Select Page
Book of Moses Bibliography
Alphabetical by Author
Selected Bibliography  Complete Bibliography

Display Abstracts  Display Keywords

Icons are used for the links to the available media types for an article, as follows:

  A PDF document   An HTML document   A YouTube video
  An MP3 audio download   An image of a document   An ePub document
  A Kindle (mobi) document   Metadata about a document, possibly with downloads
  Book of Mormon Central KnoWhy/Blog     FAIR Blog/Article   Interpreter Journal/Blog
  Buy at Amazon   Buy at Barnes & Noble   Buy at Deseret Book
  Buy at Eborn Books   Buy at FAIR Bookstore

A

Abegg, Martin Jr., Peter Flint, and Eugene Ulrich, eds. The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible. New York City, NY: Harper, 1999.
al-Kisa’i, Muhammad ibn Abd Allah. Tales of the Prophets (Qisas al-anbiya). Translated by Wheeler M. Thackston, Jr. Great Books of the Islamic World, ed. Seyyed Hossein Nasr. Chicago: KAZI Publications, 1997.
al-Tha’labi, Abu Ishaq Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ibrahim. “‘Ara’is Al-Majalis Fi Qisas Al-Anbiya’ or “Lives of the Prophets”.” Translated by William M. Brinner. Studies in Arabic Literature, Supplements to the Journal of Arabic Literature, Volume 24. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2002.
Alexander, Philip S. “3 (Hebrew Apocalypse of) Enoch.” In The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, edited by James H. Charlesworth. 2 vols. 1:223–315. Garden City, NY: Doubleday and Company, 1983.
Andersen, F. I. “2 (Slavonic Apocalypse of) Enoch.” In The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, edited by James H. Charlesworth. 2 vols. 1:91–221. Garden City, NY: Doubleday and Company, 1983.
Anderson, Gary A. The Genesis of Perfection: Adam and Eve in Jewish and Christian Imagination. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 2001.
Anderson, Gary A., and Michael Stone, eds. A Synopsis of the Books of Adam and Eve. 2nd edition. Society of Biblical Literature: Early Judaism and its Literature, ed. John C. Reeves. Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1999.
Anderson, Lavina Fielding. “Church Publishes First LDS Edition of the Bible.” Ensign 9, October 1979, 9-18.
Andrus, Hyrum L. Doctrinal Commentary on the Pearl of Great Price. Revised edition. Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 2003.
Angel, Joseph L. “The Humbling of the Arrogant and the ‘Wild Man’ and ‘Tree Stump’ Traditions in the Book of Giants and Daniel 4.” In Ancient Tales of Giants from Qumran and Turfan: Contexts, Traditions, and Influences, edited by Matthew Goff, Loren T. Stuckenbruck and Enrico Morano. Wissenschlaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 360, ed. Jörg Frey, 61-80. Tübingen, Germany: Mohr Siebeck, 2016.
Ash, Michael R. “The Mormon Myth of Evil Evolution.” Dialogue 35, no. 4 (2002): 19-59.
Ashurst-McGee, Mark, and Michael Hubbard MacKay. “Joseph Smith Translation Q&A with Mark Ashurst-McGee and Michael Hubbard MacKay.” In From the Desk of Kurt Manwaring. August 4, 2020.
Ashurst-McGee, Mark, and Michael Hubbard MacKay. “Joseph Smith Translation with Mark Ashurst-McGee and Michael Hubbard MacKay.” On From the Desk of Kurt Manwaring. https://www.fromthedesk.org/producing-ancient-scripture/. August 4, 2020.
“”

B

Baden, Joel S. The Composition of the Pentateuch: Renewing the Documentary Hypothesis. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2012.
Bailey, David H., Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, John H. Lewis, Gregory L. Smith, and Michael L. Stark, eds. Science and Mormonism: Cosmos, Earth, and Man. Interpreter Science and Mormonism Symposia 1. Orem and Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2016.

This book features the personal perspectives of prominent LDS scientists addressing the theme of “Cosmos, Earth, and Man.” Many of these were drawn from the first Interpreter Symposium on Science and Mormonism, held in Provo, Utah on 9 November 2013. In the pages of this book, readers will appreciate the concise and colorful summaries of the state-of-the-art in scientific research relating to these topics and will gain a deeper appreciation of the unique contributions of LDS doctrine to the ongoing conversation.

Baldridge, Kenneth W. “Pearl of Great Price: Contents and Publication.” In Latter-day Saint Essentials: Readings from the Encyclopedia of Mormonism, ed. John W. Welch and Devan Jensen (Provo, UT: BYU Studies and the Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2002), 70–1.
Bandstra, Barry L. Genesis 1–11: A Handbook on the Hebrew Text. Baylor Handbook on the Hebrew Bible, ed. W. Dennis Tucker, Jr. Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2008.
Barker, Margaret. The Great Angel: A Study of Israel’s Second God. Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1992.
Barker, Margaret. The Lost Prophet: The Book of Enoch and its influence on Christianity. London: SPCK, 1988.
Barlow, Philip L. Mormons and the Bible: The Place of the Latter-day Saints in American Religion. Updated ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Philip L. Barlow offers an in-depth analysis of the approaches taken to the Bible by major Mormon leaders, from its beginnings to the present. He shows that Mormon attitudes toward the Bible comprise an extraordinary mix of conservative, liberal, and radical ingredients: an almost fundamentalist adherence to the King James Version co-exists with belief in the possibility of new revelation and surprising ideas about the limits of human language. Barlow’s exploration takes important steps toward unraveling the mystery of this quintessential American religious phenomenon. This updated edition of Mormons and the Bible includes an extended bibliography and a new preface, casting Joseph Smith’s mission into a new frame and treating evolutions in Mormonism’s biblical usage in recent decades.

Barney, Kevin L. “A Commentary on Joseph Smith’s Revision of First Corinthians.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 53, no. 2 (Summer 2020): 57-105.
Barney, Kevin L. “The Joseph Smith Translation and Ancient Texts of the Bible.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 19, no. 3 (Fall 1986): 85-102.
Barney, Kevin L. Review of David Bokovoy Authoring the Old Testament. By Common Consent, February 23, 2014.
Battista, Antonio, and Bellarmino Bagatti. Il Combattimento di Adamo: Testo arabo inedito con traduzione italiana e commento. Jerusalem: Franciscan Printing Press, 1982.
Belnap, Dan. “‘Where Is Thy Glory?’ Moses 1, the Nature of Truth, and the Plan of Salvation.” Religious Educator 10, no. 2 (2009): 163–80.

While the first chapter of the book of Moses is often understood as introductory to the rest of the book, the chapter itself is an inclusive text centering on Moses’s transformation through three separate encounters with supernatural beings. In each encounter he is taught something of the meaning of truth and experiences the power that the comprehension of truth brings. His example is particularly instructive in light of the doctrine that “truth is knowledge of things as they are, and as they were, and as they are to come” (D&C 93:24).

The first section of Moses 1 contains Moses’s encounter with God (see vv. 1–11). Second is his confrontation with the adversary (see vv. 12–23). The third and final section records his meeting with God (see vv. 24–41). In these three encounters, Moses becomes a type for all who seek to understand things as they really are.

Belnap, Daniel. “‘Where is Thy Glory’: Moses 1, the Nature of Truth, and the Plan of Salvation.” Religious Educator 10, no. 2 (2009): 163–179.

While the first chapter of the book of Moses is often understood as introductory to the rest of the book, the chapter itself is an inclusive text centering on Moses’s transformation through three separate encounters with supernatural beings. In each encounter he is taught something of the meaning of truth and experiences the power that the comprehension of truth brings. His example is particularly instructive in light of the doctrine that “truth is knowledge of things as they are, and as they were, and as they are to come” (D&C 93:24).

Belnap, David M. “The Theory of Evolution is Compatible with Both Belief and Unbelief in a Supreme Being.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 16 (2015): 261-281.

Abstract: The crux of the creation–evolution conflict is a futile desire to scientifically prove or disprove the existence of God. The conflict is manifest in the common belief that creation means a divine, supernatural process and that evolution denotes an atheistic, accidental event. Evolution involves a random change in an inherited trait followed by selection for or against the altered trait. If humans use this principle to design machines, solve complex mathematical problems, engineer proteins, and manipulate living organisms, then certainly a super-intelligent being could have used evolution to create life on earth. This reasoning indicates that evolution does not prove atheism and that evolution is a constructive process. The theory of evolution is a mechanistic description and therefore, like all other scientific principles, is neutral on the question of God’s existence. Evolution is compatible with the simple scriptural accounts of creation. Consequently, belief or unbelief in God is put back where it should be — on individual choice.

Keywords: evolution
Bennion, Lowell L. The Unknown Testament. Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 1988.
Bergsma, John Sietze, and Scott Walker Hahn. “Noah’s Nakedness and the Curse on Canaan (Genesis 9:20-27).” Journal of Biblical Literature 124, no. 1 (Spring 2005): 25-40.
Berman, Joshua. Inconsistency in the Torah: Ancient Literary Convention and the Limits of Source Criticism.. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.
Bialik, Hayim Nahman, and Yehoshua Hana Ravnitzky, eds. The Book of Legends (Sefer Ha-Aggadah): Legends from the Talmud and Midrash. Translated by William G. Braude. New York, NY: Schocken Books, 1992.
Blumell, Lincoln H., Matthew J. Grey, and Andrew H. Hedges, eds. Approaching Antiquity: Joseph Smith and the Ancient World. Salt Lake City and Provo, UT: Deseret Book and BYU Religious Studies Center, 2015.
Boccaccini, Gabriele and John J. Collins, eds. The Early Enoch Literature. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2007.
Bokovoy, David E. Authoring the Old Testament: Genesis-Deuteronomy. Contemporary Studies in Scripture. Salt Lake City, UT: Greg Kofford Books, 2014.
Bokovoy, David E. “‘The Book Which Thou Shalt Write’: The Book of Moses as Prophetic Midrash.” In The Expanded Canon: Perspectives on Mormonism and Sacred Texts, edited by Blaire G. Van Dyke, Brian D. Birch, and Boyd J. Petersen, 121–142. Salt Lake City, UT: Greg Kofford Books, 2018.
Book of Mormon Central. “How Do the Book of Moses and Book of Mormon Help Us Understand the Endowment?” Book of Mormon Central, KnoWhy #396, January 4, 2018.
Book of Mormon Central. “What Does an Ancient Book About Enoch Have to Do With Lehi’s Dream?” Book of Mormon Central, KnoWhy #404, February 1, 2018.
Book of Mormon Central. “What are the Origins of Lehi’s Understanding of the Fall?” Book of Mormon Central, KnoWhy #28, February 8, 2016.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #1: Enoch’s Prophetic Commission (Moses 6:26–36) — Introduction.” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. May 02, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #2: Enoch’s Prophetic Commission — The Opening of Enoch’s Mouth and Eyes (Moses 6:31–32, 35).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. May 09, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #3: Enoch’s Prophetic Commission — Enoch As a Lad (Moses 6:31).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. May 16, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #4: Enoch’s Prophetic Commission — Enoch’s Power Over the Elements and His Divine Protection (Moses 6:32, 34).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. May 23, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #5: Enoch’s Preaching Mission — Were Ancient Enoch Manuscripts the Inspiration for Moses 6–7? (Moses 6–7).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. May 30, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #6: Enoch’s Preaching Mission — Enoch and the Other ‘Wild Man’ (Moses 6:38).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. June 06, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #7: Enoch’s Preaching Mission — Could Joseph Smith Have Borrowed ‘Mahijah/Mahujah’ from the Book of Giants? (Moses 6:40).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. June 13, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #8: Enoch’s Preaching Mission — Mahijah and Mahaway Interrogate Enoch (Moses 6:40).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. June 20, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #9: Enoch’s Preaching Mission — Secret Works, Oaths, and Murders (Moses 6:15).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. June 27, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #10: Enoch’s Preaching Mission — Enoch Reads from a Book of Remembrance (Moses 6:46–47).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. July 04, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #11: Enoch’s Preaching Mission — Enoch’s Call Raises the Possibility of Repentance (Moses 6:47, 50–68).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. July 11, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #12: Enoch’s Preaching Mission — The Defeat of the Gibborim and the Roar of the Wild Beasts (Moses 7:13).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. July 18, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #13: Enoch’s Preaching Mission — Imprisonment of the Gibborim (Moses 7:38).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. July 25, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #22: Enoch the Prophet and Seer — Enoch’s Transfiguration (Moses 7:1–3).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. September 26, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #23: Enoch the Prophet and Seer — Enoch’s Prophecy of the Tribes (Moses 7:5–11, 22).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. October 03, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #24: Enoch, the Prophet and Seer: The End of the Wicked and the Beginnings of Zion (Moses 7:12–18).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. October 10, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #25: Enoch’s Grand Vision: A Chorus of Weeping (Moses 7:18–49).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. October 17, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #26: Enoch’s Grand Vision: The Complaining Voice of the Earth (Moses 7:48–49, 54, 61, 64).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. October 24, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #27: Enoch’s Grand Vision: The Weeping Voice of the Heavens (Moses 7:28–29, 40, 42–43).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. October 31, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #29: Enoch’s Grand Vision: The Earth Shall Rest (Moses 7:60–69).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. November 14, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #30: Enoch’s Grand Vision: God Receives Zion unto Himself (Moses 7:18–19, 68–69).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. November 21, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #31: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: Heavenly Ascent and Ritual Ascent (Moses 1).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. November 28, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #32: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: The Two-Part Pattern of Heavenly and Ritual Ascent (Moses 1).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. December 05, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #46: Moses Witnesses the Creation (Moses 2): The Days of Creation and Temple Architecture (Moses 2:1-27).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. March 13, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #47: Moses Witnesses the Creation (Moses 2): The Creation of Light and the Heavenly Host (Moses 2:3-5).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. March 20, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #49: Let Us Make Man in Our Image, After Our Likeness (Moses 2:26).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. April 03, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #50: Moses Witnesses the Creation (Moses 2): ‘Male and Female Created I Them’ (Moses 2:27).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. April 10, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #51: Moses Witnesses the Creation (Moses 2): Science and the Creation of Man (Moses 2:26–27).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. April 17, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #52: Moses Sees the Garden of Eden (Moses 3): The Seventh Day (Moses 3:1–3).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. April 24, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #53: Moses Sees the Garden of Eden (Moses 3): Is the transition between Moses 2 and 3 a clumsy stitch or a skillful shift? (Moses 3:4–5).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. May 01, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #54: Moses Sees the Garden of Eden (Moses 3): Spiritual Creation (Moses 3:5–7).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. May 08, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #55: Moses Sees the Garden of Eden (Moses 3): The Garden of Eden as a Model for the Temple in Israel and Old Babylon (Moses 3:8–15).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. May 15, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #56: Moses Sees the Garden of Eden (Moses 3): The Naming of Animals, Angels, Adam, and Eve (Moses 3:8–15).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. May 22, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #57: Moses Sees the Garden of Eden (Moses 3): God Instructs Adam and Eve (Moses 3:15–17).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. May 29, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #58: Moses Sees the Garden of Eden (Moses 3): The Symbolism of the Tree of Knowledge and the Tree of Life (Moses 3:9).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. June 05, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #59: Moses Witnesses the Fall (Moses 4): Satan’s Original Glory and the Symbols of Kingship (Moses 4:1–4).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. June 12, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #60: Moses Witnesses the Fall (Moses 4): The Willing and Unwilling Sons in the Council in Heaven (Moses 4:1-4).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. June 19, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #61: Moses Witnesses the Fall (Moses 4): The Tree in the Sacred Center of the Garden of Eden (Moses 3:9).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. June 26, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #62: Moses Witnesses the Fall (Moses 4): What Was the Nature of Satan’s Premortal Proposal? (Moses 4:1–4).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. July 03, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #63: Moses Witnesses the Fall (Moses 4): The False and the True ‘Keeper of the Gate’ (Moses 4:5–12).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. July 10, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #64: Moses Witnesses the Fall (Moses 4): The False Apron and the Tree of Death and Rebirth (Moses 4:13).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. July 17, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #65: Moses Witnesses the Fall (Moses 4): A Curse for the Serpent (Moses 4:14–21).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. July 24, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #66: Moses Witnesses the Fall (Moses 4): The Challenges and Blessings of Celestial Marriage (Moses 4:22–26).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. July 31, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #67: Moses Witnesses the Fall (Moses 4): Was Eve Beguiled? (Moses 4:5–12).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. August 07, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #68: Moses Witnesses the Fall (Moses 4): The Nakedness and Clothing of Adam and Eve (Moses 3:25, 4:13–17, 27).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. August 14, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #69: Moses Witnesses the Fall (Moses 4): ‘Stand Ye in Holy Places, and Be Not Moved’ (Moses 4:29–31).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. August 21, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #70: Moses Witnesses the Fall (Moses 4): The ‘Temple Work’ of Adam and Eve (Moses 4:23–25, 31).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. August 28, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #71: The Two Ways (Moses 5): The Prayer of Adam and Eve (Moses 5:4).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. September 04, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #72: The Two Ways (Moses 5): Adam, Eve, and the New and Everlasting Covenant (Moses 5:4–6).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. September 11, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #73: The Two Ways (Moses 5): The Five Celestial Laws (Moses, chapters 5–8).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. September 18, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #74: The Family of Adam and Eve (Moses 6:1–12).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. September 25, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #75: Noah (Moses 8): The Sons of God and the Sons of Men (Moses 8:1-21).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. October 02, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #76: Noah (Moses 8): Was Noah’s Ark Designed as a Floating Temple? (Moses 8:22–30; Genesis 6:5–22; chapters 7–8).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. October 09, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #77: Noah (Moses 8): Was Noah Drunk or in a Vision? (Genesis 9).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. October 16, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Book of Moses FAQ.” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. May 09, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Introduction to the Book of Moses.” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. May 02, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Mark J. Johnson. “Essay #44: Moses 1: A Literary Masterpiece. Hebrew Literary Features of Moses 1 (Moses 1).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. February 27, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff and Mark J. Johnson. “Essay #45: Moses 1: A Literary Masterpiece. Chiasmus in Moses 1 (Moses 1).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. March 06, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, and Matthew L. Bowen. “Essay #14: The Teachings of Enoch — Enoch as a Teacher (Moses 6:51–68).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. August 01, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, and Matthew L. Bowen. “Essay #15: The Teachings of Enoch — ‘The Son of Man, Even Jesus Christ, a Righteous Judge’ (Moses 6:57).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. August 08, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, and Matthew L. Bowen. “Essay #16: The Teachings of Enoch — ‘By Water, and Blood, and the Spirit’ (Moses 6:58–60).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. August 15, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, and Matthew L. Bowen. “Essay #17: The Teachings of Enoch — ‘By the Water Ye Keep the Commandment’ (Moses 6:60, 64).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. August 22, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, and Matthew L. Bowen. “Essay #18: The Teachings of Enoch — ‘Out of the Waters of Judah’ (1 Nephi 20:1; JST Genesis 17:3–7).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. August 29, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, and Matthew L. Bowen. “Essay #19: The Teachings of Enoch — ‘By the Spirit Ye Are Justified’ (Moses 6:60, 63, 65–66).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. September 05, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, and Matthew L. Bowen. “Essay #20: The Teachings of Enoch — ‘By the Blood Ye Are Sanctified’ (Moses 6:60).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. September 12, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, and Matthew L. Bowen. “Essay #21: The Teachings of Enoch — ‘Thus May All Become My Sons’ (Moses 6:59, 66–68).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. September 19, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Essay #33: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: Moses 1 as a ‘Missing’ Prologue to Genesis (Moses 1).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. December 12, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Essay #34: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: Moses in the Spirit World (Moses 1:1–8).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. December 19, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Essay #35: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: Moses Falls to the Earth (Moses 1:9-11).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. December 26, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Essay #36: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: Moses Defeats Satan (Moses 1:12–23).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. January 02, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Essay #37: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: Moses Ascends to Heaven (Moses 1:24).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. January 09, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Essay #38: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: Moses Passes Through the Heavenly Veil (Moses 1:25–27).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. January 16, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Jacob A. Rennaker, and David J. Larsen. “Essay #28: Enoch’s Grand Vision: The Weeping of Enoch (Moses 7:28–43).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. November 07, 2020.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Matthew L. Bowen, David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Essay #39: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: The Names of Moses as ‘Keywords’ (Moses 1:25).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. January 23, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Matthew L. Bowen, David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Essay #40: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: Moses’ Vision at the Veil (Moses 1:27–30).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. January 30, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Matthew L. Bowen, David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Essay #41: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: Moses in the Presence of God (Moses 1:31, chapters 2-4).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. February 06, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Matthew L. Bowen, and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #42: Moses 1 in Its Ancient Context: ‘The Words of God’ (Moses 1:1–7, 35, 40–42).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. February 13, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Matthew L. Bowen, and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #43: Moses 1: A Literary Masterpiece. Many-Great Waters and Moses’ Mission to Baptize (Moses 1:25-26).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. February 20, 2021.
Book of Mormon Central Staff, Matthew L. Bowen, and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Essay #48: Moses Witnesses the Creation (Moses 2): ‘This I Did By the Word of My Power’ (Moses 2:5).” In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. March 28, 2021.
Bowen, Matthew. “Semitic Semiotics: The Symbolic, Prophetic, and Narratological Power of Names in Ancient Scripture.” On FAIR, https://www.fairlatterdaysaints.org. From the 2017 FairMormon Conference.

I begin this presentation with a brief explanation of the pun in its title. The adjective “Semitic” ultimately derives from the name Shem (Hebrew šēm). The Hebrew term for “name,” šēm, is identical. In Genesis 9:26, Noah invokes the blessing of Yahweh by the name-title “Yahweh, God of Shem,” which one might also render “Yahweh, God of Name” or “Yahweh, God of Renown.” Within the context of Genesis and biblical Hebrew narrative as a whole, where names dominate as symbols and signals within biblical narrative, “God of Shem” or “God of Name” constitutes an appropriate divine title.

Bowen, Matthew L. “‘And They Shall Be Had Again’: Onomastic Allusions to Joseph in Moses 1:41 in View of the So-called Canon Formula.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 32 (2019): 297-304.

Abstract: Moses 1:41 echoes or plays on the etymological meaning of the name Joseph — “may he [Yahweh] add,” as the Lord foretells to Moses the raising up of a future figure through whom the Lord’s words, after having been “taken” (away) from the book that Moses would write, “shall be had again among the children of men.” Moses 1:41 anticipates and employs language reminiscent of the so-called biblical canon formulas, possible additions to biblical texts meant to ensure the texts’ stability by warning against “adding” or “diminishing” (i.e., “taking away”) from them (e.g., Deuteronomy 4:2; 5:22 [MT 5:18]; 12:32 [MT 13:1]; cf. Revelation 22:18– 19). This article presupposes that the vision of Moses presents restored text that was at some point recorded in Hebrew.

Keywords: Book of Moses, canon formula, Joseph, Moses 1, wordplay
Bowen, Matthew L. “‘By the Word of My Power’: The Divine Word in the Book of Moses.” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (September 18–19, 2020), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2020.
Bowen, Matthew L. “‘By The Word of My Power’: The Divine Word in the Book of Moses.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 2. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 733–88. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Bowen, Matthew L. “‘Creator of the First Day’: The Glossing of Lord of Sabaoth in D&C 95:7.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 22 (2016): 51–77.
Bowen, Matthew L. “Getting Cain and Gain.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 15 (2015): 115-141.

Abstract: The biblical etiology (story of origin) for the name “Cain” associates his name with the Hebrew verb qny/qnh, “to get,” “gain,” “acquire,” “create,” or “procreate” in a positive sense. A fuller form of this etiology, known to us indirectly through the Book of Mormon text and directly through the restored text of the Joseph Smith Translation, creates additional wordplay on “Cain” that associates his name with murder to “get gain.” This fuller narrative is thus also an etiology for organized evil—secret combinations “built up to get power and gain” (Ether 8:22–23; 11:15). The original etiology exerted a tremendous influence on Book of Mormon writers (e.g., Nephi, Jacob, Alma, Mormon, and Moroni) who frequently used allusions to this narrative and sometimes replicated the wordplay on “Cain” and “getting gain.” The fuller narrative seems to have exerted its greatest influence on Mormon and Moroni, who witnessed the destruction of their nation firsthand — destruction catalyzed by Cainitic secret combinations. Moroni, in particular, invokes the Cain etiology in describing the destruction of the Jaredites by secret combinations. The destruction of two nations by Cainitic secret combinations stand as two witnesses and a warning to latter-day Gentiles (and Israel) against building up these societies and allowing them to flourish.

Keywords: Cain
Bowen, Matthew L. “‘In the Mount of the Lord It Shall Be Seen’ and ‘Provided’: Theophany and Sacrifice as the Etiological Foundation of the Temple in Israelite and Latter-day Saint Tradition.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 5 (2013): 201-223.

Abstract: For ancient Israelites, the temple was a place where sacrifice and theophany (i.e., seeing God or other heavenly beings) converged. The account of Abraham’s “arrested” sacrifice of Isaac (Genesis 22) and the account of the arrested slaughter of Jerusalem following David’s unauthorized census of Israel (2 Samuel 24; 1 Chronicles 21) served as etiological narratives—explanations of “cause” or “origin”—for the location of the Jerusalem temple and its sacrifices. Wordplay on the verb rāʾâ (to “see”) in these narratives creates an etiological link between the place-names “Jehovah-jireh,” “Moriah” and the threshing floor of Araunah/Ornan, pointing to the future location of the Jerusalem temple as the place of theophany and sacrifice par excellence. Isaac’s arrested sacrifice and the vicarious animal sacrifices of the temple anticipated Jesus’s later “un-arrested” sacrifice since, as Jesus himself stated, “Abraham rejoiced to see my day” (John 8:56). Sacrifice itself was a kind of theophany in which one’s own redemption could be “seen” and the scriptures of the Restoration confirm that Abraham and many others, even “a great many thousand years before” the coming of Christ, “saw” Jesus’s sacrifice and “rejoiced.” Additionally, theophany and sacrifice converge in the canonized revelations regarding the building of the latter-day temple. These temple revelations begin with a promise of theophany, and mandate sacrifice from the Latter-day Saints. In essence, the temple itself was, and is, Christ’s atonement having its intended effect on humanity. .

Keywords: sacrifice, temple, theophany, wordplay
Bowen, Matthew L. “‘This Son Shall Comfort Us’: An Onomastic Tale of Two Noahs.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 23 (2017): 263-298.

Abstract: From an etiological perspective, the Hebrew Bible connects the name Noah with two distinct but somewhat homonymous verbal roots: nwḥ (“rest”) and nḥm (“comfort,” “regret” [sometimes “repent”]). Significantly, the Enoch and Noah material in the revealed text of the Joseph Smith Translation of Genesis (especially Moses 7–8) also connects the name Noah in a positive sense to the earth’s “rest” and the Lord’s covenant with Enoch after the latter “refuse[d] to be comforted” regarding the imminent destruction of humanity in the flood. The Book of Mormon, on the other hand, connects the name Noah pejoratively to Hebrew nwḥ (“rest”) and nḥm (“comfort” and “repentance” [regret]) in a negative evaluation of King Noah, the son of Zeniff. King Noah causes his people to “labor exceedingly to support iniquity” (Mosiah 11:6), gives “rest” to his wicked and corrupt priests (Mosiah 11:11), and anesthetizes his people in their sins with his winemaking. Noah and his people’s refusal to “repent” and their martyring of Abinadi result in their coming into hard bondage to the Lamanites. Mormon’s text further demonstrates how the Lord eventually “comforts” Noah’s former subjects after their “sore repentance” and “sincere repentance” from their iniquity and abominations, providing them a typological deliverance that points forward to the atonement of Jesus Christ.

“Sing, O heavens; and be joyful, O earth; and break forth into singing, O mountains: for the Lord hath comforted his people, and will have mercy upon his afflicted.” (Isaiah 49:13).

Keywords: Noah, onomasticon
Bowen, Matthew L. “What Meaneth the Rod of Iron?” Insights 25, no. 2 (2005): 2–3.

Latter-day Saint scholars Hugh W. Nibley and John A. Tvedtnes have discussed at length how a staff, rod, and sword came to be commonly identified with the word of God in the ancient Near East. The evidence they cite from the Bible, the earliest Hebrew commentators, modern biblical scholarship, and elsewhere affirms Nephi ’s unambiguous assertion that the “word of God” is a “rod.”

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “The Ark and the Tent: Temple Symbolism in the Story of Noah.” In Temple Insights: Proceedings of the Interpreter Matthew B. Brown Memorial Conference ‘The Temple on Mount Zion,’ 22 September 2012, edited by William J. Hamblin and David Rolph Seely. Temple on Mount Zion Series 2, 25–66. Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2014.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “The Ark and the Tent: Temple Symbolism in the Story of Noah.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 44 (2021): 93-136.

Abstract: Jeffrey M. Bradshaw compares Moses’ tabernacle and Noah’s ark, and then identifies the story of Noah as a temple related drama, drawing of temple mysticism and symbols. After examining structural similarities between ark and tabernacle and bringing into the discussion further information about the Mesopotamian flood story, he shows how Noah’s ark is a beginning of a new creation, pointing out the central point of Day One in the Noah story. When Noah leaves the ark, they find themselves in a garden, not unlike the Garden of Eden in the way the Bible speaks about it. A covenant is established in signs and tokens. Noah is the new Adam. This is then followed by a fall/Judgement scene story, even though it is Ham who is judged, not Noah. In accordance with mostly non-Mormon sources quoted, Bradshaw points out how Noah was not in “his” tent, but in the tent of the Shekhina, the presence of God, how being drunk was seen by the ancients as a synonym to “being caught up in a vision of God,” and how his “nakedness” was rather referring to garments God had made for Adam and Eve.

[Editor’s Note: Part of our book chapter reprint series, this article is reprinted here as a service to the LDS community. Original pagination and page numbers have necessarily changed, otherwise the reprint has the same content as the original.

See Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, “The Ark and the Tent: Temple Symbolism in the Story of Noah,” in Temple Insights: Proceedings of the Interpreter Matthew B. Brown Memorial Conference, “The Temple on Mount Zion,” 22 September 2012, ed. William J. Hamblin and David Rolph Seely (Orem, UT: The Interpreter Foundation; Salt Lake City: Eborn Books, 2014), 25–66. Further information at https://interpreterfoundation.org/books/temple-insights/.].

Keywords: ark, Moses, Noah, tabernacle, temple symbols
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “The Book of Moses as a Temple Text.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 1. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 421–68. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “Book of Moses Textual Criticism 1 — Article Preview: Did God or Enoch weep?” The Interpreter Foundation, August 27, 2020.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “Book of Moses Textual Criticism 2 — Article Preview: Were the Names ‘Mahijah’ and ‘Mahujah’ Inspired by Adam Clarke’s Commentary?” The Interpreter Foundation, September 3, 2020.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “Book of Moses Textual Criticism 3: Was the Book of Moses Simply an Unplanned Afterthought to Moses 1? A response to Thomas A. Wayment. ‘Intertextuality and the Purpose of Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible.’” The Interpreter Foundation, September 10, 2020.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “‘The Book That Answers All the Questions’: Hugh Nibley and the Pearl of Great Price.” In Hugh Nibley Observed Introductory Blog Series, by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR. 22 April 2021. https://interpreterfoundation.org/blog-hugh-nibley-observed-4/.

This is the fourth of eight weekly blog posts published in honor of the life and work of Hugh Nibley.

An examination of Nibley’s work with the Book of Abraham.

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “Creation, Fall, and the Story of Adam and Eve.” In In God’s Image and Likeness 1. Updated ed. Salt Lake City, UT: Eborn Books, 2014.

The stories of the Grand Councils in Heaven, the Creation, the Fall, and the revelation of the Plan of Salvation to mankind are foundational to LDS doctrine. As it turns out, they are also the focus of a vast ancient literature by Jewish commentators, Islamic scholars, and early Christians, as well as the nexus of perennial controversies about science and religion.

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “Did Moses Write the Book of Genesis? — Old Testament KnoWhy JBOTL03B.” In The Interpreter Foundation. January 11, 2018.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. Enoch and the Gathering of Zion: The Witness of Ancient Texts for Modern Scripture. Orem, Springville, and Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. The First Days and the Last Days: A Verse-By-Verse Commentary on the Book of Moses and JS—Matthew in Light of the Temple. Orem and Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2021.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “Foreword.” In Name as Key-Word: Collected Essays on Onomastic Wordplay and the Temple in Mormon Scripture, edited by Matthew L. Bowen, ix-xliv. Orem and Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2018.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “Jeffrey M. Bradshaw — The Tree of Knowledge as the Veil of the Sanctuary.” The Interpreter Foundation. January 15, 2018. https://interpreterfoundation.org/vid-jeffrey-m-bradshaw-the-tree-of-knowledge-as-the-veil-of-the-sanctuary/.
Keywords: temple;Tree of Knowledge;veil of the temple;video
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “KnoWhy OTL03A — What Can the Architecture of Israelite Temples Teach Us About Creation and the Garden of Eden?” Interpreter Foundation blog. January 8, 2018.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “The LDS Book of Enoch as the Culminating Story of a Temple Text.” BYU Studies 53, no. 1 (2014): 39–73.

In this article, I will suggest how the LDS story of Enoch might be understood as the culminating episode in a temple text cycle woven through the book of Moses. I will begin by giving a brief summary of “temple theology” and what is meant by the term “temple text.” Distinctive aspects of LDS temple teachings will be outlined. I will then outline how the book of Moses reflects elements of temple architecture, furnishings, and ritual in the story of the Creation and the Fall. Like other scripture-based temple texts, the general structure of the second half of the book of Moses follows a pattern exemplifying faithfulness and unfaithfulness to a specific sequence of covenants that is familiar to members of the LDS Church who have received the temple endowment. I argue that the story of Enoch and his people provides a vivid demonstration of the final steps on the path that leads back to God and up to exaltation.

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “Moses 6-7 and the Book of Giants: Remarkable Witnesses of Enoch’s Ministry.” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (April 23-24, 2021), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2021.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “Moses 6–7 and the Book of Giants: Remarkable Witnesses of Enoch’s Ministry.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 48 (2021): 95-312.

Abstract: The Book of Giants (BG), an Enoch text found in 1948 among the Dead Sea Scrolls, includes a priceless trove of stories about the ancient prophet and his contemporaries, including unique elements relevant to the Book of Moses Enoch account. Hugh Nibley was the first to discover in the BG a rare personal name that corresponds to the only named character in the Book of Moses besides Enoch himself, a finding that some non-Latter-day Saint Enoch scholars considered significant. Since Nibley’s passing, the growth of new scholarship on ancient Enoch texts has continued unabated. While Nibley’s pioneering research compared the names and roles of one character in Moses 6–7 and BG, scholars have now been able to examine the names and roles of nearly all of the prominent figures in the two books and analyze their respective accounts in more detail. Not only are the overall storylines of the two independent accounts more similar than could have imagined a few years ago, a series of recent studies have added substance to the claim that the specific resemblances of the Book of Giants to Moses 6–7—resemblances that are rare or absent elsewhere in Jewish tradition—are more numerous and significant than the resemblances of any other single ancient Enoch text—or, for that matter, to all of the most significant extant Enoch texts combined. Of particular note is new evidence in BG that relates to the Book of Moses account of Enoch’s gathering of Zion to divinely prepared cities and the ascent of his people to the presence of God.

[Editor’s Note: Part of our book chapter reprint series, this article is reprinted here as a service to the Latter-day Saint community. Original pagination and page numbers have necessarily changed, otherwise the reprint has the same content as the original.

[Page 96]See Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, “Moses 6–7 and the Book of Giants: Remarkable Witnesses of Enoch’s Ministry,” in Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, ed. Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon (Orem, UT: The Interpreter Foundation; Springville, UT: Book of Mormon Central; Redding, CA: FAIR; Salt Lake City: Eborn Books, 2021), 1041–256. Further information at https://interpreterfoundation.org/books/ancient-threads-in-the-book-of-moses/.

A condensed and simplified version of ancient evidence for the Enoch account in the Book of Moses will be forthcoming in a new book:

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., Enoch and the Gathering of Zion: The Witness of Ancient Texts for Modern Scripture. Orem, Springville, and Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, and Eborn Books, 2021. See https://interpreterfoundation.org/books/enoch-and-the-gathering-of-zion/.

In the meantime, perhaps this video version may be a little easier to digest:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HP6GYxbieNQ

Also, the Book of Moses Essays #1-30 at https://interpreterfoundation.org/book-of-moses-essays/ overlap somewhat, containing both earlier versions of some (but not all) of the findings in this article, while also including topics that are not in the paper.]

Keywords: Book of Giants, Book of Moses, Dead Sea Scrolls, Enoch
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “Moses 6–7 and the Book of Giants: Remarkable Witnesses of Enoch’s Ministry.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 2. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 1041–256. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “Science and Genesis: A Personal View.” In Interpreter Foundation blog. Reprint from Science & Mormonism Series 1: Cosmos, Earth, and Man , edited by David H. Bailey, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, John S. Lewis, Gregory L. Smith, and Michael R. Stark. Orem, UT, and Salt Lake City: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2016. Reprinted December 2, 2019.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “ScripturePlus Commentary Minutes on Genesis and the Book of Moses.” In ScripturePlus from Book of Mormon Central. English and Spanish.

English and Spanish

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “Since Hugh Nibley: Remarkable New Findings on Enoch and the Gathering of Zion.” Presented at the 2021 FAIR Conference, Provo, UT, August 4, 2021.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “Sorting Out the Sources in Scripture.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 9 (2014): 215-272.

Review of David E. Bokovoy, Authoring the Old Testament: Genesis-Deuteronomy. Contemporary Studies in Scripture. Salt Lake City, UT: Greg Kofford Books, 2014. 272 pp. $26.95 (paperback); $70.00 (hardcover).

Abstract: To date, LDS scholars have largely ignored the important but rather complex questions about how primary sources may have been authored and combined to form the Bible as we have it today. David Bokovoy’s book, one of a projected series of volumes on the authorship of the Old Testament, is intended to rectify this deficiency, bringing the results of scholarship in Higher Criticism into greater visibility within the LDS community. Though readers may not agree in every respect with the book’s analysis and results, particularly with its characterization of the Books of Moses and Abraham as “inspired pseudepigrapha,” Bokovoy has rendered an important service by applying his considerable expertise in a sincere quest to understand how those who accept Joseph Smith as a prophet of God can derive valuable interpretive lessons from modern scholarship.

Keywords: book review, criticism, David Bokovoy, Documentary Hypothesis, scholarship, scripture, sources
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “Standing in the Holy Place: Ancient and Modern Reverberations of an Enigmatic New Testament Prophecy.” In Ancient Temple Worship: Proceedings of the Expound Symposium, 14 May 2011, edited by Matthew B. Brown, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Stephen D. Ricks, and John S. Thompson. Temple on Mount Zion Series 1, 71–142. Orem and Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2014.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “Standing in the Holy Place: Ancient and Modern Reverberations of an Enigmatic New Testament Prophecy.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 37 (2020): 163-236.

Abstract: On the Mount of Olives, just prior to the culminating events of the Passion week, Jesus gave one of the most controversial prophecies of the New Testament, saying, among other things, that the “abomination of desolation” will “stand in the holy place.” In Joseph Smith-Matthew the Prophet renders this passage in a way that radically changes its meaning. Rather than describing how the “abomination of desolation” will “stand in the holy place,” the jst version enjoins the apostles to “stand in the holy place” when the “abomination of desolation” appears. Though several Latter-day Saint scholars have offered interpretations and personal applications of these words as given in modern scripture, it appears that no one has heretofore seriously explored how this change in meaning might be explained and defended. This article will show that other passages in the Bible, in connection with the light shed by Jewish midrash and contemporary scholarship, demonstrate that the idea behind Joseph Smith’s revision of the passage, far from being a modern invention, reverberates throughout the religious thought of earlier times. The article concludes with an appendix that tries to draw out a possibility for a specific interpretation of the prophecy about the “abomination of desolation” at the time of Christ and in the latter days.

[Editor’s Note: Part of our book chapter reprint series, this article is reprinted here as a service to the LDS community. Original pagination and page numbers have necessarily changed, otherwise the reprint has the same content as the original.See Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, “Standing in the Holy Place: Ancient and Modern Reverberations of an Enigmatic New Testament Prophecy,” in Ancient Temple Worship: Proceedings of The Expound Symposium 14 May 2011, ed. Matthew B. Brown, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Stephen D. Ricks, and John S. Thompson (Orem, UT: The Interpreter Foundation; Salt Lake City: Eborn Books, 2014), 71–142. Further information at https://interpreterfoundation.org/books/ancient-temple-worship/.].

Keywords: holy place, JST Matthew, Matthew 24
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. Temas del Templo en Libro de Moisés. Spanish translation of Temple Themes in the Book of Moses. Updated ed. Salt Lake City, UT: Eborn Publishing, 2014.

The book of Moses is an ideal starting point for a scripture-based study of temple themes. It is well known, for example, that the LDS temple endowment, like the book of Moses, includes includes the stories of Creation and of Adam and Eve. What is more rarely appreciated, however, is that the relationship between scripture and temple teachings goes two ways. Not only have many of the stories of the book of Moses been included in the endowment, but also, in striking abundance, themes echoing temple architecture, furnishings, ordinances, and covenants have been deeply woven into the text of the book of Moses itself.

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. Temple Themes in the Book of Moses. Updated ed. Salt Lake City, UT: Eborn Publishing, 2014.

The book of Moses is an ideal starting point for a scripture-based study of temple themes. It is well known, for example, that the LDS temple endowment, like the book of Moses, includes includes the stories of Creation and of Adam and Eve. What is more rarely appreciated, however, is that the relationship between scripture and temple teachings goes two ways. Not only have many of the stories of the book of Moses been included in the endowment, but also, in striking abundance, themes echoing temple architecture, furnishings, ordinances, and covenants have been deeply woven into the text of the book of Moses itself.

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “Ten Questions with Jeffrey M. Bradshaw [about the Book of Moses].” From The Desk of Kurt Manwaring. September 14, 2020.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “The Tree of Knowledge as the Veil of the Sanctuary.” In Ascending the Mountain of the Lord: Temple, Praise, and Worship in the Old Testament, edited by David Rolph Seely, Jeffrey R. Chadwick and Matthew J. Grey. The 42nd Annual Brigham Young University Sidney B. Sperry Symposium (26 October, 2013), 49–65. Provo and Salt Lake City, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center and Deseret Book, 2013.

One thing that has always perplexed readers of Genesis is the location of the two special trees within the Garden of Eden. Although scripture initially applies the phrase “in the midst” only to the tree of life (Genesis 2:9), the tree of knowledge is later said by Eve to be located there too (see Genesis 3:3). In the context of these verses, the Hebrew phrase corresponding to “in the midst” literally means “in the center.” How can both trees be in the center?

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “Truth and Beauty in the Book of Moses.” In Proceedings of the Fourth Interpreter Foundation Matthew B. Brown Memorial Conference, 10 November 2018, edited by Stephen D. Ricks and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. The Temple on Mount Zion Series. Volume 5, in preparation. Orem and Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “‘Worlds Without Number’: Hugh Nibley on Science and Religion.” In Hugh Nibley Observed Introductory Blog Series, by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR. 20 May 2021. https://interpreterfoundation.org/blog-hugh-nibley-observed-8/.

The series is in honor of the landmark book, Hugh Nibley Observed, available in softcover, hardback, digital, and audio editions. Each week the post was accompanied by interviews and insights in pdf, audio, and video formats.

One of nine weekly blog posts published in honor of the life and work of Hugh Nibley (1910–2005).

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “Древо познания как завеса храма (Святилища).” Russian translation of “The Tree of Knowledge as the Veil of the Sanctuary” in Ascending the Mountain of the Lord: Temple, Praise, and Worship in the Old Testament, edited by David Rolph Seely, Jeffrey R. Chadwick and Matthew J. Grey. The 42nd Annual Brigham Young University Sidney B. Sperry Symposium (26 October, 2013), 49–65. Provo and Salt Lake City, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center and Deseret Book, 2013.

One thing that has always perplexed readers of Genesis is the location of the two special trees within the Garden of Eden. Although scripture initially applies the phrase “in the midst” only to the tree of life (Genesis 2:9), the tree of knowledge is later said by Eve to be located there too (see Genesis 3:3). In the context of these verses, the Hebrew phrase corresponding to “in the midst” literally means “in the center.” How can both trees be in the center?

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. , and Matthew L. Bowen. “‘Made Stronger Than Many Waters’: The Purported Sacred Names of Moses as a Series of Keywords.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 2. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 943–1000. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. , Matthew L. Bowen and Ryan Dahle. “Where Did the Names Mahaway and Mahujah Come From? A Response to Colby Townsend’s ‘Returning to the Sources,’ Part 2 of 2.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 40 (2020): 181-242.

Review of Colby Townsend, “Returning to the Sources: Integrating Textual Criticism in the Study of Early Mormon Texts and History,” Intermountain West Journal of Religious Studies 10, no. 1 (2019): 55–85, https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/imwjournal/vol10/iss1/6/.

Abstract: In the present article, Part 2 of 2 of a set of articles supporting Colby Townsend’s efforts to raise awareness of the importance of textual criticism, we focus on his argument that Joseph Smith created the Book of Moses names Mahijah and Mahujah after seeing a table of name variants in the Hebrew text of Genesis 4:18 in a Bible commentary written by Adam Clarke. While we are not averse in principle to the general possibility that Joseph Smith may have relied on study aids as part of his translation of the Bible, we discuss why in this case such a conjecture raises more questions than it answers. We argue that a common ancient source for Mahujah and Mahijah in the Book of Moses and similar names in the Bible and an ancient Dead Sea Scrolls Enoch text named the Book of Giants cannot be ruled out. More broadly, we reiterate and expand upon arguments we have made elsewhere that the short and fragmentary Book of Giants, a work not discovered until 1948, contains much more dense and generally more pertinent resemblances to Moses 6‒7 than the much longer 1 Enoch, the only ancient Enoch text outside the Bible that was published and translated into English in Joseph Smith’s lifetime.

Keywords: Book of Moses, Colby Townsend, Mahijah, Mahujah, textual criticism
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. and David J. Larsen. “L’Apocalypse d’Abraham: Témoin Ancien du Livre de Moïse (The Apocalypse of Abraham : Ancient Witness of the Book of Moses).” Invited lecture at the FAIR France Conference, Strasbourg, France. March 29, 2009.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. and David J. Larsen. “Die Apokalypse Abrahams: Ein antiker Zeuge für das Buch Mose (The Apocalypse of Abraham : Ancient Witness of the Book of Moses).” Invited lecture at the FAIR Germany Conference, Frankfurt, Germany. 28 March 2009.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. and Matthew L. Bowen. “‘Made Stronger Than Many Waters’: The Names of Moses as Keywords in the Heavenly Ascent of Moses.” In The Temple: Past, Present and Future. Proceedings of the Fifth Interpreter Foundation Matthew B. Brown Memorial Conference, 7 November 2020, edited by Stephen D. Ricks and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. The Temple on Mount Zion Series. Vol. 6. Orem and Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2021.

The idea of names as “keywords” has been associated with temples since very early times. In a temple context, the meaning of the term “keyword” can be taken quite literally: the use of the appropriate keyword or keywords by a qualified worshipper “unlocks” each one of a successive series of gates, thus providing access to specific, secured areas of the sacred space. In this presentation, we will explore how a series of names and titles purportedly given to Moses at various points in his life might relate to accounts of his ascents to heaven.

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and David J. Larsen. “Ancient Affinities within the LDS Book of Enoch Part Two.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 4 (2013): 29-74.

Abstract: In this article, we will examine affinities between ancient extracanonical sources and a collection of modern revelations that Joseph Smith termed “extracts from the Prophecy of Enoch.” We build on the work of previous scholars, revisiting their findings with the benefit of subsequent scholarship. Following a perspective on the LDS canon and an introduction to the LDS Enoch revelations, we will focus on relevant passages in pseudepigrapha and LDS scripture within three episodes in the Mormon Enoch narrative: Enoch’s prophetic commission, Enoch’s encounters with the “gibborim,” and the weeping and exaltation of Enoch and his people.

Keywords: Enoch
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and David J. Larsen. “Enoch, Noah, and the Tower of Babel.” In In God’s Image and Likeness 2. Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2014.

One of the most prominent themes in the first eleven chapters of the Bible is a series of transgressions of boundaries that had been set up in the beginning to separate mankind from the dwelling place of God. This general thesis is useful as far as it goes. In the stories of the transgressions of Adam and Eve, of Cain, of Lamech, of the “sons of God” who married the “daughters of men,” and of the builders of the Tower of Babel, we cannot fail to observe the common thread of a God who places strict boundaries between the human and the divine. Surprisingly, however, a significant and opposite theme has been largely neglected by readers: namely, the fact that within some of these same chapters God is also portrayed as having sought to erase the divine-human boundary for a righteous few, drawing them into His very presence. The prime examples of this motif are, of course, Enoch and Noah, of whom it was explicitly said that they “walked with God.”

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and David J. Larsen. “Preface and Introduction.” In Interpreter Foundation blog. Reprint from In God’s Image and Likeness 2: Enoch, Noah, and the Tower of Babel. Jeffrey M. Bradshaw and David J. Larsen, Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2014.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and Matthew L. Bowen. “‘By the Blood Ye Are Sanctified’: The Symbolic, Salvific, Interrelated, Additive, Retrospective, and Anticipatory Nature of the Ordinances of Spiritual Rebirth in John 3 and Moses 6.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 24 (2017): 123-316.

[Editor’s Note: This article is an updated and extended version of a presentation given at the Third Interpreter Matthew B. Brown Memorial Conference: The Temple on Mount Zion, November 5, 2016, at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah. For a video version of the presentation, see https://interpreterfoundation.org/conferences/2016-temple-on-mount-zion-conference/2016-temple-on-mount-zion-conference-videos/]

Abstract: In chapter 3 of the Gospel of John, Jesus described spiritual rebirth as consisting of two parts: being “born of water and of the spirit.”

To this requirement of being “born again into the kingdom of heaven, of water, and of the Spirit,” Moses 6:59–60 adds that one must “be cleansed by blood, even the blood of mine Only Begotten; … For … by the blood ye are sanctified.”

In this article, we will discuss the symbolism of water, spirit, and blood in scripture as they are actualized in the process of spiritual rebirth. We will highlight in particular the symbolic, salvific, interrelated, additive, retrospective, and anticipatory nature of these ordinances within the allusive and sometimes enigmatic descriptions of John 3 and Moses 6. Moses 6:51–68, with its dense infusion of temple themes, was revealed to the Prophet in December 1830, when the Church was in its infancy and more than a decade before the fulness of priesthood ordinances was made available to the Saints in Nauvoo. Our study of these chapters informs our closing perspective on the meaning of the sacrament, which is consistent with the recent re-emphasis of Church leaders that the “sacrament is a beautiful time to not just renew our baptismal covenants, but to commit to Him to renew all our covenants.”

We discuss the relationship of the sacrament to the shewbread of Israelite temples, and its anticipation of the heavenly feast that will be enjoyed by those who have been sanctified by the blood of Jesus Christ.

Keywords: born again, covenants, John 3, Joseph Smith-History, Moses 6, ordinances, rebirth
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and Matthew L. Bowen. “‘By the Blood Ye Are Sanctified’: The Symbolic, Salvific, Interrelated, Additive, Retrospective, and Anticipatory Nature of the Ordinances of Spiritual Rebirth in John 3 and Moses 6.” In Sacred Time, Sacred Space, and Sacred Meaning. Proceedings of the Third Interpreter Foundation Matthew B. Brown Memorial Conference, 5 November 2016, Stephen D. Ricks and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, eds., 43–237. The Temple on Mount Zion Series. Vol. 4. Orem and Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2020.

Abstract: In chapter 3 of the Gospel of John, Jesus described spiritual rebirth as consisting of two parts: being “born of water and of the spirit.” To this requirement of being “born again into the kingdom of heaven, of water, and of the Spirit,” Moses 6:59–60 adds that one must “be cleansed by blood, even the blood of mine Only Begotten; … For … by the blood ye are sanctified.”

In this article, we will discuss the symbolism of water, spirit, and blood in scripture as they are actualized in the process of spiritual rebirth. We will highlight in particular the symbolic, salvific, interrelated, additive, retrospective, and anticipatory nature of these ordinances within the allusive and sometimes enigmatic descriptions of John 3 and Moses 6. Moses 6:51–68, with its dense infusion of temple themes, was revealed to the Prophet in December 1830, when the Church was in its infancy and more than a decade before the fulness of priesthood ordinances was made available to the Saints in Nauvoo. Our study of these chapters informs our closing perspective on the meaning of the sacrament, which is consistent with the recent re-emphasis of Church leaders that the “sacrament is a beautiful time to not just renew our baptismal covenants, but to commit to Him to renew all our covenants.”

We discuss the relationship of the sacrament to the shewbread of Israelite temples, and its anticipation of the heavenly feast that will be enjoyed by those who have been sanctified by the blood of Jesus Christ.

Keywords: born again, covenants, John 3, Joseph Smith-History, Moses 6, ordinances, rebirth
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and Matthew L. Bowen. “‘Veren kautta teidät pyhitetään’: Toimitusten ja hengellisen uudestisyntymisen vertauskuvallinen, pelastava, toisiinsa liittyvä, kertyvä, taaksepäin katsova ja ennakoiva luonne Johanneksen evankeliumin kolmannessa ja Mooseksen kirjan ensimmäisessä luvussa.” Finnish translation of “‘By the Blood Ye Are Sanctified’: The Symbolic, Salvific, Interrelated, Additive, Retrospective, and Anticipatory Nature of the Ordinances of Spiritual Rebirth in John 3 and Moses 6.”.

[Editor’s Note: This article is an updated and extended version of a presentation given at the Third Interpreter Matthew B. Brown Memorial Conference: The Temple on Mount Zion, November 5, 2016, at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah. For a video version of the presentation, see https://interpreterfoundation.org/conferences/2016-temple-on-mount-zion-conference/2016-temple-on-mount-zion-conference-videos/]

Abstract: In chapter 3 of the Gospel of John, Jesus described spiritual rebirth as consisting of two parts: being “born of water and of the spirit.”

To this requirement of being “born again into the kingdom of heaven, of water, and of the Spirit,” Moses 6:59–60 adds that one must “be cleansed by blood, even the blood of mine Only Begotten; … For … by the blood ye are sanctified.”

In this article, we will discuss the symbolism of water, spirit, and blood in scripture as they are actualized in the process of spiritual rebirth. We will highlight in particular the symbolic, salvific, interrelated, additive, retrospective, and anticipatory nature of these ordinances within the allusive and sometimes enigmatic descriptions of John 3 and Moses 6. Moses 6:51–68, with its dense infusion of temple themes, was revealed to the Prophet in December 1830, when the Church was in its infancy and more than a decade before the fulness of priesthood ordinances was made available to the Saints in Nauvoo. Our study of these chapters informs our closing perspective on the meaning of the sacrament, which is consistent with the recent re-emphasis of Church leaders that the “sacrament is a beautiful time to not just renew our baptismal covenants, but to commit to Him to renew all our covenants.”

We discuss the relationship of the sacrament to the shewbread of Israelite temples, and its anticipation of the heavenly feast that will be enjoyed by those who have been sanctified by the blood of Jesus Christ.

Keywords: born again, covenants, John 3, Joseph Smith-History, Moses 6, ordinances, rebirth
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and Ronan J. Head. “The Investiture Panel at Mari and Rituals of Divine Kingship in the Ancient near East.” Studies in the Bible and Antiquity 4 (2012): 1–42.

This article explores the ancient Near Eastern ritu-als that endowed kings with this power, specifically the rites suggested by the Investiture Panel at the palace of Mari, with specific focus on the motifs of creation, sacred garden, and divine kingship. Because contemporary evidence at Mari relating to an interpretation of the panel and the functions of various rooms of the palace is limited, it will be necessary to rely in part on a careful comparative analysis of religious texts, images, and architecture throughout the ancient Near East, including the Old Testament. Comparative analysis not only has the benefit of increasing our understanding of ancient Mesopotamian religion but also can enrich our understanding of the Bible.

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and Ronan J. Head. “Mormonism’s Satan and the Tree of Life.” Element: A Journal of Mormon Philosophy and Theology 4, no. 2 (2010): 1-54.

Longer version of an invited presentation originally given at the 2009 Conference of the European Mormon Studies Association, Turin, Italy, July 30-31, 2009

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and Ryan Dahle. “Could Joseph Smith Have Drawn on Ancient Manuscripts When He Translated the Story of Enoch?: Recent Updates on a Persistent Question.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 33 (2019): 305-374.

Abstract: In this article, we offer a general critique of scholarship that has argued for Joseph Smith’s reliance on 1 Enoch or other ancient pseudepigrapha for the Enoch chapters in the Book of Moses. Our findings highlight the continued difficulties of scholars to sustain such arguments credibly. Following this general critique, we describe the current state of research relating to what Salvatore Cirillo took to be the strongest similarity between Joseph Smith’s chapters on Enoch and the Qumran Book of Giants — namely the resemblance between the name Mahawai in the Book of Giants and Mahujah/Mahijah in Joseph Smith’s Enoch account. We conclude this section with summaries of conversations of Gordon C. Thomasson and Hugh Nibley with Book of Giants scholar Matthew Black about these names. Next, we explain why even late and seemingly derivative sources may provide valuable new evidence for the antiquity of Moses 6–7 or may corroborate details from previously known Enoch sources. By way of example, we summarize preliminary research that compares passages in Moses 6–7 to newly available ancient Enoch texts from lesser known sources. We conclude with a discussion of the significance of findings that situate Joseph Smith’s Enoch account in an ancient milieu. Additional work is underway to provide a systematic and detailed analysis of ancient literary affinities in Moses 6–7, including an effort sponsored by Book of Mormon Central in collaboration with The Interpreter Foundation.

Keywords: 1 Enoch, Book of Giants, Book of Moses, Dead Sea Scrolls, Hugh Nibley, Joseph Smith, Mahijah, Mahujah, Nibley, pseudepigrapha
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., David J. Larsen and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Moses 1 and the Apocalypse of Abraham: Twin Sons of Different Mothers?” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 38 (2020): 179-290.

Abstract: This article highlights the striking resemblances between Moses 1 and a corresponding account from the Apocalypse of Abraham (ApAb), one of the earliest and most important Jewish texts describing heavenly ascent. Careful comparative analysis demonstrates a sustained sequence of detailed affinities in narrative structure that go beyond what Joseph Smith could have created out of whole cloth from his environment and his imagination. The article also highlights important implications for the study of the Book of Moses as a temple text. Previous studies have suggested that the story of Enoch found in the Pearl of Great Price might be understood as the culminating episode of a temple text woven throughout chapters 2–8 of the Book of Moses. The current article is a conceptual bookend to these earlier studies, demonstrating that the account of heavenly ascent in Moses 1 provides a compelling prelude to a narrative outlining laws and liturgy akin to what could have been used anciently as part of ritual ascent within earthly temples.

Keywords: Apocalypse of Abraham, Book of Moses, Pearl of Great Price, temple text
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Moses 1 and the Apocalypse of Abraham: Twin Sons of Different Mothers?” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (September 18–19, 2020), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2020.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., David J. Larsen, and Stephen T. Whitlock. “Moses 1 and the Apocalypse of Abraham: Twin Sons of Different Mothers?” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 2. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 789–922. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., David R. Seely, John W. Welch, and Scott Gordon, eds. Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities. Volume 1. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., Jacob A. Rennaker and David J. Larsen. “Revisiting the Forgotten Voices of Weeping in Moses 7: A Comparison with Ancient Texts.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 2 (2012): 41-71.

Abstract: The LDS Book of Moses is remarkable in its depiction of the suffering of the wicked at the time of the Flood. According to this text, there are three parties directly involved in the weeping: God (Moses 7:28; cf. v. 29), the heavens (Moses 7:28, 37), and Enoch (Moses 7:41, 49). In addition, a fourth party, the earth, mourns—though does not weep—for her children (Moses 7:48–49). The passages that speak of the weeping God and the mourning earth have received the greatest share of attention by scholars. The purpose of this article is to round out the previous discussion so as to include new insights and ancient parallels to the two voices of weeping that have been largely forgotten—that of Enoch and that of the heavens. ((An expanded and revised version of material contained in this study will appear as part of Jeffrey M. Bradshaw and David J. Larsen, Enoch, Noah, and the Tower of Babel (Salt Lake City, UT: Eborn Publishing, forthcoming, 2014). All translations from non-English sources are by the first author unless otherwise specifically noted.)) .

Keywords: Enoch, Moses, weeping
Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., Matthew L. Bowen, Ryan Dahle, Mark J. Johnson, Stephen T. Whitlock, and others. Book of Moses Essays. Seventy-Seven Essays on the Book of Moses. In Pearl of Great Price Central; The Interpreter Foundation. 2020-21.
Bradshaw. Jeffrey M., Matthew L. Bowen, and Ryan Dahle. “Textual Criticism and the Book of Moses: A Response to Colby Townsend’s ‘Returning to the Sources,’ Part 1 of 2.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 40 (2020): 99-162.

Review of Colby Townsend, “Returning to the Sources: Integrating Textual Criticism in the Study of Early Mormon Texts and History.” Intermountain West Journal of Religious Studies 10, no. 1 (2019): 55–85, https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/imwjournal/vol10/iss1/6/.

Abstract: Textual criticism tries by a variety of methods to understand the “original” or “best” wording of a document that may exist in multiple, conflicting versions or where the manuscripts are confusing or difficult to read. The present article, Part 1 of a two-part series by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw and Ryan Dahle, commends Colby Townsend’s efforts to raise awareness of the importance of textual criticism, while differing on some interpretations. Among the differences discussed is the question of whether it is better to read Moses 7:28 as it was dictated in Old Testament 1 version of the Joseph Smith Translation manuscript (OT1) that “God wept,” or rather to read it as it was later revised in the Old Testament 2 version (OT2) that “Enoch wept.” Far from being an obscure technical detail, the juxtaposition of the two versions of this verse raises general questions as to whether readings based on the latest revisions of Latter-day Saint scripture manuscripts should always take priority over the original dictations. A dialogue with Colby Townsend and Charles Harrell on rich issues of theological and historical relevance demonstrates the potential impact of the different answers to such questions by different scholars. In a separate discussion that highlights the potential significance of handwriting analysis to textual criticism, Bradshaw and Dahle respond to Townsend’s arguments that the spelling difference between the names Mahujah and Mahijah in the Book of Moses may be due to a transcription error.

Keywords: Book of Moses, Colby Townsend, textual criticism
Brayford, Susan, ed. Septuagint Genesis: A Commentary Based on the Greek Text of Codex Alexandrinus. Septuagint Commentary. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill Academic Publishers, 2007.
Brigham Young University. Pearl of Great Price Symposium: A Centennial Presentation, November 22, 1975. Robert J. Matthews, Chairman. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University [The Department of Ancient Scripture], 1976.
Brigham Young University. Tenth Annual Sidney B. Sperry Symposium: The Pearl of Great Price, January 30, 1982. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University and the Church Educational System, 1985.
Brown, S. Kent. “Enoch, the Book of Moses, and the Book of Giants: More Light on the 1977 Visit of Professor Matthew Black to BYU.” In Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR Blog Posts, May 17, 2021.

A discussion of remarks given at Brigham Young University by Professor Matthew Black and his wife, Ethel.

Brown, S. Kent. “Man and Son of Man: Issues of Theology and Christology.” In The Pearl of Great Price: Revelations from God, edited by H. Donl Peterson and Charles D. Tate, Jr., 57–72. Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 1989.

First, I want to deal with the figure of the Son of Man in ancient literature, reviewing along the way what current biblical scholarship says about this personality, especially since he is mentioned prominently in nonscriptural sources. Second, I intend to treat the question of the anthropomorphic view of God in scripture, specifically in the Old Testament. Third, I wish to touch on the issue of the nature of the titles used for deity throughout scripture, for we all have the impression that a great many are applied to God, especially within the pages of the Old Testament. Fourth and last, I want to single out the parallels in ancient Christian and Jewish literature to the remarkable, almost singular theological position to which we Latter-day Saints are committed when we call deity a Man, whether Man of Holiness, Man of Counsel (Moses 7:35), or some similar title.

Brown, S. Kent, and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Man and Son of Man: Probing Theology and Christology in the Book of Moses and in Jewish and Christian Tradition.” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (April 23-24, 2021), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2021.
Brown, S. Kent, and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Man and Son of Man: Probing Theology and Christology in the Book of Moses and in Jewish and Christian Tradition.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 2. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 1257–332. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Brown, Samuel Morris. Joseph Smith’s Translation: The Words and Worlds of Early Mormonism. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2020.
Bruno, Cheryl L. “Congruence and Concatenation in Jewish Mystical Literature, American Freemasonry, and Mormon Enoch Writings.” Journal of Religion and Society 16 (2014): 1–19.

The Biblical character Enoch is a central figure in early Jewish mystical literature, where his story is redolent with themes related to the concepts of transformation and communion with the Divine. This rich and mythic wisdom significantly influenced American Royal Arch Freemasonry, and through it, early Mormonism. This paper explores the shared aspects of these traditions: where they overlap, and specifically, where Mormonism may rely upon Freemasonry. The Enoch pseudepigrapha and their Masonic and Mormon iterations are presented as a series of related mystical traditions. Linked by common themes of theophany, grand assembly, and heavenly ascent, they are utilized in similar, yet innovative ways to impart spiritual truth to their followers.

Buchanan, Bryan. “Enoch and Noah on Steroids.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 8 (2014): 81-85.

Review of Jeffrey M. Bradshaw and David J. Larsen, In God’s Image and Likeness 2: Enoch, Noah, and the Tower of Babel (Salt Lake City, Utah: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2014), 590 pp. (full color interior includes footnotes; endnotes; three excursus sections; annotated bibliography on Enoch and the Flood; comprehensive reference list; thumbnail index of one hundred and eleven illustrations and photographs; and indexes of scriptures referenced, modern prophets quoted, and topics discussed). $49.99 (hardcover).

Reprinted with the kind permission of the Association for Mormon Letters.

Keywords: book review, David J. Larsen, Enoch, In God’s Image and Likeness, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Noah
Budge, E. A. Wallis, ed. The Book of the Cave of Treasures. London, England: The Religious Tract Society, 1927. Reprint, New York City, NY: Cosimo Classics, 2005.
Budge, Ernest Alfred Wallis. The Book of the Bee. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1886.
Budge, Ernest Alfred Wallis. Coptic Martyrdoms, etc., in the Dialect of Upper Egypt. London, England: The British Museum, 1914.
Bulloch, Kevin M. “The War in Heaven and Satan’s Continuing Battle for Power.” Religious Educator 11, no. 1 (2010): 33–46.

Many parents, as they have labored through the process of raising a teenager, may have wondered at times if Satan’s idea of destroying agency was such a bad idea. However, most parents have learned from experience that trying to control a child’s decisions, even in the right direction, can often result in the child’s rebellion. Very few, if any, like to be forced to do something, even if it is good. Having the right to live according to our personal desires and to exercise our agency, even if what we choose is not wise or good for us, is very precious to us. We prize our moral agency so highly that any attempt to undermine, circumvent, manipulate, control, or eliminate it often leads to conflict. These battles have spanned heaven and earth and have included both individuals and great assemblies.

Bushman, Richard L. “Mormon, Moses, and the Representation of Reality.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 46 (2021): 291-312.

Abstract: In this essay, Richard Bushman borrows a critical perspective from Erich Auerbach’s Mimesis: The Representation of Reality in Western Literature. He analyzes the representation of antiquity in two of Joseph Smith’s striking translations, the Book of Mormon and the Book of Moses. The two texts, produced within a few years of one another, created distinctive stages on which to dramatize the human-God relationship. The question is: What can we learn from this comparison about God, prophets, and human destiny?

[Editor’s Note: Part of our book chapter reprint series, this article is reprinted here as a service to the Latter-day Saint community. Original pagination and page numbers have necessarily changed, otherwise the reprint has the same content as the original.

See Richard L. Bushman, “Mormon, Moses, and the Representation of Reality,” in Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon (Orem, UT: The Interpreter Foundation; Springville, UT: Book of Mormon Central; Redding, CA: FAIR; Tooele, UT: Eborn Books, 2021), 51–74. Further information at https://interpreterfoundation.org/books/ancient-threads-in-the-book-of-moses/.].

Keywords: Book of Mormon, Book of Moses, deity, prophets
Bushman, Richard L. “Mormon, Moses, and the Representation of Reality.” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (April 23-24, 2021), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2021.
Bushman, Richard L. “Mormon, Moses, and the Representation of Reality.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 1. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 51–74. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
BYU Religious Education. “BYU Religious Education Discussions on the Pearl of Great Price: Atonement and Rebirth.” Originally aired: 6/14/2004.

Discussions on the Pearl of Great Price — Atonement and Rebirth

Listen as religion faculty from Brigham Young University discuss the doctrines and themes of Atonement and rebirth that are found in the Pearl of Great Price.

Keywords: Atonement;Rebirth
BYU Religious Education. “BYU Religious Education Discussions on the Pearl of Great Price: Obedience and Sacrifice.” Originally aired: 4/18/2004.

Discussions on the Pearl of Great Price — Obedience and Sacrifice/The Bicycle

Members of BYU's religion department discuss docrtines and themes of obedience and sacrifice found in the Pearl of Great Price.

Keywords: Obedience;Sacrifice
BYU Religious Education. “BYU Religious Education Discussions on the Pearl of Great Price: The Ministry of Enoch.” Originally aired: 2/28/2004.

Discussions on the Pearl of Great Price — The Ministry of Enoch

Brigham Young University professors discuss the ministry of ancient prophets.

Keywords: Enoch
BYU Religious Education. “BYU Religious Education Discussions on the Pearl of Great Price: The Pre-Mortal Life.” Originally aired: 4/4/2004.

Discussions on the Pearl of Great Price — The Premortal Life/Canning/Boarding House

BYU religion faculty members discuss the doctrines found in the Pearl of Great Price about the premortal life.

Keywords: Premortal Life
BYU TV. “That Promised Day: The Coming Forth of the LDS Scriptures.” In BYU TV. 2010.

This documentary film outlines the development of the 1979/1981 editions of the LDS Bible and Book of Mormon. Deepen your appreciation for the massive effort made to create the Topical Guide, Bible Dictionary, Joseph Smith Translation, footnotes, maps, and more. Listen to those who worked on the project over 30 years ago and hear their inspired experiences.

“”

C

Calabro, David M. “An Early Christian Context for the Book of Moses.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 47 (2021): 181-262.

Abstract: This study argues that the Book of Moses was an early Christian text. The book’s language, literary genre, and references to its own production could fit with a date in the late first century ad. Further, the study argues that a possible ritual context of the book was a baptismal ritual, as suggested by the detailed description of Adam’s baptism in Moses 6. A comparison between the content of the Book of Moses and early Christian sources on baptism shows some close resemblances, which may suggest that the Book of Moses was read aloud, and perhaps portrayed as a ritual drama, on sacred space during a baptismal ritual.

Keywords: Book of Moses, early christianity, scripture
Calabro, David M. “An Early Christian Context for the Book of Moses.” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (April 23-24, 2021), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2021.
Calabro, David M. “An Early Christian Context for the Book of Moses.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 1. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 505–90. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Calabro, David M. “Early Christian Temples and Baptism for the Dead: Defining Sacred Space in the Late Antique Near East.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 46 (2021): 77-100.

Abstract: This paper addresses the early Christian transition from temple-based Judaism to the Constantinian basilica of the fourth century. David argues that some Christians of the second and early third centuries may have had places of worship that, while not monumental in scale, qualify typologically as temples and were understood as such. These sacred structures may have been used for the performance of baptisms for the dead, as suggested by Doctrine and Covenants 124. In support of this thesis, he takes as case studies the Christian places of worship at ancient Edessa and Dura Europos, based on a combination of textual sources and archaeological remains. David then briefly applies these findings to a question posed years ago in studies by Hugh Nibley and John Lundquist, “What Is a Temple?”

[Editor’s Note: Part of our book chapter reprint series, this article is reprinted here as a service to the Latter-day Saint community. Original pagination and page numbers have necessarily changed, otherwise the reprint has the same content as the original.

See David Calabro, “From temple to church: Defining sacred space in the Near East,” in The Temple: Past, Present, and Future. Proceedings of the Fifth Interpreter Foundation Matthew B. Brown Memorial Conference, 7 November 2020, ed. Stephen D. Ricks and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw (Orem, UT: The Interpreter Foundation; Salt Lake City: Eborn Books, 2021), page numbers forthcoming. Further information at https://interpreterfoundation.org/books/the-temple-past-present-and-future/.]Introduction.

Keywords: baptism for the dead, ordinances, temple, vicarious baptism
Calabro, David M. “Early Christian Temples and Baptism for the Dead: Defining Sacred Space in the Late Antique Near East.” In The Temple: Past, Present and Future. Proceedings of the Fifth Interpreter Foundation Matthew B. Brown Memorial Conference, 7 November 2020, edited by Stephen D. Ricks and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. The Temple on Mount Zion Series. Vol. 6. Orem and Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2021.

Abstract: This paper addresses the early Christian transition from temple-based Judaism to the Constantinian basilica of the fourth century. David argues that some Christians of the second and early third centuries may have had places of worship that, while not monumental in scale, qualify typologically as temples and were understood as such. These sacred structures may have been used for the performance of baptisms for the dead, as suggested by Doctrine and Covenants 124. In support of this thesis, he takes as case studies the Christian places of worship at ancient Edessa and Dura Europos, based on a combination of textual sources and archaeological remains. David then briefly applies these findings to a question posed years ago in studies by Hugh Nibley and John Lundquist, “What Is a Temple?”

[Editor’s Note: Part of our book chapter reprint series, this article is reprinted here as a service to the Latter-day Saint community. Original pagination and page numbers have necessarily changed, otherwise the reprint has the same content as the original.

See David Calabro, “From temple to church: Defining sacred space in the Near East,” in The Temple: Past, Present, and Future. Proceedings of the Fifth Interpreter Foundation Matthew B. Brown Memorial Conference, 7 November 2020, ed. Stephen D. Ricks and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw (Orem, UT: The Interpreter Foundation; Salt Lake City: Eborn Books, 2021), page numbers forthcoming. Further information at https://interpreterfoundation.org/books/the-temple-past-present-and-future/.]Introduction.

Keywords: baptism for the dead, ordinances, temple, vicarious baptism
Calabro, David M. “Joseph Smith and the Architecture of Genesis.” In The Temple: Ancient and Restored. Proceedings of the 2014 Temple on Mount Zion Symposium, edited by Stephen D. Ricks and Donald W. Parry. The Temple on Mount Zion Series. Volume 3. 165–181. Orem and Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2016.

During his lifetime, Joseph Smith revealed at least four versions of what I will refer to as the “Genesis account,” which consists of the creation of the world, the experiences of Adam and Eve in the garden of Eden, and the events that befell them and their near posterity following the expulsion from the garden. These four versions each differ in important ways from the biblical text in Genesis, and they also differ one from another. The versions of the Genesis account include the following:

(1) scattered references found in the Book of Mormon;

(2) the biblical account as revised in the Book of Moses;

(3) the account in the Book of Abraham; and

(4) the version presented in the temple endowment.

I will focus on the second of these, the Book of Moses, especially chapters 1-7, which were revealed to Joseph Smith from June to December 1830. Many have already pointed out temple-related themes that abound in these chapters.

I will take these discoveries a step further, arguing that Moses 1-7 is fundamentally a ritual text whose elements are adapted to the physical features of the temple of Solomon. I will then discuss how this reading of the Book of Moses might interact with modern scholarship on the biblical book of Genesis, and finally how this reading of Moses can provide insight into ritual performances both ancient and modern

Calabro, David M. “Lehi’s Dream and the Garden of Eden.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 26 (2017): 269–296.
Calabro, David M. “‘This Thing Is a Similitude’: A Typological Approach to Moses 5:1–15 and Ancient Apocryphal Literature.” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (September 18–19, 2020), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2020.
Calabro, David M. “‘This Thing Is a Similitude’: A Typological Approach to Moses 5:4–15 and Ancient Apocryphal Literature.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 1. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 468–504. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Callender, Dexter E. Adam in Myth and History: Ancient Israelite Perspectives on the Primal Human. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2000.
Carmack, Stanford A. “Book of Moses English: A Comparison of Grammatical Usage Found in Old Testament Revision 1.” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (April 23-24, 2021), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2021.
Carmack, Stanford A. “The Original English of the Book of Moses and What It Indicates about the Book’s Authorship.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 2. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 631–702. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Carr, David M. The Formation of the Hebrew Bible: A New Reconstruction. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Cassuto, Umberto. The Documentary Hypothesis and the Composition of the Pentateuch.. Translated by Israel Abrahams. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1961.
Charles R. Harrell. “The Development of the Doctrine of Preexistence, 1830-1844.” BYU Studies Quarterly 28, no. 2 (1988): 75-96.

Perhaps no doctrine has had greater impact on Latter-day Saint theology than the doctrine of preexistence, or the belief in the existence of the human spirit before its mortal birth. Fundamental concepts such as the nature of man as an eternal being, his singular relationship as the offspring of Deity and concomitant brotherhood with all mankind, the talents and privileges with which he is born into the world, and his potential godhood are all inextricably connected to the doctrine of preexistence. This distinctive LDS doctrine was not immediately comprehended by the early Saints in the more fully developed form in which it is understood today.

Like many of the other teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, it was revealed line upon line and adapted to the Saints’ understanding. Moreover, there was a natural tendency to view initial teachings on preexistence in light of previously held beliefs until greater clarity was given to the doctrine. This study traces the early development of the doctrine by examining chronologically the revelations and recorded sermons and writings on preexistence by the Prophet Joseph Smith in light of contemporary commentary by his associates. Seeing how early Saints perceived preexistence enhances our own understanding of the doctrine and leads to a greater appreciation of our theological heritage.

Charlesworth, James H., ed. The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha. 2 vols. Garden City, NY: Doubleday and Company, 1983.
Church Educational System. Religion 327: The Pearl of Great Price Student Manual. Salt Lake City, UT: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2017.

The Pearl of Great Price is a book of scripture, and the Lord will bless you as you carefully read and ponder the sacred words found therein. This student manual provides statements and commentary to support and enhance your study of the Pearl of Great Price.

Church Educational System. Religion 327: The Pearl of Great Price Teacher Manual. Salt Lake City, UT: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2017.
Cirillo, Salvatore. “Joseph Smith, Mormonism, and Enochic Tradition.” Master’s Thesis, Durham University, 2010.
Clark, David L. Of Heaven and Earth: Reconciling Scientific Thought with LDS Theology. Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 1998.
Clark, E. Douglas. “A Prologue to Genesis: Moses 1 in Light of Jewish Traditions.” BYU Studies 45, no. 1 (2006): 129–142.

Referring to ancient and long-lost scripture that Joseph Smith restored, Wilford Woodruff declared it to be part of “the rich treasures that are revealed unto us in the last days.” One such treasure is Moses chapter 1, a scriptural jewel we have hardly begun to appreciate but whose luster has become more apparent in light of various ancient texts and traditions that have emerged since Joseph Smith’s day. So striking are the parallels as to recall Joseph’s own prophecy that “the world will prove Joseph Smith a true prophet by circumstantial evidence.”

Cohen, H. Hirsch. The Drunkenness of Noah. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1974.
Cohn, Norman. Noah’s Flood: The Genesis Story in Western Thought. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1999.
Cox, Paul Alan. “Paley’s Stone, Creationism, Eschatology, and Conservation.” In Stewardship and the Creation: LDS Perspectives on the Environment, edited by George B. Handley, Terry B. Ball, and Stephen L. Peck, 33–42. Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 2006.
Cross, Frank Moore. Canaanite Myth and Hebrew Epic. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1973.

The essays in this volume address key aspects of Israelite religious development. Cross traces the continuities between early Israelite religion and the Canaanite culture from which it emerged; explores the tension between the mythic and the historical in Israel’s religious expression; and examines the reemergence of Canaanite mythic material in the apocalypticism of early Christianity and the Dead Sea Scrolls.

Currid, John D. Ancient Egypt and the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 1997.
“”

D

Dahle, Ryan. “Centralizing Scriptural Resources.” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (September 18–19, 2020), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2020.
Dahle, Ryan. “Centralizing Scriptural Resources.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 1. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 591–96. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Dana M. Pike. “The Latter-day Saint Reimaging of ‘the Breath of Life’ (Genesis 2:7).” BYU Studies Quarterly 56, no. 2 (2017): 71-104.

The creation and flood accounts in Genesis in the Hebrew Bible (the Christian Old Testament) contain variations on a phrase commonly translated “the breath of life.” This phrase additionally occurs in some uniquely Latter-day Saint materials relating to creation. After overviewing and analyzing this phrase and its meaning in the Bible, this paper then examines the occurrences of the phrase “the breath of life” in important early Latter-day Saint texts.1 The purpose of this study is to illustrate and explain how and why many Latter-day Saints have come to often employ the phrase “the breath of life,” transforming its traditional biblical meaning into a new, Restoration-oriented use referencing the embodiment of the first human’s premortal spirit and, by extension, the embodiment of all other people’s spirits.

David J. Larsen. “Enoch and the City of Zion: Can an Entire Community Ascend to Heaven?” BYU Studies Quarterly 53, no. 1 (2014): 25-37.
David L. Paulsen. “Joseph Smith Challenges the Theological World.” BYU Studies Quarterly 44, no. 4 (2006): 175-212.
De Jonge, Marinus, and Johannes Tromp. The Life of Adam and Eve and Related Literature. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997.
deSilva, David A. The Jewish Teachers of Jesus, James and Jude: What Earliest Christianity Learned from the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012).
Dimant, Devorah. “Noah in Early Jewish Literature.” In Biblical Figures Outside the Bible, edited by Michael E. Stone and Theodore A. Bergren, 123-50. Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International, 1998.
Draper, Richard D., S. Kent Brown, and Michael D. Rhodes. The Pearl of Great Price: A Verse-by-Verse Commentary. Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 2005.
“”

E

E. Douglas Clark. “A Prologue to Genesis: Moses 1 in Light of Jewish Traditions.” BYU Studies Quarterly 45, no. 1 (2006): 129-42.
Eames, Rulon D. “Enoch, LDS Sources.” In Encyclopedia of Mormonism, edited by Daniel H. Ludlow. 4 vols. 2:457–459. New York City, NY: Macmillan, 1992.
Elieson, Marc S. Principles of the Pearl of Great Price: A Topical Commentary. Lubbock, TX: Enterprise Books, 2001.

An essay published posthumously in which England wrestles with what he believed to be a disturbing trend in Mormonism away from what he saw as Joseph Smith’s and Brigham Young’s doctrine of God as a personal being engaged with us in a tragic universe not of his own making and toward a more absolutistic God similar to the teachings about deity held by Evangelical Christianity.

Embry, Brad. “The ‘Naked Narrative’ from Noah to Leviticus: Reassessing Voyeurism in the Account of Noah’s Nakedness in Genesis 9:22-24.” Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 35, no. 4 (2011): 417-33.
England, Eugene. “The Weeping God of Mormonism.” Dialogue 35, no. 1 (2002): 63–80.

An essay published posthumously in which England wrestles with what he believed to be a disturbing trend in Mormonism away from what he saw as Joseph Smith’s and Brigham Young’s doctrine of God as a personal being engaged withus in a tragic universe not of his own making and toward a more absolutistic God similar to the teachings about deity held by Evangelical Christianity.

Evans, Craig A., Joel N. Lohr, and David L. Petersen, eds. The Book of Genesis: Composition, Reception, and Interpretation. Supplements to Vetus Testamentum, Formation and interpretation of Old Testament Literature 152, ed. Christl M. Maier, Craig A. Evans and Peter W. Flint. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2012.
Evenson, William E., and Duane E. Jeffery, eds. Mormonism and Evolution: The Authoritative LDS Statements. Draper, UT: Greg Kofford Books, 2005.
Eyring, Henry. The Faith of a Scientist. Salt Lake City, UT: Bookcraft, 1967.
Eyring, Henry. Reflections of a Scientist. Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 1983.
“”

F

Faulconer, James E. “Scripture as Incarnation.” In Historicity and the Latter-day Saint Scriptures, edited by Paul Y. Hoskisson, 17–61. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Religious Studies Center, 2001. Reprint, in Faulconer, J. E. Faith, Philosophy, Scripture. Provo, UT: Neal A. Maxwell Institute, Brigham Young University, 2010, 151–202.

Today the modernist view of history in which texts only represent events is so predominant that most Latter-day Saints automatically apply it to the question of scriptural historicity. Unfortunately, historical scholarship rarely lines up with our understanding of scripture as well as we would like. Problems arise when we use modernist tools to examine scripture written by premoderns, who considered their writing not as mere representation but as incarnation—an embodiment of the symbolic ordering of the world. The premodernist reading of the scriptures more accurately reflects Latter-day Saint beliefs: whereas modernism would use reason to understand history (and thus the Divine in history, i.e., scripture), premodernism uses divinely revealed scripture as well as ritual, ritual objects, and ritual language to give order to history. Instead of examining scripture as just another element of history, premoderns consider scripture to be the defining element in history.

The historicity of scripture is important to most Christians and especially to Latter-day Saints. [1] Christians disagree among themselves about how to understand scriptural history, but few deny that, in some important sense, Christian scripture is historical. However, given the challenges to scriptural history, challenges that are especially strong for Latter-day Saints who take the Book of Mormon to be historical, what are we to make of the claim that scriptures are history? Given those challenges, is it possible to understand scripture as literal history? The answer to that question—positive, I will argue—lies in answering the question of what we mean by history.

Faulring, Scott H., and Kent P. Jackson, eds. Joseph Smith’s Translation of the Bible Electronic Library. CD-ROM. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2011.
Faulring, Scott H., Kent P. Jackson, and Robert J. Matthews, eds. Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible: Original Manuscripts. Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 2004.

The latter-day restoration of the gospel included the restoration of much significant truth to the Bible. It brought about the restoration of biblical history that had been lost and the restoration of biblical texts that had been changed or omitted or were in need of clarification. More important, it included the restoration of biblical doctrine that had been either removed, distorted, or simply misinterpreted by a world that did not enjoy the fulness of the gospel.

Shortly after the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saint was organized, the Prophet Joseph Smith was instructed by the Lord to undertake a careful reading of the Bible to revise and make corrections in accordance with the inspiration that he would receive. The result was a work of profound significance for the Church that included the revelation of many important truths and the restoration of many of the “precious things” that the Book of Mormon prophet Nephi had foretold would be taken from the Bible (1 Ne. 13:23–29). In June 1830 the first revealed addition to the Bible was set to writing. Over the next three years, the Prophet made changes, additions, and corrections as were given him by divine inspiration while he filled his calling to provide a more correct translation for the Church. Collectively, these are called the Joseph Smith Translation (JST), a name first applied in the 1970s, or the New Translation, as Joseph Smith and others in his day referred to it.

Faulring, Scott H., Kent P. Jackson, and Robert J. Matthews, eds. “New Testament Revision 1.” The Joseph Smith Papers.
Faulring, Scott H., Kent P. Jackson, and Robert J. Matthews, eds. “New Testament Revision 2.” The Joseph Smith Papers.
Faulring, Scott H., Kent P. Jackson, and Robert J. Matthews, eds. “Old Testament Revision 1.” The Joseph Smith Papers.
Faulring, Scott H., Kent P. Jackson, and Robert J. Matthews, eds. “Old Testament Revision 2.” The Joseph Smith Papers.
Feldman, Louis H., James L. Kugel, and Lawrence H. Schiffman, eds. Outside the Bible: Ancient Jewish Writings Related to Scripture. 3 vols. Philadelphia, PA: The Jewish Publication Society, 2013.
Finkel, Irving L. The Ark Before Noah: Decoding the Story of the Flood. London, England: Hodder & Stoughton, 2014.
Flake, Kathleen. “Translating Time: The Nature and Function of Joseph Smith’s Narrative Canon.” Journal of Religion 87, no. 4 (October 2007): 497–527.
Fletcher-Louis, Crispin H. T. All the Glory of Adam: Liturgical Anthropology in the Dead Sea Scrolls. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2002.
Frederick, Nicholas J. The Bible, Mormon Scripture, and the Rhetoric of Allusivity. Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2016.
Frederick, Nicholas J. “Intertextuality in the Book of Mormon.” In LDS Perspectives Podcast. Interview by Laura Harris Hales, Episode 92.

In this episode of the LDS Perspectives Podcast, Laura Harris Hales interviews scholar Nicholas (Nick) J. Frederick about New Testament intertextuality in the Book of Mormon.

Keywords: intertextuality;Book of Mormon
Freedman, David Noel. The Nine Commandments. Des Moines, IA: Anchor Bible, 2000.
Freedman, David Noel. “The Nine Commandments.” Presented at the Proceedings of the 36th Annual Convention of the Association of Jewish Libraries, La Jolla, CA, June 24-27, 2001.
Frölich, Ida. “Giants and Demons.” In Ancient Tales of Giants from Qumran and Turfan: Contexts, Traditions, and Influences, edited by Matthew Goff, Loren T. Stuckenbruck and Enrico Morano. Wissenschlaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 360, ed. Jörg Frey, 97–114. Tübingen, Germany: Mohr Siebeck, 2016.
Keywords: Book of Moses;Qumran;Turfan
“”

G

Gardner, Brant A. “Silk or Sow’s Ear? The Apologetic use of the If>And Construction.” The Interpreter Foundation. October 13, 2013. https://interpreterfoundation.org/blog-silk-or-sows-ear-the-apologetic-use-of-the-ifand-construction/.
Keywords: Book of Mormon;Hebrew;linguistics
Gardner, Iain, ed. The Kephalaia of the Teacher: The Edited Coptic Manichaean Texts in Translation with Commentary. Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies 37, ed. James M. Robinson and H. J. Klimkeit. Leiden, The Netherlands: E. J. Brill, 1995.
George W. E. Nickelsburg. “The Temple According to 1 Enoch.” BYU Studies Quarterly 53, no. 1 (2006): 7-24.

What does the Book of Enoch say or not say about the temple, and to which Book of Enoch do I refer? Is it the text called 1 Enoch, or the one known as 2 Enoch, or the so-called 3 Enoch? And all of them discuss or, better, visualize the temple. I restrict myself here to 1 Enoch.

Ginzberg, Louis, ed. The Legends of the Jews. 7 vols. Translated by Henrietta Szold and Paul Radin. Philadelphia, PA: The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1909-1938. Reprint, Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.
Keywords: Book of Moses
Givens, Terryl L. “The Book of Moses as a Pre–Augustinian Text: A New Look at the Pelagian Crisis.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 1. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 293–314. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Givens, Terryl L. “Mortality Reconsidered: The Book of Moses as a Pre-Augustinian Text.” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (September 18–19, 2020), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2020.
Givens, Terryl L., and Brian M. Hauglid. The Pearl of Greatest Price: Mormonism’s Most Controversial Scripture. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2019.
Givens, Terryl L., and Fiona Givens. The God Who Weeps: How Mormonism Makes Sense of Life. Salt Lake City, UT: Ensign Peak, 2012.
Glen Nelson. “The Book of Moses.” BYU Studies Quarterly 50, no. 4 (2011): 174.
Goff, Matthew, Loren T. Stuckenbruck, and Enrico Morano, eds. Ancient Tales of Giants from Qumran and Turfan: Contexts, Traditions, and Influences. Tübingen, Germany: Mohr Siebeck, 2016.
Goldenberg, David M. “What did Ham Do to Noah?” In ‘The Words of a Wise Man’s Mouth Are Gracious’ (Qoh. 10:12), edited by Mauro Perani, 257-65. Berlin, Germany: Walter de Gruyter, 2005.
Goodman, Michael A. “The Creation: An Introduction to Our Relationship to God.” Religious Educator 8, no. 3 (2007): 15–29.
Greenspahn, Frederick E. “Abstract of Y. Koler ‘Noah’” Old Testament Abstracts 6, no. 483 (1983): 148.
Griffin, Tyler J., and Donald B. Anderson. “The Great Plan of Happiness: A Christ-Centered Visual Approach.” Religious Educator 18, no. 1 (2017): 12–31.

The greatest concept we can study or teach is the plan of redemption—sometimes called the plan of salvation or the plan of happiness. The doctrines of the plan of redemption have more power to bring men to God than any other truth or concept. Many members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints quickly recognize the following diagram.

Griggs, C. Wilfred, ed. Apocryphal Writings and the Latter-day Saints. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1986.

The Lord has told us that many things in the Apocrypha are true and many false. The fascination that apocryphal writings generally hold for Latter-day Saints was recognized in a 1983 BYU symposium on this topic addressed by fifteen scholars representing a wide range of expertise. Those addresses are collected in this book.

Grossfeld, Bernard, and Lawrence H. Schiffman, eds. Targum Neofiti 1: An Exegetical Commentary to Genesis including Full Rabbinic Parallels. Brooklyn, NY: Sepher-Hermon Press, 2000.
Grossfeld, Bernard, ed. The Targum Onqelos to Genesis: Translated with a Critical Introduction, Apparatus, and Notes. Aramaic Bible 6. Edinburgh, Scotland: T & T Clark, 1988.
Gulácsi, Zsuzsanna. Mani’s Pictures: The Didactic Images of the Manichaeans from Sasanian Mesopotamia to Uygur Central Asia and Tang-Ming China. Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies 90. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2015.
“”

H

Hafen, Bruce C. and Marie K. Hafen. “Adam, Eve, the Book of Moses, and the Temple: The Story of Receiving Christ’s Atonement.” Presented at the conference entitled “Tracing Ancient Threads of the Book of Moses” (September 18–19, 2020), Provo, UT: Brigham Young University 2020.
Hafen, Bruce C., and Marie K. Hafen. “Adam, Eve, the Book of Moses, and the Temple: The Story of Receiving Christ’s Atonement.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 46 (2021): 157-200.

Abstract: The authors begin by highlighting the importance of Book of Moses research that has discovered plausible findings for its historicity, rendering it at least reasonable to give the benefit of the doubt to sacred premises — even if, ultimately, the choice of premises is just that, a choice. Emphasizing the relevance of the Book of Moses to the temple, they note that the Book of Moses is not only an ancient temple text, but also the ideal scriptural context for a modern temple preparation course. Going further, the authors address an important question raised by some who have asked: “Since Christ is at the center of the gospel, why doesn’t the temple endowment teach the story of the life of Christ? What’s all this about Adam and Eve?” The answer given in detail in the paper is as follows: “The story of the life of Christ is the story of giving the Atonement. And the story of Adam and Eve is the story of receiving the Atonement. Their story is our story, too.”

[Editor’s Note: Part of our book chapter reprint series, this article is reprinted here as a service to the Latter-day Saint community. Original pagination and page numbers have necessarily changed, otherwise the reprint has the same content as the original.

See Bruce C. Hafen and Marie K. Hafen, “Adam, Eve, the Book of Moses, and the Temple: The Story of Receiving Christ’s Atonement,” in Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon (Orem, UT: The Interpreter Foundation; Springville, UT: Book of Mormon Central; Redding, CA: FAIR; Tooele, UT: Eborn Books, 2021), page numbers forthcoming. Further information at https://interpreterfoundation.org/books/ancient-threads-in-the-book-of-moses/.]Historicity and Plausibility of the Book of Moses.

Keywords: Adam and Eve, atonement, Book of Moses, temple
Hafen, Bruce C., and Marie K. Hafen. “Adam, Eve, the Book of Moses, and the Temple: The Story of Receiving Christ’s Atonement.” In Tracing Ancient Threads in the Book of Moses: Inspired Origins, Temple Contexts, and Literary Qualities, Volume 1. Edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, David R. Seely, John W. Welch and Scott Gordon, 1–50. Orem, UT; Springville, UT; Redding, CA; Tooele, UT: The Interpreter Foundation, Book of Mormon Central, FAIR, and Eborn Books, 2021.
Hallo, William W., and K. Lawson Younger, eds. The Context of Scripture. 3 vols. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill Academic Publishers, 1996–2002.
Halverson, Taylor. “Was Adam a Monotheist? A Reflection on Why We Call Abraham Father and Not Adam.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship 31 (2019): 245-258.

Abstract: The three great monotheistic religious traditions (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam) all claim Abraham as father and prototypical monotheist. Though Adam is the putative first father in all of these traditions, he is seldom remembered in Judeo-Christian scriptural, apocryphal, or pseudepigraphic texts as an exemplary monotheist. This essay briefly reviews why Abraham retains the lofty title “Father of Monotheism” while exploring how Latter-day restoration scripture adds to and challenges this ancient tradition vis-à-vis enhanced understanding of Adam’s covenantal and monotheistic fidelity to God.

Keywords: Abraham, Adam, monotheism
Hamblin , William J. and David Rolph Seely, eds. Temple Insights: Proceedings of the Interpreter Matthew B. Brown Memorial Conference ‘The Temple on Mount Zion,’ 22 September 2012. Temple on Mount Zion Series 2. Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2014.
Hamblin, William J. “Joseph or Jung?” In Hugh Nibley Observed, edited by Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Shirley S. Ricks, and Stephen T. Whitlock. Orem, UT, and Salt Lake City: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2021.

This chapter is adapted from a review of Douglas F. Salmon, “Parallelomania and the Study of Latter-day Scripture: Confirmation, Coincidence, or the Collective Unconscious,“ Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 33, no. 2 (2000): 129–56. The article was originally published as William J. Hamblin and Gordon C. Thomasson, “Joseph or Jung? A Response to Douglas Salmon,“ FARMS Review of Books 13, no. 2 (2001): 87–107.

A review of an article written by Douglas F. Salmon.

Keywords: comparative analysis;William J. Hamblin;Douglas F. Salmon;parallelomania;Carl Gustav Jung;Mircea Eliade;archetype;collective unconscious
Hardy, Grant. “Ancient History and Modern Commandments: The Book of Mormon in Comparison with Joseph Smith’s Other Revelations.” In Producing Ancient Scripture: Joseph Smith’s Translation Projects and the Making of Mormon Christianity, edited by Mark Ashurst-McGee, Michael Hubbard MacKay and Brian M. Hauglid, 205–227. Salt Lake City, UT: University of Utah Press, 2020.

Harper, Steven C. “Endowed with Power.” ReligiousEducator 5, no. 2 (2004): 83–99.
Hauglid, Brian M., and Carl Grifin, eds. Latter-day Saint Scholarship on the Dead Sea Scrolls. Special issue of Studies in the Bible and Antiquity (Volume 2). Provo, UT: Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship, 2010.
Hauglid, Brian M., and Ray L. Huntington. “A Community of Christ Perspective on the JST Research of Robert J. Matthews: An Interview with Ronald E. Romig.” The Religious Educator: Perspectives on the Restored Gospel 5, no. 2 (2004): 49–55.
Hedges, Andrew H. “‘Compassion upon the Earth’: Man, Prophets, and Nature.” In Stewardship and the Creation: LDS Perspectives on the Environment, edited by George B. Handley, Terry B. Ball, and Stephen L. Peck, 81–88. Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 2006.
Helyer, Larry R. Exploring Jewish Literature of the Second Temple Period: A Guide for New Testament Students. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2002.
Hendel, Ronald S. “Genesis 1-11 and Its Mesopotamian Problem.” In Cultural Borrowings and Ethnic Appropriations in Antiquity, edited by Erich S. Gruen, 23-36. Stuttgart, Germany: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2005.
Keywords: Genesis
Hendel, Ronald S. “The Nephilim Were on the Earth: Genesis 6:1-4 and its Ancient Near Eastern Context.” In The Fall of the Angels, edited by C. Auffarth and Loren T. Stuckenbruck, 11-34. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2004.
Keywords: Genesis 6
Hendel, Ronald S. “The Shape of Utnapishtim’s Ark.” Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 107, no. 1 (1995): 128-29.
Keywords: Utnapishtim;ark
Hendel, Ronald S. “Tangled Plots in Genesis.” In Fortunate the Eyes that See: Essays in Honor of David Noel Freedman, edited by Astrid B. Beck, Andrew H. Bartelt, Paul R. Raabe and Chris A. Franke, 35-51. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 1995.
Keywords: Genesis
Hendel, Ronald S. The Text of Genesis 1–11: Textual Studies and Critical Edition. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Henning, W. B. “The Book of the Giants.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 11, no. 1 (1943): 52–74.
Hess, Richard S. Studies in the Personal Names of Genesis 1–11. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2009.
Hess, Wilford M., Raymond T. Matheny, and Donlu D. Thayer. Science and Religion: Toward a More Useful Dialogue. 2 vols. Geneva, IL: Paladin House, 1979.
Himmelfarb, Martha. Ascent to Heaven in Jewish and Christian Apocalypses. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Holland, David F. Sacred Borders: Continuing Revelation and Canonical Restraint in Early America. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Holland, Jeffrey R. “My Words … Never Cease.” Ensign 38, no. 5, May 2008, 91–94.

We invite all to inquire into the wonder of what God has said since biblical times and is saying even now.

Holyoak, Trevor. “Book Review: The Pearl of Greatest Price: Mormonism’s Most Controversial Scripture.” On FAIR, https://www.fairlatterdaysaints.org. December 19, 2019.
Hopkin, Shon D. “Women, Eve, and the Mosaic Covenant: A Latter-day Saint Theological Reading.” In Seek Ye Words of Wisdom: Studies of the Book of Mormon, Bible, and Temple in Honor of Stephen D. Ricks, edited by Donald W. Parry, Gaye Strathearn and Shon D. Hopkin. Orem and Provo, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Brigham Young University Religious Education, 2020, 171–98.
Horton, George A. Jr. “Insights into the Book of Genesis.” In The Joseph Smith Translation: The Restoration of Plain and Precious Things, edited by Monte S. Nyman and Robert L. Millet, 51–88. Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 1985.
Hoskisson, Paul Y. “The Need for Historicity: Why Banishing God from History Removes Historical Obligation.” In Historicity and the Latter-day Saint Scriptures, edited by Paul Y. Hoskisson, 99–121. Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 2001.

Key historical events in the scriptures require historicity to give substance to our faith. Since the Enlightenment, however, some scholars have proclaimed that the scriptures lack historicity. In the face of these doubts, some have argued that historicity is not necessary for belief. Latter-day Saints should be wary of the misleading arguments of critics and of simplistic solutions to those arguments.

Hoskisson, Paul Y., ed. Historicity and the Latter-day Saint Scriptures. Religious Studies Monograph Series 18. Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 2001.

Since the beginnings of the Church, those who participated in the Restoration were commanded to keep a history. Latter-day Saints have an abiding interest in the history of God’s dealings with this earth. Similarly, we reverence the history in scripture because our faith is grounded in events that have taken place in the time and space of this earth. Historicity is the study of the authenticity of recorded past events. This significant compilation addresses the issue of historicity as it relates to the scriptures that Latter-day Saints accept as the word of God. With articles from Elder Dallin H. Oaks, Robert J. Matthews, Robert L. Millet, and more, this book provides an inspiring and more complete picture of the necessity for the historical nature of the Latter-day Saint canon.

Howard, Richard P. Restoration Scriptures. 2nd ed. Independence, MO: Herald House, 1995.
Hunsaker, O. Glade. “Pearl of Great Price, Literature.” In Encyclopedia of Mormonism, edited by Daniel H. Ludlow. 4 vols. 3:1072. New York, NY: Macmillan, 1992.
Huntington, Ray L., and Brian M. Hauglid. “Robert J. Matthews and His Work with the Joseph Smith Translation.” The Religious Educator: Perspectives on the Restored Gospel 5, no. 2 (2004): 23–47.

In 1979, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints published its edition of the King James Version of the Bible. The Scriptures Publication Committee decided to include portions of the Joseph Smith Translation in the new edition. For the first time, Latter-day Saints had access to Joseph’s inspired work in their own personal scriptures. Many Latter-day Saints may be unaware that the efforts to include the JST material in the new edition of the Bible were pioneered by Robert J. Matthews, former dean of Religious Education at Brigham Young University. Beginning in 1953, Brother Matthews began a letter-writing campaign to the RLDS Church (now called the Community of Christ), requesting permission to study the original JST manuscripts. Through his sustained efforts, the RLDS Church gave Brother Matthews permission to examine the manuscripts.

“”

I