricultural people that scholars had always supposed they were, but among other things that they were always very active in trade and commerce. Their commercial contracts reached for many hundreds of miles in all directions, which meant an extensive caravan trade entailing constant dealings with the Arabs. In Lehi’s day the Arabs had suddenly become very aggressive and were pushing Jewish merchants out of their favored positions in the deserts and towns of the north. To carry on large-scale mercantile activities with distant places it was necessary for merchants to have certain personal and official connections in the cities in which they did business; here we mention the nature of such connections. Jewish merchants were very active in Arabia in Lehi’s day, diligently spreading their religion wherever they went, and settling down not only as tradesmen in the towns but as permanent cultivators and colonizers in the open country. Lehi’s activity in this regard is more or less typical, and closely resembles that of his predecessor Jonadab ben Rekhab.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Looking Backward." In The Temple in Antiquity: Ancient Records and Modern Perspectives, edited by Truman G. Madsen, 39-51. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1984. Reprinted in Mormonism and Early Christianity, CWHN 4:370–90.
See also: Included as the last section of “What is a Temple?” in Mormonism and Early Christianity (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 4) (1987)
Abstract: In his volume The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment, Nibley describes in great detail initiation and ritual and coronation procedures among the Egyptians. The appendix in this book includes temple-related lectures of Cyril of Jerusalem and other early documents. In the present essay Nibley provides a context for this study and his many others which, almost without his being aware of it, have formed the background of his temple preoccupation over three decades. He shows how incredibly mixed and diffuse and varied are traditions growing out of temple worship in the religions of the Far East, as with those of the Middle East. The power of the temple idea to invade the minutest detail of life is demonstrated. Inconclusive though many scholarly studies remain about a philosophy or matrix to make sense of all the data, Nibley believes there are connections and symmetries and correspondences which again point to one conclusion: historically, civilizations””indeed civilization itself””have revolved around the temple. This essay and his preceding one provide an omnibus introduction to the more specialized studies that follow.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"BYU Education Week lectures." BYU Education Week lectures delivered in the summer of 1965 at Oakland.
"New Light from Egypt"
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004. xxxviii + 333 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: New to this edition is Gary Gillum’s “Hugh Nibley: Scholar of the Spirit, Missionary of the Mind”; the bibliography has been dropped.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
One Eternal Round (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 19). Coauthored by Michael D. Rhodes. Illustrations directed by Michael P. Lyon. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2010. xxii + 698. CWHN 19.
See also: NULL
Abstract: One Eternal Round is the culmination of Hugh Nibley’s thought on the book of Abraham and represents over fifteen years of research and writing. The volume includes penetrating insights into Egyptian pharaohs and medieval Jewish and Islamic traditions about Abraham; Greek, Egyptian, and Mesopotamian myths; the Aztec calendar stone; Hopi Indian ceremonies; and early Jewish and Christian apocrypha, as well as the relationship of myth, ritual, and history.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"There Were Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 14 parts running from Jan 1956 through Feb 1957. Reprinted as part three of Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites.
Abstract: This wide-ranging series discusses the “epic milieu” of the second millennium B.C. and places the Jaredites in their historical context alongside the Babylonians, Egyptians, early Greeks and others. Makes a comparison between the Book of Ether and ancient writings of Babylon, Egypt, Sumer, and others. The description of the Jaredite boats seem to resemble the boat of Ut-Napitshtim who was the Sumerian counter-part of Noah. Old Jewish and even older Indian sources record the use of shining stones that protect the owner beneath the water. These have been traced back to Babylonian tales of the deluge. Since the Jaredite record reports that their boats were patterned after Noah’s ark, ancient myths that surely have their foundation in real events help to provide greater understanding of the book of Ether. The book of Ether meets all the criteria of epic traditions of heroic societies. The remains of heroic societies are difficult to identify.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Our Own People—Concluded." Improvement Era, February 1957, 94–95, 122–24.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The World of the Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 11 parts running from Sep 1951 through Jul 1952. Reprinted as the second half of Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites (1952); and reprinted in Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites.
Abstract: A detailed reconstruction of the epic milieu and ancient historical setting in the third millennium B.C. in Mesopotamia and Asia relative to details about the Jaredites: their ships, shining stones, government, wars, society, and worldview. These articles were written in the form of expository letters to a fictitious “Professor F.”
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Part 1." Improvement Era, September 1951, 628–30, 673–75.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Since Cumorah: New Voices from the Dust." A series of articles in the Improvement Era.
Abstract: The changing attitudes of biblical scholars toward basic questions about scripture allow room for claims made by the Book of Mormon. Discusses external evidences, the primitive church, Lehi, Zenos, the olive tree, and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
"Part 1." Improvement Era, October 1964, 816–21, 844–47.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Part 1 (continued)." Improvement Era, November 1964, 924–28, 974–75, 977–78, 980–83.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Part 1 (continued)." Improvement Era, January 1965, 34–37, 60–64.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Lehi in the Desert." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 10 parts running from Jan 1950 through Oct 1950. Reprinted.
Abstract: Virtually all that is known of the world in which Lehi is purported to have lived has been discovered within the last hundred years — mostly within the last thirty. How does this information check with that in the book of 1 Nephi? A classic reflection on Lehi’s world in Arabia: poetry, tree of life, family affairs, politics, imagery, travel, tents, and foods. One of the first attempts to test the Book of Mormon against known geographical and cultural details in the regions where Lehi probably traveled in the Old World.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Part 1 - The Problem." Improvement Era 53, no. 1 (1950): 102-104, 155-159.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The World of the Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 11 parts running from Sep 1951 through Jul 1952. Reprinted as the second half of Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites (1952); and reprinted in Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites.
Abstract: A detailed reconstruction of the epic milieu and ancient historical setting in the third millennium B.C. in Mesopotamia and Asia relative to details about the Jaredites: their ships, shining stones, government, wars, society, and worldview. These articles were written in the form of expository letters to a fictitious “Professor F.”
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Part 10." Improvement Era, June 1952, 398–99, 462–64.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Part 2." Improvement Era, October 1951, 704–6, 752–55.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Part 5." Improvement Era, January 1952, 22–24.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Part 6." Improvement Era, February 1952, 92–94, 98, 100, 102, 104–5.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"New Approaches to Book of Mormon Study." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 9 parts running from Nov 1953 through Jul 1954. Reprinted in The Prophetic Book of Mormon.
Abstract: Vividly displays internal and external evidences to test whether the Book of Mormon is or is not a forgery, using the standard scholarly criteria for detecting forged writings. Very insightful comments on methodology for studying the Book of Mormon, evaluating evidence, using newly discovered documents, metal plates, literary criticism, poetry, lower criticism, and history. Also comments on animals, weights and measures, and the use of the Bible in the Book of Mormon.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Part 6." Improvement Era, April 1954, 232–33, 246, 248–50, 252.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The World of the Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 11 parts running from Sep 1951 through Jul 1952. Reprinted as the second half of Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites (1952); and reprinted in Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites.
Abstract: A detailed reconstruction of the epic milieu and ancient historical setting in the third millennium B.C. in Mesopotamia and Asia relative to details about the Jaredites: their ships, shining stones, government, wars, society, and worldview. These articles were written in the form of expository letters to a fictitious “Professor F.”
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Part 7." Improvement Era, March 1952, 162–65, 167–68.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Part 8." Improvement Era, April 1952, 236–38, 258, 260–65.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"New Approaches to Book of Mormon Study." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 9 parts running from Nov 1953 through Jul 1954. Reprinted in The Prophetic Book of Mormon.
Abstract: Vividly displays internal and external evidences to test whether the Book of Mormon is or is not a forgery, using the standard scholarly criteria for detecting forged writings. Very insightful comments on methodology for studying the Book of Mormon, evaluating evidence, using newly discovered documents, metal plates, literary criticism, poetry, lower criticism, and history. Also comments on animals, weights and measures, and the use of the Bible in the Book of Mormon.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Part 8." Improvement Era, June 1954, 389, 447–48, 450–51.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Lehi in the Desert." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 10 parts running from Jan 1950 through Oct 1950. Reprinted.
Abstract: Virtually all that is known of the world in which Lehi is purported to have lived has been discovered within the last hundred years — mostly within the last thirty. How does this information check with that in the book of 1 Nephi? A classic reflection on Lehi’s world in Arabia: poetry, tree of life, family affairs, politics, imagery, travel, tents, and foods. One of the first attempts to test the Book of Mormon against known geographical and cultural details in the regions where Lehi probably traveled in the Old World.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Part 9 - A Word About Plates." Improvement Era 53, no. 9 (1950): 706-708, 744.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Since Cumorah: New Voices from the Dust." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 27 parts running from Oct 1964 through Dec 1966. These materials were reprinted in Since Cumorah (1967/1970), with two large additions and a deletion; and reprinted again, with corrections and a collation of materials with those published in the book, as Since Cumorah, CWHN 7.
Abstract: The changing attitudes of biblical scholars toward basic questions about scripture allow room for claims made by the Book of Mormon. Discusses external evidences, the primitive church, Lehi, Zenos, the olive tree, and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Since Cumorah (Since Qumran)." Improvement Era, October 1966, 884–85.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Since Cumorah: New Voices from the Dust." A series of articles in the Improvement Era.
Abstract: The changing attitudes of biblical scholars toward basic questions about scripture allow room for claims made by the Book of Mormon. Discusses external evidences, the primitive church, Lehi, Zenos, the olive tree, and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
"Since Qumran (continued)." Improvement Era, August 1966, 710–12.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 1: Transcripts of Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1990. Provo, UT: FARMS, 1993. 482 pp. Transcripts of 29 lectures.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is one of the best-known and most highly revered of Latter-day Saint scholars. For over forty years this near-legendary teacher has enthralled his readers and listeners with his encyclopedic knowledge, his wit, and his untiring research in defense of Latter-day Saint beliefs.

Now you can join Dr. Nibley in the first of four Honors Book of Mormon classes that he taught at BYU during 1988-90. Part one contains twenty-nine lectures focusing on 1 Nephi through Mosiah 5. It is vintage Nibley, with his insights, humor, and passionate convictions, discussing a book that he loves and knows so well.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"There Were Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 14 parts running from Jan 1956 through Feb 1957. Reprinted as part three of Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites.
Abstract: This wide-ranging series discusses the “epic milieu” of the second millennium B.C. and places the Jaredites in their historical context alongside the Babylonians, Egyptians, early Greeks and others. Makes a comparison between the Book of Ether and ancient writings of Babylon, Egypt, Sumer, and others. The description of the Jaredite boats seem to resemble the boat of Ut-Napitshtim who was the Sumerian counter-part of Noah. Old Jewish and even older Indian sources record the use of shining stones that protect the owner beneath the water. These have been traced back to Babylonian tales of the deluge. Since the Jaredite record reports that their boats were patterned after Noah’s ark, ancient myths that surely have their foundation in real events help to provide greater understanding of the book of Ether. The book of Ether meets all the criteria of epic traditions of heroic societies. The remains of heroic societies are difficult to identify.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The Babylonian Background, 1." Improvement Era, July 1956, 509–11, 514, 516.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The Babylonian Background, 2." Improvement Era, August 1956, 566–67, 602.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Since Cumorah: New Voices from the Dust." A series of articles in the Improvement Era.
Abstract: The changing attitudes of biblical scholars toward basic questions about scripture allow room for claims made by the Book of Mormon. Discusses external evidences, the primitive church, Lehi, Zenos, the olive tree, and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
"The Bible, the Scrolls, and the Book of Mormon: A Problem of Three Bibles (continued)." Improvement Era, December 1965, 1090–91, 1165–68.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The Bible, the Scrolls, and the Book of Mormon: A Problem of Three Bibles (continued)." Improvement Era, January 1966, 32–34, 44–46.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The Bible, the Scrolls, and the Book of Mormon: A Problem of Three Bibles (continued)." Improvement Era, February 1966, 118–22.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The Bible, the Scrolls, and the Book of Mormon: A Problem of Three Bibles (continued)." Improvement Era, March 1966, 196–97, 232–34.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The Book of Mormon as a Mirror of the East." The Improvement Era; 1941-1950 (Volumes 44-53); 1948 (Volume 51); 1948 April (No. 4); Church History Library.
Abstract: “THE AVERAGE MAN,” Wrote the great A. E. Housman, “believes that the text of ancient authors is generally sound, not because he has acquainted himself With the elements of the problem, but because he would feel uncomfortable if he did not believe it.” The Book of Mormon has enjoyed no such popular support. Indeed, the “average man” would like nothing better than to see it thoroughly exposed once and for all; it has made him feel uncomfortable for over a century. What is holding up the show? The earliest version of Nibley’s theory that a portion of the meaning and the historical authenticity of the Book of Mormon can be uncovered and tested by drawing upon the literary remains of the Near East. This essay contains Nibley’s initial speculation on possible links between Book of Mormon names and Egyptian etymologies. The series drew the attention of Wesley Walters, who drafted a statement concerning its contents, a statement which was signed by William F. Albright in 1949. Since that time the Reverend Walters has been an anti-Mormon polemicist.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The Book of Mormon as a Mirror of the East." Improvement Era.
Abstract: Book of Mormon proper names are related to Egyptian etymologies.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
The Early Christian Church in Light of Some Newly Discovered Papyri from Egypt. Provo, UT: BYU Extension Publications, 1964.
Abstract: An address delivered to the BYU Tri-Stake Fireside
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The Greatness of Egypt." Address delivered on 12 March 1986, as part of the Ramses II International Lecture Series. Reprinted in Eloquent Witness, CWHN 17:271–311.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004. xxxviii + 333 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: New to this edition is Gary Gillum’s “Hugh Nibley: Scholar of the Spirit, Missionary of the Mind”; the bibliography has been dropped.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The Haunted Wilderness." In Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless, 203-231. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004.
Abstract: Exactly at noon on the winter solstice of 1964, the writer stood at the entrance of an artificially extended cave at the place then called Raqim (now Sahab), a few miles south of Amman, with Rafiq Dajani, brother of the minister of antiquity for Jordan, who had just begun important excavations on the spot and duly noted that the sun at that moment shone directly on the back wall of the cave, a feat impossible at any other time of the year. The ancient picture of a dog painted on the cave wall had dimly suggested to the local inhabitants and a few scholars in an earlier generation the story of the dog who guarded the Cave of the Seven Sleepers hundreds of caves claiming that title but nobody took it very seriously. Beneath Byzantine stones, older ruins were coming to light, suggesting that the place may have been another Qumran, the settlement of early Christian or even Jewish sectaries of the desert; the region around was still all open country, mostly bare rocky ground. There it was, the beginning of an excavation that might turn up something exciting. Professor Dajani had read the article below in manuscript form and obligingly taken me for a visit to the place, where I took some pictures which were published in the Improvement Era. Compare those pictures with what you find there today! Twelve years later I returned to the spot with a tour group in excited anticipation of the wonders I would now see laid bare. What we found was that the excavations, far from being completed, had actually been covered up, all but the cave; on the spot was rising the concrete shell of a huge new mosque, and a large marble slab, before the cave, proclaimed in Arabic and English that this was the Cave o f the Seven Sleepers. The spot was being converted into a major Muslim shrine; our Christian Armenian guide was worried sick that there would be an incident, and at first hotly refused to stop the bus anywhere near the place. Naturally, I went straight for the cave and was met at the entrance by a venerable Mullah and his assistant who were selling candles; I said I wanted to see the holy dog, and they led me to the back of the cave where the wall was completely covered by a large old commode, through the dirty glass windows of which they pointed out some ancient brown bones and their prize the actual jawbone of the holy dog; a relic had usurped the place of the picture. So there it was: what had been a few scattered ruins, lying deserted and completely ignored on the heath, was now being promoted as a booming cult center, rapidly foundering in the encroaching clutter o f suburban real estate enterprises. To a student of John Chrysostom nothing could be more instructive; it had taken just twelve years to set up an ancient and hopefully profitable center of pilgrimage. So you see, all sorts of things go on in the haunted desert, as the following article will show.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The Lachish Letters: Documents from Lehi’s Day." Ensign, December 1981, 48-54. Reprinted as “The Lachish Letters,” in The Prophetic Book of Mormon, CWHN 8:380–406.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Suggests connections between the Lachish letters written at the time Jerusalem was destroyed by the Babylonians and events associated with Lehi’s departure. Includes political pressures on prophets, types of proper names, and a possible identification of Mulek.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The Liahona's Cousins." Improvement Era.
Abstract: Analysis of the Liahona, especially in light of Arabic divination arrows. Proposes an etymology for this name.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The Meaning of the Kirtland Egyptian Papers." BYU Studies 11/4 (1971): 350-99. Reprinted in Studies of the Books of Moses and Abraham: Articles from BYU Studies. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1975. xiii + 305 pp. Republished in 2005 in a richly illustrated volume with new format and additional material as Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri, CWHN 16.
See also: NULL
Abstract: A translation and commentary on the so-called “Book of Breathings” that turned up among the Joseph Smith Papyri, containing parallels with early Christian materials. For reviews, see C. Wilfred Griggs, “A Great Fuss about a Scrap of Papyrus,” Ensign, October 1975, 84, and Eric Jay Olson, “A Hint of an Explanation,” Dialogue 9/4 (1974): 74–75.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 16). Edited by John Gee and Michael Rhodes. Illustrations directed by Michael P. Lyon. 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2005. xxx + 609 pp, CWHN 16.
See also: NULL
Abstract: This is the first ”” and still the only book-length commentary on the Joseph Smith Papyri. In this long-awaited new edition, with expanded text and numerous illustrations, Professor Nibley shows that the papyri are not the source of the Book of Abraham. Rather than focusing on what the papyri are not, as most commentators have done, Nibley masterfully explores what the papyri are and what they meant in ancient times. He demonstrates how these ancient Egyptian papyri contain a message that is of particular interest to Latter-day Saints.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Since Cumorah: New Voices from the Dust." A series of articles in the Improvement Era.
Abstract: The changing attitudes of biblical scholars toward basic questions about scripture allow room for claims made by the Book of Mormon. Discusses external evidences, the primitive church, Lehi, Zenos, the olive tree, and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
"The Mysteries of Zenos and Joseph." Improvement Era, April 1966, 296–97, 334–36.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"There Were Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 14 parts running from Jan 1956 through Feb 1957. Reprinted as part three of Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites.
Abstract: This wide-ranging series discusses the “epic milieu” of the second millennium B.C. and places the Jaredites in their historical context alongside the Babylonians, Egyptians, early Greeks and others. Makes a comparison between the Book of Ether and ancient writings of Babylon, Egypt, Sumer, and others. The description of the Jaredite boats seem to resemble the boat of Ut-Napitshtim who was the Sumerian counter-part of Noah. Old Jewish and even older Indian sources record the use of shining stones that protect the owner beneath the water. These have been traced back to Babylonian tales of the deluge. Since the Jaredite record reports that their boats were patterned after Noah’s ark, ancient myths that surely have their foundation in real events help to provide greater understanding of the book of Ether. The book of Ether meets all the criteria of epic traditions of heroic societies. The remains of heroic societies are difficult to identify.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The Shining Stones—Continued." Improvement Era, September 1956, 630–32, 672–75.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"There Is Always Egypt." Address delivered on 25 October 1985, on the 26th floor of the Church Office Building, Salt Lake City, UT.
See also: NULL
Abstract: This address was delivered during the Ramses II exhibit at BYU to a number of dignitaries from Egypt. **cf. with “Perennial Egypt.” 19 pp., s.s., n.d., possibly given in connection with the Ramses II exhibit at BYU in 1985 and 1986* The Egyptian delegates were visiting Utah on occasion of the Ramses II exhibit at BYU during 1985 and 1986. The dignitaries were His Excellency Ismail Abd El-Moeti, Consul General of the Arab Republic of Egypt; Dr. Gamal El-Din Mohktar, 1st Undersecretary of State, Former Chairman and Member of Executive Board of Directors of Egyptian Antiquities Organization; Dr. Ibrahim E.-Nawawy, Director General of Egyptian Museums, Egyptian Antiquities Organization; Dr. G. A. Gaballa, Vice Dean, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University, Member of the Executive Board of Directors of the Egyptian Antiquities Organization; General Fouad Alaam, Director of Tourism Police; and Mrs. Diane Smith Kadry, wife of Dr. Ahmed Kadry, the First Undersecretary of State and Chairman of the Egyptian Antiquities Organization.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt

Babylon

"Hugh Nibley’s Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series at Brigham Young University." Winter Semester, 1986, Maxwell Institute.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Ancient Near East;Babylon;Jaredite;Jaredite Barges;Noah's Ark;Sixteen Small Stones
"Hugh Nibley, The Babylon Creation Myth (Pearl of Great Price Lectures Series - 10)"
Keywords: Ancient Near East;Babylon;Jaredite;Jaredite Barges;Noah's Ark;Sixteen Small Stones
"There Were Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 14 parts running from Jan 1956 through Feb 1957. Reprinted as part three of Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites.
Abstract: This wide-ranging series discusses the “epic milieu” of the second millennium B.C. and places the Jaredites in their historical context alongside the Babylonians, Egyptians, early Greeks and others. Makes a comparison between the Book of Ether and ancient writings of Babylon, Egypt, Sumer, and others. The description of the Jaredite boats seem to resemble the boat of Ut-Napitshtim who was the Sumerian counter-part of Noah. Old Jewish and even older Indian sources record the use of shining stones that protect the owner beneath the water. These have been traced back to Babylonian tales of the deluge. Since the Jaredite record reports that their boats were patterned after Noah’s ark, ancient myths that surely have their foundation in real events help to provide greater understanding of the book of Ether. The book of Ether meets all the criteria of epic traditions of heroic societies. The remains of heroic societies are difficult to identify.
Keywords: Ancient Near East;Babylon;Jaredite;Jaredite Barges;Noah's Ark;Sixteen Small Stones
"The Babylonian Background, 1." Improvement Era, July 1956, 509–11, 514, 516.
Keywords: Ancient Near East;Babylon;Jaredite;Jaredite Barges;Noah's Ark;Sixteen Small Stones
"The Babylonian Background, 2." Improvement Era, August 1956, 566–67, 602.
Keywords: Ancient Near East;Babylon;Jaredite;Jaredite Barges;Noah's Ark;Sixteen Small Stones

Bible

"A New Translation of Isaiah." BYU Today, December 1982, 23.
See also: NULL
Abstract: A review of Avraham Gileadi’s The Apocalyptic Book of Isaiah, A New Translation and Interpretative Key (Provo, UT: Hebraeus Press, 1982).
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
Apostles and Bishops in Early Christianity (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 15). Edited by John F. Hall and John W. Welch. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2005. xxv + 254 pp. CWHN 15.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Much can be learned from the New Testament and other early Christian sources about the powers, duties, and desired attributes of those who originally held the offices of apostle and bishop. Catholics claim that Peter was the first bishop of Rome, and Eastern Orthodox Christians assert that he was the first bishop of Antioch. But does either position reflect the apostolic or episcopal offices completely or correctly? What, really was the role of bishops, and what was their relationship with apostles in the early Christian church? It is hard to imagine anyone better than Hugh Nibley to shed light on this challenging and intriguing topic.
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
"There Were Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 14 parts running from Jan 1956 through Feb 1957. Reprinted as part three of Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites.
Abstract: This wide-ranging series discusses the “epic milieu” of the second millennium B.C. and places the Jaredites in their historical context alongside the Babylonians, Egyptians, early Greeks and others. Makes a comparison between the Book of Ether and ancient writings of Babylon, Egypt, Sumer, and others. The description of the Jaredite boats seem to resemble the boat of Ut-Napitshtim who was the Sumerian counter-part of Noah. Old Jewish and even older Indian sources record the use of shining stones that protect the owner beneath the water. These have been traced back to Babylonian tales of the deluge. Since the Jaredite record reports that their boats were patterned after Noah’s ark, ancient myths that surely have their foundation in real events help to provide greater understanding of the book of Ether. The book of Ether meets all the criteria of epic traditions of heroic societies. The remains of heroic societies are difficult to identify.
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
"Epic Milieu in the Old Testament." Improvement Era, October 1956, 710–12, 745–51.
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
"Great Are the Words of Isaiah." In Sidney B. Sperry Symposium [1978], 193-207. Provo, UT: BYU Press, 1978. Also published in ASBYU Academics Presents: Outstanding Lectures, 1978–79 (Provo, UT: BYU Press, 1979), 71–88, and reprinted in Old Testament and Related Studies, CWHN 1:215–37.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
"Great Are the Words of Isaiah." In ASBYU Academics Presents: Outstanding Lectures, 1978–79, 71–88. Provo, UT: BYU Press, 1979.
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
"Historicity and the Bible." Address given to the seminary and institute faculty at Brigham Young University on 19 June 1956; Reprinted in Old Testament and Related Studies.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
Mormonism and Early Christianity (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 4). Edited by Todd M. Compton and Stephen D. Ricks. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1987. xiii + 446 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: From the outset of his career, Dr. Hugh Nibley has been centrally concerned with primitive Christianity, especially the shadowy era between the New Testament proper and the emergence and the triumph of the Catholic Church and Holy Roman Empire. That is the era treated in the nine essays collected in this volume. The essays cover such subjects as early accounts of Jesus’ childhood, the Savior’s forty-day ministry after his resurrection, baptism for the dead in ancient times, the passing of the primitive church, and the early Christian prayer circle. Each essay examines the close connection between the practices and the doctrines of the early Church and the Church of the latter days. Each essay has been reedited, and all the original sources have been rechecked.

Keith E. Norman has reviewed this volume (see The John Whitmer Historical Association Journal 9 [1989]: 108–12). His remarks are generally favorable. He pictures Nibley as “the preeminent Mormon scholar of ancient studies and unofficial apologist for the LDS Church” (108). He notes that Nibley’s “biases are never in doubt.” This offends Norman, and he complains of “Nibley’s apparent lack of a sense of fair play or balance—dare we say Christian charity?” (109). And he also refers to what he calls Nibley’s “operative methodology: he is proof-texting—compiling isolated passages to support predetermined conclusions—with little regard for the context of those citations” (109–10). Norman claims that Nibley’s faults are thus in ample evidence in the essays found in this volume. “The most obvious [fault] is his tendentiousness, which is perhaps inevitable when one sets out to be a defender of the faith” (111). Norman feels that “the conclusion of each of these essays has been predetermined according to Nibley’s Mormonism” (111). But Norman neglects to explain why tendentiousness is a weakness, or why it should be overcome, or how it can be overcome. What is implied in Norman’s view is that for one to be tendentious, that is, marked by a tendency to favor a particular point of view—especially Mormonism—is wrong. But why is that necessarily so? Though Norman does not explicitly take up this issue, he provides some clues indicating why he feels that tendentiousness is wrong: he apparently believes that it is a mistake to manifest bias because one ought, instead, to strive for objectivity, balance, or detachment. From the point of view of the commonly held methodological mythology Nibley must be faulted because he lacks the necessary objectivity. But Peter Novick has shown that the American history profession has been made to rest upon an incoherent and vacuous objectivist mythology, which he identifies as the myth of presumably objective historians giving us an objective history (That Noble Dream [Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988]). According to the objectivist mythology, biases, inclinations, or propensities favoring a point of view (including especially faith) are corrupting and prevent the historian from discovering what really happened. Obviously such an objectivist ideology works against believers, since they obviously have a point of view. But ironically, Norman is tendentious about the need for detachment, balance, or objectivity, which he clearly endorses. His understanding of historical method is not defended with arguments and is recommended for unexplained and unexamined reasons. Ironically, Norman is biased against the defense of the faith and would presumably feel more comfortable if Nibley had hidden his premises and made an effort to dissemble by making it appear to his readers that he had merely happened to discover some things while wandering around in the literature of antiquity as a dispassionate, disinterested, detached observer interested only in having the facts speak their truth through him. The demand for objectivity turns out to be more a matter of scholarly pretence, style, or tone and therefore has little to do with the substance of reasoning and argumentation and nothing to do with the historical understanding or the business of working out historical explanations. Nibley clearly rejects the affectation of scholarly neutrality, and rightly so. One wonders whether Norman follows what Nibley labels “the Baconian gospel, that one has simply to collect the facts and let them speak for themselves” (375). If so, he has appropriated an outmoded, incoherent view of science which he has unwittingly applied to historical scholarship.

Norman, though respectful of Nibley’s learning and command of languages, feels that the documentation in some of the essays in this volume goes too far and was intended to “dazzle” the reader with an “esoteric level of erudition. One essay contains twelve pages of text followed by twenty-two of footnotes, set in smaller type. So much paper and ink are squandered when the editing is sloppy or overly lenient” (111). Without argumentation, Norman hints that the editing for the essay to which he alludes was either shoddy or permissive. But apparently the editors of Vigiliae Christianae, a distinguished European journal, who originally published Nibley’s essay on the forty-day ministry of Christ, did not feel that they were wasting either paper or ink by publishing the citations appended to that essay. If one were to look for a squnadering of ink and paper, would it not be easier to make a case by pointing to advertising copy, newspapers, pornography or a host of other such publications, rather than the endnotes for a serious piece of scholarship?
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
New Discoveries concerning the Bible and Church History. Provo.
Abstract: A series of quotations by various writers on six general topics: “The Old Testament Today,” “The New Testament Today,” “The Rediscovery of the Church,” “The New Concept of Scripture,” “‘Revelation’ No Longer a Naughty Word,” and “‘New Orthodoxy’ and the Trend to Literalism.” Introduces themes taken up more systematically in other essays.
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
Old Testament and Related Studies (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 1). Edited by John W. Welch, Gary P. Gillum, and Don E. Norton. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1986. xiv + 290 pp.
See also: NULL
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
"Since Cumorah: New Voices from the Dust." A series of articles in the Improvement Era.
Abstract: The changing attitudes of biblical scholars toward basic questions about scripture allow room for claims made by the Book of Mormon. Discusses external evidences, the primitive church, Lehi, Zenos, the olive tree, and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
"The Bible, the Scrolls, and the Book of Mormon: A Problem of Three Bibles." Improvement Era, November 1965, 974–77, 1013, 1040.
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
"The Bible, the Scrolls, and the Book of Mormon: A Problem of Three Bibles (continued)." Improvement Era, December 1965, 1090–91, 1165–68.
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
"The Bible, the Scrolls, and the Book of Mormon: A Problem of Three Bibles (continued)." Improvement Era, January 1966, 32–34, 44–46.
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
"The Bible, the Scrolls, and the Book of Mormon: A Problem of Three Bibles (continued)." Improvement Era, February 1966, 118–22.
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
"The Bible, the Scrolls, and the Book of Mormon: A Problem of Three Bibles (continued)." Improvement Era, March 1966, 196–97, 232–34.
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
"Three Degrees of Righteousness from the Old Testament." Address, dated November 1982. Published in Approaching Zion, CWHN 9:308–40.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
"“Great Are the Words of Isaiah”." In Sperry Symposium Classics: The Old Testament, edited by Paul Y. Hoskisson, 177–95. Salt Lake City: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2005.
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)

Book of Abraham

An Approach to the Book of Abraham (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 18). Edited by John Gee. Illustrations directed by Michael P. Lyon. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2009. xxxix + 632 pp. CWHN 18.
See also: NULL
Abstract: The volume contains diverse essays, including his three-year series of lengthy articles from the Improvement Era, “A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price.” According to Nibley, “Until now, no one has done much more than play around with the bedizening treasury of the Pearl of Great Price. They would not, we could not make of the Book of Abraham an object of serious study. The time has come to change all that.”
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 29 parts from Jan 1968 through May 1970.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Conclusion: Taking Stock." Improvement Era, May 1970, 82–89, 91–94.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Judging and Prejudging the Book of Abraham." An appendix in They Lie in Wait to Deceive, vol. 1:236-45, by Robert L. and Rosemary Brown, edited by Barbara Ellsworth, rev. ed. Mesa, AZ: Brownsworth, 1982. Reprinted in CWHN 18.
See also: NULL
Abstract: This essay contains Nibley’s views on the Book of Abraham presented in the form of questions and answers.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
One Eternal Round (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 19). Coauthored by Michael D. Rhodes. Illustrations directed by Michael P. Lyon. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2010. xxii + 698. CWHN 19.
See also: NULL
Abstract: One Eternal Round is the culmination of Hugh Nibley’s thought on the book of Abraham and represents over fifteen years of research and writing. The volume includes penetrating insights into Egyptian pharaohs and medieval Jewish and Islamic traditions about Abraham; Greek, Egyptian, and Mesopotamian myths; the Aztec calendar stone; Hopi Indian ceremonies; and early Jewish and Christian apocrypha, as well as the relationship of myth, ritual, and history.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 29 parts from Jan 1968 through May 1970.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 1. Challenge and Response." Improvement Era, January 1968, 18–24.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 1. Challenge and Response (continued)." Improvement Era, February 1968, 14–18, 20–21.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 1. Challenge and Response (continued)." Improvement Era, March 1968, 16–18, 20–22.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 1. Challenge and Response (continued)." Improvement Era, April 1968, 64–69.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 10. The Sacrifice of Isaac." Improvement Era, March 1970, 84–94.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 11. The Sacrifice of Sarah." Improvement Era, April 1970, 79–95.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 2. May We See Your Credentials?" Improvement Era, May 1968, 54–57.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 2. May We See Your Credentials? (continued)." Improvement Era, June 1968, 18–22.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 3. Empaneling the Panel." Improvement Era, July 1968, 48–55.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 4. Second String." Improvement Era, August 1968, 53–64.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 5. Facsimile No. 1: A Unique Document." Improvement Era, September 1968, 66–80.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 5. Facsimile No. 1: A Unique Document (continued)." Improvement Era, October 1968, 73–81.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 6. Facsimile No. 1: A Unique Document (continued)." Improvement Era, November 1968, 36–38, 40, 42, 44.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 6. Facsimile No. 1: A Unique Document (continued)." Improvement Era, December 1968, 28–33.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 8. Facsimile No. 1, By the Figures." Improvement Era 72.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 8. Facsimile No. 1, By the Figures (continued)." Improvement Era, September 1969, 85–95.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 8. Facsimile No. 1, By the Figures (continued)." Improvement Era, October 1969, 85–88.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 9. Setting the Stage: The World of Abraham (continued)." Improvement Era 73.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 9. Setting the Stage—The World of Abraham." Improvement Era, October 1969, 89–95.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Part 9. Setting the Stage—The World of Abraham (continued)." Improvement Era 72.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"Prolegomena to Any Study of the Book of Abraham." BYU Studies 8/2 (1968): 171-78 (plus reproductions, 179-90).
See also: NULL
Abstract: On 27 November 1967
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"The Facsimiles of the Book of Abraham: A Response." Sunstone, December 1979, 49-51.
See also: NULL
Abstract: A response by Nibley to a criticism of the historicity of the Book of Abraham by Edward H. Ashment at the Sunstone Theological Symposium at the University of Utah on 24–25 August 1979.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 16). Edited by John Gee and Michael Rhodes. Illustrations directed by Michael P. Lyon. 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2005. xxx + 609 pp, CWHN 16.
See also: NULL
Abstract: This is the first ”” and still the only book-length commentary on the Joseph Smith Papyri. In this long-awaited new edition, with expanded text and numerous illustrations, Professor Nibley shows that the papyri are not the source of the Book of Abraham. Rather than focusing on what the papyri are not, as most commentators have done, Nibley masterfully explores what the papyri are and what they meant in ancient times. He demonstrates how these ancient Egyptian papyri contain a message that is of particular interest to Latter-day Saints.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"The Three Facsimiles from the Book of Abraham." Talk prepared ca. 1980.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)
"What, Exactly, Is the Purpose and Significance of the Facsimiles in the Book of Abraham?" Ensign, March 1976, 34-36.
See also: NULL
Abstract: This essay was published as part of the section in the Ensign called “I Have a Question.”
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, Abraham (Prophet)

Book of Mormon

An Approach to the Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: Council of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Abstract: An Approach to the Book of Mormon was mentioned by Marvin S. Hill in an essay entitled “The Historiography of Mormonism,” Church History 28/4 (December 1959): 418–26. Hill seems to have preferred to account for the Book of Mormon with what he called “the Smith hypothesis,” which is the attempt to understand the Book of Mormon as a product of Joseph’s presumably fertile imagination coupled to an unusual responsiveness to his own environment. Hill introduced his comments on Nibley’s work by observing that the conflict between Gentiles and the Latter-day Saints is also evident among historians, who are “generally divided into two distinct groups, forging a cleavage of sentiment which is evident in the debates over the origin of the Book of Mormon” (418). According to Hill, the issue “of primary importance is the nature of that unique American scripture, the Book of Mormon. Acclaimed by the faithful as a sacred history of a Christian people in ancient America, the book has been labeled a fraud by non-believers.” “The case for the Latter-day Saints,” Hill acknowledged, “has been stated often, but with no greater sophistication than that exhibited by Hugh Nibley of Brigham Young University in his Approach to the Book of Mormon (1957). He reviews the culture of the ancient Near East to find that in theme, the details of its narrative, and its use of place and proper names the Book of Mormon is authentic. He states that the marks of genuine antiquity in the record could not have been imitated by anyone in 1830. However intimate his knowledge of ancient history may be, certain difficulties exist in his argument. He cites many phenomena which seem as much American as they do ancient, and exaggerates the significance of details which are hazy or all but lacking. Invariably he handles his topic in an authoritarian fashion, never indicating that some points may be open to question” (418).

Hill’s effort to show that “many phenomena,” which Nibley thinks are typical of the ancient Near East, “seem as much American as they do ancient” is supported by citing pp. 140, 202–16, 339, and 348 in Nibley’s book. Hill did not indicate what on those pages supports his assertions, and those pages seem to have been drawn almost at random from Nibley’s book (see 425, n. 3). Hill disagrees with Nibley’s having conceived Lehi as a merchant and also about his drawing parallels between the community at Qumran and “the society described in Alma 23” (see 425, n. 4).
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
An Approach to the Book of Mormon. 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1964. xxii + 416 pp.
Abstract: Originally published in 1957
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
An Approach to the Book of Mormon (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 6). Edited by John W. Welch. 3rd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1988. Xvii + 541 pp.
Abstract: Originally published in 1957 as a Melchizedek Priesthood manual , An Approach to the Book of Mormon is Dr. Hugh Nibley’s classic work on the Book of Mormon. A gifted scholar with expertise in ancient languages, literature, and history, Nibley shows numerous details in the Book of Mormon narrative to be in accord with cultural traits of the Middle East.

A revised edition of the book published under the same title by the Council of the Twelve Apostles of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints for the lesson manual for the Melchizedek Priesthood quorums in 1957; and in a second edition by Deseret Book in 1964; reprinted in 1976 in the Classics of Mormon Literature series.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
Approaching Zion (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 9). Edited by Don E. Norton. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1989. xviii + 631 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Approaching Zion is LDS scholar and social critic Hugh Nibley’s most popular book. More accessible than many of his scholarly works, it is replete with Nibley’s trademark humor and startling insights into history, religion and life.

Well known and beloved in its text form, most of the essays in this book were originally delivered as speeches. In
Approaching Zion, Hugh Nibley gives thinkers reason to believe, and believers something to think about.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Bird Island." Dialogue 10/4 (1977): 120-23. An Academics Awareness Lecture given at Brigham Young University on 26 June 1975.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Satirical lecture on some of the excesses and weaknesses of archaeology and theories of Book of Mormon geography. This satirical talk was read by Nibley, perhaps as early as 1965. A version of Nibley’s satirical lecture on some of the excesses and weaknesses of archaeology and theories of Book of Mormon geography.bicentennial celebration of the Declaration of Independence. It was rejected by the editors.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Censoring the Joseph Smith Story." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 4 parts running from Jul 1961 through Nov 1961. Reprinted in Tinkling Cymbals and Sounding Brass.
Abstract: Explains how Joseph Smith’s critics in the 1840s and also Fawn Brodie rewrote Joseph’s story to suit their perceptions of the Book of Mormon and the First Vision.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"New Approaches to Book of Mormon Study." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 9 parts running from Nov 1953 through Jul 1954. Reprinted in The Prophetic Book of Mormon.
Abstract: Vividly displays internal and external evidences to test whether the Book of Mormon is or is not a forgery, using the standard scholarly criteria for detecting forged writings. Very insightful comments on methodology for studying the Book of Mormon, evaluating evidence, using newly discovered documents, metal plates, literary criticism, poetry, lower criticism, and history. Also comments on animals, weights and measures, and the use of the Bible in the Book of Mormon.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Conclusion." Improvement Era, July 1954, 506–7, 521.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Critical Opinion of the Pearl of Great Price." July 26, 1967, Brigham Young University Devotional.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Hugh Nibley discusses the military strategy and tactics of the wars in the Book of Mormon compared to other modern and ancient warfare.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Freemen and Kingmen in the Book of Mormon." Talk given in 1980, and again on 18 January 1981 at the J. Reuben Clark Law School. 20 pp., s.s., typed typescript of a talk given in 1980, and again on 18 January 1981 at the J. Reuben Clark Law School. Also circulated as a 30 pp., d.s., version, dated 18 August 1986. Published as “Freemen and King-men in the Book of Mormon,” in The Prophetic Book of Mormon, CWHN 8:328–79.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Captain Moroni was a man of peace. Analyzes war, government, management, the political tactics and strategies of Amalickiah, and the constant struggle between those who follow the ways of righteousness and those who promote wicked political agendas. Includes notes about similar political problems in ancient Mesoamerican societies.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Mixed Voices: A Study in Book of Mormon Criticism." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 9 parts running from Mar 1959 through Nov 1959. Reprinted as six chapters in The Prophetic Book of Mormon.
Abstract: A series about the Book of Mormon and its nineteenth-century American critics. David Marks, who heard the story of the book from the Whitmer family, dismissed it as deception that he could not support by purchasing the book. Alexander Campbell, Origen Bacheler, E. D. Hose, and Professor Rafinesque joined him. The critics could not believe in angelic visits, visions, and further revelation from God. They criticized the grammar and content, rebuked the translator as a fraud, a liar, and a money-digging, peep-stone looking cheat. One critic relied upon the words of another without checking to see if there was any truth.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Just Another Book? Part One." Improvement Era, May 1959, 345–47, 388–91.
Abstract: Shows ways in which the Book of Mormon was out-of-sorts with the nineteenth century and thus not just another book of that time
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Kangaroo Court." Improvement Era, March 1959, 145–48, 184–87.
Abstract: A witty exposé of anti-Mormon methods of Book of Mormon criticism.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Last Call: An Apocalyptic Warning from the Book of Mormon." Sunstone, January 1988, 14-25. Reprinted in The Prophetic Book of Mormon, CWHN 8:498–532.
See also: NULL
Abstract: The Book of Mormon’s message of Christ specifically is to “show” and “convince” by a bulwark of historical evidence through which the doctrine must be considered. The ascension motif””righteous man rising above the wicked world by supplicating God””is repeated over and over. It is symbolic and warns mankind to spiritually break away from his real enemy, himself, in the world of sin.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 1." Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1989.
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is one of the best-known and most highly revered of Latter-day Saint scholars. For over forty years this near-legendary teacher has enthralled his readers and listeners with his encyclopedic knowledge
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 01 - Book of Mormon - Like Nothing Else"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 02 - Book of Mormon - Nephi's Heritage"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 03 - Book of Mormon - Geopolitics 600 BC"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 04 - Book of Mormon - 600 B.C. Setting the Stage"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 05 - Book of Mormon - Jeremiah & Solon: Lehi's Contemporaries"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 06 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 1 & Jeremiah 29, Lehi's Jerusalem"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 07 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 1 & Jeremiah"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 08 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi Escape from Doom"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 09 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 1-3, 15"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 10 - Book of Mormon - Dead Sea Scrolls"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 4." Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1989.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 100 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi 15-18"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 101 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi 19-4 Nephi 1"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 102 - Book of Mormon - 4 Nephi 1"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 103 - Book of Mormon - 4 Nephi 1"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 104 - Book of Mormon - 4 Nephi 1:27-Mormon 2"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 105 - Book of Mormon - Mormon 2-5"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 106 - Book of Mormon - Mormon 1-5"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 107 - Book of Mormon - Mormon 8-9"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 108 - Book of Mormon - Mormon 9"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 109 - Book of Mormon - Ether 1-2"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 1." Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1989.
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is one of the best-known and most highly revered of Latter-day Saint scholars. For over forty years this near-legendary teacher has enthralled his readers and listeners with his encyclopedic knowledge
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 11 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 4-7 Scripture and Family"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 4." Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1989.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 110 - Book of Mormon - Ether 7-14"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 111 - Book of Mormon - Ether 2-8"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 112 - Book of Mormon - Moroni 1-10"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 1." Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1989.
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is one of the best-known and most highly revered of Latter-day Saint scholars. For over forty years this near-legendary teacher has enthralled his readers and listeners with his encyclopedic knowledge
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 12 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 8-11 The Tree of Life"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 13 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 12-14 Nephi's Vision"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 14 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 15-16"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 15 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 17-19,22 Toward the Promised Land"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 16 - Book of Mormon - 2 Nephi 1-4 Atonement"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 17 - Book of Mormon - 2 Nephi 2 The Law and The Atonement"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 18 - Book of Mormon - 2 Nephi 3-8"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 19 - Book of Mormon - 2 Nephi 9 The Atonement & Judgment"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 20 - Book of Mormon - 2 Nephi 25 The Jews and Jerusalem"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 21 - Book of Mormon - 2 Nephi 25-28 Nephi's Prophecy of our Times"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 22 - Book of Mormon - 2 Nephi 29-31 Scripture and Canon"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 23 - Book of Mormon - 2 Nephi 32--33; Jacob 1--2"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 24 - Book of Mormon - Jacob 3-4 Filthiness and the Atonement"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 25 - Book of Mormon - Jacob 5--7; Enos"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 26 - Book of Mormon - Enos, Jarom, Omni"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 27 - Book of Mormon - Omni, Words of Mormon, Mosiah 1"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 28 - Book of Mormon - Mosiah 1-2 King Benjamin's Speech"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 29 - Book of Mormon - Mosiah 3-5 King Benjamin's Speech"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 2." Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1989.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 30 - Book of Mormon - Mosiah 6"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 31 - Book of Mormon - Mosiah 7"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 32 - Book of Mormon - Mosiah 8-10"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 33 - Book of Mormon - Mosiah 10-11"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 34 - Book of Mormon - Mosiah 12-14"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 35 - Book of Mormon - Mosiah 15-16"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 36 - Book of Mormon - Mosiah 16-18"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 37 - Book of Mormon - Mosiah 19-20"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 38 - Book of Mormon - Mosiah 20-23"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 39 - Book of Mormon - Mosiah 23-26"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 40 - Book of Mormon - Mosiah 26-27"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 41 - Book of Mormon - Mosiah 27-29"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 42 - Book of Mormon - Mosiah 29-Alma 1"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 43 - Book of Mormon - Alma 1-2"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 44 - Book of Mormon - Alma 2-3"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 45 - Book of Mormon - Alma 4-5"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 46 - Book of Mormon - Alma 5"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 47 - Book of Mormon - Alma 5-10"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 48 - Book of Mormon - Alma 10-12"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 49 - Book of Mormon - Alma 12-14"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 50 - Book of Mormon - Alma 14-17"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 51 - Book of Mormon - Alma 17-19"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 52 - Book of Mormon - Alma 19-22"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 53 - Book of Mormon - Alma 23-27"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 54 - Book of Mormon - Alma 30-31"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 55 - Book of Mormon - Alma 32-35"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 56 - Book of Mormon - Alma 36-41"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 3." Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1989.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 57 - Book of Mormon - Alma 45"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 58 - Book of Mormon - A Review"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 59 - Book of Mormon - Alma 46"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 60 - Book of Mormon - Alma 46"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 61 - Book of Mormon - Alma 46"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 62 - Book of Mormon - Alma 46"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 63 - Book of Mormon - Alma 47"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 64 - Book of Mormon - Alma 47"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 65 - Book of Mormon - Alma 48"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 66 - Book of Mormon - Alma 48"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 67 - Book of Mormon - Alma 48-49"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 68 - Book of Mormon - Alma 49-50"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 69 - Book of Mormon - Alma 49-52"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 70 - Book of Mormon - Alma 52-54"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 71 - Book of Mormon - Alma 54-57"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 72 - Book of Mormon - Alma 57-61"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 73 - Book of Mormon - Alma 62-Helaman 1"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 74 - Book of Mormon - Helaman 1-3"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 75 - Book of Mormon - Helaman 3-6"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 76 - Book of Mormon - Helaman 6"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 77 - Book of Mormon - Helaman 6"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 78 - Book of Mormon - Helaman 6-10"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 79 - Book of Mormon - Helaman 11-13"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 80 - Book of Mormon - Helaman 13-3 Nephi 2"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 81 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi 3-5"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 82 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi 6-7"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 83 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi 8-11"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 84 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi 11-15"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 85 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi 16-20"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 4." Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1989.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 86 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi 6"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 87 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi 6"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 88 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi 6-7"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 89 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi 7-8"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 90 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi 9"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 91 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi 9-10"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 92 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 93 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi; Psalm 19"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 94 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi 9-13"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 95 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi 11-17"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 96 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi 11-19"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 97 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi 11"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 98 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi 11"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lecture 99 - Book of Mormon - 3 Nephi 12-14"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 1." Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1989.
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is one of the best-known and most highly revered of Latter-day Saint scholars. For over forty years this near-legendary teacher has enthralled his readers and listeners with his encyclopedic knowledge
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lectures 1-10"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lectures 11-20"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lehi in the Desert." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 10 parts running from Jan 1950 through Oct 1950. Reprinted.
Abstract: Virtually all that is known of the world in which Lehi is purported to have lived has been discovered within the last hundred years — mostly within the last thirty. How does this information check with that in the book of 1 Nephi? A classic reflection on Lehi’s world in Arabia: poetry, tree of life, family affairs, politics, imagery, travel, tents, and foods. One of the first attempts to test the Book of Mormon against known geographical and cultural details in the regions where Lehi probably traveled in the Old World.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft.
Abstract: The bulk of these materials appeared in the Improvement Era between 1950 and 1952. The original illustrations and some other materials were not included in the book.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1980. Contains a new comprehensive index by Gary P. Gillum.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites. An unedited reprinting of the original version.. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1987. viii + 272 pp. An unedited reprinting of the original version.
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 5). Edited by John W. Welch, Darrell L. Matthews, and Stephen R. Callister. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1988. xviii + 464 pp.
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is probably still best known for his groundbreaking investigations into the ancient Near Eastern backgrounds of Lehi and of the Jaredites. Those classic studies are contained in this volume ”” the first of several books to appear in the volumes of The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley that deal with the Book of Mormon.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
An Approach to the Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: Council of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Abstract: An Approach to the Book of Mormon was mentioned by Marvin S. Hill in an essay entitled “The Historiography of Mormonism,” Church History 28/4 (December 1959): 418–26. Hill seems to have preferred to account for the Book of Mormon with what he called “the Smith hypothesis,” which is the attempt to understand the Book of Mormon as a product of Joseph’s presumably fertile imagination coupled to an unusual responsiveness to his own environment. Hill introduced his comments on Nibley’s work by observing that the conflict between Gentiles and the Latter-day Saints is also evident among historians, who are “generally divided into two distinct groups, forging a cleavage of sentiment which is evident in the debates over the origin of the Book of Mormon” (418). According to Hill, the issue “of primary importance is the nature of that unique American scripture, the Book of Mormon. Acclaimed by the faithful as a sacred history of a Christian people in ancient America, the book has been labeled a fraud by non-believers.” “The case for the Latter-day Saints,” Hill acknowledged, “has been stated often, but with no greater sophistication than that exhibited by Hugh Nibley of Brigham Young University in his Approach to the Book of Mormon (1957). He reviews the culture of the ancient Near East to find that in theme, the details of its narrative, and its use of place and proper names the Book of Mormon is authentic. He states that the marks of genuine antiquity in the record could not have been imitated by anyone in 1830. However intimate his knowledge of ancient history may be, certain difficulties exist in his argument. He cites many phenomena which seem as much American as they do ancient, and exaggerates the significance of details which are hazy or all but lacking. Invariably he handles his topic in an authoritarian fashion, never indicating that some points may be open to question” (418).

Hill’s effort to show that “many phenomena,” which Nibley thinks are typical of the ancient Near East, “seem as much American as they do ancient” is supported by citing pp. 140, 202–16, 339, and 348 in Nibley’s book. Hill did not indicate what on those pages supports his assertions, and those pages seem to have been drawn almost at random from Nibley’s book (see 425, n. 3). Hill disagrees with Nibley’s having conceived Lehi as a merchant and also about his drawing parallels between the community at Qumran and “the society described in Alma 23” (see 425, n. 4).
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Lesson 29 - Strategy for Survival." In An Approach to the Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1957.
Abstract: Beginning with a mobile defense, the Nephites soon adopted the classic system of fortified cities and strong places, their earth-and-wood defenses resembling those found all over the Old World. Settled areas with farms, towns, and a capital city were separated from each other by considerable stretches of uninhabited country. The greatest military operation described in the Book of Mormon is the long retreat in which the Nephites moved from one place to another in the attempt to make a stand against the overwhelmingly superior hereditary enemy. This great retreat is not a freak in history but has many parallels among the wars and migrations of nations. There is nothing improbable or even unusual in a movement that began in Central America and after many years ended at Cumorah.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Mixed Voices: A Study in Book of Mormon Criticism." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 9 parts running from Mar 1959 through Nov 1959. Reprinted as six chapters in The Prophetic Book of Mormon.
Abstract: A series about the Book of Mormon and its nineteenth-century American critics. David Marks, who heard the story of the book from the Whitmer family, dismissed it as deception that he could not support by purchasing the book. Alexander Campbell, Origen Bacheler, E. D. Hose, and Professor Rafinesque joined him. The critics could not believe in angelic visits, visions, and further revelation from God. They criticized the grammar and content, rebuked the translator as a fraud, a liar, and a money-digging, peep-stone looking cheat. One critic relied upon the words of another without checking to see if there was any truth.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"New Approaches to Book of Mormon Study." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 9 parts running from Nov 1953 through Jul 1954. Reprinted in The Prophetic Book of Mormon.
Abstract: Vividly displays internal and external evidences to test whether the Book of Mormon is or is not a forgery, using the standard scholarly criteria for detecting forged writings. Very insightful comments on methodology for studying the Book of Mormon, evaluating evidence, using newly discovered documents, metal plates, literary criticism, poetry, lower criticism, and history. Also comments on animals, weights and measures, and the use of the Bible in the Book of Mormon.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Part 1: Some Standard Tests." Improvement Era, November 1953, 830–31, 859–62.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Part 2: Some Standard Tests." Improvement Era, December 1953, 919, 1003.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Part 3." Improvement Era, January 1954, 30–32, 41.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Part 5." Improvement Era, March 1954, 148–50, 170.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Part 6." Improvement Era, April 1954, 232–33, 246, 248–50, 252.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Part 7." Improvement Era, 1954, 308–9, 326, 330.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Rediscovery of the Apocrypha." “Rediscovery of the Apocrypha.” 58 pp., d.s., typed transcript of a lecture given on 17 March 1965. Published in Temple and Cosmos, CWHN 12:212–63.
Abstract: Hugh Nibley draws parallels between language and traditions found in the Apocrypha to the culture of the people in the Book of Mormon. In the second half of his lecture, Hugh Nibley compares the linguistics and culture of the Book of Mormon to that found in the Apocrypha. The imagery and practices found in the Book of Mormon are compared with certain phrases and material concerns found in Jewish and Christian apocryphal writings. Cf. “Unrolling the Scrolls—Some Forgotten Witnesses,” in Old Testament and Related Studies, CWHN 1:115–70.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Rediscovery of the Apocrypha, Part 2." March 18, 1965, Brigham Young University Devotional.
Abstract: In the second half of his lecture, Hugh Nibley compares the linguistics and culture of the Book of Mormon to that found in the Apocrypha.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Reflections on War in the Book of Mormon." Talk given on 24 March 1989, at the FARMS Symposium on Warfare in the Book of Mormon. Published as “Warfare and the Book of Mormon” in Warfare in the Book of Mormon, ed. Stephen D. Ricks and William J. Hamblin (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1990), 127–45; and reprinted in Brother Brigham Challenges the Saints, CWHN 13:278–97.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Review of Our Book of Mormon, by Sidney B. Sperry." The Improvement Era; 1941-1950 (Volumes 44-53); 1948 (Volume 51); 1948 January (No. 1); Church History Library, 42.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
Since Cumorah: The Book of Mormon in the Modern World. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book.
Abstract: Alexander T. Stecker reviewed Since Cumorah in BYU Studies 8/4 (1968): 465–68. Robert Mesle provided a critical RLDS reaction to it (Courage 2/1 [September 1971]: 331–32). At the time he published this review, Mesle was a student at the Graceland College in Lamoni, Iowa, where he now teaches religion and philosophy. Mesle granted that Nibley appeared to be a “very competent scholar in the field of ancient documents and their languages” but observed that Nibley is not “at all objective or critical in the sphere of his own religion.” The reason for this observation is that Nibley takes the Book of Mormon seriously as an historically authentic ancient document. Mesle, who claims that in order to be properly objective and sufficiently critical, one must hold that the Book of Mormon and the gospel are fraudulent and spurious rather than authentic and genuine, claimed that Nibley’s work is “trite and naive”—it is “both confident scholarship and the tritest of religious defenses,” though he neglected to indicate what in Since Cumorah was either hackneyed or unsophisticated.

For a sympathetic commentary on the last seventy pages of Since Cumorah, the portion of the book that did not appear in the original series in the Improvement Era, see Louis Midgley, “The Secular Relevance of the Gospel,” Dialogue 4/4 (1969): 76–85. A complaint was registered against Nibley’s position by Duane Stanfield. See the exchange of letters between Stanfield and Midgley, “Letters to the Editor,” Dialogue 5/2 (1970): 5–7.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
Since Cumorah: The Book of Mormon in the Modern World (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 7). Edited by John W. Welch. 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1988. xv + 512 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: A hundred years ago, the Book of Mormon was regarded by the scholarly world as an odd text that simply did not fit their understanding of the ancient world. Since that time, however, numerous ancient records have come to light, including the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Nag Hammadi texts. These discoveries have forced scholars to change their views of history, and they place the Book of Mormon in a new light as well. That is why respected Latter-day Saint scholar Hugh Nibley wrote Since Cumorah, a brilliant literary, theological, and historical evaluation of the Book of Mormon as an ancient book.

This is a revised and corrected edition of the book published under the same title by Deseret Book in 1967, with many changes, taken from a series in the Improvement Era that appeared in 1964–66.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 1." Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1989.
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is one of the best-known and most highly revered of Latter-day Saint scholars. For over forty years this near-legendary teacher has enthralled his readers and listeners with his encyclopedic knowledge
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 1: Transcripts of Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1990. Provo, UT: FARMS, 1993. 482 pp. Transcripts of 29 lectures.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is one of the best-known and most highly revered of Latter-day Saint scholars. For over forty years this near-legendary teacher has enthralled his readers and listeners with his encyclopedic knowledge, his wit, and his untiring research in defense of Latter-day Saint beliefs.

Now you can join Dr. Nibley in the first of four Honors Book of Mormon classes that he taught at BYU during 1988-90. Part one contains twenty-nine lectures focusing on 1 Nephi through Mosiah 5. It is vintage Nibley, with his insights, humor, and passionate convictions, discussing a book that he loves and knows so well.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 2." Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1989.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 2: Transcripts of Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1990. Provo, UT: FARMS, 1993. 473 pp. Transcripts of 27 lectures.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is one of the best-known and most highly revered of Latter-day Saint scholars. For over forty years this near-legendary teacher has enthralled his readers and listeners with his encyclopedic knowledge, his wit, and his untiring research in defense of Latter-day Saint beliefs.

Now you can join Dr. Nibley in the second of four Honors Book of Mormon classes that he taught at BYU during 1988-90. Part two contains twenty-seven lectures focusing on Mosiah 6 through Alma 41. It is vintage Nibley, with his insights, humor, and passionate convictions, discussing a book that he loves and knows so well.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 3." Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1989.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 3: Transcripts of Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1990. Provo, UT: FARMS, 1993. 360 pp. Transcripts of 29 lectures.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is one of the best-known and most highly revered of Latter-day Saint scholars. For over forty years this near-legendary teacher has enthralled his readers and listeners with his encyclopedic knowledge, his wit, and his untiring research in defense of Latter-day Saint beliefs.

Now you can join Dr. Nibley in the third of four Honors Book of Mormon classes that he taught at BYU during 1988-90. Part three contains twenty-nine lectures focusing on Alma 45 through 3 Nephi 20. It is vintage Nibley, with his insights, humor, and passionate convictions, discussing a book that he loves and knows so well.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 4." Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1989.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 4: Transcripts of Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1990. Provo, UT: FARMS, 1993. 287 pp. Transcripts of 27 lectures with 5 lectures by John W. Welch.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is one of the best-known and most highly revered of Latter-day Saint scholars. For over forty years this near-legendary teacher has enthralled his readers and listeners with his encyclopedic knowledge, his wit, and his untiring research in defense of Latter-day Saint beliefs.

Now you can join Dr. Nibley in the last of four Honors Book of Mormon classes that he taught at BYU during 1988-90. Part four covers 3 Nephi 6 through Moroni 10. It is vintage Nibley, with his insights, humor, and passionate convictions, discussing a book that he loves and knows so well.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Testing the Book of Mormon." Talk given at a Portland Institute Symposium held in Portland, Oregon, in 1979. Portions of this essay are reprinted as a supplement to the essay entitled “The Book of Mormon: True or False?” in The Prophetic Book of Mormon, CWHN 8:232–42 n. 29.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Since Cumorah: New Voices from the Dust." A series of articles in the Improvement Era.
Abstract: The changing attitudes of biblical scholars toward basic questions about scripture allow room for claims made by the Book of Mormon. Discusses external evidences, the primitive church, Lehi, Zenos, the olive tree, and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
"The Bible, the Scrolls, and the Book of Mormon: A Problem of Three Bibles." Improvement Era, November 1965, 974–77, 1013, 1040.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"The Bible, the Scrolls, and the Book of Mormon: A Problem of Three Bibles (continued)." Improvement Era, December 1965, 1090–91, 1165–68.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"The Bible, the Scrolls, and the Book of Mormon: A Problem of Three Bibles (continued)." Improvement Era, January 1966, 32–34, 44–46.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"The Bible, the Scrolls, and the Book of Mormon: A Problem of Three Bibles (continued)." Improvement Era, February 1966, 118–22.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"The Bible, the Scrolls, and the Book of Mormon: A Problem of Three Bibles (continued)." Improvement Era, March 1966, 196–97, 232–34.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"BYU Education Week lectures." BYU Education Week lectures delivered in the summer of 1965 at Oakland.
"The Book of Mormon"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"The Book of Mormon and the Ruins: The Main Issues." Lecture dated 13 July 1980.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Lecture notes regarding Mesoamerican ruins, pre-Columbian, American races, Cumorah, and the disappearance of ancient cultures. Lecture on Mesoamerican ruins and pre-Columbian peoples, with two maps. See the note provided by the editor to Nibley’s “Freemen and King-men in the Book of Mormon,” in The Prophetic Book of Mormon, CWHN 8:378 n. 4.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"The Book of Mormon as a Mirror of the East." The Improvement Era; 1941-1950 (Volumes 44-53); 1948 (Volume 51); 1948 April (No. 4); Church History Library.
Abstract: “THE AVERAGE MAN,” Wrote the great A. E. Housman, “believes that the text of ancient authors is generally sound, not because he has acquainted himself With the elements of the problem, but because he would feel uncomfortable if he did not believe it.” The Book of Mormon has enjoyed no such popular support. Indeed, the “average man” would like nothing better than to see it thoroughly exposed once and for all; it has made him feel uncomfortable for over a century. What is holding up the show? The earliest version of Nibley’s theory that a portion of the meaning and the historical authenticity of the Book of Mormon can be uncovered and tested by drawing upon the literary remains of the Near East. This essay contains Nibley’s initial speculation on possible links between Book of Mormon names and Egyptian etymologies. The series drew the attention of Wesley Walters, who drafted a statement concerning its contents, a statement which was signed by William F. Albright in 1949. Since that time the Reverend Walters has been an anti-Mormon polemicist.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"The Book of Mormon as a Mirror of the East." Improvement Era.
Abstract: Book of Mormon proper names are related to Egyptian etymologies.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"The Book of Mormon As a Record of Military Strategy." April 10, 1967, Brigham Young University Devotional.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Hugh Nibley discusses the military strategy and tactics of the wars in the Book of Mormon compared to other modern and ancient warfare.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Time Vindicates the Prophets." Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1954. 30 pamphlets, weekly radio addresses from 7 March to 17 October.
Abstract: In 1954, Hugh Nibley delivered a series of weekly lectures on KSL Radio. The series called “Time Vindicates the Prophets,” was given in answer to those who were challenging the right of members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to call themselves Christians.
"The Book of Mormon as a Witness"
Abstract: Radio talk on the Book of Mormon as a witness of continuing revelation and God’s dealings with mankind.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"The Book of Mormon: Forty Years After." Talk given at the Sunstone 1988 Book of Mormon Lecture Series, 10 May 1988, at the Fine Arts Auditorium, University of Utah. Published in The Prophetic Book of Mormon, CWHN 8:533–69.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Even after forty years of research, new insights are still to be found in the Book of Mormon. Examples come from the episode at the waters of Sebus, wordprinting, Enos and the princes of India, Isabel as a Phoenician name, the Zoramites as dissenters, and clear statements about God and man, riches, economics, and repentance.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"The Book of Mormon: True or False?" Millennial Star 124 (November 1962): 274–77. Reprinted in The Prophetic Book of Mormon.
Abstract: Nibley argues that if Joseph Smith was not telling the truth when he provided the world with the Book of Mormon, then he recklessly exposed his forgery and fraud to public discovery. In the course of his argument, Nibley complains about what is currently being called “parallelomania.” Everywhere in Book of Mormon criticism, as well as in the scholarly world generally, various parallels are being noted, and simplistic explanations are made to flow from those supposed parallels. With the Book of Mormon, the end result is that, with those who study nineteenth-century materials and who read English literature, the tendency is to leap to the conclusion that they have discovered the sources upon which Joseph Smith presumably drew in fabricating the Book of Mormon; they are then quick to condemn the book as a forgery, or, when sentimental attachments to the Mormon community remain, they see the fabrication of fiction as a kind of inspiration, or at least as potentially inspiring, thus providing a novel and competing theory of what constitutes divine revelation.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"The Lachish Letters: Documents from Lehi’s Day." Ensign, December 1981, 48-54. Reprinted as “The Lachish Letters,” in The Prophetic Book of Mormon, CWHN 8:380–406.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Suggests connections between the Lachish letters written at the time Jerusalem was destroyed by the Babylonians and events associated with Lehi’s departure. Includes political pressures on prophets, types of proper names, and a possible identification of Mulek.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"The Literary Style of the Book of Mormon." Deseret News.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Circulated under the title “Literary Style of the Book of Mormon Insured Accurate Translation.”
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"The Mormon View of the Book of Mormon." Concilium: An International Review of Theology 10 (December 1967): 82–83. Also printed in the United States under the same title in Concilium: Theology in the Age of Renewal 30 (1968): 170–73.
Abstract: A summary statement of the content and purpose of the Book of Mormon prepared for Concilium, a journal devoted to an examination of the Christian scriptures. Explains it as an ancient record, a companion to the Bible with revealed Christianity before Christ and 40-day literature from the appearance of Christ among the Nephites.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"The Prophetic Book of Mormon." Seventh East Press, 27 March 1982, 6-8, 16-17. A talk given at the BYU Alumni House on 23 September 1981, originally a manuscript of 17 pp., d.s. Reprinted in The Prophetic Book of Mormon, CWHN 8:435–69.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"The Prophetic Book of Mormon." Talk given in a Brigham Young University Alumni House lecture on 23 September 1981. “The Prophetic Book of Mormon.” 17 pp. typed transcript of a talk given in a BYU Alumni House lecture on 23 September 1981. This material is not the same as that included in Since Cumorah under the same title. This appeared in the Seventh East Press, 27 March 1982, 6–8, 16–17, and was published in The Prophetic Book of Mormon, CWHN 8:435–69.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
The Prophetic Book of Mormon (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 8). Edited by John W. Welch. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1989. xi + 595 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: The Book of Mormon is a prophetic book. It was written by prophets and about prophets. It was foreseen by prophets and foresees our day. It was brought forth by prophetic gifts for prophetic purposes. It speaks in a clarion voice of warning to those who would survive the last days.

The articles in this volume, brought together under one cover for the first time, approach the Book of Mormon through a variety of prophetic themes. They speak out incisively on such topics as the prophecy of Ezekiel 37, internal and external evidences of the divine origin of the Book of Mormon, literary style in the Book of Mormon, ancient temples and the Book of Mormon, and the Book of Mormon’s teachings for the last days.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Since Cumorah: New Voices from the Dust." A series of articles in the Improvement Era.
Abstract: The changing attitudes of biblical scholars toward basic questions about scripture allow room for claims made by the Book of Mormon. Discusses external evidences, the primitive church, Lehi, Zenos, the olive tree, and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
"The Testament of Lehi: Part 1." Improvement Era, July 1965, 616–17, 645–48.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"The Testament of Lehi: Part 1 (continued)." Improvement Era, August 1965, 696–99, 702, 704.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"The World of the Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 11 parts running from Sep 1951 through Jul 1952. Reprinted as the second half of Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites (1952); and reprinted in Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites.
Abstract: A detailed reconstruction of the epic milieu and ancient historical setting in the third millennium B.C. in Mesopotamia and Asia relative to details about the Jaredites: their ships, shining stones, government, wars, society, and worldview. These articles were written in the form of expository letters to a fictitious “Professor F.”
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"There Were Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 14 parts running from Jan 1956 through Feb 1957. Reprinted as part three of Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites.
Abstract: This wide-ranging series discusses the “epic milieu” of the second millennium B.C. and places the Jaredites in their historical context alongside the Babylonians, Egyptians, early Greeks and others. Makes a comparison between the Book of Ether and ancient writings of Babylon, Egypt, Sumer, and others. The description of the Jaredite boats seem to resemble the boat of Ut-Napitshtim who was the Sumerian counter-part of Noah. Old Jewish and even older Indian sources record the use of shining stones that protect the owner beneath the water. These have been traced back to Babylonian tales of the deluge. Since the Jaredite record reports that their boats were patterned after Noah’s ark, ancient myths that surely have their foundation in real events help to provide greater understanding of the book of Ether. The book of Ether meets all the criteria of epic traditions of heroic societies. The remains of heroic societies are difficult to identify.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"There Were Jaredites." Improvement Era, January 1956, 30–32, 58–61.
Abstract: This wide-ranging series discusses the “epic milieu” of the second millennium B.C. and places the Jaredites in their historical context alongside the Babylonians, Egyptians, early Greeks and others. Makes a comparison between the Book of Ether and ancient writings of Babylon, Egypt, Sumer, and others. The description of the Jaredite boats seem to resemble the boat of Ut-Napitshtim who was the Sumerian counter-part of Noah. Old Jewish and even older Indian sources record the use of shining stones that protect the owner beneath the water. These have been traced back to Babylonian tales of the deluge. Since the Jaredite record reports that their boats were patterned after Noah’s ark, ancient myths that surely have their foundation in real events help to provide greater understanding of the book of Ether. The book of Ether meets all the criteria of epic traditions of heroic societies. The remains of heroic societies are difficult to identify.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"There Were Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era, continued.
Abstract: This wide-ranging series discusses the “epic milieu” of the second millennium B.C. and places the Jaredites in their historical context alongside the Babylonians, Egyptians, early Greeks and others. Makes a comparison between the Book of Ether and ancient writings of Babylon, Egypt, Sumer, and others. The description of the Jaredite boats seem to resemble the boat of Ut-Napitshtim who was the Sumerian counter-part of Noah. Old Jewish and even older Indian sources record the use of shining stones that protect the owner beneath the water. These have been traced back to Babylonian tales of the deluge. Since the Jaredite record reports that their boats were patterned after Noah’s ark, ancient myths that surely have their foundation in real events help to provide greater understanding of the book of Ether. The book of Ether meets all the criteria of epic traditions of heroic societies. The remains of heroic societies are difficult to identify.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"Warfare and the Book of Mormon." In Warfare in the Book of Mormon, edited by Stephen D. Ricks and William J. Hamblin, 127-45. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1990. Originally presented at the FARMS Symposium on Warfare, 24 March 1989.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Compares the descriptions of warfare in the Book of Mormon with the writings and axioms of Karl von Clausewitz’s military treatise, Vom Kriege, that served the military as a bible for 150 years and was published in 1833. Descriptions of Book of Mormon warfare match von Clausewitz’s principles very well. Again the internal evidence of the Book of Mormon establishes its accuracy in describing technical subjects unknown to Joseph Smith.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage
"“Howlers” in the Book of Mormon." Millennial Star 125 (February 1963): 28–34. Reprinted in The Prophetic Book of Mormon.
Abstract: Lists over twenty Book of Mormon points that may have seemed ridiculous in 1830 but that “appear very different” in light of modern scholarship, including transoceanic voyaging, gold plates, steel, elephants, coins, names, literary and ritual patterns, execution, modes of prophecy and revelation.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Apologetics;Ecology;Gold Plates;Metallurgy;Monetary System;Prophecy;Revelation;Transoceanic Voyage

Book of Moses

"A Strange Thing in the Land: The Return of the Book of Enoch." A series of articles in the Ensign in 13 parts running from Oct 1975 through Aug 1977. Reprinted in Enoch the Prophet, CWHN 2:91–301.
See also: NULL
Abstract: A discussion of the worldview and scenario of the Hopis.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)
"Enoch the Prophet." In Pearl of Great Price Symposium: A Centennial Presentation, 76-85. Provo, UT: BYU Publications, 1976. Reprinted in Enoch the Prophet, CWHN 2:1–18.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)
"Enoch the Prophet." Lecture given 22 November 1975 for the Pearl of Great Price Symposium at Brigham Young University.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)
Enoch the Prophet (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley Vol. 2. Edited by Stephen D. Ricks. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1986. viii + 309 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: In the Book of Moses, part of the Latter-day Saint scriptural canon known as the Pearl of Great Price, are what the Prophet Joseph Smith entitled “extracts from the prophecy of Enoch.” These scriptures, says the eminent LDS scholar Hugh Nibley, “supply us with the most valuable control yet on the bona fides of the Prophet. . . . We are to test. . . . ”˜How does it compare with records known to be authentic?’ The excerpts offer the nearest thing to a perfectly foolproof test””neat, clear-cut, and decisive””of Joseph Smith’s claim to inspiration.”

In
Enoch the Prophet, Dr. Nibley examines and defends that claim by examining Joseph Smith’s translations in the context of recently discovered apocryphal sources.

This book contains a collection of various comparisons of the Enoch materials in the Book of Moses with the Slavonic and Ethiopic Enoch texts and other related materials and lore from antiquity, showing the possibility that Joseph Smith’s book of Enoch could be authentic ancient text.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)
"Hugh Nibley’s Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series at Brigham Young University." Winter Semester, 1986, Maxwell Institute.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)
"Hugh Nibley, Enoch (Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series - 22)"
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)
"Hugh Nibley, The Eve Theme; The Book of Enoch (Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series - 21)"
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)
"The Book of Enoch as a Theodicy." Paper read at the regional meeting of the Society for Biblical Literature in Denver, Colorado, in 1974. Published in Enoch the Prophet, CWHN 2:66–88.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)
"What Did Hugh Nibley Have to Say About the LDS Enoch and the Aramaic Book of the Giants?" The Interpreter Foundation. These comments by Nibley are excerpted from a FARMS videocassette entitled “The Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Era Dawns.” It contains material recorded in connection with a National Interfaith Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls, 20 November 1992 in the Kresge Auditorium of Stanford University.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)

Brigham Young

"Baptism for the Dead in Ancient Times." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 5 parts running from Dec 1948 through Apr 1950. Reprinted in Mormonism and Early Christianity.
Abstract: Authors Note: The rapid amassing of primary source works and auxiliary documents at Brigham Young University through the purchase of large collections and sets both in this country and abroad, has made it possible for the first time to examine the Latter-day Saint position with reference to many ancient and valuable texts, which it has been the custom of Christian scholars in general either to pass by in silence or to interpret arbitrarily. This article is in the nature of a preliminary survey dealing with a subject which has meant little to church historians in the past, but on which in recent years a surprising amount of evidence has been brought to light.”H. N. Portions of Nibley’s position on baptism for the dead were briefly described and then rejected by Bernard M. Foschini, in “‘Those Who Are Baptized for the Dead,’ I Cor. 15:29,” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 13/1 (1951): 52–55, 70–73. Foschini offered a treatment of the language used by Paul and tried to explain away his apparent reference to baptism for the dead in a 96-page series appearing in five numbers of the Catholic Biblical Quarterly 12/3, 4 (July, October 1950): 260–76, 379–88; 13/1, 2, 3 (January, April, July 1951): 46–79, 172–98, 278–83.
Keywords: Brigham Young
"Beyond Politics." Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 1989–2011: (2011) Vol. 23 : No. 1, Article 12.
Abstract: This talk was given on 26 October 1973 to the Pi Sigma Alpha honor society in the Political Science Department at Brigham Young University. It first appeared in BYU Studies 15/1 (1974) and was reprinted in Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless (Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 1978) and in the second edition of that volume in 2004. It is reprinted here with minor technical editing.
Keywords: Brigham Young
"Brigham Young and the Enemy." The Young Democrat.
Keywords: Brigham Young
"Brigham Young as a Leader." Address delivered on 6 June 1967. “Brigham Young as a Leader.” 21 pp. typescript of an address delivered on 6 June 1967. Published in Brother Brigham Challenges the Saints.
Keywords: Brigham Young
"Brigham Young as a Theologian." Address delivered on 9 June 1967. “Brigham Young as a Theologian.” 4 pp. typescript of an address delivered on 9 June 1967. Part IV of what was called A Brigham Young Mosaic in Four Parts.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Brigham Young
"Brigham Young as an Educator." June 9, 1967, Brigham Young University Devotional.
Abstract: Like Brigham Young, the educator, we should seek to educate ourselves in a wide variety of spiritual and secular fields in order for us to progress.
Keywords: Brigham Young
"Brigham Young on the Environment." In To the Glory of God.
Keywords: Brigham Young
"Brigham Young on the Environment." “Brigham Young on the Environment.” 6 pp. typescript of a talk given on 21 April 1971.
Keywords: Brigham Young
"Brigham Young: Pioneer Conservationist." Address to the Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance, at a rendezvous held in September 1987.
See also: NULL
Abstract: **this could be Gillum’s “Mormons and the Environment,” 23 pp. transcript of a talk given 19 September 1987; cf. “Man’s Dominion,” “Brigham Young on the Environment,” and “Stewardship of the Air.”
Keywords: Brigham Young
Brother Brigham Challenges the Saints (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 13). Edited by Don E. Norton and Shirley S. Ricks. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1994. xv + 541 pp. CWHN 13.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Brother Brigham Challenges the Saints presents Hugh Nibley’s reflections on the thoughts of Brigham Young on politics, education, leadership, and the environment. The timeliness of Brigham’s counsel on these topics will quickly become apparent to readers, as will the unique insights that Nibley adds. This volume will amuse, provoke, and challenge ”” and, above all, educate.
Keywords: Brigham Young
"Educating the Saints—A Brigham Young Mosaic." BYU Studies 11/1 (1970): 61–87. Reprinted as “Educating the Saints” in Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless (1978).
Keywords: Brigham Young
"Exaltation and Eternal Life (Words of Brigham Young)." January 1, 1960, Brigham Young University Devotional.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Hugh Nibley shares some of the words of Brigham Young that demonstrate his unique character and his devotion to the goal of eternal life for the Saints.
Keywords: Brigham Young
"Hugh Nibley’s Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series at Brigham Young University." Winter Semester, 1986, Maxwell Institute.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Brigham Young
"More Brigham Young on Education." In Sidney B. Sperry Symposium, 2-20. Provo, UT: BYU Press, 1976. Reprinted in Brother Brigham Challenges the Saints, CWHN 13:346–79.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Brigham Young
"More Brigham Young on Education." March 1, 1976, Brigham Young University Devotional.
Keywords: Brigham Young
Sounding Brass. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft.
Abstract: This book carries the subtitle “Informal Studies in the Lucrative Art of Telling Stories about Brigham Young and the Mormons” and is a response to Irving Wallace’s The Twenty-Seventh Wife (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1961). A few historians have been annoyed because Nibley pointed out some of the flaws in anti-Mormon literature. “Hugh Nibley’s Sounding Brass . . . is a meticulous critique of two anti-Mormon writings. Nibley’s book is most useful for the poorly informed who do not have the background to critique sensationalistic or popular works of questionable validity, like those of Ann Eliza Young and Irving Wallace. But it is a pointed and often sarcastic essay that emphasizes in great detail flaws already evident to the knowledgeable reader. The generally uninformed but orthodox Latter-day Saint will find this type of work supportive of his beliefs, but the Mormon who is familiar with critical methodology and with history will prefer a synthesis of the events critiqued. Many scholars find this style of writing to be a sort of intellectual overkill, and it has not been particularly influential among historians.” Thomas G. Alexander, “Toward the New Mormon History: An Examination of the Literature on the Latter-day Saints in the Far West,” an essay in Historians and the American West, ed. Michael P. Malone (Lincoln, NB: University of Nebraska Press, 1983).
Keywords: Brigham Young
Tinkling Cymbals and Sounding Brass: The Art of Telling Tales about Joseph Smith and Brigham Young (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 11). Edited by David J. Whittaker. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1991. xxi + 741 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: The apostle Paul wrote to the Corinthians, &ldquoThough I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal” (I Corinthians 13:1). Since then, the terms “tinkling cymbals” and “sounding brass” have often been used to signify words of emptiness and confusion ”” describing perfectly most writings critical of the Latter-day Saints.

Trained in history and interested in classical rhetoric, Hugh Nibley brings a broad perspective to his study of anti-Mormon writings. Included in this volume are:

* No Ma’am, that’s Not History

* Censoring the Joseph Smith Story

* The Myth Makers

* Sounding Brass
Keywords: Brigham Young
"[Brigham Young] The Statesman." Address delivered on 7 June 1967.
Keywords: Brigham Young

“Classical” Publications

"Acclamatio (Never Cry Mob)." In Toward a Humanistic Science of Politics: Essays in Honor of Francis Dunham Wormuth, edited by Dalmas H. Nelson and Richard L. Sklar, 11-22. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1983.
See also: NULL
Abstract: In this essay Nibley draws on materials he collected at the beginning of his career on the politics of ancient mobs and draws parallels with contemporary events, including anti-Mormon sentiments. He read a paper with the title “Acclamatio” at the annual meeting of the Southwest Archaeological Foundation in San Diego, California, in 1941.
Keywords: Classics
"Beyond Politics." BYU Studies 15/1 (1974): 3-28.
See also: NULL
Abstract: A talk originally given on 26 October 1973, to the Pi Sigma Alpha society in the Political Science Department at BYU. An argument that political action is desirable, even in an imperfect world, under the condition that it be the pursuit of the common good by reasonable discussion. But such conditions are not often found in the politics of man, which turn out to be instances of force and fraud, fueled by money and the desire for power and gain.
Keywords: Classics
"Christian Envy of the Temple." Jewish Quarterly Review 50/2 (October 1959): 97–123. Reprinted in When the Lights Went Out (1970).
Keywords: Classics
"Christian Envy of the Temple [part 2]." Jewish Quarterly Review 50/3 (January 1960): 229–40. Reprinted in When the Lights Went Out (1970).
Keywords: Classics
"Do Religion and History Conflict?" In Great Issues Forum.
Abstract: This is the published version of the first of several exchanges between Nibley and Sterling M. McMurrin. The exchange was held on 23 March 1955, under the sponsorship of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Utah. McMurrin’s address, “Religion and the Denial of History,” is published on pp. 5–21, although Nibley spoke first.
Keywords: Classics
"Evangelium Quadraginta Dierum." Vigiliae Christianae 20/1 (1966): 1–24. Reprinted under the title “The Forty-day Mission of Christ—The Forgotten Heritage,” in When the Lights Went Out (1970).
Keywords: Classics
"Jerusalem: In Christianity." Encyclopedia Judaica.
Keywords: Classics
"New Light on Scaliger." Classical Journal 37/5 (February 1942): 291-95; Reprinted in CWHN 10:303-10. Reprinted in The Ancient State, CWHN 10:303–10.
Abstract: Note: Did Nibley write “Joseph Scaliger, Scholar and Educator” at Claremont? See box 37, folder 2 or was it an article he was reviewing?
Keywords: Classics
"Qumran and the Companions of the Cave." Revue de Qumran 5/2 (1965): 177–98. Reprinted as “The Haunted Wilderness,” in Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless (1978).
Keywords: Classics
"Review of History of Syria: Including Lebanon and Palestine, by Philip K. Hitti." Western Political Quarterly 5/2 (June 1952): 312–13. Reprinted in Eloquent Witness.
Keywords: Classics
"Review of Near Eastern Culture and Society: A Symposium on the Meeting of East and West, edited by T. Cuyler Young." Western Political Quarterly 5/2 (June 1952): 315–16. Reprinted in Eloquent Witness.
Keywords: Classics
"Review of The Ancient World, by Joseph W. Swain." Historian 13/1 (1951): 79–81. Reprinted in Eloquent Witness.
Keywords: Classics
"Review of The Torment of Secrecy: The Background and Consequences of American Security Policies, by Edward A. Shils." American Political Science Review 50/3 (September 1956): 887–88. Reprinted in Eloquent Witness.
Keywords: Classics
"Sparsiones." Classical Journal 40/9 (June 1945): 515-43; Reprinted in The Ancient State.
Keywords: Classics
"Tenting, Toll, and Taxing." Western Political Quarterly 19/4 (1966): 599–630. Reprinted in The Ancient State.
Keywords: Classics
"The Arrow, the Hunter, and the State." Western Political Quarterly 2/3 (1949): 328–44. Reprinted in The Ancient State.
Keywords: Classics
"The Christmas Quest." Millennial Star; 1941-1950 (Volumes 103-112); 1950 (Volume 112); 1950 January (No. 1); Church History Library.
See also: NULL
Abstract: EDITORS NOTE: With Christmas still fresh in our memories, Professor Hugh Nibley, in this article especially prepared for the readers of the Millennial Star, gives us an interesting insight into what the world looks for in the celebration of Christmas. Nibley briefly looked into the question of whether it is possible that the bewildering profusion of Christmas observances might contain, among other things, a latent longing for the gospel of Jesus Christ.
Keywords: Classics
"The Freight Train." Lyric West 5/5 (1926): 171; Reprinted in Hugh Nibley: A Consecrated Life, 2002, p. 56.
Keywords: Classics
"The Hierocentric State." Western Political Quarterly 4/2 (1951): 226–53. Reprinted in The Ancient State.
Keywords: Classics
"The Mormon View of the Book of Mormon." Concilium: An International Review of Theology 10 (December 1967): 82–83. Also printed in the United States under the same title in Concilium: Theology in the Age of Renewal 30 (1968): 170–73.
Abstract: A summary statement of the content and purpose of the Book of Mormon prepared for Concilium, a journal devoted to an examination of the Christian scriptures. Explains it as an ancient record, a companion to the Bible with revealed Christianity before Christ and 40-day literature from the appearance of Christ among the Nephites.
Keywords: Classics
"The Passing of the Church: Forty Variations on an Unpopular Theme." Church History 30/2 (June 1961): 131–54.; Reprinted in When the Lights Went Out (1970), in BYU Studies 16/1 (1975): 139–64; in Mormonism and Early Christianity, CWHN 4:168–208; and as “The Passing of the Primitive Church: Forty Variations on an Unpopular Theme,” in When the Lights Went Out (2001), 1–47.
Abstract: Nibley sets out forty arguments for the apostasy as he examines the expectation of early Christian writers of the fading of the Church. Hans J. Hillerbrand wrote a letter protesting Nibley’s thesis because, among other reasons, of the possibility that, if widely accepted, Nibley’s view would preclude one such as Hillerbrand from continuing to teach what is traditionally known as “Church history.” See Hillerbrand, “The Passing of the Church: Two Comments on a Strange Theme,” Church History 30/3 (December 1961): 481–82; and a response to Hillerbrand by Robert M. Grant, “The Passing of the Church: Comments on Two Comments on a Strange Theme,” Church History 30/3 (December 1961): 482–83.

William A. Clebsch, in his “History and Salvation: An Essay in Distinctions,” published in a collection of essays entitled The Study of Religion in Colleges and Universities, ed. Paul Ramsey and John F. Wilson (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1970), 40–72, commented on Nibley’s arguments for the apostasy in “The Passing of the Church” as follows:

During the early 1960s there arose in the pages of Church History a brief but in retrospect fascinating argument, which I will trace briefly. The argument not only revolved around the question of the continuity of the Christian church but also involved a more fundamental question about the very survival of the church through its early history. On the basis of his study of patristic writings, Hugh Nibley scored all church historians since Eusebius for describing rather than questioning the survival of the church through the early centuries. That Nibley took a Mormon’s viewpoint on the nascent Christian movement does not make any easier the defense of its identity and continuity against his attack. “By its very definition,” he wrote, “church history requires unquestioning acceptance of the basic proposition that the Church did survive. . . . Church history seems to be resolved never to raise the fundamental question of survival as the only way of avoiding a disastrous answer, and the normal reaction to the question—did the Church remain on earth?—has not been serious inquiry in a richly documented field, but shocking recoil from the edge of an abyss into which few can look without a shudder” (67; also CWHN 4:168–69).

Clebsch continues:

An incensed retort from Hans J. Hillerbrand, who confessed that it was to him a “bread and butter” issue, pleaded the Reformers’ distinction between the church visible and invisible as the knife Nibley should have used to cut his knot. Further, Hillerbrand proposed the viability of considering church history “as the history of the interpretation of the Sacred Scriptures” (Gerhard Ebeling) or as “the history of the Gospel and its consequences in the world” (Heinrich Bornkamm). “Or, more simply but quite adequately,” according to Hillerbrand, “one can define church history as the history of Christianity or the Christian religion and avoid thereby the theologically dangerous term ‘church’” (68–69; quoting Church History 30/3 [December 1961]: 481).

According to Clebsch, Robert M. Grant, “at the request of the journal’s editors . . . arose to referee the debate.” And he admitted that only a Catholic understanding of the Church makes any sense. And he brushed aside Hillerbrand’s attempt to slide around the issue by reducing church history to the “history of interpretation,” which would turn it into merely the history of ideas, or by talking about the “history of Christianity” or the “history of Christian religion.” Albert Outler then settled the issue by assertion, just as Nibley had said that it had always been settled. If we cannot tell the story of church history, Outler held, “then more than the enterprise of church history is at stake, for the Christian faith itself will not long outlive its major premise: God’s real presence in human history—past, present, and future” (70). “Indeed, the church historian must assume the survival of his object of investigation.” But the assumption of continuity cannot be settled because the “hard data indicate as much discontinuity as continuity in the church” (70).

The tendency, at least since 1960, has been to turn away from the doing of “church” history, and to the doing of the history of “religion,” an even more ambiguous and amorphous term. Among some Mormon historians there are signs of a shift from “church” to “religious” history. For example, some effort has been made to place Joseph Smith in the development of American religion, and even the faithful have been charmed by recent efforts to describe “Mormonism” as “a new religious tradition.” “For if it is true that Mormonism represents a new religious tradition, then a narrative of mythic dimensions that relates the origins of that tradition becomes imperative for the true believer,” according to Neal E. Lambert and Richard H. Cracroft, in “Literary Form and Historical Understanding: Joseph Smith’s First Vision,” Journal of Mormon History 7 (1980): 40. Jan Shipps later fashioned a book around that bit of speculation. See her Mormonism: The Story of a New Religious Tradition (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1985).

There has been a tendency, for various reasons, even for Latter-day Saint historians to move away from doing the history of the restoration of the gospel of Jesus Christ and, in that sense, the Church, understood as God’s covenant people, toward doing history controlled by questions of a presumed religious development, understood often through sociological and psychological categories. Unwilling to address the issues raised by Nibley, some historians have turned to the study of the Church understood as a political, economic, or cultural institution or artifact, and not as the covenant people of God.
Keywords: Classics
"The Roman Games as a Survival of an Archaic Year-Cult." PhD diss., University of California, Berkeley, 1939; Copy in HBLL SC box 27 folder 4 through box 29 folder 1.
Abstract: Nibley’s dissertation was completed and approved by December 1938. The library at the University of California at Berkeley catalogued the dissertation in early 1939.
Keywords: Classics
"The Unsolved Loyalty Problem: Our Western Heritage." Western Political Quarterly 6/4 (1953): 631–57. Reprinted in The Ancient State.
Keywords: Classics
"Three Shrines: Mantic, Sophic, and Sophistic (The Confrontation of Greek and Christian Religiosity)." Three Deseret Lectures given on 1.
Keywords: Classics
"Victoriosa Loquacitas: The Rise of Rhetoric and the Decline of Everything Else." Western Speech 20/2 (1956): 57–82.
Keywords: Classics

Dead Sea Scrolls

Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004. xxxviii + 333 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: New to this edition is Gary Gillum’s “Hugh Nibley: Scholar of the Spirit, Missionary of the Mind”; the bibliography has been dropped.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Churches in the Wilderness." In Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless, 169-201. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004.
Abstract: Long before the Dead Sea Scrolls were found, Robert Eisler called attention to the existence of societies of ancient sectaries, including the early Christians, who fled to the desert and formed pious communities there, after the manner of the order of Rekhabites (Jeremiah 35). More recently, E. Kdsemann and U. W. Mauser have taken up the theme, and the pope himself has referred to his followers as "the Wayfaring Church," of all things. No aspect of the gospel is more fundamental than that which calls the Saints out of the world; it has recently been recognized as fundamental to the universal apocalyptic pattern, and is now recognized as a basic teaching of the prophets of Israel, including the Lord Himself. It is the central theme of the Book of Mormon, and Lehi’s people faithfully follow the correct routine of flights to the desert as their stories now merge with new manuscript finds from the Dead Sea and elsewhere. And while many Christian communities have consciously sought to imitate the dramatic flight into the wilderness, from monastic orders to Pilgrim fathers, only the followers of Joseph Smith can claim the distinction of a wholesale, involuntary, and total expulsion into a most authentic wilderness. Now, the Book of Mormon is not only a typical product of a religious people driven to the wilds surprisingly we have learned since 1950 that such people had a veritable passion for writing books and keeping records but it actually contains passages that match some of the Dead Sea Scrolls almost word for word. Isn’t that going a bit too far? How, one may ask, would Alma be able to quote from a book written on the other side of the world among people with whom his own had lost all contact for five hundred years? Joseph Smith must have possessed supernatural cunning to have foreseen such an impasse, yet his Book of Mormon explains it easily: Alma informs us that the passages in question are not his, but he is quoting them directly from an ancient source, the work of an early prophet of Israel named Zenos. Alma and the author of the Thanksgiving Scroll are drawing from the same ancient source. No wonder they sound alike.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Classics from the Past: Literary Style Used in Book of Mormon Insured Accurate Translation." Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 20, no. 1 (2011): 69-72.
Abstract: Responding to an inquiry from a member of a different faith about why the Book of Mormon was translated into the English of the King James Version of the Bible, Nibley discusses the use of biblical language in contemporary society, citing in particular the language of prayer and the use of King James English in the translation of the Dead Sea Scrolls. This article also serves as a platform for Nibley to discuss other issues raised about the Book of Mormon, especially in reference to the King James version of the Bible.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Since Cumorah: New Voices from the Dust." A series of articles in the Improvement Era.
Abstract: The changing attitudes of biblical scholars toward basic questions about scripture allow room for claims made by the Book of Mormon. Discusses external evidences, the primitive church, Lehi, Zenos, the olive tree, and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
"Epilogue: Since Qumran." Improvement Era, July 1966, 636–38.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 1." Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1989.
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is one of the best-known and most highly revered of Latter-day Saint scholars. For over forty years this near-legendary teacher has enthralled his readers and listeners with his encyclopedic knowledge
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Lecture 09 - Book of Mormon - 1 Nephi 1-3, 15"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Lecture 10 - Book of Mormon - Dead Sea Scrolls"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
An Approach to the Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: Council of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Abstract: An Approach to the Book of Mormon was mentioned by Marvin S. Hill in an essay entitled “The Historiography of Mormonism,” Church History 28/4 (December 1959): 418–26. Hill seems to have preferred to account for the Book of Mormon with what he called “the Smith hypothesis,” which is the attempt to understand the Book of Mormon as a product of Joseph’s presumably fertile imagination coupled to an unusual responsiveness to his own environment. Hill introduced his comments on Nibley’s work by observing that the conflict between Gentiles and the Latter-day Saints is also evident among historians, who are “generally divided into two distinct groups, forging a cleavage of sentiment which is evident in the debates over the origin of the Book of Mormon” (418). According to Hill, the issue “of primary importance is the nature of that unique American scripture, the Book of Mormon. Acclaimed by the faithful as a sacred history of a Christian people in ancient America, the book has been labeled a fraud by non-believers.” “The case for the Latter-day Saints,” Hill acknowledged, “has been stated often, but with no greater sophistication than that exhibited by Hugh Nibley of Brigham Young University in his Approach to the Book of Mormon (1957). He reviews the culture of the ancient Near East to find that in theme, the details of its narrative, and its use of place and proper names the Book of Mormon is authentic. He states that the marks of genuine antiquity in the record could not have been imitated by anyone in 1830. However intimate his knowledge of ancient history may be, certain difficulties exist in his argument. He cites many phenomena which seem as much American as they do ancient, and exaggerates the significance of details which are hazy or all but lacking. Invariably he handles his topic in an authoritarian fashion, never indicating that some points may be open to question” (418).

Hill’s effort to show that “many phenomena,” which Nibley thinks are typical of the ancient Near East, “seem as much American as they do ancient” is supported by citing pp. 140, 202–16, 339, and 348 in Nibley’s book. Hill did not indicate what on those pages supports his assertions, and those pages seem to have been drawn almost at random from Nibley’s book (see 425, n. 3). Hill disagrees with Nibley’s having conceived Lehi as a merchant and also about his drawing parallels between the community at Qumran and “the society described in Alma 23” (see 425, n. 4).
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Lesson 14 - Unwelcome Voices from the Dust." In An Approach to the Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1957.
Abstract: The mystery of the nature and organization of the Primitive Church has recently been considerably illuminated by the discovery of the so-called Dead Sea Scrolls. There is increasing evidence that these documents were deliberately sealed up to come forth at a later time, thus providing a significant parallel to the Book of Mormon record. The Scrolls have caused considerable dismay and confusion among scholars, since they are full of things generally believed to be uniquely Christian, though they were undoubtedly written by pious Jews before the time of Christ. Some Jewish and Christian investigators have condemned the Scrolls as forgeries and suggest leaving them alone on the grounds that they don’t make sense. Actually they make very good sense, but it is a sense quite contrary to conventional ideas of Judaism and Christianity. The Scrolls echo teachings in many apocryphal writings, both of the Jews and the Christians, while at the same time showing undeniable affinities with the Old and the New Testament teachings. The very things which made the Scrolls at first so baffling and hard to accept to many scholars are the very things which in the past have been used to discredit the Book of Mormon. Now the Book of Mormon may be read in a wholly new light, which is considered here in lessons 14, 15, 16, and 17.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Lesson 15 - Qumran and the Waters of Mormon." In An Approach to the Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1957.
Abstract: Alma’s church in the wilderness was a typical “church of anticipation”. In many things it presents striking parallels to the “church of anticipation” described in the Dead Sea Scrolls. Both had gone forth into the wilderness in order to live the Law in its fullness, being dissatisfied with the official religion of the time, which both regarded as being little better than apostasy. Both were persecuted by the authorities of the state and the official religion. Both were strictly organized along the same lines and engaged in the same type of religious activities. In both the Old World and the New these churches in the wilderness were but isolated expressions of a common tradition of great antiquity. In the Book of Mormon Alma’s church is clearly traced back to this ancient tradition and practice, yet until the recent discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls no one was aware of its existence. We can now read the Book of Mormon in a totally new context, and in that new context much that has hitherto been strange and perplexing becomes perfectly clear.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Lesson 26 - The Way of the "Intellectuals"." In An Approach to the Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1957.
Abstract: The discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls has brought to light the dual nature of ancient Judaism, in which “the official and urban Judaism” is pitted against the more pious Jews “intent on going back to the most authentic sources of Jewish religion . . . in contrast to the rest of backsliding Israel.” (Moscati.) The official Judaism is the work of “intellectuals” who are not, however, what they say they are, namely seekers after truth, but rather ambitious men eager to gain influence and followers. The Book of Mormon presents a searching study of these people and their ways. There is the devout Sherem, loudly proclaiming his loyalty to the Church and his desire to save it from those who believe without intellectual proof. There is Alma, who represents the rebellion of youth against the teachings of the fathers. There is Nehor, the Great Liberal, proclaiming that the Church should be popular and democratic, but insisting that he as an intellectual be given special respect and remuneration. There is Amlici, whose motive was power and whose tool was intellectual appeal. There is Korihor, the typical Sophist. There is Gadianton whose criminal ambitions where masked by intellectual respectability. For the Old World an exceedingly enlightening tract on the ways of the intellectuals is Justin Martyr’s debate with Trypho, and also an interesting commentary on the Book of Mormon intellectuals whose origin is traced directly back to the “Jews at Jerusalem.”
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
Old Testament and Related Studies (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 1). Edited by John W. Welch, Gary P. Gillum, and Don E. Norton. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1986. xiv + 290 pp.
See also: NULL
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Since Cumorah: New Voices from the Dust." A series of articles in the Improvement Era.
Abstract: The changing attitudes of biblical scholars toward basic questions about scripture allow room for claims made by the Book of Mormon. Discusses external evidences, the primitive church, Lehi, Zenos, the olive tree, and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
"Part 1." Improvement Era, October 1964, 816–21, 844–47.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Part 1 (continued)." Improvement Era, November 1964, 924–28, 974–75, 977–78, 980–83.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Part 1 (continued)." Improvement Era, December 1964, 1032–35, 1126–28.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Qumran and the Companions of the Cave." Revue de Qumran 5/2 (1965): 177–98. Reprinted as “The Haunted Wilderness,” in Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless (1978).
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Since Cumorah: New Voices from the Dust." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 27 parts running from Oct 1964 through Dec 1966. These materials were reprinted in Since Cumorah (1967/1970), with two large additions and a deletion; and reprinted again, with corrections and a collation of materials with those published in the book, as Since Cumorah, CWHN 7.
Abstract: The changing attitudes of biblical scholars toward basic questions about scripture allow room for claims made by the Book of Mormon. Discusses external evidences, the primitive church, Lehi, Zenos, the olive tree, and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Since Cumorah (Since Qumran)." Improvement Era, September 1966, 794–95, 799–800, 802, 804–5.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Since Cumorah (Since Qumran)." Improvement Era, October 1966, 884–85.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Since Cumorah (Since Qumran)." Improvement Era, November 1966, 974–75, 1028–31.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Since Cumorah (Since Qumran)." Improvement Era, December 1966, 1084–85, 1162–65.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Since Cumorah: New Voices from the Dust." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 27 parts running from Oct 1964 through Dec 1966. These materials were reprinted in Since Cumorah (1967/1970), with two large additions and a deletion; and reprinted again, with corrections and a collation of materials with those published in the book, as Since Cumorah, CWHN 7.
Abstract: The changing attitudes of biblical scholars toward basic questions about scripture allow room for claims made by the Book of Mormon. Discusses external evidences, the primitive church, Lehi, Zenos, the olive tree, and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
Since Cumorah: The Book of Mormon in the Modern World (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 7). Edited by John W. Welch. 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1988. xv + 512 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: A hundred years ago, the Book of Mormon was regarded by the scholarly world as an odd text that simply did not fit their understanding of the ancient world. Since that time, however, numerous ancient records have come to light, including the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Nag Hammadi texts. These discoveries have forced scholars to change their views of history, and they place the Book of Mormon in a new light as well. That is why respected Latter-day Saint scholar Hugh Nibley wrote Since Cumorah, a brilliant literary, theological, and historical evaluation of the Book of Mormon as an ancient book.

This is a revised and corrected edition of the book published under the same title by Deseret Book in 1967, with many changes, taken from a series in the Improvement Era that appeared in 1964–66.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 1: Transcripts of Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1990. Provo, UT: FARMS, 1993. 482 pp. Transcripts of 29 lectures.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is one of the best-known and most highly revered of Latter-day Saint scholars. For over forty years this near-legendary teacher has enthralled his readers and listeners with his encyclopedic knowledge, his wit, and his untiring research in defense of Latter-day Saint beliefs.

Now you can join Dr. Nibley in the first of four Honors Book of Mormon classes that he taught at BYU during 1988-90. Part one contains twenty-nine lectures focusing on 1 Nephi through Mosiah 5. It is vintage Nibley, with his insights, humor, and passionate convictions, discussing a book that he loves and knows so well.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Since Cumorah: New Voices from the Dust." A series of articles in the Improvement Era.
Abstract: The changing attitudes of biblical scholars toward basic questions about scripture allow room for claims made by the Book of Mormon. Discusses external evidences, the primitive church, Lehi, Zenos, the olive tree, and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
"The Bible, the Scrolls, and the Book of Mormon: A Problem of Three Bibles." Improvement Era, November 1965, 974–77, 1013, 1040.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"The Bible, the Scrolls, and the Book of Mormon: A Problem of Three Bibles (continued)." Improvement Era, December 1965, 1090–91, 1165–68.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"The Bible, the Scrolls, and the Book of Mormon: A Problem of Three Bibles (continued)." Improvement Era, January 1966, 32–34, 44–46.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"The Bible, the Scrolls, and the Book of Mormon: A Problem of Three Bibles (continued)." Improvement Era, February 1966, 118–22.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"The Bible, the Scrolls, and the Book of Mormon: A Problem of Three Bibles (continued)." Improvement Era, March 1966, 196–97, 232–34.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"BYU Education Week lectures." BYU Education Week lectures delivered in the summer of 1965 at Oakland.
"The Dead Sea Scrolls"
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"The Dead Sea Scrolls: Some Questions and Answers." Instructor.
Abstract: An address originally given on 5 July 1962 to the Seminary and Institute faculty assembled at BYU.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"Since Cumorah: New Voices from the Dust." A series of articles in the Improvement Era.
Abstract: The changing attitudes of biblical scholars toward basic questions about scripture allow room for claims made by the Book of Mormon. Discusses external evidences, the primitive church, Lehi, Zenos, the olive tree, and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
"The Mysteries of Zenos and Joseph." Improvement Era, April 1966, 296–97, 334–36.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"The Olive Tree." Improvement Era, October 1965, 876–77, 916–17.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"The Story of Zenos." Improvement Era, September 1965, 782–83, 792.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)
"The Testament of Lehi: Part 1 (continued)." Improvement Era, August 1965, 696–99, 702, 704.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Lehi (Prophet);Dead Sea Scrolls;Imagery;Wilderness;Zenos (Prophet)

Egypt

"There Were Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 14 parts running from Jan 1956 through Feb 1957. Reprinted as part three of Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites.
Abstract: This wide-ranging series discusses the “epic milieu” of the second millennium B.C. and places the Jaredites in their historical context alongside the Babylonians, Egyptians, early Greeks and others. Makes a comparison between the Book of Ether and ancient writings of Babylon, Egypt, Sumer, and others. The description of the Jaredite boats seem to resemble the boat of Ut-Napitshtim who was the Sumerian counter-part of Noah. Old Jewish and even older Indian sources record the use of shining stones that protect the owner beneath the water. These have been traced back to Babylonian tales of the deluge. Since the Jaredite record reports that their boats were patterned after Noah’s ark, ancient myths that surely have their foundation in real events help to provide greater understanding of the book of Ether. The book of Ether meets all the criteria of epic traditions of heroic societies. The remains of heroic societies are difficult to identify.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"1: Egypt Revisited." Improvement Era, February 1956, 88–89, 106, 108.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"2: Egypt Revisited." Improvement Era, March 1956, 150–52, 185–87.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"3: Egypt Revisited." Improvement Era, April 1956, 244–45, 252–54, 258.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"4: Egypt Revisited." Improvement Era, May 1956, 308–10, 334, 336, 338–40.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"5: Egypt Revisited." Improvement Era, June 1956, 390–91, 460–61.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
Abraham in Egypt. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1981. xi + 288 pp. Republished in 2000 in a second edition with new materials and illustrations as Abraham in Egypt, CWHN 14.
See also: NULL
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
Abraham in Egypt (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 14). Edited by Gary P. Gillum. Illustrations directed by Michael P. Lyon. 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2000. xxxiii + 705 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: Considered by many to be a classic in LDS literature, Abraham in Egypt is coming back to print in an enlarged edition published in association with the Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS). In 1968-1970, Hugh Nibley wrote a series of articles for the Improvement Era titled ""A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price."" Brother Nibley asked that some of these articles be made into chapters to be added to Abraham in Egypt. This is what constitutes the new edition; no changes were made to the original chapters. For the articles, Nibley drew from many Jewish and rabbinical sources, while his work in the first edition was based on Egyptian material.

Contains all the material from the first edition of Abraham in Egypt as well as additions from Nibley’s 1968–70 Improvement Era series, “A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price.”
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Approach to John Gee, Guide to the Joseph Smith Papyri." Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 1989–2011: (2001) Vol. 13 : No. 2, Article 9.
Abstract: Review of A Guide to the Joseph Smtih Papyri (2000), by John Gee
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Egyptian Temples and Ours." Talk given on 22 May 1993, for a group in Richfield, Utah.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
An Approach to the Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: Council of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Abstract: An Approach to the Book of Mormon was mentioned by Marvin S. Hill in an essay entitled “The Historiography of Mormonism,” Church History 28/4 (December 1959): 418–26. Hill seems to have preferred to account for the Book of Mormon with what he called “the Smith hypothesis,” which is the attempt to understand the Book of Mormon as a product of Joseph’s presumably fertile imagination coupled to an unusual responsiveness to his own environment. Hill introduced his comments on Nibley’s work by observing that the conflict between Gentiles and the Latter-day Saints is also evident among historians, who are “generally divided into two distinct groups, forging a cleavage of sentiment which is evident in the debates over the origin of the Book of Mormon” (418). According to Hill, the issue “of primary importance is the nature of that unique American scripture, the Book of Mormon. Acclaimed by the faithful as a sacred history of a Christian people in ancient America, the book has been labeled a fraud by non-believers.” “The case for the Latter-day Saints,” Hill acknowledged, “has been stated often, but with no greater sophistication than that exhibited by Hugh Nibley of Brigham Young University in his Approach to the Book of Mormon (1957). He reviews the culture of the ancient Near East to find that in theme, the details of its narrative, and its use of place and proper names the Book of Mormon is authentic. He states that the marks of genuine antiquity in the record could not have been imitated by anyone in 1830. However intimate his knowledge of ancient history may be, certain difficulties exist in his argument. He cites many phenomena which seem as much American as they do ancient, and exaggerates the significance of details which are hazy or all but lacking. Invariably he handles his topic in an authoritarian fashion, never indicating that some points may be open to question” (418).

Hill’s effort to show that “many phenomena,” which Nibley thinks are typical of the ancient Near East, “seem as much American as they do ancient” is supported by citing pp. 140, 202–16, 339, and 348 in Nibley’s book. Hill did not indicate what on those pages supports his assertions, and those pages seem to have been drawn almost at random from Nibley’s book (see 425, n. 3). Hill disagrees with Nibley’s having conceived Lehi as a merchant and also about his drawing parallels between the community at Qumran and “the society described in Alma 23” (see 425, n. 4).
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Lesson 6 - Lehi's Affairs, 2. Lehi and the Arabs." In An Approach to the Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1957.
Abstract: Here we discuss Lehi's personal contacts with the Arabs, as indicated by his family background and his association with Ishmael, whose descendants in the New World closely resemble the Ishmaelites (Bedouins) of the Old World. The names of Lehi and some of his sons are pure Arabic. The Book of Mormon depicts Lehi as a man of three worlds, and it has recently become generally recognized that the ancient Hebrews shared fully in the culture and traditions of the desert on the one hand and in the cultural heritage of Egypt on the other.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Lesson 7 - Lehi's Affairs, 3. Dealings with Egypt." In An Approach to the Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1957.
Abstract: The Book of Mormon insists emphatically and specifically that Lehi had acquired at least a veneer of Egyptian culture. Only within the last few decades have students come to appreciate the intimate cultural ties between Egypt and Palestine in Lehi’s day. Here we note some of the discoveries that have brought about that surprising realization. Though Lehi’s loyalty to Egypt seems mainly cultural, there is a good deal in the Book of Mormon to indicate business ties as well. Here we present two documents describing business dealings between Egypt and Palestine in ancient times: the one depicts the nature of overland traffic between two regions, the other gives a picture of trade by sea. That Lehi was interested also in the latter type of commerce is apparent from the prominence of the name of Sidon in the Book of Mormon.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Looking Backward." In The Temple in Antiquity: Ancient Records and Modern Perspectives, edited by Truman G. Madsen, 39-51. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1984. Reprinted in Mormonism and Early Christianity, CWHN 4:370–90.
See also: Included as the last section of “What is a Temple?” in Mormonism and Early Christianity (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 4) (1987)
Abstract: In his volume The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment, Nibley describes in great detail initiation and ritual and coronation procedures among the Egyptians. The appendix in this book includes temple-related lectures of Cyril of Jerusalem and other early documents. In the present essay Nibley provides a context for this study and his many others which, almost without his being aware of it, have formed the background of his temple preoccupation over three decades. He shows how incredibly mixed and diffuse and varied are traditions growing out of temple worship in the religions of the Far East, as with those of the Middle East. The power of the temple idea to invade the minutest detail of life is demonstrated. Inconclusive though many scholarly studies remain about a philosophy or matrix to make sense of all the data, Nibley believes there are connections and symmetries and correspondences which again point to one conclusion: historically, civilizations””indeed civilization itself””have revolved around the temple. This essay and his preceding one provide an omnibus introduction to the more specialized studies that follow.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"BYU Education Week lectures." BYU Education Week lectures delivered in the summer of 1965 at Oakland.
"New Light from Egypt"
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
One Eternal Round (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 19). Coauthored by Michael D. Rhodes. Illustrations directed by Michael P. Lyon. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2010. xxii + 698. CWHN 19.
See also: NULL
Abstract: One Eternal Round is the culmination of Hugh Nibley’s thought on the book of Abraham and represents over fifteen years of research and writing. The volume includes penetrating insights into Egyptian pharaohs and medieval Jewish and Islamic traditions about Abraham; Greek, Egyptian, and Mesopotamian myths; the Aztec calendar stone; Hopi Indian ceremonies; and early Jewish and Christian apocrypha, as well as the relationship of myth, ritual, and history.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Since Cumorah: New Voices from the Dust." A series of articles in the Improvement Era.
Abstract: The changing attitudes of biblical scholars toward basic questions about scripture allow room for claims made by the Book of Mormon. Discusses external evidences, the primitive church, Lehi, Zenos, the olive tree, and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
"Part 1." Improvement Era, October 1964, 816–21, 844–47.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Lehi in the Desert." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 10 parts running from Jan 1950 through Oct 1950. Reprinted.
Abstract: Virtually all that is known of the world in which Lehi is purported to have lived has been discovered within the last hundred years — mostly within the last thirty. How does this information check with that in the book of 1 Nephi? A classic reflection on Lehi’s world in Arabia: poetry, tree of life, family affairs, politics, imagery, travel, tents, and foods. One of the first attempts to test the Book of Mormon against known geographical and cultural details in the regions where Lehi probably traveled in the Old World.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Part 1 - The Problem." Improvement Era 53, no. 1 (1950): 102-104, 155-159.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The World of the Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 11 parts running from Sep 1951 through Jul 1952. Reprinted as the second half of Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites (1952); and reprinted in Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites.
Abstract: A detailed reconstruction of the epic milieu and ancient historical setting in the third millennium B.C. in Mesopotamia and Asia relative to details about the Jaredites: their ships, shining stones, government, wars, society, and worldview. These articles were written in the form of expository letters to a fictitious “Professor F.”
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Part 5." Improvement Era, January 1952, 22–24.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Part 7." Improvement Era, March 1952, 162–65, 167–68.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"New Approaches to Book of Mormon Study." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 9 parts running from Nov 1953 through Jul 1954. Reprinted in The Prophetic Book of Mormon.
Abstract: Vividly displays internal and external evidences to test whether the Book of Mormon is or is not a forgery, using the standard scholarly criteria for detecting forged writings. Very insightful comments on methodology for studying the Book of Mormon, evaluating evidence, using newly discovered documents, metal plates, literary criticism, poetry, lower criticism, and history. Also comments on animals, weights and measures, and the use of the Bible in the Book of Mormon.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Part 7." Improvement Era, 1954, 308–9, 326, 330.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The Book of Mormon as a Mirror of the East." The Improvement Era; 1941-1950 (Volumes 44-53); 1948 (Volume 51); 1948 April (No. 4); Church History Library.
Abstract: “THE AVERAGE MAN,” Wrote the great A. E. Housman, “believes that the text of ancient authors is generally sound, not because he has acquainted himself With the elements of the problem, but because he would feel uncomfortable if he did not believe it.” The Book of Mormon has enjoyed no such popular support. Indeed, the “average man” would like nothing better than to see it thoroughly exposed once and for all; it has made him feel uncomfortable for over a century. What is holding up the show? The earliest version of Nibley’s theory that a portion of the meaning and the historical authenticity of the Book of Mormon can be uncovered and tested by drawing upon the literary remains of the Near East. This essay contains Nibley’s initial speculation on possible links between Book of Mormon names and Egyptian etymologies. The series drew the attention of Wesley Walters, who drafted a statement concerning its contents, a statement which was signed by William F. Albright in 1949. Since that time the Reverend Walters has been an anti-Mormon polemicist.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The Book of Mormon as a Mirror of the East." Improvement Era.
Abstract: Book of Mormon proper names are related to Egyptian etymologies.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
The Early Christian Church in Light of Some Newly Discovered Papyri from Egypt. Provo, UT: BYU Extension Publications, 1964.
Abstract: An address delivered to the BYU Tri-Stake Fireside
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The Greatness of Egypt." Address delivered on 12 March 1986, as part of the Ramses II International Lecture Series. Reprinted in Eloquent Witness, CWHN 17:271–311.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"The Meaning of the Kirtland Egyptian Papers." BYU Studies 11/4 (1971): 350-99. Reprinted in Studies of the Books of Moses and Abraham: Articles from BYU Studies. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1975. xiii + 305 pp. Republished in 2005 in a richly illustrated volume with new format and additional material as Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri, CWHN 16.
See also: NULL
Abstract: A translation and commentary on the so-called “Book of Breathings” that turned up among the Joseph Smith Papyri, containing parallels with early Christian materials. For reviews, see C. Wilfred Griggs, “A Great Fuss about a Scrap of Papyrus,” Ensign, October 1975, 84, and Eric Jay Olson, “A Hint of an Explanation,” Dialogue 9/4 (1974): 74–75.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 16). Edited by John Gee and Michael Rhodes. Illustrations directed by Michael P. Lyon. 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 2005. xxx + 609 pp, CWHN 16.
See also: NULL
Abstract: This is the first ”” and still the only book-length commentary on the Joseph Smith Papyri. In this long-awaited new edition, with expanded text and numerous illustrations, Professor Nibley shows that the papyri are not the source of the Book of Abraham. Rather than focusing on what the papyri are not, as most commentators have done, Nibley masterfully explores what the papyri are and what they meant in ancient times. He demonstrates how these ancient Egyptian papyri contain a message that is of particular interest to Latter-day Saints.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"Since Cumorah: New Voices from the Dust." A series of articles in the Improvement Era.
Abstract: The changing attitudes of biblical scholars toward basic questions about scripture allow room for claims made by the Book of Mormon. Discusses external evidences, the primitive church, Lehi, Zenos, the olive tree, and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
"The Mysteries of Zenos and Joseph." Improvement Era, April 1966, 296–97, 334–36.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt
"There Is Always Egypt." Address delivered on 25 October 1985, on the 26th floor of the Church Office Building, Salt Lake City, UT.
See also: NULL
Abstract: This address was delivered during the Ramses II exhibit at BYU to a number of dignitaries from Egypt. **cf. with “Perennial Egypt.” 19 pp., s.s., n.d., possibly given in connection with the Ramses II exhibit at BYU in 1985 and 1986* The Egyptian delegates were visiting Utah on occasion of the Ramses II exhibit at BYU during 1985 and 1986. The dignitaries were His Excellency Ismail Abd El-Moeti, Consul General of the Arab Republic of Egypt; Dr. Gamal El-Din Mohktar, 1st Undersecretary of State, Former Chairman and Member of Executive Board of Directors of Egyptian Antiquities Organization; Dr. Ibrahim E.-Nawawy, Director General of Egyptian Museums, Egyptian Antiquities Organization; Dr. G. A. Gaballa, Vice Dean, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University, Member of the Executive Board of Directors of the Egyptian Antiquities Organization; General Fouad Alaam, Director of Tourism Police; and Mrs. Diane Smith Kadry, wife of Dr. Ahmed Kadry, the First Undersecretary of State and Chairman of the Egyptian Antiquities Organization.
Keywords: Ancient Near East, Egypt

Enoch

"A Strange Thing in the Land: The Return of the Book of Enoch." A series of articles in the Ensign in 13 parts running from Oct 1975 through Aug 1977. Reprinted in Enoch the Prophet, CWHN 2:91–301.
See also: NULL
Abstract: A discussion of the worldview and scenario of the Hopis.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)
Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004. xxxviii + 333 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: New to this edition is Gary Gillum’s “Hugh Nibley: Scholar of the Spirit, Missionary of the Mind”; the bibliography has been dropped.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)
"Churches in the Wilderness." In Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless, 169-201. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004.
Abstract: Long before the Dead Sea Scrolls were found, Robert Eisler called attention to the existence of societies of ancient sectaries, including the early Christians, who fled to the desert and formed pious communities there, after the manner of the order of Rekhabites (Jeremiah 35). More recently, E. Kdsemann and U. W. Mauser have taken up the theme, and the pope himself has referred to his followers as "the Wayfaring Church," of all things. No aspect of the gospel is more fundamental than that which calls the Saints out of the world; it has recently been recognized as fundamental to the universal apocalyptic pattern, and is now recognized as a basic teaching of the prophets of Israel, including the Lord Himself. It is the central theme of the Book of Mormon, and Lehi’s people faithfully follow the correct routine of flights to the desert as their stories now merge with new manuscript finds from the Dead Sea and elsewhere. And while many Christian communities have consciously sought to imitate the dramatic flight into the wilderness, from monastic orders to Pilgrim fathers, only the followers of Joseph Smith can claim the distinction of a wholesale, involuntary, and total expulsion into a most authentic wilderness. Now, the Book of Mormon is not only a typical product of a religious people driven to the wilds surprisingly we have learned since 1950 that such people had a veritable passion for writing books and keeping records but it actually contains passages that match some of the Dead Sea Scrolls almost word for word. Isn’t that going a bit too far? How, one may ask, would Alma be able to quote from a book written on the other side of the world among people with whom his own had lost all contact for five hundred years? Joseph Smith must have possessed supernatural cunning to have foreseen such an impasse, yet his Book of Mormon explains it easily: Alma informs us that the passages in question are not his, but he is quoting them directly from an ancient source, the work of an early prophet of Israel named Zenos. Alma and the author of the Thanksgiving Scroll are drawing from the same ancient source. No wonder they sound alike.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)
"Enoch the Prophet." In Pearl of Great Price Symposium: A Centennial Presentation, 76-85. Provo, UT: BYU Publications, 1976. Reprinted in Enoch the Prophet, CWHN 2:1–18.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)
"Enoch the Prophet." Lecture given 22 November 1975 for the Pearl of Great Price Symposium at Brigham Young University.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)
Enoch the Prophet (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley Vol. 2. Edited by Stephen D. Ricks. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1986. viii + 309 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: In the Book of Moses, part of the Latter-day Saint scriptural canon known as the Pearl of Great Price, are what the Prophet Joseph Smith entitled “extracts from the prophecy of Enoch.” These scriptures, says the eminent LDS scholar Hugh Nibley, “supply us with the most valuable control yet on the bona fides of the Prophet. . . . We are to test. . . . ”˜How does it compare with records known to be authentic?’ The excerpts offer the nearest thing to a perfectly foolproof test””neat, clear-cut, and decisive””of Joseph Smith’s claim to inspiration.”

In
Enoch the Prophet, Dr. Nibley examines and defends that claim by examining Joseph Smith’s translations in the context of recently discovered apocryphal sources.

This book contains a collection of various comparisons of the Enoch materials in the Book of Moses with the Slavonic and Ethiopic Enoch texts and other related materials and lore from antiquity, showing the possibility that Joseph Smith’s book of Enoch could be authentic ancient text.
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)
"Hugh Nibley’s Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series at Brigham Young University." Winter Semester, 1986, Maxwell Institute.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)
"Hugh Nibley, Enoch (Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series - 22)"
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)
"Hugh Nibley, The Eve Theme; The Book of Enoch (Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series - 21)"
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)
"The Book of Enoch as a Theodicy." Paper read at the regional meeting of the Society for Biblical Literature in Denver, Colorado, in 1974. Published in Enoch the Prophet, CWHN 2:66–88.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)
"What Did Hugh Nibley Have to Say About the LDS Enoch and the Aramaic Book of the Giants?" The Interpreter Foundation. These comments by Nibley are excerpted from a FARMS videocassette entitled “The Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Era Dawns.” It contains material recorded in connection with a National Interfaith Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls, 20 November 1992 in the Kresge Auditorium of Stanford University.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses, Enoch (Prophet)

Ether

Isaiah

"A New Translation of Isaiah." BYU Today, December 1982, 23.
See also: NULL
Abstract: A review of Avraham Gileadi’s The Apocalyptic Book of Isaiah, A New Translation and Interpretative Key (Provo, UT: Hebraeus Press, 1982).
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
"Great Are the Words of Isaiah." In Sidney B. Sperry Symposium [1978], 193-207. Provo, UT: BYU Press, 1978. Also published in ASBYU Academics Presents: Outstanding Lectures, 1978–79 (Provo, UT: BYU Press, 1979), 71–88, and reprinted in Old Testament and Related Studies, CWHN 1:215–37.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
"Great Are the Words of Isaiah." In ASBYU Academics Presents: Outstanding Lectures, 1978–79, 71–88. Provo, UT: BYU Press, 1979.
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
"Teachings of the Book of Mormon, Semester 1." Lectures Presented to an Honors Book of Mormon Class at Brigham Young University, 1988-1989.
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is one of the best-known and most highly revered of Latter-day Saint scholars. For over forty years this near-legendary teacher has enthralled his readers and listeners with his encyclopedic knowledge
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
"Lecture 20 - Book of Mormon - 2 Nephi 25 The Jews and Jerusalem"
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
Old Testament and Related Studies (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 1). Edited by John W. Welch, Gary P. Gillum, and Don E. Norton. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1986. xiv + 290 pp.
See also: NULL
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004. xxxviii + 333 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: New to this edition is Gary Gillum’s “Hugh Nibley: Scholar of the Spirit, Missionary of the Mind”; the bibliography has been dropped.
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
"The Sacrifice of Isaac." In Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless, 143-161. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004.
Abstract: When I was in high school, everybody was being very smart and emancipated, and we always cheered the news that some scholar had discovered the original story of Samson or the Flood or the Garden of Eden in some ancient nonbiblical writing or tradition. It never occurred to anybody that these parallels might confirm rather than confound the scripture for us the explanation was always perfectly obvious: the Bible was just a clumsy compilation of old borrowed superstitions. As comparative studies broke into the open field, parallels began piling up until they positively became an embarrassment. Everywhere one looked there were literary and mythological parallels. Trying to laugh them off as "parallelomania" left altogether too much unexplained. In the 1930s English scholars started spreading out an overall pattern that would fit almost all ancient religions. Finally men like Graves and Santillana confront us with huge agglomerations of somehow connected matter that sticks together in one loose, gooey mass, compacted of countless resemblances that are hard to explain but equally hard to deny. Where is this taking us? Will the sheer weight and charge of the stuff finally cause it to collapse on itself in a black hole, leaving us none the wiser? We could forego the obligation of explaining it and content ourselves with contemplating and admiring the awesome phenomenon for its own sake were it not for one thing Joseph Smith spoils everything. A century of bound periodicals in the stacks will tell the enquiring student when scholars first became aware of the various elements that make up the superpattern, but Joseph Smith knew about them all, and before the search ever began he showed how they are interrelated. In the documents he has left us, you will find the central position of the Coronation, the tension between matriarchy and patriarchy, the arcane discipline for transmitting holy books through the ages, the pattern of cycles and dispensations, the nature of the mysteries, the great tradition of the Rekhabites or sectaries of the desert, the fertility rites and sacrifices of the New Year with the humiliation of the kind and the role of substitute, and so forth. Where did he get the stuff ? It would have been convenient for some mysterious rabbi to drop in on the penniless young farmer when he needs some high-class research, but George Foote Moore informs us that "so far as evidence goes, " apocalyptic things of that sort were "without countenance from the exponents of what we may call normal Judaism." Take, for example, the tradition that the sacrifice of Isaac merely followed the scenario of an earlier sacrifice of Abraham himself. Nobody has heard of that today until you tell them about it, when, of course, they shrug their shoulders and tell you that they knew about it all along. Which prompts me to recommend a simple rule for the ingenuous investigator: always ask the expert to tell you the story first. I have never found anyone who could tell me the Joseph Smith Abraham story, and the apocrypha records which report it have all been published since his day. Today the story of Abraham casts a new light on the story of Isaac. Here is some of it.
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)
"“Great Are the Words of Isaiah”." In Sperry Symposium Classics: The Old Testament, edited by Paul Y. Hoskisson, 177–95. Salt Lake City: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2005.
Keywords: Bible; Isaiah (Prophet)

Jaredites

Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft.
Abstract: The bulk of these materials appeared in the Improvement Era between 1950 and 1952. The original illustrations and some other materials were not included in the book.
Keywords: Book of Mormon; Jaredites
Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1980. Contains a new comprehensive index by Gary P. Gillum.
Keywords: Book of Mormon; Jaredites
Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites. An unedited reprinting of the original version.. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1987. viii + 272 pp. An unedited reprinting of the original version.
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Book of Mormon; Jaredites
Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 5). Edited by John W. Welch, Darrell L. Matthews, and Stephen R. Callister. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1988. xviii + 464 pp.
Abstract: Hugh Nibley is probably still best known for his groundbreaking investigations into the ancient Near Eastern backgrounds of Lehi and of the Jaredites. Those classic studies are contained in this volume ”” the first of several books to appear in the volumes of The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley that deal with the Book of Mormon.
Keywords: Book of Mormon; Jaredites
"The World of the Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 11 parts running from Sep 1951 through Jul 1952. Reprinted as the second half of Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites (1952); and reprinted in Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites.
Abstract: A detailed reconstruction of the epic milieu and ancient historical setting in the third millennium B.C. in Mesopotamia and Asia relative to details about the Jaredites: their ships, shining stones, government, wars, society, and worldview. These articles were written in the form of expository letters to a fictitious “Professor F.”
Keywords: Book of Mormon; Jaredites
"There Were Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 14 parts running from Jan 1956 through Feb 1957. Reprinted as part three of Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites.
Abstract: This wide-ranging series discusses the “epic milieu” of the second millennium B.C. and places the Jaredites in their historical context alongside the Babylonians, Egyptians, early Greeks and others. Makes a comparison between the Book of Ether and ancient writings of Babylon, Egypt, Sumer, and others. The description of the Jaredite boats seem to resemble the boat of Ut-Napitshtim who was the Sumerian counter-part of Noah. Old Jewish and even older Indian sources record the use of shining stones that protect the owner beneath the water. These have been traced back to Babylonian tales of the deluge. Since the Jaredite record reports that their boats were patterned after Noah’s ark, ancient myths that surely have their foundation in real events help to provide greater understanding of the book of Ether. The book of Ether meets all the criteria of epic traditions of heroic societies. The remains of heroic societies are difficult to identify.
Keywords: Book of Mormon; Jaredites
"There Were Jaredites." Improvement Era, January 1956, 30–32, 58–61.
Abstract: This wide-ranging series discusses the “epic milieu” of the second millennium B.C. and places the Jaredites in their historical context alongside the Babylonians, Egyptians, early Greeks and others. Makes a comparison between the Book of Ether and ancient writings of Babylon, Egypt, Sumer, and others. The description of the Jaredite boats seem to resemble the boat of Ut-Napitshtim who was the Sumerian counter-part of Noah. Old Jewish and even older Indian sources record the use of shining stones that protect the owner beneath the water. These have been traced back to Babylonian tales of the deluge. Since the Jaredite record reports that their boats were patterned after Noah’s ark, ancient myths that surely have their foundation in real events help to provide greater understanding of the book of Ether. The book of Ether meets all the criteria of epic traditions of heroic societies. The remains of heroic societies are difficult to identify.
Keywords: Book of Mormon; Jaredites
"There Were Jaredites." A series of articles in the Improvement Era, continued.
Abstract: This wide-ranging series discusses the “epic milieu” of the second millennium B.C. and places the Jaredites in their historical context alongside the Babylonians, Egyptians, early Greeks and others. Makes a comparison between the Book of Ether and ancient writings of Babylon, Egypt, Sumer, and others. The description of the Jaredite boats seem to resemble the boat of Ut-Napitshtim who was the Sumerian counter-part of Noah. Old Jewish and even older Indian sources record the use of shining stones that protect the owner beneath the water. These have been traced back to Babylonian tales of the deluge. Since the Jaredite record reports that their boats were patterned after Noah’s ark, ancient myths that surely have their foundation in real events help to provide greater understanding of the book of Ether. The book of Ether meets all the criteria of epic traditions of heroic societies. The remains of heroic societies are difficult to identify.
Keywords: Book of Mormon; Jaredites

Joseph Smith

"Approach to John Gee, Guide to the Joseph Smith Papyri." Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 1989–2011: (2001) Vol. 13 : No. 2, Article 9.
Abstract: Review of A Guide to the Joseph Smtih Papyri (2000), by John Gee
Keywords: Adam,Apocrypha,Christianity,Creation,Doctrine,Gospel,Joseph Smith,Ordinance,Sermon,Temple,Treasure,Veil,Wisdom
"Censoring the Joseph Smith Story." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 4 parts running from Jul 1961 through Nov 1961. Reprinted in Tinkling Cymbals and Sounding Brass.
Abstract: Explains how Joseph Smith’s critics in the 1840s and also Fawn Brodie rewrote Joseph’s story to suit their perceptions of the Book of Mormon and the First Vision.
Keywords: Adam,Apocrypha,Christianity,Creation,Doctrine,Gospel,Joseph Smith,Ordinance,Sermon,Temple,Treasure,Veil,Wisdom
Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004. xxxviii + 333 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: New to this edition is Gary Gillum’s “Hugh Nibley: Scholar of the Spirit, Missionary of the Mind”; the bibliography has been dropped.
Keywords: Adam,Apocrypha,Christianity,Creation,Doctrine,Gospel,Joseph Smith,Ordinance,Sermon,Temple,Treasure,Veil,Wisdom
"Churches in the Wilderness." In Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless, 169-201. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004.
Abstract: Long before the Dead Sea Scrolls were found, Robert Eisler called attention to the existence of societies of ancient sectaries, including the early Christians, who fled to the desert and formed pious communities there, after the manner of the order of Rekhabites (Jeremiah 35). More recently, E. Kdsemann and U. W. Mauser have taken up the theme, and the pope himself has referred to his followers as "the Wayfaring Church," of all things. No aspect of the gospel is more fundamental than that which calls the Saints out of the world; it has recently been recognized as fundamental to the universal apocalyptic pattern, and is now recognized as a basic teaching of the prophets of Israel, including the Lord Himself. It is the central theme of the Book of Mormon, and Lehi’s people faithfully follow the correct routine of flights to the desert as their stories now merge with new manuscript finds from the Dead Sea and elsewhere. And while many Christian communities have consciously sought to imitate the dramatic flight into the wilderness, from monastic orders to Pilgrim fathers, only the followers of Joseph Smith can claim the distinction of a wholesale, involuntary, and total expulsion into a most authentic wilderness. Now, the Book of Mormon is not only a typical product of a religious people driven to the wilds surprisingly we have learned since 1950 that such people had a veritable passion for writing books and keeping records but it actually contains passages that match some of the Dead Sea Scrolls almost word for word. Isn’t that going a bit too far? How, one may ask, would Alma be able to quote from a book written on the other side of the world among people with whom his own had lost all contact for five hundred years? Joseph Smith must have possessed supernatural cunning to have foreseen such an impasse, yet his Book of Mormon explains it easily: Alma informs us that the passages in question are not his, but he is quoting them directly from an ancient source, the work of an early prophet of Israel named Zenos. Alma and the author of the Thanksgiving Scroll are drawing from the same ancient source. No wonder they sound alike.
Keywords: Adam,Apocrypha,Christianity,Creation,Doctrine,Gospel,Joseph Smith,Ordinance,Sermon,Temple,Treasure,Veil,Wisdom
"Common Carrier: Author Defends Image of Joseph Smith as Prophet." Salt Lake Tribune.
Keywords: Adam,Apocrypha,Christianity,Creation,Doctrine,Gospel,Joseph Smith,Ordinance,Sermon,Temple,Treasure,Veil,Wisdom
"New Approaches to Book of Mormon Study." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 9 parts running from Nov 1953 through Jul 1954. Reprinted in The Prophetic Book of Mormon.
Abstract: Vividly displays internal and external evidences to test whether the Book of Mormon is or is not a forgery, using the standard scholarly criteria for detecting forged writings. Very insightful comments on methodology for studying the Book of Mormon, evaluating evidence, using newly discovered documents, metal plates, literary criticism, poetry, lower criticism, and history. Also comments on animals, weights and measures, and the use of the Bible in the Book of Mormon.
Keywords: Adam,Apocrypha,Christianity,Creation,Doctrine,Gospel,Joseph Smith,Ordinance,Sermon,Temple,Treasure,Veil,Wisdom
"Conclusion." Improvement Era, July 1954, 506–7, 521.
Keywords: Adam,Apocrypha,Christianity,Creation,Doctrine,Gospel,Joseph Smith,Ordinance,Sermon,Temple,Treasure,Veil,Wisdom
"Censoring the Joseph Smith Story." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 4 parts running from Jul 1961 through Nov 1961. Reprinted in Tinkling Cymbals and Sounding Brass.
Abstract: Explains how Joseph Smith’s critics in the 1840s and also Fawn Brodie rewrote Joseph’s story to suit their perceptions of the Book of Mormon and the First Vision.
Keywords: Adam,Apocrypha,Christianity,Creation,Doctrine,Gospel,Joseph Smith,Ordinance,Sermon,Temple,Treasure,Veil,Wisdom
"Conclusion." Improvement Era, November 1961, 812–13, 865–69.
Keywords: Adam,Apocrypha,Christianity,Creation,Doctrine,Gospel,Joseph Smith,Ordinance,Sermon,Temple,Treasure,Veil,Wisdom
Enoch the Prophet (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley Vol. 2. Edited by Stephen D. Ricks. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1986. viii + 309 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: In the Book of Moses, part of the Latter-day Saint scriptural canon known as the Pearl of Great Price, are what the Prophet Joseph Smith entitled “extracts from the prophecy of Enoch.” These scriptures, says the eminent LDS scholar Hugh Nibley, “supply us with the most valuable control yet on the bona fides of the Prophet. . . . We are to test. . . . ”˜How does it compare with records known to be authentic?’ The excerpts offer the nearest thing to a perfectly foolproof test””neat, clear-cut, and decisive””of Joseph Smith’s claim to inspiration.”

In
Enoch the Prophet, Dr. Nibley examines and defends that claim by examining Joseph Smith’s translations in the context of recently discovered apocryphal sources.

This book contains a collection of various comparisons of the Enoch materials in the Book of Moses with the Slavonic and Ethiopic Enoch texts and other related materials and lore from antiquity, showing the possibility that Joseph Smith’s book of Enoch could be authentic ancient text.
Keywords: Adam,Apocrypha,Christianity,Creation,Doctrine,Gospel,Joseph Smith,Ordinance,Sermon,Temple,Treasure,Veil,Wisdom
Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004. xxxviii + 333 pp.
See also: NULL
Abstract: New to this edition is Gary Gillum’s “Hugh Nibley: Scholar of the Spirit, Missionary of the Mind”; the bibliography has been dropped.
Keywords: Adam,Apocrypha,Christianity,Creation,Doctrine,Gospel,Joseph Smith,Ordinance,Sermon,Temple,Treasure,Veil,Wisdom
"Genesis of the Written Word." In Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless, 111-141. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004.
Abstract: The most interesting thing about this article is that, within a month after it was printed, a cover story appeared in the prestigious journal Science recounting the strange achievement of an Apache Indian by the name of Silas John, who not only claimed to have had a whole writing system revealed to him in a dream for holy purposes, but actually produced the system, which turns out to be a highly efficient one; an instant alphabet, not out of nothing, but out of a dream. The thing to notice here is that Silas John was a plain, simple, but deeply religious Indian, while the system of writing he produced suddenly in 1904 was not only highly sophisticated but has proven perfectly functional. No long ages of evolution were necessary to its emergence; the thing was given, he always maintained, in a single vision, for the express purpose of instructing men in the will of heaven and keeping them faithfully observant of it; it has never been used for anything else. Here in a leading scientific journal is a scientific description of how a system of writing actually came into being among a "primitive" people, and it confirms our own suspicions at every point. If it could happen in 1904 to a semiliterate Apache, could it not have happened earlier? Only such evidence could break the vicious circular argument which has long prevented serious investigation into the origins of writing. Many writers in scientific journals have recently deplored the way in which scientific conclusions reached long ago and held as unimpeachable truths turn students away from avenues of research which might well prove most fruitful. The evolutionary rule of thumb, convenient, satisfying, universal, is cited as the prime offender. Here is a test of how it works: Ask your students to write a paper on “A Day in the Life of a Primitive Man." None of them has ever seen a primitive man or ever will, but does that stop them? Before the question is on the board they are off and running and can go on writing at top speed indefinitely. They all know exactly how it should have been; evolution emancipated them from the drudgery of research. And in all of science there never was a more open-and-shut case than the origin of writing: intuitively we know it must have begun with pictures, and traditionally we know it can have developed in only one way very slowly and gradually from simple to more complex forms, and all that. Some may elaborate on the theme with tree alphabets, oghams, runes, and (as we have) arrow markings, but if there ever was a hypothesis which enjoyed complete and unquestioning obedience, the origin of writing has been it. Yet the discerning Kipling, taking a hard, common-sense look at the official solution, found it simply absurd. It is the same hypothesis that we now dare to question, grateful for the support of the noble Silas John.
Keywords: Adam,Apocrypha,Christianity,Creation,Doctrine,Gospel,Joseph Smith,Ordinance,Sermon,Temple,Treasure,Veil,Wisdom
"Hugh Nibley’s Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series at Brigham Young University." Winter Semester, 1986, Maxwell Institute.
See also: NULL
Abstract: NULL
Keywords: Adam,Apocrypha,Christianity,Creation,Doctrine,Gospel,Joseph Smith,Ordinance,Sermon,Temple,Treasure,Veil,Wisdom
"Hugh Nibley, Joseph Smith (Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series - 26)"
Keywords: Adam,Apocrypha,Christianity,Creation,Doctrine,Gospel,Joseph Smith,Ordinance,Sermon,Temple,Treasure,Veil,Wisdom
"Hugh Nibley, Joseph Smith Matthew (Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series - 25)"
Keywords: Adam,Apocrypha,Christianity,Creation,Doctrine,Gospel,Joseph Smith,Ordinance,Sermon,Temple,Treasure,Veil,Wisdom
"Mixed Voices: A Study in Book of Mormon Criticism." A series of articles in the Improvement Era in 9 parts running from Mar 1959 through Nov 1959. Reprinted as six chapters in The Prophetic Book of Mormon.
Abstract: A series about the Book of Mormon and its nineteenth-century American critics. David Marks, who heard the story of the book from the Whitmer family, dismissed it as deception that he could not support by purchasing the book. Alexander Campbell, Origen Bacheler, E. D. Hose, and Professor Rafinesque joined him. The critics could not believe in angelic visits, visions, and further revelation from God. They criticized the grammar and content, rebuked the translator as a fraud, a liar, and a money-digging, peep-stone looking cheat. One critic relied upon the words of another without checking to see if there was any truth.
Keywords: Adam,Apocrypha,Christianity,Creation,Doctrine,Gospel,Joseph Smith,Ordinance,Sermon,Temple,Treasure,Veil,Wisdom
"Just Another Book? Part One." Improvement Era, May 1959, 345–47, 388–91.
Abstract: Shows ways in which the Book of Mormon was out-of-sorts with the nineteenth century and thus not just another book of that time
Keywords: Adam,Apocrypha,Christianity,Creation,Doctrine,Gospel,Joseph Smith,Ordinance,Sermon,Temple,Treasure,Veil,Wisdom
"Looking Backward." In The Temple in Antiquity: Ancient Records and Modern Perspectives, edited by Truman G. Madsen, 39-51. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1984. Reprinted in Mormonism and Early Christianity, CWHN 4:370–90.
See also: Included as the last section of “What is a Temple?” in Mormonism and Early Christianity (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol. 4) (1987)
Abstract: In his volume The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment, Nibley describes in great detail initiation and ritual and coronation procedures among the Egyptians. The appendix in this book includes temple-related lectures of Cyril of Jerusalem and other early documents. In the present essay Nibley provides a context for this study and his many others which, almost without his being aware of it, have formed the background of his temple preoccupation over three decades. He shows how incredibly mixed and diffuse and varied are traditions growing out of temple worship in the religions of the Far East, as with those of the Middle East. The power of the temple idea to invade the minutest detail of life is demonstrated. Inconclusive though many scholarly studies remain about a philosophy or matrix to make sense of all the data, Nibley believes there are connections and symmetries and correspondences which again point to one conclusion: historically, civilizations””indeed civilization itself””have revolved around the temple. This essay and his preceding one provide an omnibus introduction to the more specialized studies that follow.
Keywords: Adam,Apocrypha,Christianity,Creation,Doctrine,Gospel,Joseph Smith,Ordinance,Sermon,Temple,Treasure,Veil,Wisdom
Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004. xxxviii + 333 pp.