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A

Stone, Michael E., Aryeh Amihay, and Vered Hillel. Noah and His Book(s). Early Judaism and Its Literature 28, ed. Judith H. Newman. Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature, 2010.
Andersen, F. I. “2 (Slavonic Apocalypse of) Enoch.” In The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, edited by James H. Charlesworth. 2 vols. 1:91–221. Garden City, NY: Doubleday and Company, 1983.
Angel, Joseph L. “The Humbling of the Arrogant and the ‘Wild Man’ and ‘Tree Stump’ Traditions in the Book of Giants and Daniel 4.” In Ancient Tales of Giants from Qumran and Turfan: Contexts, Traditions, and Influences, edited by Matthew Goff, Loren T. Stuckenbruck and Enrico Morano. Wissenschlaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 360, ed. Jörg Frey, 61-80. Tübingen, Germany: Mohr Siebeck, 2016.
Ash, Michael R. “The Mormon Myth of Evil Evolution.” Dialogue 35, no. 4 (2002): 19-59.

B

Baden, Joel S. The Composition of the Pentateuch: Renewing the Documentary Hypothesis. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2012.
Battista, Antonio, and Bellarmino Bagatti. Il Combattimento di Adamo: Testo arabo inedito con traduzione italiana e commento. Jerusalem: Franciscan Printing Press, 1982.
Bailey, David H., Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, John H. Lewis, Gregory L. Smith, and Michael L. Stark. Science and Mormonism: Cosmos, Earth, and Man. Interpreter Science and Mormonism Symposia 1. Orem and Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2016.

This book features the personal perspectives of prominent LDS scientists addressing the theme of “Cosmos, Earth, and Man.” Many of these were drawn from the first Interpreter Symposium on Science and Mormonism, held in Provo, Utah on 9 November 2013. In the pages of this book, readers will appreciate the concise and colorful summaries of the state-of-the-art in scientific research relating to these topics and will gain a deeper appreciation of the unique contributions of LDS doctrine to the ongoing conversation.

Baldridge, Kenneth W. “Pearl of Great Price: Contents and Publication.” In Latter-day Saint Essentials: Readings from the Encyclopedia of Mormonism, ed. John W. Welch and Devan Jensen (Provo, UT: BYU Studies and the Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2002), 70–1.
Barker, Margaret. “Joseph Smith and Preexilic Israelite Religion.” BYU Studies Quarterly 44, no. 4 (2006): 69-82.

Terryl Givens has set Joseph Smith in the religious and cultural context of his time and raised many important issues. I should like to take a few of these issues and set them in another context, that of preexilic Jerusalem. I am not a scholar of Mormon texts and traditions. I am a biblical scholar specializing in the Old Testament, and until some Mormon scholars made contact with me a few years ago, I would never have considered using Mormon texts and traditions as part of my work. Since that initial contact I have had many good and fruitful exchanges and have begun to look at these texts very closely. I am still, however, very much an amateur in this area. What I offer can only be the reactions of an Old Testament scholar: are the revelations to Joseph Smith consistent with the situation in Jerusalem in about 600 BCE? Do the revelations to Joseph Smith fit in that context, the reign of King Zedekiah, who is mentioned at the beginning of the First Book of Nephi, which begins in the “first year of the reign of Zedekiah” (1 Nephi 1:4)? Zedekiah was installed as king in Jerusalem in 597 BCE.

Barker, Margaret. The Great Angel: A Study of Israel’s Second God. Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1992.
Barker, Margaret. The Lost Prophet: The Book of Enoch and its influence on Christianity. London: SPCK, 1988.
Barlow, Philip L. Mormons and the Bible: The Place of the Latter-day Saints in American Religion. Updated ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Philip L. Barlow offers an in-depth analysis of the approaches taken to the Bible by major Mormon leaders, from its beginnings to the present. He shows that Mormon attitudes toward the Bible comprise an extraordinary mix of conservative, liberal, and radical ingredients: an almost fundamentalist adherence to the King James Version co-exists with belief in the possibility of new revelation and surprising ideas about the limits of human language. Barlow’s exploration takes important steps toward unraveling the mystery of this quintessential American religious phenomenon. This updated edition of Mormons and the Bible includes an extended bibliography and a new preface, casting Joseph Smith’s mission into a new frame and treating evolutions in Mormonism’s biblical usage in recent decades.

Barlow, Philip L. “Shards of Combat: How Did Satan Seek to Destroy the Agency of Man?” BYU Studies Quarterly 60, no. 3 (2021): 113-26.

Human beings in other guise lived before the creation of our world. This belief is at once controversial and durable, pervading the history of Western thought and bearing analogues elsewhere. That gods, angels, or other celestial beings rebelled against their superiors or engaged in cosmic conflict prior to earth’s creation is a related concept, widespread in the ancient world. Depictions or allusions to such contests appear in the myths, lore, art, literature, and sacred texts of Babylon, Egypt, Israel, Persia, Greece, Rome, far-flung tribal religions, and elsewhere. In certain cases, the older traditions endure even to the present, as in Sufi (Muslim) expressions of Iblis’s rebellion against Allah.

Belnap, David M. “The Theory of Evolution is Compatible with Both Belief and Unbelief in a Supreme Being.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 16 (2015): 261-281.

Abstract: The crux of the creation–evolution conflict is a futile desire to scientifically prove or disprove the existence of God. The conflict is manifest in the common belief that creation means a divine, supernatural process and that evolution denotes an atheistic, accidental event. Evolution involves a random change in an inherited trait followed by selection for or against the altered trait. If humans use this principle to design machines, solve complex mathematical problems, engineer proteins, and manipulate living organisms, then certainly a super-intelligent being could have used evolution to create life on earth. This reasoning indicates that evolution does not prove atheism and that evolution is a constructive process. The theory of evolution is a mechanistic description and therefore, like all other scientific principles, is neutral on the question of God’s existence. Evolution is compatible with the simple scriptural accounts of creation. Consequently, belief or unbelief in God is put back where it should be — on individual choice.

Bennion, Lowell L. The Unknown Testament. Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 1988.
Bergsma, John Sietze, and Scott Walker Hahn. “Noah’s Nakedness and the Curse on Canaan (Genesis 9:20-27).” Journal of Biblical Literature 124, no. 1 (Spring 2005): 25-40.
Berman, Joshua. Inconsistency in the Torah: Ancient Literary Convention and the Limits of Source Criticism.. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.
Bialik, Hayim Nahman, and Yehoshua Hana Ravnitzky. The Book of Legends (Sefer Ha-Aggadah): Legends from the Talmud and Midrash. Translated by William G. Braude. New York, NY: Schocken Books, 1992.
Bokovoy, David E. Authoring the Old Testament: Genesis-Deuteronomy. Contemporary Studies in Scripture. Salt Lake City, UT: Greg Kofford Books, 2014.
Bokovoy, David E. “‘The Book Which Thou Shalt Write’: The Book of Moses as Prophetic Midrash.” In The Expanded Canon: Perspectives on Mormonism and Sacred Texts, edited by Blaire G. Van Dyke, Brian D. Birch, and Boyd J. Petersen, 121–142. Salt Lake City, UT: Greg Kofford Books, 2018.
Brayford, Susan. Septuagint Genesis: A Commentary Based on the Greek Text of Codex Alexandrinus. Septuagint Commentary. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill Academic Publishers, 2007.
Brown, S. Kent. “Enoch, the Book of Moses, and the Book of Giants: More Light on the 1977 Visit of Professor Matthew Black to BYU.” In Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR Blog Posts, May 17, 2021.

A discussion of remarks given at Brigham Young University by Professor Matthew Black and his wife, Ethel.

Brown, S. Kent. “Man and Son of Man: Issues of Theology and Christology.” In The Pearl of Great Price: Revelations from God, edited by H. Donl Peterson and Charles D. Tate, Jr., 57–72. Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 1989.

First, I want to deal with the figure of the Son of Man in ancient literature, reviewing along the way what current biblical scholarship says about this personality, especially since he is mentioned prominently in nonscriptural sources. Second, I intend to treat the question of the anthropomorphic view of God in scripture, specifically in the Old Testament. Third, I wish to touch on the issue of the nature of the titles used for deity throughout scripture, for we all have the impression that a great many are applied to God, especially within the pages of the Old Testament. Fourth and last, I want to single out the parallels in ancient Christian and Jewish literature to the remarkable, almost singular theological position to which we Latter-day Saints are committed when we call deity a Man, whether Man of Holiness, Man of Counsel (Moses 7:35), or some similar title.

Brown, S. Kent, and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Man and Son of Man: Probing Theology and Christology in the Book of Moses and in Jewish and Christian Tradition.” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (April 23-24, 2021), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2021.
Brown, S. Kent, and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Man and Son of Man: Probing Theology and Christology in the Book of Moses and in Jewish and Christian Tradition.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 2. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 1257–332. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Draper, Richard D., S. Kent Brown, and Michael D. Rhodes. The Pearl of Great Price: A Verse-by-Verse Commentary. Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 2005.
Bruno, Cheryl L. “Congruence and Concatenation in Jewish Mystical Literature, American Freemasonry, and Mormon Enoch Writings.” Journal of Religion and Society 16 (2014): 1–19.

The Biblical character Enoch is a central figure in early Jewish mystical literature, where his story is redolent with themes related to the concepts of transformation and communion with the Divine. This rich and mythic wisdom significantly influenced American Royal Arch Freemasonry, and through it, early Mormonism. This paper explores the shared aspects of these traditions: where they overlap, and specifically, where Mormonism may rely upon Freemasonry. The Enoch pseudepigrapha and their Masonic and Mormon iterations are presented as a series of related mystical traditions. Linked by common themes of theophany, grand assembly, and heavenly ascent, they are utilized in similar, yet innovative ways to impart spiritual truth to their followers.

Bulloch, Kevin M. “The War in Heaven and Satan’s Continuing Battle for Power.” Religious Educator 11, no. 1 (2010): 33–46.

Many parents, as they have labored through the process of raising a teenager, may have wondered at times if Satan’s idea of destroying agency was such a bad idea. However, most parents have learned from experience that trying to control a child’s decisions, even in the right direction, can often result in the child’s rebellion. Very few, if any, like to be forced to do something, even if it is good. Having the right to live according to our personal desires and to exercise our agency, even if what we choose is not wise or good for us, is very precious to us. We prize our moral agency so highly that any attempt to undermine, circumvent, manipulate, control, or eliminate it often leads to conflict. These battles have spanned heaven and earth and have included both individuals and great assemblies.

Bushman, Richard L. “Mormon, Moses, and the Representation of Reality.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 46 (2021): 291-312.

Abstract: In this essay, Richard Bushman borrows a critical perspective from Erich Auerbach’s Mimesis: The Representation of Reality in Western Literature. He analyzes the representation of antiquity in two of Joseph Smith’s striking translations, the Book of Mormon and the Book of Moses. The two texts, produced within a few years of one another, created distinctive stages on which to dramatize the human-God relationship. The question is: What can we learn from this comparison about God, prophets, and human destiny?

[Editor’s Note: Part of our book chapter reprint series, this article is reprinted here as a service to the Latter-day Saint community. Original pagination and page numbers have necessarily changed, otherwise the reprint has the same content as the original.

See Richard L. Bushman, “Mormon, Moses, and the Representation of Reality,” in Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon (Orem, UT: The Interpreter Foundation; Springville, UT: Book of Mormon Central; Redding, CA: FAIR; Tooele, UT: Eborn Books, 2021), 51–74. Further information at https://interpreterfoundation.org/books/ancient-threads-in-the-book-of-moses/.].

Bushman, Richard L. “Mormon, Moses, and the Representation of Reality.” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (April 23-24, 2021), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2021.
Bushman, Richard L. “Mormon, Moses, and the Representation of Reality.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 1. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 51–74. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Bushman, Richard L. “The Pearl of Greatest Price: Mormonism’s Most Controversial Scripture.” BYU Studies Quarterly 59, no. 4 (2020): 181-84.
BYU Religious Studies Center. “BYU Religious Education Discussions on the Pearl of Great Price: Atonement and Rebirth.” Originally aired: 6/14/2004.

Discussions on the Pearl of Great Price — Atonement and Rebirth

Listen as religion faculty from Brigham Young University discuss the doctrines and themes of Atonement and rebirth that are found in the Pearl of Great Price.

BYU Religious Studies Center. “BYU Religious Education Discussions on the Pearl of Great Price: Obedience and Sacrifice.” Originally aired: 4/18/2004.

Discussions on the Pearl of Great Price — Obedience and Sacrifice/The Bicycle

Members of BYU\'s religion department discuss docrtines and themes of obedience and sacrifice found in the Pearl of Great Price.

BYU Religious Studies Center. “BYU Religious Education Discussions on the Pearl of Great Price: The Ministry of Enoch.” Originally aired: 2/28/2004.

Discussions on the Pearl of Great Price — The Ministry of Enoch

Brigham Young University professors discuss the ministry of ancient prophets.

BYU Religious Studies Center. “BYU Religious Education Discussions on the Pearl of Great Price: The Pre-Mortal Life.” Originally aired: 4/4/2004.

Discussions on the Pearl of Great Price — The Premortal Life/Canning/Boarding House

BYU religion faculty members discuss the doctrines found in the Pearl of Great Price about the premortal life.

C

Carr, David M. The Formation of the Hebrew Bible: A New Reconstruction. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Charlesworth, James H. The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha. 2 vols. Garden City, NY: Doubleday and Company, 1983.
Church Educational System. Religion 327: The Pearl of Great Price Student Manual. Salt Lake City, UT: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2017.

The Pearl of Great Price is a book of scripture, and the Lord will bless you as you carefully read and ponder the sacred words found therein. This student manual provides statements and commentary to support and enhance your study of the Pearl of Great Price.

Church Educational System. Religion 327: The Pearl of Great Price Teacher Manual. Salt Lake City, UT: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2017.
Cirillo, Salvatore. “Joseph Smith, Mormonism, and Enochic Tradition.” Master’s Thesis, Durham University, 2010.
Cohen, H. Hirsch. The Drunkenness of Noah. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1974.
Cohn, Norman. Noah’s Flood: The Genesis Story in Western Thought. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1999.
Cross, Frank Moore. Canaanite Myth and Hebrew Epic. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1973.

The essays in this volume address key aspects of Israelite religious development. Cross traces the continuities between early Israelite religion and the Canaanite culture from which it emerged; explores the tension between the mythic and the historical in Israel’s religious expression; and examines the reemergence of Canaanite mythic material in the apocalypticism of early Christianity and the Dead Sea Scrolls.

Currid, John D. Ancient Egypt and the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 1997.

D

De Jonge, Marinus, and Johannes Tromp. The Life of Adam and Eve and Related Literature. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997.

E

Elieson, Marc S. Principles of the Pearl of Great Price: A Topical Commentary. Lubbock, TX: Enterprise Books, 2001.

An essay published posthumously in which England wrestles with what he believed to be a disturbing trend in Mormonism away from what he saw as Joseph Smith’s and Brigham Young’s doctrine of God as a personal being engaged with us in a tragic universe not of his own making and toward a more absolutistic God similar to the teachings about deity held by Evangelical Christianity.

Embry, Brad. “The ‘Naked Narrative’ from Noah to Leviticus: Reassessing Voyeurism in the Account of Noah’s Nakedness in Genesis 9:22-24.” Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 35, no. 4 (2011): 417-33.
England, Eugene. “The Weeping God of Mormonism.” Dialogue 35, no. 1 (2002): 63–80.

An essay published posthumously in which England wrestles with what he believed to be a disturbing trend in Mormonism away from what he saw as Joseph Smith’s and Brigham Young’s doctrine of God as a personal being engaged withus in a tragic universe not of his own making and toward a more absolutistic God similar to the teachings about deity held by Evangelical Christianity.

Evenson, William E., and Duane E. Jeffery. Mormonism and Evolution: The Authoritative LDS Statements. Draper, UT: Greg Kofford Books, 2005.
Eyring, Henry. Reflections of a Scientist. Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 1983.
Eyring, Henry. The Faith of a Scientist. Salt Lake City, UT: Bookcraft, 1967.

F

Faulconer, James E. “Scripture as Incarnation.” In Historicity and the Latter-day Saint Scriptures, edited by Paul Y. Hoskisson, 17–61. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Religious Studies Center, 2001. Reprint, in Faulconer, J. E. Faith, Philosophy, Scripture. Provo, UT: Neal A. Maxwell Institute, Brigham Young University, 2010, 151–202.

Today the modernist view of history in which texts only represent events is so predominant that most Latter-day Saints automatically apply it to the question of scriptural historicity. Unfortunately, historical scholarship rarely lines up with our understanding of scripture as well as we would like. Problems arise when we use modernist tools to examine scripture written by premoderns, who considered their writing not as mere representation but as incarnation—an embodiment of the symbolic ordering of the world. The premodernist reading of the scriptures more accurately reflects Latter-day Saint beliefs: whereas modernism would use reason to understand history (and thus the Divine in history, i.e., scripture), premodernism uses divinely revealed scripture as well as ritual, ritual objects, and ritual language to give order to history. Instead of examining scripture as just another element of history, premoderns consider scripture to be the defining element in history.

The historicity of scripture is important to most Christians and especially to Latter-day Saints. [1] Christians disagree among themselves about how to understand scriptural history, but few deny that, in some important sense, Christian scripture is historical. However, given the challenges to scriptural history, challenges that are especially strong for Latter-day Saints who take the Book of Mormon to be historical, what are we to make of the claim that scriptures are history? Given those challenges, is it possible to understand scripture as literal history? The answer to that question—positive, I will argue—lies in answering the question of what we mean by history.

Feldman, Louis H., James L. Kugel, and Lawrence H. Schiffman. Outside the Bible: Ancient Jewish Writings Related to Scripture. 3 vols. Philadelphia, PA: The Jewish Publication Society, 2013.
Finkel, Irving L. The Ark Before Noah: Decoding the Story of the Flood. London, England: Hodder & Stoughton, 2014.
Abegg, Martin, Jr., Peter Flint, and Eugene Ulrich. The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible. New York City, NY: Harper, 1999.

G

Gardner, Iain. The Kephalaia of the Teacher: The Edited Coptic Manichaean Texts in Translation with Commentary. Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies 37, ed. James M. Robinson and H. J. Klimkeit. Leiden, The Netherlands: E. J. Brill, 1995.
Givens, Terryl L. “Mortality Reconsidered: The Book of Moses as a Pre-Augustinian Text.” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (September 18–19, 2020), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2020.
Givens, Terryl L. “The Book of Moses as a Pre–Augustinian Text: A New Look at the Pelagian Crisis.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 1. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 293–314. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Givens, Terryl L., and Fiona Givens. The God Who Weeps: How Mormonism Makes Sense of Life. Salt Lake City, UT: Ensign Peak, 2012.
Givens, Terryl L., and Brian M. Hauglid. The Pearl of Greatest Price: Mormonism’s Most Controversial Scripture. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2019.
Goff, Matthew, Loren T. Stuckenbruck, and Enrico Morano. Ancient Tales of Giants from Qumran and Turfan: Contexts, Traditions, and Influences. Tübingen, Germany: Mohr Siebeck, 2016.
Greenspahn, Frederick E. “Abstract of Y. Koler ‘Noah’” Old Testament Abstracts 6, no. 483 (1983): 148.
Hauglid, Brian M., and Carl W. Griffin. Latter-day Saint Scholarship on the Dead Sea Scrolls. Special issue of Studies in the Bible and Antiquity (Volume 2). Provo, UT: Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship, 2010.
Griffin, Tyler J., and Donald B. Anderson. “The Great Plan of Happiness: A Christ-Centered Visual Approach.” Religious Educator 18, no. 1 (2017): 12–31.

The greatest concept we can study or teach is the plan of redemption—sometimes called the plan of salvation or the plan of happiness. The doctrines of the plan of redemption have more power to bring men to God than any other truth or concept. Many members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints quickly recognize the following diagram.

Griggs, C. Wilfred. Apocryphal Writings and the Latter-day Saints. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1986.

The Lord has told us that many things in the Apocrypha are true and many false. The fascination that apocryphal writings generally hold for Latter-day Saints was recognized in a 1983 BYU symposium on this topic addressed by fifteen scholars representing a wide range of expertise. Those addresses are collected in this book.

Gulácsi, Zsuzsanna. Mani’s Pictures: The Didactic Images of the Manichaeans from Sasanian Mesopotamia to Uygur Central Asia and Tang-Ming China. Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies 90. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2015.

H

Hafen, Bruce C., and Marie K. Hafen. “Adam, Eve, the Book of Moses, and the Temple: The Story of Receiving Christ’s Atonement.” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (September 18–19, 2020), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2020.
Hafen, Bruce C., and Marie K. Hafen. “Adam, Eve, the Book of Moses, and the Temple: The Story of Receiving Christ’s Atonement.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 1. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 1–50. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Bergsma, John Sietze, and Scott Walker Hahn. “Noah’s Nakedness and the Curse on Canaan (Genesis 9:20-27).” Journal of Biblical Literature 124, no. 1 (Spring 2005): 25-40.
Harper, Steven C. “Endowed with Power.” ReligiousEducator 5, no. 2 (2004): 83–99.
Harrell, Charles R. “The Development of the Doctrine of Preexistence, 1830-1844.” BYU Studies Quarterly 28, no. 2 (1988): 75-96.

Perhaps no doctrine has had greater impact on Latter-day Saint theology than the doctrine of preexistence, or the belief in the existence of the human spirit before its mortal birth. Fundamental concepts such as the nature of man as an eternal being, his singular relationship as the offspring of Deity and concomitant brotherhood with all mankind, the talents and privileges with which he is born into the world, and his potential godhood are all inextricably connected to the doctrine of preexistence. This distinctive LDS doctrine was not immediately comprehended by the early Saints in the more fully developed form in which it is understood today.

Like many of the other teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, it was revealed line upon line and adapted to the Saints’ understanding. Moreover, there was a natural tendency to view initial teachings on preexistence in light of previously held beliefs until greater clarity was given to the doctrine. This study traces the early development of the doctrine by examining chronologically the revelations and recorded sermons and writings on preexistence by the Prophet Joseph Smith in light of contemporary commentary by his associates. Seeing how early Saints perceived preexistence enhances our own understanding of the doctrine and leads to a greater appreciation of our theological heritage.

Hauglid, Brian M., and Ray L. Huntington. “A Community of Christ Perspective on the JST Research of Robert J. Matthews: An Interview with Ronald E. Romig.” The Religious Educator: Perspectives on the Restored Gospel 5, no. 2 (2004): 49–55.
Hauglid, Brian M., and Carl W. Griffin. Latter-day Saint Scholarship on the Dead Sea Scrolls. Special issue of Studies in the Bible and Antiquity (Volume 2). Provo, UT: Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship, 2010.
Huntington, Ray L., and Brian M. Hauglid. “Robert J. Matthews and His Work with the Joseph Smith Translation.” The Religious Educator: Perspectives on the Restored Gospel 5, no. 2 (2004): 23–47.

In 1979, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints published its edition of the King James Version of the Bible. The Scriptures Publication Committee decided to include portions of the Joseph Smith Translation in the new edition. For the first time, Latter-day Saints had access to Joseph’s inspired work in their own personal scriptures. Many Latter-day Saints may be unaware that the efforts to include the JST material in the new edition of the Bible were pioneered by Robert J. Matthews, former dean of Religious Education at Brigham Young University. Beginning in 1953, Brother Matthews began a letter-writing campaign to the RLDS Church (now called the Community of Christ), requesting permission to study the original JST manuscripts. Through his sustained efforts, the RLDS Church gave Brother Matthews permission to examine the manuscripts.

Givens, Terryl L., and Brian M. Hauglid. The Pearl of Greatest Price: Mormonism’s Most Controversial Scripture. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2019.
Head, Ronan James. “Mormonism’s Satan and the Tree of Life.” Element: A Journal of Mormon Philosophy and Theology 4, no. 2 (2010): 1-54.

Longer version of an invited presentation originally given at the 2009 Conference of the European Mormon Studies Association, Turin, Italy, July 30-31, 2009

Head, Ronan James. “The Investiture Panel at Mari and Rituals of Divine Kingship in the Ancient near East.” Studies in the Bible and Antiquity 4 (2012): 1–42.

This article explores the ancient Near Eastern ritu-als that endowed kings with this power, specifically the rites suggested by the Investiture Panel at the palace of Mari, with specific focus on the motifs of creation, sacred garden, and divine kingship. Because contemporary evidence at Mari relating to an interpretation of the panel and the functions of various rooms of the palace is limited, it will be necessary to rely in part on a careful comparative analysis of religious texts, images, and architecture throughout the ancient Near East, including the Old Testament. Comparative analysis not only has the benefit of increasing our understanding of ancient Mesopotamian religion but also can enrich our understanding of the Bible.

Blumell, Lincoln H., Matthew J. Grey, and Andrew H. Hedges. Approaching Antiquity: Joseph Smith and the Ancient World. Salt Lake City and Provo, UT: Deseret Book and BYU Religious Studies Center, 2015.
Hedges, Andrew H. “‘Compassion upon the Earth’: Man, Prophets, and Nature.” In Stewardship and the Creation: LDS Perspectives on the Environment, edited by George B. Handley, Terry B. Ball, and Stephen L. Peck, 81–88. Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 2006.
Hendel, Ronald S. “Genesis 1-11 and Its Mesopotamian Problem.” In Cultural Borrowings and Ethnic Appropriations in Antiquity, edited by Erich S. Gruen, 23-36. Stuttgart, Germany: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2005.
Hendel, Ronald S. “Tangled Plots in Genesis.” In Fortunate the Eyes that See: Essays in Honor of David Noel Freedman, edited by Astrid B. Beck, Andrew H. Bartelt, Paul R. Raabe and Chris A. Franke, 35-51. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 1995.
Hendel, Ronald S. “The Nephilim Were on the Earth: Genesis 6:1-4 and its Ancient Near Eastern Context.” In The Fall of the Angels, edited by C. Auffarth and Loren T. Stuckenbruck, 11-34. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2004.
Hendel, Ronald S. “The Shape of Utnapishtim’s Ark.” Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 107, no. 1 (1995): 128-29.
Hendel, Ronald S. The Text of Genesis 1–11: Textual Studies and Critical Edition. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Henning, W. B. “The Book of the Giants.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 11, no. 1 (1943): 52–74.
Stone, Michael E., Aryeh Amihay, and Vered Hillel. Noah and His Book(s). Early Judaism and Its Literature 28, ed. Judith H. Newman. Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature, 2010.
Himmelfarb, Martha. Ascent to Heaven in Jewish and Christian Apocalypses. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Holland, David F. Sacred Borders: Continuing Revelation and Canonical Restraint in Early America. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Holyoak, Trevor. “Book Review: The Pearl of Greatest Price: Mormonism’s Most Controversial Scripture.” On FAIR, https://www.fairlatterdaysaints.org. December 19, 2019.

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Jackson, Kent P., and Peter M. Jasinski. “The Process of Inspired Translation: Two Passages Translated Twice in the Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible.” BYU Studies 42, no. 2 (2003): 35–64.

Since 1996, researchers from Brigham Young University—with the assistance of new photographs, scanned images, and much hands-on examination of the documents—have been engaged in a careful study of the text written on the original manuscripts of the Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible. The work has yielded the publication of a large facsimile transcription of all the original manuscript pages and much new information about how Joseph Smith prepared the text. Among the many new discoveries resulting from this research is an enhanced understanding of the sequence and chronology of the Prophet’s work.

Jensen, Robin Scott. “Ignored and Unknown Clues of Early Mormon Record Keeping.” In Preserving the History of the Latter-day Saints (Brigham Young University Church History Symposium), edited by Richard E. Turley, Jr. and Steven C. Harper, 135–64. Provo and Salt Lake City, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, and Deseret Book, 2010.
Josephus, Flavius. Jewish Antiquities.. Vol. 5–13 of the Works of Josephus. Translated by Henry St. John Thackaray, Ralph Marcus, Allen Wikgren and Louis H. Feldman. Loeb Classical Library 242, 490, 281, 326, 365, 489, 410, 433, 456. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1930–1965.
Judd, Daniel K. “The Fortunate Fall of Adam and Eve.” In No Weapon Shall Prosper: New Light on Sensitive Issues, ed. Robert L. Millet (Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University; Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2011), 297–328.

Some believe Adam and Eve’s partaking of the fruit of “the tree of knowledge of good and evil” (Genesis 2:9) to be the cause of all that is evil and tragic in the world today. Others believe our first parents merely to be mythical beings whose existence is only a metaphor used to explain mankind’s existence. The doctrines of the restored gospel concerning the historical reality of Adam and Eve and the doctrine of the Fall provide a wealth of understanding concerning the purposes of adversity and opposition and the vital need for the Atonement of Jesus Christ.

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Keller, Roger R. “Teaching the Fall and the Atonement: A Comparative Method.” Religious Educator 5, no. 2 (2004): 101–118.
Feldman, Louis H., James L. Kugel, and Lawrence H. Schiffman. Outside the Bible: Ancient Jewish Writings Related to Scripture. 3 vols. Philadelphia, PA: The Jewish Publication Society, 2013.
Kugel, James L. The Bible As It Was. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1997.
Kugel, James L. Traditions of the Bible. Revised ed. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998.

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Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and David J. Larsen. “Ancient Affinities within the LDS Book of Enoch Part Two.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 4 (2013): 29-74.

Abstract: In this article, we will examine affinities between ancient extracanonical sources and a collection of modern revelations that Joseph Smith termed “extracts from the Prophecy of Enoch.” We build on the work of previous scholars, revisiting their findings with the benefit of subsequent scholarship. Following a perspective on the LDS canon and an introduction to the LDS Enoch revelations, we will focus on relevant passages in pseudepigrapha and LDS scripture within three episodes in the Mormon Enoch narrative: Enoch’s prophetic commission, Enoch’s encounters with the “gibborim,” and the weeping and exaltation of Enoch and his people.

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and David J. Larsen. “Die Apokalypse Abrahams: Ein antiker Zeuge für das Buch Mose (The Apocalypse of Abraham : Ancient Witness of the Book of Moses).” Invited lecture at the FAIR Germany Conference, Frankfurt, Germany. 28 March 2009.
Larsen, David J. “Enoch and the City of Zion: Can an Entire Community Ascend to Heaven?” BYU Studies Quarterly 53, no. 1 (2014): 25-37.

In this article, I will explore the notion of communal ascent to heaven in ancient Jewish and Christian literature and seek to answer the questions, Can an entire community ascend to heaven? and Do we see this theme in ancient texts, or is this a complete innovation on the part of Joseph Smith as he sought to unite his followers around an inspiring and unifying goal? To arrive at the answers to these questions, I will analyze a number of ancient Jewish and Christian religious texts that feature the ascent to heaven motif and suggest that not only did their authors envision an individual ascent, but they also imagined groups or communities raised up to the celestial realm.

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and David J. Larsen. “Enoch, Noah, and the Tower of Babel.” In In God’s Image and Likeness 2. Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2014.

One of the most prominent themes in the first eleven chapters of the Bible is a series of transgressions of boundaries that had been set up in the beginning to separate mankind from the dwelling place of God. This general thesis is useful as far as it goes. In the stories of the transgressions of Adam and Eve, of Cain, of Lamech, of the “sons of God” who married the “daughters of men,” and of the builders of the Tower of Babel, we cannot fail to observe the common thread of a God who places strict boundaries between the human and the divine. Surprisingly, however, a significant and opposite theme has been largely neglected by readers: namely, the fact that within some of these same chapters God is also portrayed as having sought to erase the divine-human boundary for a righteous few, drawing them into His very presence. The prime examples of this motif are, of course, Enoch and Noah, of whom it was explicitly said that they “walked with God.”

Book of Mormon Central, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Jacob A. Rennaker, and David J. Larsen. “Essay #28: Enoch’s Grand Vision: The Weeping of Enoch (Moses 7:28–43).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. November 07, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Essay #33: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: Moses 1 as a ‘Missing’ Prologue to Genesis (Moses 1).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. December 12, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Essay #34: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: Moses in the Spirit World (Moses 1:1–8).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. December 19, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Essay #35: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: Moses Falls to the Earth (Moses 1:9-11).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. December 26, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Essay #36: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: Moses Defeats Satan (Moses 1:12–23).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. January 02, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Essay #37: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: Moses Ascends to Heaven (Moses 1:24).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. January 09, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Essay #38: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: Moses Passes Through the Heavenly Veil (Moses 1:25–27).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. January 16, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Matthew L. Bowen, David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Essay #39: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: The Names of Moses as ‘Keywords’ (Moses 1:25).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. January 23, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Matthew L. Bowen, David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Essay #40: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: Moses’ Vision at the Veil (Moses 1:27–30).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. January 30, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Matthew L. Bowen, David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Essay #41: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: Moses in the Presence of God (Moses 1:31, chapters 2-4).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. February 06, 2021.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and David J. Larsen. “L’Apocalypse d’Abraham: Témoin Ancien du Livre de Moïse (The Apocalypse of Abraham : Ancient Witness of the Book of Moses).” Invited lecture at the FAIR France Conference, Strasbourg, France. March 29, 2009.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Moses 1 and the Apocalypse of Abraham: Twin Sons of Different Mothers?” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 38 (2020): 179-290.

Abstract: This article highlights the striking resemblances between Moses 1 and a corresponding account from the Apocalypse of Abraham (ApAb), one of the earliest and most important Jewish texts describing heavenly ascent. Careful comparative analysis demonstrates a sustained sequence of detailed affinities in narrative structure that go beyond what Joseph Smith could have created out of whole cloth from his environment and his imagination. The article also highlights important implications for the study of the Book of Moses as a temple text. Previous studies have suggested that the story of Enoch found in the Pearl of Great Price might be understood as the culminating episode of a temple text woven throughout chapters 2–8 of the Book of Moses. The current article is a conceptual bookend to these earlier studies, demonstrating that the account of heavenly ascent in Moses 1 provides a compelling prelude to a narrative outlining laws and liturgy akin to what could have been used anciently as part of ritual ascent within earthly temples.

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Moses 1 and the Apocalypse of Abraham: Twin Sons of Different Mothers?” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (September 18–19, 2020), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2020.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Moses 1 and the Apocalypse of Abraham: Twin Sons of Different Mothers?” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 2. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 789–922. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and David J. Larsen. “Preface and Introduction.” In Interpreter Foundation blog. Reprint from In God’s Image and Likeness 2: Enoch, Noah, and the Tower of Babel. Jeffrey M. Bradshaw and David J. Larsen, Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2014.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., Jacob A. Rennaker, and David J. Larsen. “Revisiting the Forgotten Voices of Weeping in Moses 7: A Comparison with Ancient Texts.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 2 (2012): 41-71.

Abstract: The LDS Book of Moses is remarkable in its depiction of the suffering of the wicked at the time of the Flood. According to this text, there are three parties directly involved in the weeping: God (Moses 7:28; cf. v. 29), the heavens (Moses 7:28, 37), and Enoch (Moses 7:41, 49). In addition, a fourth party, the earth, mourns—though does not weep—for her children (Moses 7:48–49). The passages that speak of the weeping God and the mourning earth have received the greatest share of attention by scholars. The purpose of this article is to round out the previous discussion so as to include new insights and ancient parallels to the two voices of weeping that have been largely forgotten—that of Enoch and that of the heavens. ((An expanded and revised version of material contained in this study will appear as part of Jeffrey M. Bradshaw and David J. Larsen, Enoch, Noah, and the Tower of Babel (Salt Lake City, UT: Eborn Publishing, forthcoming, 2014). All translations from non-English sources are by the first author unless otherwise specifically noted.)) .

LeFevre, David A. “Christology in the Joseph Smith Translation of the Gospels.” In “Thou Art the Christ, the Son of the Living God”: The Person and Work of Jesus in the New Testament (The 47th Annual Brigham Young University Sidney B. Sperry Symposium), edited by Eric D. Huntsman, Lincoln H. Blumell and Tyler J. Griffin, 362–90. Provo and Salt Lake City, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center and Deseret Book, 2018.
Bailey, David H., Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, John H. Lewis, Gregory L. Smith, and Michael L. Stark. Science and Mormonism: Cosmos, Earth, and Man. Interpreter Science and Mormonism Symposia 1. Orem and Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2016.

This book features the personal perspectives of prominent LDS scientists addressing the theme of “Cosmos, Earth, and Man.” Many of these were drawn from the first Interpreter Symposium on Science and Mormonism, held in Provo, Utah on 9 November 2013. In the pages of this book, readers will appreciate the concise and colorful summaries of the state-of-the-art in scientific research relating to these topics and will gain a deeper appreciation of the unique contributions of LDS doctrine to the ongoing conversation.

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Machiela, Daniel A. The Dead Sea Genesis Apocryphon [1QapGen]: A New Text and Translation with Introduction and Special Treatment of Columns 13–17. Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah 79. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2009.

The so-called Genesis Apocryphon (1Q20) from Qumran Cave 1 has suffered from decades of neglect, due in large part to its poor state of preservation. As part of a resurgent scholarly interest in the Apocryphon, and its prominent position among the Aramaic Dead Sea Scrolls, this volume presents a fresh transcription, translation, and exstenive textual notes drawing on close study of the original manuscript, all available photographs, and previous publications. In addition, a detailed analysis of columns 13-15 and their relation to the oft-cited parallel in the Book of Jubilees reveals a number of ways in which the two works differ, thereby highlighting several distinctive features of the Genesis Apocryphon. The result is a reliable text edition and a fuller understanding of the message conveyed by this fragmentary but fascinating retelling of Genesis.

Ashurst-McGee, Mark, and Michael Hubbard MacKay. “Joseph Smith Translation Q&A with Mark Ashurst-McGee and Michael Hubbard MacKay.” In From the Desk of Kurt Manwaring. August 4, 2020.
Ashurst-McGee, Mark, and Michael Hubbard MacKay. “Joseph Smith Translation with Mark Ashurst-McGee and Michael Hubbard MacKay.” On From the Desk of Kurt Manwaring. https://www.fromthedesk.org/producing-ancient-scripture/. August 4, 2020.
Roper, Matthew, and Kirk Magleby. “Time Vindicates the Prophet.” On FAIR, https://www.fairlatterdaysaints.org. From the 2019 FairMormon Conference.
Maher, Michael. Targum Pseudo-Jonathan, Genesis. Vol. 1b. Aramaic Bible. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1992.
McConkie, Rebecca L. “‘A Miracle from Day One’: Publication of the Joseph Smith Translation Manuscripts.” The Religious Educator: Perspectives on the Restored Gospel 5, no. 2 (2004): 13–21.

Later this year, the Religious Studies Center will publish a volume called Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible: Original Manuscripts, edited by Scott H. Faulring, Kent P. Jackson, and Robert J. Matthews. To help readers understand the scope and purpose of this project, the Religious Educator held the following interview with two of the editors.

Black, Matthew, and Józef Tadeusz Milik. The Books of Enoch: Aramaic Fragments from Qumran Cave 4. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1976.

The Enoch Scroll of the texts from Qumran Library Cave 4 has provided parts in Aramaic among the Dead Sea Scrolls discovery between 1947 and 1956. Contents: Aramaic Book of Enoch, Astronomical Book, Book of Watchers, Book of Dreams, Book of Giants, Enochic Writings. NOTE: The Book of Enoch w/ Aramaic fragments from Milik, see The Dead Sea Scrolls Study Edition, Florentino García Martínez, Eibert J.C. Tigchelaar, 1999

Miller, Adam S. Fleeing the Garden: Reading Genesis 2-3. Maxwell Institute Publications 37. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship, 2017.
Millet, Robert L., and Robert J. Matthews. Plain and Precious Truths Restored: The Doctrinal and Historical Significance of the Joseph Smith Translation. Papers presented at the BYU Symposium ‘As Translated Correctly’: Joseph Smith’s Translations of the Bible, January 13–14, 1995. Salt Lake City, UT: Bookcraft, 1995.
Nyman, Monte S., and Robert L. Millet. The Joseph Smith Translation: The Restoration of Plain and Precious Things. Religious Studies Center Monograph Series 12. Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 1985.

Ten prominent Church scholars presented at the symposium on the Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible. Their in-depth study of the Joseph Smith Translation and related scriptures clarifies the Bible from Genesis to Revelation and show how Joseph Smith restored many plain and precious truths to that holy book. This volume brings together those addresses, illuminating this inspired translation as perhaps no other book had done.

Millet, Robert L., and Kent P. Jackson. The Pearl of Great Price. Studies in Scripture: Volume 2. Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 1989.
Millet, Robert L., and Kent P. Jackson. The Pearl of Great Price. Studies in Scripture: Volume 2.. Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 1989.
Morrison, Alexander B. “The Latter-day Saint Concept of Canon.” In Historicity and the Latter-day Saint Scriptures, edited by Paul Y. Hoskisson, 1–16. Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 2001.

Traditional Christianity struggled for many years to define its canon, to determine which of its writings were sacred, inspired, and authoritative. The Latter-day Saint concept of canon differs from that of other Christians. In addition to the Bible, the Latter-day Saint canon includes the Book of Mormon, the Doctrine and Covenants, and the Pearl of Great Price. These “standard works” provide a measuring rod by which we can judge other texts and statements. But while we have a canon, we nevertheless believe that God continues to make known His will through the First Presidency and the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles—men we sustain as prophets, seers, and revelators. Inspired by the Holy Ghost, their decisions are to be made in unity (D&C 107:27). We as Church members also need the Holy Ghost in order to recognize scriptural power in their words, and we can be comforted in the Lord’s promise that the President of the Church will never lead us astray.

Muhlestein, Kerry. “The Doctrine and Covenants and the Book of Moses: An Outpouring of Revelations and the Beginning of Joseph Smith’s ‘New Translation’ of the Bible.” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (April 23-24, 2021), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2021.
Muhlestein, Kerry. “The Doctrine and Covenants and the Book of Moses: An Outpouring of Revelations and the Beginning of Joseph Smith’s ‘New Translation’ of the Bible.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 1. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 137–62. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.

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Neusner, Jacob. Genesis Rabbah: The Judaic Commentary to the Book of Genesis, A New American Translation. 3 vols. Brown Judaic Studies 104, ed. Jacob Neusner. Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1985.
Nibley, Hugh W. “A Strange Thing in the Land: The Return of the Book of Enoch.” A series of articles in the Ensign in 13 parts running from Oct 1975 through Aug 1977.

Reprinted in Enoch the Prophet, The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley 2. 91–301.

A discussion of the worldview and scenario of the Hopis. Editor’s note: With the October 1975 issue, the Ensign began a series on the book of Enoch authored by Hugh Nibley. As Part 1 recounts, early Christian writers knew and respected the book of Enoch, but biblical scholars neglected it in scorn after the excitement of the Reformation was over. However, James Bruce, exploring the sources of the Nile in 1773, brought back three copies. Part 2 describes the critical response—or lack of it—to these documents and then turns to examining the four versions of the book of Enoch against which Joseph Smith’s writing must be judged.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Before Adam.” In Old Testament and Related Studies, The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley 1, edited by John W. Welch, Gary P. Gillum, and Don E. Norton. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1986.

Originally presented as a talk given on 1 April 1980 at Brigham Young University.

A controversial examination of evolution and the Latter-day Saint view on creation and the various roles of Adam.

See also: “Before Adam” (1980)
Nibley, Hugh W. “Enoch the Prophet.” Lecture given 22 November 1975 for the Pearl of Great Price Symposium, at Brigham Young University.

Reprinted in Enoch the Prophet, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley vol. 2.

Discusses the book of Enoch and its relationship with the Pearl of Great Price.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Enoch the Prophet.” In Pearl of Great Price Symposium: A Centennial Presentation, 76–85. Provo, UT: BYU Publications, 1976.

Reprinted in Enoch the Prophet, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley vol. 2.

Discusses the book of Enoch and its relationship with the Pearl of Great Price.

Nibley, Hugh W. Enoch the Prophet. The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley 2, edited by Stephen D. Ricks, Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1986. viii + 309 pp.

In the Book of Moses, part of the Latter-day Saint scriptural canon known as the Pearl of Great Price, are what the Prophet Joseph Smith entitled “extracts from the prophecy of Enoch.” These scriptures, says the eminent Latter-day Saint scholar Hugh Nibley, “supply us with the most valuable control yet on the bona fides of the Prophet. . . . We are to test. . . . ‘How does it compare with records known to be authentic?’ The excerpts offer the nearest thing to a perfectly foolproof test—neat, clear-cut, and decisive—of Joseph Smith’s claim to inspiration.”

In Enoch the Prophet, Dr. Nibley examines and defends that claim by examining Joseph Smith’s translations in the context of recently discovered apocryphal sources.

This book contains a collection of various comparisons of the Enoch materials in the Book of Moses with the Slavonic and Ethiopic Enoch texts and other related materials and lore from antiquity, showing the possibility that Joseph Smith’s book of Enoch could be authentic ancient text.

Nibley, Hugh W. “G-2 Report, Enuma Elish, The Babylonian Poem of the Creation.” 4 pp. s.s., n.d.

A series of handouts prepared in the fifties and early sixties for distribution to various audiences.

“Years ago, it was my custom to communicate to the General Authorities in an occasional brash and self-appointed newsletter (called a ‘G-2 Report’) items of interest dealing with new discoveries which I considered significant. My boldness was not ill-received.” —Quoting a letter from Nibley to Elder Bruce R. McConkie, 2 October 1979.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Hugh Nibley’s Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series at Brigham Young University.” Winter Semester, 1986, Maxwell Institute.

Published as Ancient Documents and the Pearl of Great Price.

Dr. Hugh W. Nibley, professor emeritus of ancient scriptures at Brigham Young University, gave the following twenty-six lectures in an honors class on The Pearl of Great Price. This class was videotaped in the Maesar Building during winter semester 1986 and the text was then transcribed and is included here in this book.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Lecture 10—The Babylon Creation Myth.” In Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series. Lectures presented to an Honors Book of Mormon class at Brigham Young University, Winter Semester, 1986. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS).
Nibley, Hugh W. “Lecture 11—The Human Condition.” In Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series. Lectures presented to an Honors Book of Mormon class at Brigham Young University, Winter Semester, 1986. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS).
Nibley, Hugh W. “Lecture 12—The Plurality of Worlds.” In Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series. Lectures presented to an Honors Book of Mormon class at Brigham Young University, Winter Semester, 1986. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS).
Nibley, Hugh W. “Lecture 13—The Pearl of Great Price on the Plurality of Worlds.” In Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series. Lectures presented to an Honors Book of Mormon class at Brigham Young University, Winter Semester, 1986. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS).
Nibley, Hugh W. “Lecture 14—Treasures in Heaven.” In Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series. Lectures presented to an Honors Book of Mormon class at Brigham Young University, Winter Semester, 1986. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS).
Nibley, Hugh W. “Lecture 15—The Geological Problem.” In Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series. Lectures presented to an Honors Book of Mormon class at Brigham Young University, Winter Semester, 1986. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS).
Nibley, Hugh W. “Lecture 17—The Heavenly Prologue.” In Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series. Lectures presented to an Honors Book of Mormon class at Brigham Young University, Winter Semester, 1986. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS).
Nibley, Hugh W. “Lecture 18—The Combat.” In Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series. Lectures presented to an Honors Book of Mormon class at Brigham Young University, Winter Semester, 1986. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS).
Nibley, Hugh W. “Lecture 19—Adam and Eve.” In Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series. Lectures presented to an Honors Book of Mormon class at Brigham Young University, Winter Semester, 1986. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS).
Nibley, Hugh W. “Lecture 1—Restoring What Was Lost.” In Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series. Lectures presented to an Honors Book of Mormon class at Brigham Young University, Winter Semester, 1986. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS).
Nibley, Hugh W. “Lecture 20—The Heritage of Cain.” In Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series. Lectures presented to an Honors Book of Mormon class at Brigham Young University, Winter Semester, 1986. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS).
Nibley, Hugh W. “Lecture 21—The Eve Theme; The Book of Enoch.” In Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series. Lectures presented to an Honors Book of Mormon class at Brigham Young University, Winter Semester, 1986. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS).
Nibley, Hugh W. “Lecture 22—Enoch.” In Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series. Lectures presented to an Honors Book of Mormon class at Brigham Young University, Winter Semester, 1986. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS).
Nibley, Hugh W. “Lecture 24—The Destruction.” In Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series. Lectures presented to an Honors Book of Mormon class at Brigham Young University, Winter Semester, 1986. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS).
Nibley, Hugh W. “Lecture 3—Literalism.” In Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series. Lectures presented to an Honors Book of Mormon class at Brigham Young University, Winter Semester, 1986. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS).
Nibley, Hugh W. “Lecture 6—The Creation.” In Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series. Lectures presented to an Honors Book of Mormon class at Brigham Young University, Winter Semester, 1986. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS).
Nibley, Hugh W. “Lecture 7—The Council.” In Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series. Lectures presented to an Honors Book of Mormon class at Brigham Young University, Winter Semester, 1986. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS).
Nibley, Hugh W. “Lecture 8—The Council According to the Shabako Stone.” In Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series. Lectures presented to an Honors Book of Mormon class at Brigham Young University, Winter Semester, 1986. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS).
Nibley, Hugh W. “Lecture 9—The Council According to the Shabako Stone (Continued).” In Pearl of Great Price Lecture Series. Lectures presented to an Honors Book of Mormon class at Brigham Young University, Winter Semester, 1986. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS).
Nibley, Hugh W. “Man's Dominion.” New Era.

Pointed social commentary concerning the state of the natural environment.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Part 1.” In A Strange Thing in the Land: The Return of the Book of Enoch series, Ensign, October 1975, 78–84.

A discussion of the Book of Enoch as extracts of “The Writings of Moses.”

Nibley, Hugh W. “Part 10.” In A Strange Thing in the Land: The Return of the Book of Enoch series, Ensign, March 1977, 86–90.

This exciting and penetrating comparison of the Joseph Smith book of Enoch, with four known variant manuscripts of that ancient work, provides yet another evidence of the Prophet’s inspiration and the scope of his vision in the great work of the Restoration.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Part 11.” In A Strange Thing in the Land: The Return of the Book of Enoch series, Ensign, April 1977, 78–89.

This follows the idea that Enoch had great cosmological visions.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Part 12.” In A Strange Thing in the Land: The Return of the Book of Enoch series, Ensign, June 1977, 78–90.

The deliberate wickedness of the people at Enoch’s time created a moral turbulence that was reflected in chaotic nature, such as earthquakes.

In this installment, Brother Nibley first concludes his discussion of the veil, then uses scriptural sources from the book of Moses and nonscriptural accounts by apochryphal writers of texts not available to Joseph Smith to give us an intriguing image of Enoch’s holy city.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Part 13.” In A Strange Thing in the Land: The Return of the Book of Enoch series, Ensign, August 1977, 64–65.

A discussion of the translation of the Dead Sea Scroll book of Enoch.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Part 2.” In A Strange Thing in the Land: The Return of the Book of Enoch series, Ensign, December 1975, 72–76.

With the October 1975 issue, the Ensign began a series on the book of Enoch authored by Hugh Nibley. As Part 1 recounts, early Christian writers knew and respected the book of Enoch, but biblical scholars neglected it in scorn after the excitement of the Reformation was over. However, James Bruce, exploring the sources of the Nile in 1773, brought back three copies. Part 2 describes the critical response—or lack of it—to these documents and then turns to examining the four versions of the book of Enoch against which Joseph Smith’s writing must be judged.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Part 3.” In A Strange Thing in the Land: The Return of the Book of Enoch series, Ensign, February 1976, 64–68.

This section of the examination of Enoch compared Joseph Smith’s book of Enoch step-by-step with four main classes of documents, commonly designated as the following: I Enoch (the Ethiopic texts, beginning with the three brought to England by Bruce in 1773), II Enoch (also called the Secrets of Enoch in Old Slavonic), III Enoch (Enoch texts in Greek), and scattered Hebrew and Aramaic Enoch fragments. Since these are to serve as checks on the reliability of the Prophet Joseph, the qualifications of each should be briefly considered.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Part 4.” In A Strange Thing in the Land: The Return of the Book of Enoch series, Ensign, March 1976, 62–66.

Discusses how Christian Enoch’s writings are.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Part 5.” In A Strange Thing in the Land: The Return of the Book of Enoch series, Ensign, April 1976, 60–64.

Suggests that what is written on earth is written in heaven and discusses how that comes into play with writing spiritual matters that the Lord has commanded be written.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Part 6.” In A Strange Thing in the Land: The Return of the Book of Enoch series, Ensign, July 1976, 64–68.

The Improvement Era was an official magazine of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints between 1897 and 1970.

A study of the book of Enoch as a recording of sacred matters.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Part 7.” In A Strange Thing in the Land: The Return of the Book of Enoch series, Ensign, October 1976, 76–81.

Suggests parallels to Moses 1, which lie far beyond the reach of coincidence or daydreaming. The number of details and the order in which they occur make it perfectly clear that we are dealing with specific works of great antiquity which come from a common source. To show what they mean, they compare Moses’s, Abraham’s, and Adam’s confrontations with Satan.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Part 8.” In A Strange Thing in the Land: The Return of the Book of Enoch series, Ensign, December 1976, 73–78.

The purpose of these articles is to (1) call attention to some of the long-ignored aspects of the Joseph Smith account of Enoch in the book of Moses and in the Inspired Version of Genesis and (2) provide at the same time some of the evidence that establishes the authenticity of that remarkable text. Contemporary learning offered few checks to the imagination of Joseph Smith; the enthusiasm of his followers presented none.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Part 9.” In A Strange Thing in the Land: The Return of the Book of Enoch series, Ensign, February 1977, 66–75.

Addresses the dangers of oversimplifying the scriptures and attempts to look at the Book of Mormon without such oversimplification.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Patriarchy and Matriarchy.” In Blueprints for Living: Perspectives for Latter-day Saint Women 1, edited by Maren M. Mouritsen, 44–61. Provo, UT: BYU Press, 1980.

Reprinted in Old Testament and Related Studies, The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley 1. 87–114.

An address given at the BYU Women’s Conference, 1 February 1980.

Nibley, Hugh W. “Sacred Vestments.” In Temple and Cosmos: Beyond This Ignorant Present, Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, vol. 12. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1992.

In Temple and Cosmos, Brother Nibley explains the relationship of the House of the Lord to the cosmos. In Temple, the first part of the volume, he focuses on the nature, meaning, and history of the temple, discussing such topics as sacred vestments, the circle and the square, and the symbolism of the temple and its ordinances. In the second part, Cosmos, he discusses the cosmic context of the temple-the expanding gospel, apocryphal writings, religion and history, the genesis of the written word, cultural diversity in the universal church, and the terrible questions: Where did we come from? Why are we here? and Where are we going?

This lecture was originally accompanied by slides. It was circulated in two different editions in 1986 and 1987 and was available in a much expanded version, including illustrations, in 1988.

See also: “Sacred Vestments” (1975)
Nibley, Hugh W. “Subduing the Earth: Man's Dominion.” In Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless, 95–110. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004.

The essays in this volume, including four on today’s world, were selected by a panel of Hugh Nibley’s colleagues. They are singular in their penetration, their originality, and their vitality. Reaching from the apocalyptic visions of original “treasures in heaven” down to the climax of history, they are more than mind-stretching. The delight of Nibley’s brilliant and sometimes biting prose style imparts a sense of the agelessness of what he calls the “three-act play” of human existence. Written specially for this book, the author’s own “intellectual autobiography,” together with his introductory paragraphs for the various chapters, complete the work of making the book a fitting and permanent record of one of the past outstanding historians

Ever since the days of the Prophet Joseph, presidents of the Church have appealed to the Saints to be magnanimous and forbearing toward all of God’s creatures. But in the great West, where everything was up for grabs, it was more than human nature could endure to be left out of the great grabbing game, especially when one happened to get there first, as the Mormons often did. One morning, just a week after we had moved into our house on Seventh North, as I was leaving for work, I found a group of shouting, arm-waving boys gathered around the big fir tree in the front yard. They had sticks and stones, and in a state of high excitement were fiercely attacking the lowest branches of the tree, which hung to the ground. Why? I asked. There was a quail in the tree, they said in breathless zeal, a quail! Of course, said I, what is wrong with that? But don’t you see, it is a live quail? A wild one! So they just had to kill it. They were on their way to the old B. Y. High School and were Boy Scouts. Does this story surprise you? What surprised me was when I later went to Chicago and saw squirrels running around the city parks in broad daylight; they would not last a day in Provo. Like Varro’s patrician friends, we have taught our children by precept and example that every living thing exists to be converted into cash, and that whatever would not yield a return should be quickly exterminated to make way for creatures that do. (We have referred to this elsewhere as the Mahan Principle; Moses 5:31.) I have heard influential Latter-day Saints express this philosophy. The earth is our enemy, I was taught does it not bring forth noxious weeds to afflict and torment man? And who cared if his allergies were the result of the Fall, man’s own doing? But one thing worried me: if God were to despise all things beneath Him, as we do, where would that leave us? Inquiring about today, one discovers that many Latter-day Saints feel that the time has come to put an end to the killing.

Nibley, Hugh W. Teachings of the Pearl of Great Price. Published as Ancient Documents and the Pearl of Great Price. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS), 1986.

Dr. Hugh W. Nibley, professor emeritus of ancient scriptures at Brigham Young University, gave the following twenty-six lectures in an honors class on The Pearl of Great Price. This class was videotaped in the Maesar Building during winter semester 1986 and the text was then transcribed and is included here in this book.

Nibley, Hugh W. “The Book of Enoch as a Theodicy.” in Enoch the Prophet, The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley 2. 66–88.
Nibley, Hugh W. “The Early Christian Prayer Circle.” BYU Studies 19, no. 1, (1978): 41–78.

Reprinted in Mormonism and Early Christianity, The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley vol. 4, 45–99. Also reprinted in LDS Views on Early Christianity and Apocrypha: Articles from BYU Studies, Salt Lake City: Deseret Book.

Draws upon a host of sources and shows certain parallels between an early Christian form of prayer and that of the Latter-day Saint prayer circle.

Nibley, Hugh W. “The Early Christian Prayer Circle.” In Mormonism and Early Christianity, The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley 4, edited by Todd M. Compton and Stephen D. Ricks. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1987.

Originally published as an article in BYU Studies in 1978.

Draws upon a host of sources and shows certain parallels between an early Christian form of prayer and that of the Latter-day Saint prayer circle.

Nibley, Hugh W. “The Early Christian Prayer Circle.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 19, no. 2, (2010): 64-95.

A practice that was eventually condemned by the church because of its Jewish affinities—being found, for example, in the Testaments of Abraham and Job and in the writings of Philo—the prayer circle has a long and complex history in Christian practice. This practice was considered one of the “ mysteries” and therefore was protected from all who weren’t initiated. For the initiated participants, this was a very sacred practice, which demanded unity between all those involved. The prayer circle, generally referred to as a “ dance,” often included hymns, prayers for the living and the dead, and gestures that would prepare the participants for heavenly visitations.

Nibley, Hugh W. “To Open the Last Dispensation: Moses Chapter 1.” In Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless, 1–22. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004.

After all these years, it comes as a surprise for me to learn that the book of Moses appeared in the same year as the publication of the Book of Mormon, the first chapter being delivered in the very month of its publication. And it is a totally different kind of book, in another style, from another world. It puts to rest the silly arguments about who really wrote the Book of Mormon, for whoever produced the book of Moses would have been even a greater genius. That first chapter is a composition of unsurpassed magnificence. And we have all overlooked it completely.

Nibley, Hugh W. “What Did Hugh Nibley Have to Say About the LDS Enoch and the Aramaic Book of the Giants?” The Interpreter Foundation.

These comments by Nibley are excerpted from a FARMS videocassette entitled “The Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Era Dawns.”

It contains material recorded in connection with a National Interfaith Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls, 20 November 1992 in the Kresge Auditorium of Stanford University.

Nickelsburg, George W. E. 1 Enoch 1: A Commentary on the Book of 1 Enoch, Chapters 1–36; 81–108. Hermeneia: A Critical and Historical Commentary on the Bible. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2001.
Nickelsburg, George W. E., and James C. VanderKam. 1 Enoch 2: A Commentary on the Book of 1 Enoch, Chapters 37–82. Hermeneia: A Critical and Historical Commentary on the Bible. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2012.
Nickelsburg, George W. E., and James C. VanderKam. 1 Enoch: The Hermeneia Translation. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2012.
Nickelsburg, George W. E. “Enoch, Levi, and Peter: Recipients of Revelation in Upper Galilee.” Journal of Biblical Literature 100, no. 4 (December 1981): 575–600.
Nickelsburg, George W. E. Hermeneia: 1 Enoch 1: A Commentary on the Book of 1 Enoch, Chapters 1–36; 81–108. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2001.
Nickelsburg, George W. E. Jewish Literature Between the Bible and the Mishnah: A Historical and Literary Introduction. 2nd edition. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2005.
Nickelsburg, George W. E. “Review of ‘The Older Testament, by Margaret Barker’” Journal of Biblical Literature 109, no. 2 (Summer 1990): 335–337.
Nickelsburg, George W. E. “The Temple According to 1 Enoch.” BYU Studies 53, no. 1 (2014): 7–24.

What does the Book of Enoch say or not say about the temple, and to which Book of Enoch do I refer? Is it the text called 1 Enoch, or the one known as 2 Enoch, or the so-called 3 Enoch? And all of them discuss or, better, visualize the temple. I restrict myself here to 1 Enoch.

Norman, Keith E. “Ex Nihilo: The Development of the Doctrines of God and Creation in Early Christianity.” BYU Studies Quarterly 17, no. 3 (1977): 291-318.

Joseph Smith taught that the first principle of revealed religion is to know for a certainty the character of God, and his reaffirmation of Deity as the loving, personal Father of the scriptures stands in conspicuous contrast to the confusion and obscurity of traditional and modern theologies. Just as the orthodox doctrine of an incomprehensible God who creates ex nihilo is clearly odds with the prophetic proclamation in both the Old and New Testaments, by the same measure the Latter-day Saint conception of divine creation in terms of the organization of eternal man provides a remarkable commentary on Joseph Smith’s claim to be a prophet of the Living God and on his work in the restitution of all things.

Roundy, Bruce A., and Robert J. Norman. “‘All Things Denote There is a God’: Seeing Christ in the Creation.” Religious Educator 6, no. 2 (2005): 51–62.

The Lord told Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery, “Look unto me in every thought” (D&C 6:36). In the ordinance of the sacrament we covenant each week to “always remember him,” that we “may always have his Spirit” to be with us (D&C 20:77). The Book of Mormon testifies that “all things denote there is a God; yea, even the earth, and all thing that are upon the face of it” (Alma 30:44). Thus, God has given all things as a type or representation of Christ to help us remember Him (see 2 Nephi 11:4; Helaman 8:24). The key to understanding the things of God is to see Christ in them, including His creations.

Nyman, Monte S., and Robert L. Millet. The Joseph Smith Translation: The Restoration of Plain and Precious Things. Religious Studies Center Monograph Series 12. Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 1985.

Ten prominent Church scholars presented at the symposium on the Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible. Their in-depth study of the Joseph Smith Translation and related scriptures clarifies the Bible from Genesis to Revelation and show how Joseph Smith restored many plain and precious truths to that holy book. This volume brings together those addresses, illuminating this inspired translation as perhaps no other book had done.

O

Ouaknin, Marc-Alain, and Éric Smilévitch. Chapitres de Rabbi Éliézer (Pirqé de Rabbi Éliézer): Midrach sur Genèse, Exode, Nombres, Esther. Les Dix Paroles, ed. Charles Mopsik. Lagrasse, France: Éditions Verdier, 1992.

P, Q

Parker, Jared T. “The Doctrine of Christ in 2 Nephi 31–32 as an Approach to the Vision of the Tree of Life.” In: The Things Which My Father Saw: Approaches to Lehi’s Dream and Nephi’s Vision (2011 Sperry Symposium). Ed. Daniel L. Belnap, Gaye Strathearn, and Stanley A. Johnson. Provo and Salt Lake City, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center and Deseret Book, 2011. 161–178.
Parry, Jay A., and Donald W. Parry. “The Temple in Heaven: Its Description and Significance.” In Temples of the Ancient World, edited by Donald W. Parry, 515–532. Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 1994.
Paul, Erich Robert. Science, Religion, and Mormon Cosmology. Urbana and Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1992.
Paulsen-Reed, Amy Elizabeth. The Origins of the Apocalypse of Abraham. Dissertation for the Degree of Doctor of Theology in the subject of the Hebrew Bible. Harvard Divinity School. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University, 2016.

The Apocalypse of Abraham, a pseudepigraphon only extant in a fourteenth century Old Church Slavonic manuscript, has not received much attention from scholars of Ancient Judaism, due in part to a lack of readily available information regarding the history and transmission of the Slavonic Pseudepigrapha. This dissertation examines the historical context of these works with the aim of assessing the probability that they contain ancient Jewish material. The rest of the dissertation is focused on the Apocalypse of Abraham specifically, discussing its date and provenance, original language, probability that it comes from Essene circles, textual unity, and Christian interpolations. This includes treatments of the issue of free will, determinism, and predestination in the Apocalypse of Abraham as well as the methodological complexities in trying to distinguish between early Jewish and Christian works. It also provides an in-depth comparison of the Apocalypse of Abraham with 4 Ezra and 2 Baruch and takes up the question of the social setting for these texts based on relevant precedents set by recent scholars of midrash who seek to probe the “socio-cultural and historical situatedness” of midrashic texts. This discussion includes a survey of parallels between the content of the Apocalypse of Abraham and rabbinic literature to support the argument that a sharp distinction between apocalyptic ideas and what later became rabbinic tradition did not exist in the time between 70 and 135 C.E. Overall, this dissertation argues that the Apocalypse of Abraham is an early Jewish document written during the decades following the destruction of the Second Temple. While seeking to warn its readers of the dangers of idolatry in light of the apocalyptic judgment still to come, it also provides sustained exegesis of Genesis 15, which gives cohesion to the entire document.

Peck, Steven L. Evolving Faith: Wanderings of a Mormon Biologist. Provo, UT: Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship, Brigham Young University, 2015.
Evans, Craig A., Joel N. Lohr, and David L. Petersen. The Book of Genesis: Composition, Reception, and Interpretation. Supplements to Vetus Testamentum, Formation and interpretation of Old Testament Literature 152, ed. Christl M. Maier, Craig A. Evans and Peter W. Flint. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2012.
Peterson, Daniel C. “Notes on Historicity and Inerrancy.” In Historicity and the Latter-day Saint Scriptures, edited by Paul Y. Hoskisson, 197–215. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Religious Studies Center, 2001.

Some believe that historicity and inerrancy in scripture are the same. By this argument, when a portion of scripture is found to have errors, the entire record is considered neither historical nor accurate. However, nothing in this imperfect world is inerrant, and although the authors of the scriptural records were prophets and called of God to write their portion of the scriptures, they were not perfect—no one is. So although the authors were not inerrant, their writings are nonetheless historical. By academic standards the scriptures fulfill all the criteria for historically accurate records. With the human errors accounted for, the scriptures are reliable historically and accurate in their testimony of the doctrines of the gospel and the mission of Jesus Christ.

Peterson, Daniel C. “On the Motif of the Weeping God in Moses 7.” In Revelation, Reason, and Faith: Essays in Honor of Truman G. Madsen, edited by Donald W. Parry, Daniel C. Peterson and Stephen D. Ricks, 285–317. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS), 2002.

R

Bialik, Hayim Nahman, and Yehoshua Hana Ravnitzky. The Book of Legends (Sefer Ha-Aggadah): Legends from the Talmud and Midrash. Translated by William G. Braude. New York, NY: Schocken Books, 1992.
Reeves, John C. Heralds of that Good Realm: Syro-Mesopotamian Gnosis and Jewish Traditions. Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies 41, edited by James M. Robinson and Hans-Joachim Klimkeit. Leiden, The Netherlands: E. J. Brill, 1996.
Reeves, John C. Jewish Lore in Manichaean Cosmogony: Studies in the Book of Giants Traditions. Monographs of the Hebrew Union College 14. Cincinnati, OH: Hebrew Union College Press, 1992.
Reeves, John C., and Annette Yoshiko Reed. Sources from Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. 2 vols. Enoch from Antiquity to the Middle Ages 1. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2018.
Reynolds, Noel B. “The Brass Plates Version of Genesis.” In By Study and Also By Faith: Essays in Honor of Hugh W. Nibley on the Occasion of His Eightieth Birthday, 27 March 1990, vol. 2. Edited by John M. Lundquist and Stephen D. Ricks. Provo, UT, and Salt Lake City: FARMS and Deseret Book, 1990.

This second of two volumes of essays honoring Hugh Nibley includes scholarly papers based on what the authors have learned from Nibley. Nearly every major subject that Dr. Nibley has encompassed in his vast learning and scholarly production is represented here by at least one article. Topics include the sacrament covenant in Third Nephi, the Lamanite view of Book of Mormon history, external evidences of the Book of Mormon, proper names in the Book of Mormon, the brass plates version of Genesis, the composition of Lehi’s family, ancient burials of metal documents in stone boxes, repentance as rethinking, Mormon history’s encounter with secular modernity, and Judaism in the 20th century.

Are there indirect evidences of distinctive contents of the brass plates? Can we learn anything about the plates and their contents through an examination of indirect textual evidence in the Book of Mormon?

Reynolds, Noel B. “The Brass Plates Version of Genesis.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 34 (2020): 63-96.

Abstract: The Book of Mormon peoples repeatedly indicated that they were descendants of Joseph, the son of Jacob who was sold into Egypt by his brothers. The plates of brass that they took with them from Jerusalem c. 600 bce provided them with a version of many Old Testament books and others not included in our Hebrew Bible. Sometime after publishing his translation of the Book of Mormon, Joseph Smith undertook an inspired revision of the Bible. The opening chapters of his version of Genesis contain a lot of material not included in the Hebrew Bible. But intriguingly, distinctive phraseology in those chapters, as now published in Joseph Smith’s Book of Moses, also show up in the Book of Mormon text. This paper presents a systematic examination of those repeated phrases and finds strong evidence for the conclusion that the version of Genesis used by the Nephite prophets must have been closely similar to Joseph Smith’s Book of Moses.

[Editor’s Note: This paper appeared first in the 1990 festschrift published to honor Hugh W. Nibley.

It is reprinted here as a convenience for current scholars who are interested in intertextual issues regarding the Book of Mormon. It should be noted that Interpreter has published another paper that picks up this same insight and develops considerable additional evidence supporting the conclusions of the original paper.

This reprint uses footnotes instead of endnotes, and there are two more footnotes in this reprint than there are endnotes in the original paper.].

Reynolds, Noel B., and Jeff Lindsay. “‘Strong Like Unto Moses’: The Case for Ancient Roots in the Book of Moses Based on Book of Mormon Usage of Related Content Apparently from the Brass Plates.” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (September 18–19, 2020), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2020.
Lindsay, Jeff, and Noel B. Reynolds. “‘Strong Like unto Moses’: The Case for Ancient Roots in the Book of Moses Based on Book of Mormon Usage of Related Content Apparently from the Brass Plates.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 44 (2021): 1-92.

Abstract: Over 30 years ago, Noel Reynolds compared matching non-Biblical phrases in the Book of Moses and Book of Mormon. Based on this analysis, Reynolds proposed a possible connection between the Book of Moses and hypothetical material on the brass plates that may have influenced some Book of Mormon authors. Reynolds’s work, “The Brass Plates Version of Genesis,” provided potentially plausible explanations for additional relationships between the Book of Moses and Book of Mormon that arose in two later Jeff Lindsay studies: one on the Book of Mormon account of Lehi1’s trail and another on the Book of Mormon’s intriguing use of the ancient theme of rising from the dust. The additional findings and connections presented here strengthen the original case Reynolds made for the ancient roots of the Book of Moses, roots that could have extended to the brass plates and then on to the Book of Mormon. Critics might dismiss such connections by asserting that Joseph merely drew from the Book of Mormon when drafting the Book of Moses; however, this view overlooks significant evidence indicating that the direction of dependence is the other way around. In light of the combined evidence now available, it is time to reconsider Reynolds’s original proposal and recognize the possibility that the Book of Moses is more deeply rooted in antiquity that many have recognized in the past.[Editor’s Note: This article is based on a presentation by Reynolds and Lindsay made at the Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses Conference, Provo, Utah, Sept. 18–19, 2020, presented by The Interpreter Foundation, Brigham Young University Department of Ancient Scripture, Book of Mormon Central, and FairMormon. A more detailed version, along with an edited transcript of the question-and-answer session that followed the presentation, can be found in the forthcoming conference proceedings.].

Reynolds, Noel B., and Jeff Lindsay. “‘Strong Like unto Moses’: The Case for Ancient Roots in the Book of Moses Based on Book of Mormon Usage of Related Content Apparently from the Brass Plates.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 1. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 315–420. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Parry, Donald W., and Stephen D. Ricks. The Dead Sea Scrolls: Questions and Responses for Latter-day Saints. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS), 2000.

Since their initial discovery in 1947, the ancient scrolls found in caves near the Dead Sea have stirred public curiosity. For Latter-day Saints, whose scriptural tradition speaks of sacred records to come forth in the last days, the Dead Sea Scrolls naturally give rise to questions such as:

— Are there references to Christ or Christianity in the scrolls?

— Do the scrolls contain scripture missing from the Bible?

— Is the plan of salvation attested in the scrolls?

— Do the scrolls refer to Joseph Smith or other latter-day figures?

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Questions and Responses for Latter-day Saints succinctly deals with these and other questions on topics of particular interest to LDS readers. These topics are based on actual questions that Latter-day Saints have asked the authors as they have taught classes at Brigham Young University, shared their research at professional symposia, and spoken in other settings.

Ricks, Stephen D. “The Narrative Call Pattern in the Prophetic Commission of Enoch (Moses 6).” BYU Studies Quarterly 26, no. 4 (1986): 97-105.

There is a striking example of a “narrative” type call in the prophetic commission of Enoch in Moses 6:23–36. This study considers the elements of the narrative call pattern; those elements of this form found in the prophetic commission of Enoch are examined and compared with the biblical narrative call passages.

The report of the prophetic vocation of Enoch in the book of Moses accords with impressive consistency with the call narratives in the Bible. All of the elements of the prophetic call pattern isolated and examined by Habel in the calls of Moses, Gideon, and Jeremiah are also found in the Enoch passage; with one minor exception, the order of the elements in the vocation of Enoch is the same as in the call accounts recorded in the Bible. This additional authenticating detail places Enoch more securely in the tradition of the prophets and the book of Moses more firmly in the form and tradition of the prophetic literature.

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and Stephen D. Ricks. The Temple: Past, Present, and Future. Proceedings of the Fifth Interpreter Foundation Matthew B. Brown Memorial Conference, 7 November 2020. Temple on Mount Zion 6. Orem and Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2021.

The temple is central to Latter-day Saint worship. Through modern revelation Joseph Smith restored the ancient tradition of temples and the ordinances performed therein. Studies of ancient temples can shed much light on latter-day temples and temple worship.

Several years ago Latter-day Saint scholar Matthew Brown planned a conference entitled The Temple on Mount Zion and began to invite the participants. Matthew Brown loved the temple and temple worship and studied and published on ancient and modern temples. His interests and knowledge were vast. When Matthew passed away very unexpectedly in 2011, his friends decided to organize a series of conferences in his memory. This volume, the sixth in the series, contains proceedings from the fifth conference held in his memory 7 November 2020 and reflects many of the topics that Matthew loved, centered on the theme of the temple: past, present, and future.

Chapters relating to the ancient past of the Bible and the Book of Mormon provide new insights into temple themes in Ruth, sacred names of Moses and Jesus Christ, prayer with uplifted hands, temple iconography of cherubim and seraphim, ritual purity in 3 Nephi 19, the rites of the Raqchi Temple in Peru, and sacred space in the early Christian Church. Of great significance to the present era is a chapter on women and the priesthood in the contemporary Church. And looking toward the future is a chapter on the Millennial Temple in Jackson County, Missouri in the context of its historic past.

The purpose of the book series is to increase understanding and appreciation of temple rituals and doctrines, and to encourage participation in the redeeming work of family history and temple worship.

Robinson, Stephen E. “Lying for God: The Uses of the Apocrypha.” In Apocryphal Writings and the Latter-day Saints, edited by C. Wilfred Griggs, 133–154. Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 1986.

In this paper I intend to deal primarily with the element of deception in the production and employment of apocryphal literature, particularly as it is revealed by the devices of pseudonymity and pseudepigraphy. I am defining pseudonymity here as an author’s intentional adoption of another persona, not merely as a pen name but as an assumed identity. Thus the Testament of Solomon is pseudonymous because the author has clearly adopted the persona of Solomon and speaks, as Solomon, in the first person. On the other hand, Huckleberry Finn would not be pseudonymous by my definition even though Samuel Clemens used the nom de plume Mark Twain, because Clemens did not adopt a persona other than his own; that is, we may assume that Clemens did not return royalty checks made out to Mark Twain, but rather cashed them unashamedly. Sam Clemens was Mark Twain, and there was no real possibility of confusing one person for the other.

Robinson, Stephen E. “The Apocalypse of Adam.” BYU Studies Quarterly 17, no. 2 (1977): 131-54.

In most forms of Gnosticism secret oral tradition is often associated with accounts of the creation of the world, the experiences of Adam and Eve in the Garden, and the fall of man. It is usually in this creation setting or in a temple or on a mountaintop that Gnosticism places the revelation of the esoteric mysteries and the knowledge needed to thwart the archontic powers and return to God.

Gnosticism is primarily concerned with the questions, Who am I? Where am I from? and What is my destiny? That the answers to these questions are often associated with the creation, the Garden, and the fall of man is probably due to the Gnostic presupposition that the end of all things is to be found in their beginning. Of those documents which manifest this concern, the Nag Hammadi Apocalypse of Adam is perhaps the prime example.

Robinson, Stephen E. “The Book of Adam in Judaism and Early Christianity.” In The Man Adam, edited by Joseph Fielding McConkie and Robert L. Millet, 131–150. Salt Lake City, UT: Bookcraft, 1990.
Robinson, Stephen E. The Testament of Adam: An Examination of the Syriac and Greek Traditions. Dissertation Series 52, ed. Howard C. Kee and Douglas A. Knight. Chico, CA: Scholars Press, 1982.
Roper, Matthew. “Adam in Ancient Texts and the Restoration.” On FAIR, https://www.fairlatterdaysaints.org. From the 2006 FairMormon Conference.
Roper, Matthew, and Kirk Magleby. “Time Vindicates the Prophet.” On FAIR, https://www.fairlatterdaysaints.org. From the 2019 FairMormon Conference.
Roundy, Bruce A., and Robert J. Norman. “‘All Things Denote There is a God’: Seeing Christ in the Creation.” Religious Educator 6, no. 2 (2005): 51–62.

The Lord told Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery, “Look unto me in every thought” (D&C 6:36). In the ordinance of the sacrament we covenant each week to “always remember him,” that we “may always have his Spirit” to be with us (D&C 20:77). The Book of Mormon testifies that “all things denote there is a God; yea, even the earth, and all thing that are upon the face of it” (Alma 30:44). Thus, God has given all things as a type or representation of Christ to help us remember Him (see 2 Nephi 11:4; Helaman 8:24). The key to understanding the things of God is to see Christ in them, including His creations.

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Schwartz, Howard. Tree of Souls: The Mythology of Judaism. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Sears, Joshua M. “‘Behold These Thy Brethren!’: Deeply Seeing All of Our Brothers and Sisters.” In Covenant of Compassion: Caring for the Marginalized and Disadvantaged in the Old Testament, edited by Avram R. Shannon, Gaye Strathearn, George A. Pierce and Joshua M. Sears, 101–23. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University; Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 2021.
Seminaries and Institutes of Religion Curriculum Services. “A Harmony of the Creation Accounts.” In The Pearl of Great Price Student Manual, Religion 327 (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2017).
Seminaries and Institutes of Religion Curriculum Services. “Lesson 10 – Moses 2 (Genesis 1; Abraham 4).” In Old Testament Seminary Student Material (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2018).
Seminaries and Institutes of Religion Curriculum Services. “Lesson 11 – Moses 3 (Genesis 2; Abraham 5).” In Old Testament Seminary Student Material (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2018).
Seminaries and Institutes of Religion Curriculum Services. “Lesson 12 – Moses 4 (Genesis 3).” In Old Testament Seminary Student Material (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2018).
Seminaries and Institutes of Religion Curriculum Services. “Lesson 13 – Moses 5:1–11.” In Old Testament Seminary Student Material (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2018).
Seminaries and Institutes of Religion Curriculum Services. “Lesson 15 – Moses 5:12–59 (Genesis 4).” In Old Testament Seminary Student Material (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2018).
Seminaries and Institutes of Religion Curriculum Services. “Lesson 16 – Moses 6 (Genesis 5).” In Old Testament Seminary Student Material (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2018).
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Seminaries and Institutes of Religion Curriculum Services. “Moses 1:1–11: God Revealed Himself to Moses.” In The Pearl of Great Price Student Manual, Religion 327 (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2017).
Seminaries and Institutes of Religion Curriculum Services. “Moses 1:24–42: Moses Learned More about the Work of God.” In The Pearl of Great Price Student Manual, Religion 327 (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2017).
Seminaries and Institutes of Religion Curriculum Services. “Moses 2:1–31: The Physical Creation.” In The Pearl of Great Price Student Manual, Religion 327 (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2017).
Seminaries and Institutes of Religion Curriculum Services. “Moses 3:1–25: The Spiritual Creation and the Garden of Eden.” In The Pearl of Great Price Student Manual, Religion 327 (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2017).
Seminaries and Institutes of Religion Curriculum Services. “Moses 4:1–19: The Plan of Salvation and the Fall.” In The Pearl of Great Price Student Manual, Religion 327 (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2017).
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Seminaries and Institutes of Religion Curriculum Services. “Moses 5:16–59: Cain and His Descendants and the Preaching of the Gospel.” In The Pearl of Great Price Student Manual, Religion 327 (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2017).
Seminaries and Institutes of Religion Curriculum Services. “Moses 5:1–15: Adam and Eve Were Taught the Gospel.” In The Pearl of Great Price Student Manual, Religion 327 (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2017).
Seminaries and Institutes of Religion Curriculum Services. “Moses 6:1–47: Adam’s Posterity and the Prophet Enoch.” In The Pearl of Great Price Student Manual, Religion 327 (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2017).
Seminaries and Institutes of Religion Curriculum Services. “Moses 6:48–68: Enoch’s Teachings.” In The Pearl of Great Price Student Manual, Religion 327 (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2017).
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Review of Scott H. Faulring, Kent P. Jackson, and Robert J. Matthews, eds. Joseph Smith's New Translation of the Bible: Original Manuscripts.

Ouaknin, Marc-Alain, and Éric Smilévitch. Chapitres de Rabbi Éliézer (Pirqé de Rabbi Éliézer): Midrach sur Genèse, Exode, Nombres, Esther. Les Dix Paroles, ed. Charles Mopsik. Lagrasse, France: Éditions Verdier, 1992.
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This book features the personal perspectives of prominent LDS scientists addressing the theme of “Cosmos, Earth, and Man.” Many of these were drawn from the first Interpreter Symposium on Science and Mormonism, held in Provo, Utah on 9 November 2013. In the pages of this book, readers will appreciate the concise and colorful summaries of the state-of-the-art in scientific research relating to these topics and will gain a deeper appreciation of the unique contributions of LDS doctrine to the ongoing conversation.

Smoot, Stephen O. “‘I Am a Son of God’: Moses’ Prophetic Call and Ascent into the Divine Council.” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (April 23-24, 2021), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2021.
Smoot, Stephen O. “‘I Am a Son of God’: Moses’ Prophetic Call and Ascent into the Divine Council.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 2. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 923–42. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
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This book features the personal perspectives of prominent LDS scientists addressing the theme of “Cosmos, Earth, and Man.” Many of these were drawn from the first Interpreter Symposium on Science and Mormonism, held in Provo, Utah on 9 November 2013. In the pages of this book, readers will appreciate the concise and colorful summaries of the state-of-the-art in scientific research relating to these topics and will gain a deeper appreciation of the unique contributions of LDS doctrine to the ongoing conversation.

Stokes, Adam O. “The People of Canaan: A New Reading of Moses 7.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 47 (2021): 159-180.

Abstract: Moses 7 is one of the most famous passages in all of Restoration scripture. It is also one of the most problematic in regard to its description of the people of Canaan as black (v. 8) and as a people who were not preached to by the patriarch Enoch (v. 12). Later there is also a mention of “the seed of Cain,” who also are said to be black (v. 22). This article examines the history of interpretation of Moses 7 and proposes an alternative understanding based on a close reading of the text. In contrast to traditional views, it argues that the reason for Enoch’s not preaching to the people of Canaan stems not from any sins the people had committed or from divine disfavor but from the racial prejudice of the other sons of Adam, the “residue of the people” (vv. 20, 22) who ironically are the only ones mentioned as “cursed” in the text (v. 20). In looking at the implications of this passage for the present-day Restoration, this article notes parallels between Enoch’s hesitancy and various attitudes toward black priesthood ordination throughout the Restoration traditions, including the Community of Christ where the same type of hesitancy existed. This article argues that, rather than being indicative of divine disfavor toward persons of African descent, this tendency is a response to the racist attitudes of particular eras, whether the period of the Old Testament patriarchs or the post-bellum American South. Nevertheless, God can be seen as working through and within particular contexts and cultures to spread the gospel to all of Adam’s children irrespective of race.

[Editor’s Note: We are pleased to publish this article from an author outside The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, but from a related Restoration faith tradition. Adam Stokes was formerly with the Community of Christ and currently is an ordained Apostle and Elder in The Church of Jesus Christ with the Elijah Message—The Assured Way [Page 160]of the Lord. Adam notes that “while the Book of Moses is not officially part of my church’s canon, my own personal beliefs still accept the Joseph Smith translation/Inspired Version as inspired and sacred scripture and I read it often.” We are grateful for the faithful insights Elder Stokes kindly provides for the Book of Moses.]

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Peterson, H. Donl, and Charles D. Tate Jr., eds. The Pearl of Great Price: Revelations from God. Provo and Salt Lake City, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University and Deseret Book, 1989.

“For behold, this is my work and my glory—to bring to pas the immortality and eternal life of man.” This profound doctrinal statement is one of many contained in the Pearl of Great Price, the smallest of the standard works and the last to be canonized. Studying that scripture in depth adds immensely to our understanding of the Lord’s eternal plan. Comprising addresses delivered at a symposium on the Pearl of Great Price, this book combines the insights and testimonies of thirteen gospel scholars. All things were created to bear witness of God. As here shown, the Pearl of Great Price does that in many ways.

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